Geogaphy 400
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Rescooped by Joshua Choiniere from Geography Education!

In the Shadows of the High Line

In the Shadows of the High Line | Geogaphy 400 |
The High Line has become a tourist-clogged catwalk and a catalyst for some of the most rapid gentrification in the city’s history.



Old buildings and other landmarks such as an abandon elevated train tracks are eye sores for a community. With these run down areas it makes the city or town look desolute and uninviting. now in order to achieve a better economic level in a city the old buildings deter buisness investing into that place. Therefore it's more of a postive to rebuild and fix these places so the cities can get more buisnesses and jobs there.

Via Seth Dixon
James Hobson's curator insight, September 15, 2014 11:07 PM

(North America topic 4)
I was surprised to find out how projects such as the High Line could raise strong oppositional viewpoints. Before looking into this topic it seemed like an all-around beneficial project. Delving deeper, however, the unseen consequences of revitalization and gentrification (2 major keywords right there!) become more apparent. Also at this level it is important to note that what is "good" vs. "bad" becomes much less objective, but rather mainly subjective and viewable in many different lights.

Jacob Crowell's curator insight, September 25, 2014 10:55 PM

I found this article extremely insightful, a first hand account of how gentrification affects the lives of those who witness their community changing to suit the needs of people who can bring revenue in for the city. Also it shows how well-intentioned grassroots efforts to improve a neighborhood can be high jack by those who see the potential to make money. In the beginning the idea to take this unused high line and convert it into a public green space seemed like a terrific way to take the landscape of the neighborhood and convert it into a public good that reflected the community in which it existed. The railway was covered in graffiti with a "wild urban meadow", if I lived in that community I would have supported making it a public space because it showed my communities creativity and culture. Unfortunately, the policy makers in NYC saw a way to bring tourist in with a new trendy hot spot. They covered the graffiti, erasing the communities imprint on the high line. The NYC government used the walk way as a means to increase revenue and in doing so they over crowded the neighborhood making no room for those who were already living under the rail. What is even more striking is that these gentrification efforts even lead to the rezoning of West Chelsea so they could build luxury developments and destroy existing buildings. This public space started out as a great communal asset that was perverted through gentrification.

Timothée Mariau's curator insight, December 13, 2015 1:14 AM

Cet article parle d'un cas particulier que constitue la High Line dans le West-Side à Manhattan. Cette High Line est une ancienne voie ferrée aérienne de Manhattan qui a été transformée en parc dans la fin des années 2000. L'auteur critique ici l'impact que l'installation de ce parc urbain a pu avoir sur le quartier. Il montre qu'il y a eu une certaine forme de gentrification dans le quartier qui était auparavant un quartier représentant la mixité sociale de Manhattan ( avec des populations ouvrières qui travaillait dans les abattoirs du quartier et des classes moyennes supérieures). Aujourd'hui le prix de l'immobilier a explosé du fait de l'attraction que constitue ce parc aérien du point de vue touristique mais aussi au niveau de la qualité des conditions de vie. Cette attractivité a amené une élite économique dans le quartier au détriment des anciens habitants et propriétaires de boutiques qui ont été obligés de partir dans d'autres quartiers du fait de l'explosion du coût de la vie dans le quartier. Cela montre bien en quoi un projet urbain comme la réhabilitation de la High Line peut avoir une influence sur le quartier ( en favorisant l'attractivité touristique, économique et résidentielle) et comment une partie de la population se sent lésée suite à l'élaboration du projet et des changements que le quartier a subi.

Rescooped by Joshua Choiniere from Geography Education!

Gentrification spelled out

Gentrification spelled out | Geogaphy 400 |
As upscale, high-rise condos and hipster bars opened nearby, longtime customers joked: Is this really still “the ’hood”? Not anymore.


In a gentrifying neighborhood in Washington D.C. that was historically African-American, Fish in the ’Hood was an iconic restaurant that captured the feel of the area.  Just this May, the storefront restaurant was renamed Fish in the Neighborhood.

Questions to Ponder: Why?  Does it matter?  What does it mean?


The fact the resturant was renamed shouldnt hurt its buisness. In fact it should help enhance it and attract more customers while also still keeping its cultural and ethnic traditions. The reason the name was changed was to better foster development in the neighborhood. Unfortunatly the people who lived in the area will be forced to move with the cost of living going up. I truly do feel bad for it but this is something that always happens and its something we all have to get used to

Via Seth Dixon
Jacob Crowell's curator insight, September 25, 2014 10:35 PM

Gentrification deals with the forcing out of lower income residents and making space available for the more affluent. The re-naming of Fish in the 'Hood shows how gentrification forces the culture  of entire communities to change. Although this restaurant was popular before, they were forced to re-brand so they can stay in business. Gentrification exiles the poor, with that their culture. This restaurant shows that, as more upscale business open up to service the needs of more affluent citizens, any business that has the perception of being the contrary will soon be out of business. This matters because it shows how gentrification destroys communities image, and culture for the sake of increasing revenue and real estate value. What is exhibit here is not only a socio-economic shift but also a racial shift as well. This neighborhood was predominately African American before it began to gentrify, "The 'Hood" is a saying that correlates with African American culture. This restaurant's re-branding shows that they no longer can continue to bring in customers with a name that is part of the African American vernacular. Furthermore, it shows the racial trends that go with gentrification where minority culture is pushed out as more money flows in.

Emerald Pina's curator insight, May 25, 2015 4:15 PM

The article talks about a restaurant called Fish In The NeighborHood, with emphasis on Hood, that has not been affected by the gentrification that has happened in the area. He still refers to the area as "Hood" even with all the newly built building. The article also describes the process of the gentrification, and people's opinions on the name of the restaurant compared to the area.


This article relates to Unit 7: Cities and Urban Land Use because it explains the idea and process of gentrification. It gives an example of how some buildings are unaffected by the gentrified area. 

Savannah Rains's curator insight, May 27, 2015 7:50 AM

this article is taking the time to plainly spell out what gentrification is and where it is happening. Gentrification means the taking of lowe class land and making it more valuable to try and boost the overall way of life in that area. Most people are blind to this system and should take the time to learn about it. 

Rescooped by Joshua Choiniere from Geography Education!

Six-Legged Giant Finds Secret Hideaway, Hides For 80 Years

Six-Legged Giant Finds Secret Hideaway, Hides For 80 Years | Geogaphy 400 |
The insect is so large — as big as a human hand — it's been dubbed a "tree lobster." It was thought to be extinct, but some enterprising entomologists scoured a barren hunk of rock in the middle of the ocean and found surviving Lord Howe Island...


"Island Biogeography is endlessly fascinating and provides some of the most striking species we have on Earth.  The physical habitat is fragmented and the genetic diversity is limited.  Within this context, species evolve to fill ecological niches within their particular locale.  This NPR article demonstrates the story of but one of these incredible species that never could have evolved on the continents.  In modern society, more extinctions are happening on islands than anywhere else as 'specialist' species are in greater competition with 'generalists.' "


perharps by a simple twist of fate these long six legged giant bugs have survived in the most unlikliest of places. A former volcano with a handful of shurbs that could support these insects all these years has kept them going until our intervention. this is a great story and hofully it will have a goo ending.

Joshua Choiniere

Via Seth Dixon
Joseph Thacker 's curator insight, April 25, 2014 3:35 PM

On Ball's Pyramid the stick insect is different than any other insect I have seen. The size of it is terrifying, as it as big as a human hand. There are many different kinds of animals or insects someone can find on remote islands, islands such as Madagascar, Australia and even on this small island, which is located off of Australia's coast in the Pacific.    

Jacob Crowell's curator insight, December 15, 2014 9:40 PM

Isolation can lead to some remarkable examples of evolution. This "tree lobster" is an example of that. On an island cut off from many predators and hold little resources, the tree lobster has found a way to survive.

Felix Ramos Jr.'s curator insight, May 8, 2015 2:52 AM

A truly remarkable story.  A prehistoric 'stick' insect that lived on an island off the coast of Australia was obliterated by rats that came to the island on English ships.  Everyone thought they were extinct until one day some researchers found 24 of them living on a remote piece of land not too far from the insect's homeland.  This was an uninhabited piece of rock, essentially, with very little to offer any life form but the stick insects found just enough to survive.  How they got here is unknown but after the find and a sleepless zoo worker, this insect is flourishing in captivity.  The move to release them back into the wild is ongoing.

Rescooped by Joshua Choiniere from Geography Education!

Penguins from Space: A New Satellite Census Doubles the Known Population of Emperors

Penguins from Space: A New Satellite Census Doubles the Known Population of Emperors | Geogaphy 400 |
High-resolution imaging has allowed scientists to produce the first full count of Antarctica's emperor penguins...


The fact that we've developed a satellite with high-resolution is a good thing in my opinion when it comes to locating the Emperor Penguin population. These images allows us to see where, how, and how many Penguins are living. This is a useful tool to have since their natural habitat is slowly melting and reverting back to water. I hope we can study the environmental impacts and hopfully save the penguins because Penguins are cool.

Joshua Choiniere

Via Seth Dixon
Jacob Crowell's curator insight, December 16, 2014 12:48 PM

In the beginning of the semester we talked about how geography is always changing. Our understanding of geography does as well. This new technology helps people have a clearer picture of the wildlife that exists on Antarctica. Because of its harsh environment the amount we know about this barren continent has been limited. As technology improves we will be able to gain more accurate information about Antarctica.

Hector Alonzo's curator insight, December 16, 2014 5:58 PM

Using this new technology, animal can be monitored and helped by the satellites. Having a way to accurately know the population of a species is incredible,  because now we can know which species are in danger of extinction and we can take steps to help them. Before the use of the satellite,  the population of Emperor penguins was found to be 595, 000 and the colonies of penguins was found to be 46 instead of the previous 38, so without this technology there have been penguins that may have needed help, but now they will get proper attention.

Kendra King's curator insight, April 14, 2015 2:27 AM

Technology never ceases to amaze me. As the article described, the use of satellite imagining recently showed that the “population count” of the emperor penguin is “found nearly twice as did previous studies.” Prior to the use of satellite imaging, the method to obtain this type of data was done by people actually being around the area. As the new numbers showed this was inaccurate because so much of the artic can’t be reached by the human population. I think this brings up an interesting notion. We define our landscape based on what we see. Yet, what we see doesn’t always capture what is actually on earth. As such, I wonder if more penguin colonies have disappeared then the one the British intuition noticed. We won’t know, but at least now thanks to technology a better grasp of the situation can happen. Maybe with more concrete data about the effects of global warming on Antarctic more non-believers could be swayed. All in all, I think the technology is beneficial. The only down side about this technology is the possibility for misuse. If we can now figure out the penguin population down to which ones are adults, imagine just what else this technology can due in the name of “geographic research.”      

Rescooped by Joshua Choiniere from Geography Education!

Video -- Dive into the Deep

Video -- Dive into the Deep | Geogaphy 400 |
March 26, 2012—In a state-of-the-art submersible, National Geographic explorer-in-residence and filmmaker James Cameron reached the deepest point of the Mariana Trench, breaking a world record for the deepest solo dive.


"For those who haven't been following National Geographic news, James Cameron (director of "Titanic" and "The Abyss") entered a submarine named DEEPSEA CHALLENGER, and dove to the bottom of the Mariana Trench, the deepest point on Earth. Enjoy this video describing this "lunar-like" environment that is so deep it is lightless and near lifeless with extreme pressure. For more on the expedition, read:"


This is beyond cool, for a human to travel to the deepest part of the Mariana Trench is an amazing feat. it must have been a cool and gratifying experience for James Cameron and maybe he could direct another great movie about his adventure down there.

Joshua Choiniere

Via Seth Dixon
Brett Sinica's curator insight, December 10, 2013 10:06 PM

When the show South Park has made an entire episode based around you, you've certainly done something extraordinary.  James Cameron not only risked his life,  but proved a point and set a new standard in underwater exploration.  In a way, he literally went to the bottom of the earth, something that has been a mystical feat until now.  With technology advancing so quickly and people constantly pushing limits and standards it makes us wonder what will be discovered next.

Ryan Amado's curator insight, December 11, 2013 10:45 AM

It is mind boggling how much of our oceans are still to be discovered. Cameron's journey here is one that needs to be taken all over the world. We have more ocean that is unexplored than explored.  We may also find some answers to fundamental questions to human existence if we are able to research the deep sea more effectively.  It is hard to believe we have been able to research 36,000 feet below and still have more questions than answers. 

Jacob Crowell's curator insight, December 15, 2014 9:44 PM

This is a really cool video, the pressure that exist at the bottom of the ocean has kept humans trapped above a certain depth. Today technology has let us explore areas that have been off limits in the past. Letting an influential filmmaker like Cameron do this is a way to raise awareness about these expeditions to the pop culture obsessed audiences around the world.

Rescooped by Joshua Choiniere from Regional Geography!

Drought led to demise of ancient city of Angkor

Drought led to demise of ancient city of Angkor | Geogaphy 400 |
The ancient city of Angkor — the most famous monument of which is the breathtaking ruined temple of Angkor Wat — might have collapsed due to valiant but ultimately failed efforts to battle drought, scientists find.


Why do societies collapse?  Often they are overextended, consume too many resources for their hinterland network to supply or they aren't able to adapt to changes to the system.  Angkor Wat, the largest urban complex of the pre-industrial world, collapsed primarily due to drought conditions and a changing ecology.  Without sufficient water resources, the network collapsed.  What other environment 'collapses' can you think of?  


"The water system used at Angkor was remarkable especial given the tecnology they had at their disposal during that time periord. History has shown us that things don't last forever and societies do fall because of overextension and other calamities. Another environment collapse that comes to mind is that of the fictional movieDay After Tomorrowwhere the world is just sucked pack up into a watery existence. I find environmental stuff like this very fascinating and interesting and the city of Angkor is a prime example of mother nature putting us humans back into place."

Joshua Choiniere 

Via Seth Dixon
Cam E's curator insight, April 8, 2014 5:29 PM

It's easy to forget that for most of history, even the greatest of empires were subject to the whims of the climate. The ability to survive in places where humans really shouldn't thrive is only a recent development thanks to technology, but a drought is something the mightiest army can't fight, and all the wealth in the world will not stop, without the right technology.

James Hobson's curator insight, December 5, 2014 2:12 AM

(Southeast Asia topic 10 [independent topic 2])

Naturally, that which fails to adapt to its environment will not survive. Such was the likely fate of Angkor. But was this early industrial area the cause of its own drought demise? I'll answer this question with another modern one: Are booming metropolises of today having an impact on their environment? Look at the American Southwest, where the booming populations of Las Vegas and Phoenix, and the water use that goes along with it, are slowly sucking dry Lake Mead. Though in both cases the climate is becoming drier itself, adaptations could be the remedy. Just as the inhabitants of Easter Island caused their own demise as well, it truly pays to learn from the past and take proactive precautions to prevent such worse-case scenarios. Luckily today there is knowledge to do such that, and now the issue goes to getting that message acknowledged and acted upon.

Jacob Crowell's curator insight, December 15, 2014 7:37 PM

This reminds me of the theories as to why Easter Island fell. Although what many people know of Easter Island is the giant heads, there was once a flourishing civilization in the area but many scholars theorize that they deforested the island to a point that they ran out of resources and had to flee to survive.

Rescooped by Joshua Choiniere from Geography Education!

Philippines Overtakes India as Hub of Call Centers

Philippines Overtakes India as Hub of Call Centers | Geogaphy 400 |
Many companies have moved their customer service lines to Manila to take advantage of workers who speak lightly accented English and are familiar with American culture.


Although I'd still like to see more jobs being insourced to the United States, this ia good thing overall. I like the fact buisness have learned the consumers are annoyied from Indians British accent and lack of knowledge about American culture. The Philippines was a good choice since they were once an American Colony.

Joshua Choiniere

Via Seth Dixon
Cam E's curator insight, April 8, 2014 5:41 PM

The fact that so many Filipinos speak English is an important one to understand. This brings jobs to the Philippines, but at the expense of local culture. High income and social standing in the Philippines is often correlated with English, as many of the high-ranking citizens attend universities in the United States and return with degrees, and in turn teach their children English. This marginalizes their own language in a way, and is something to keep aware of, as it's one thing that the United States does not face in many areas, that most other countries around the world do.  


Kendra King's curator insight, April 14, 2015 2:16 AM

I was most shocked by how Americanized these individual were. I understand that the Philippines were under American control for a fair period of time, but the country obtained its sovereign independence of the US sometime in the mid-40s. They have had close to 80 years to develop their own history, yet the author mentioned the citizens were still watching shows like “Friends” and speaking American English better than other foreign English speakers. It just goes to show how a colony is permanently marked by their past. I am not entirely sure this is a good thing, but at least one positive that came out of the US’s impact is that in speaking more American English there are more call center jobs. As the article mentioned, the jobs helped their sluggish economy. Still, the only reason these jobs are being offered is due to the amount companies save. Not only do the companies avoid paying American workers, whose salary is much higher, the companies are also in an area with better infrastructure. So even though the article claims the companies paid more because the Philippine workers cost $50 more than those from India, they save money on overhead and have better satisfied customers! Looking at call centers from the company’s perspective shows that this former colony is just a pawn once again. Therefore, when we look at intent, globalization just becomes negative again.   

Matt Danielson's curator insight, December 12, 2018 9:18 PM
The familiarization of American culture in the Philippines along with their fluency in American sounding English gives them a big advantage in the customer service industry. These advantages along with the ability to keep cost low is leading to the Philippines overtaking India as the call center capital of the world.  This is another example of globalization at work, which has many benefits, but also negative effects like the loss of jobs in other countries, or the new found reliance on foreign markets. 
Rescooped by Joshua Choiniere from Geography Education!

Tsunami of Change Hitting Burma!

Sometimes the news can be good news! The historic April 1st election in Burma that saw Aung San Suu Kyi and her National League for Democracy win 43/45 parliamentary seats is being hailed as the first free and fair elections for 50 years!


With the election of a more fair and democratic offcials Burma is slowly turning into a more opening society and in the process are not being isolated as much for their isolated dictatorship rule.

Joshua Choiniere 

Via Seth Dixon
Jacob Crowell's curator insight, December 15, 2014 7:19 PM

Burma is an area where the identity of the people has been muddled. This is an election that signals the people of Burma acting to clarify their needs through free and fair elections. Democracy is a powerful tool in regards to expressing the voices of the people. Aung San Suu Kyi is now the face of that voice.

Samuel D'Amore's curator insight, December 17, 2014 10:37 PM

This video explains that today the nation of Burma is at the cusp of change. This nation long oppressed by its government now stands to usher in a system of democracy and bring with it a hope of improving the lives of it's citizens. Sadly uplifting events are far and few between today but also long as people such as this aspire to bring change and better things for themselves and their families change can happen. Hopefully the people actually are able to achieve this level of freedom they seek and won't simply end up with a new brand of oppression.  

Matt Chapman's curator insight, April 26, 2018 5:37 PM
This is huge for the changing of Burma to a democratic country after many years of suffering through oppression and non-freedom.
Rescooped by Joshua Choiniere from Geography Education!

Incredible Shrinking Country

Incredible Shrinking Country | Geogaphy 400 |
There are “babyloids” and relatives-for-rent in an increasingly childless Japan.


I have actually watched the movie that was based upon the book and it was very mind opening to me. The prospect of a society losing children and not being able to produce anymore is problematic to say the least. what really makes this novel scary is it's happening in Japan as of right now. The problem of not being able to reproduce any children in any country should be a concern for all humans because if one group of us decline whose to say the rest of us wont?

Via Seth Dixon
Paige McClatchy's curator insight, December 14, 2013 10:21 PM

Japan's shrinking population poses many challenges to the state, namely a shrinking work force. While Japan is a very developed country, it still needs people to continue its growth. Perhaps the government should subsidize families with more than one child? a la reverse One Child policy. As I'm sure Japan would not welcome an influx of Han Chinese.

Jacob Crowell's curator insight, December 15, 2014 7:14 PM

In Japanese culture older generation are taken care of by their decedents. With more and more people not having children it is going at odds with long standing cultural traditions. What will happen when these people are no longer able to take care of themselves and have no one to turn to for assistance. Japan will  have to adapt and consider solutions that go against their norms regarding familial structure.

Matt Chapman's curator insight, April 26, 2018 5:11 PM
Japan is dealing with large amounts of demographic decline.  Their population is shrinking rapidly and that is bad for the advancement of the country and the furture of industries.
Rescooped by Joshua Choiniere from Geography Education!

The Plight of China's Favored Sons

The Plight of China's Favored Sons | Geogaphy 400 |
For China's government, social stability is threatened by a gender imbalance likely to leave up to 40 million Chinese without a wife.


This article is very interesting in the fact that China has more Men to Woman. The result of having so many men with not enough  women means these men might resort to bad behaviors since they can't find or afford to woo one. Another solution to this problem I find ammusing and interesting is that maybe Chinese men should intermingle with Russian women since both countries have a surplus in these two genders.

Joshua Choiniere

Via Seth Dixon
Rescooped by Joshua Choiniere from Geography Education!

The End of Cheap China

The End of Cheap China | Geogaphy 400 |
TRAVEL by ferry from Hong Kong to Shenzhen, in one of the regions that makes China the workshop of the world, and an enormous billboard greets you: “Time is Money, Efficiency is Life”.


The traditional belief or image of China being the land of manufacturing and the land of cheap labor could be drawing to a close. With the rise of land prices and workers wages things are slowly chnging in China and in my opinion for the better. Not only will their workers be treated better and paid more but the cost of doing buisness in China is increasing as a result. The next goal that comes forth from this is places like America will become just as expensive or cheap to do buisness in their own countries. 

Via Seth Dixon
Jacob Crowell's curator insight, December 15, 2014 6:30 PM

I think this is a very important article. All our estimates on China's growth assume that they will continue to operate the same as they grow more and more. We can see that when economies grow, the standards of living rise,, wages rise, the middle class grows and the cost of production will rise. In the late 19th and early 20th century the United States had cheap labor and was one of the worlds leading producer of goods, but as workers clamored for more money, better working conditions and social programs our cost of producing rose to a point where it was cheaper to outsource labor. With China growing, other countries are more attractive to business looking to protect their bottom line.

Jason Schneider's curator insight, April 3, 2015 2:43 AM

The most popular nations of China and the strongest economies of China appears to be on the edge of the east side of China such as Shanghai, Fujian, Guangzhou and Liaoning. I believe that their economic growth has something to do with the fact that these counties are off the coast of East China sea so when you have tourists of immigrants from the east side of China, most likely, they will visit these counties that are in the far east of China. Overall, China is a powerful country but they focus more urbanization on the far east of China because it's closer to the water and that's where you'll find tourists and immigrants. Also, manufacturing factories, especially in the far east are extremely wealthy which allows higher wages to workers and it lures more people to work in China which strengthens peoples desires to go to or live in China.

Matt Chapman's curator insight, April 26, 2018 5:23 PM
China's economic growth over the recent years has been explosive.  China has grown into a leading world power.  The largest population in the world, and one of the largest economies in the world.  They have grown into a country with large manufacturing and economy.   This is good for growth.
Rescooped by Joshua Choiniere from Geography Education!

How did Pakistan get it's name?

How did Pakistan get it's name? | Geogaphy 400 |

"The name of the country Pakistan has a fascinating history - it is essentially an acronym!  Prior to 1947, the country now known as Pakistan was a British colony. In 1947 the United Kingdom granted independence to the region under a new name, Pakistan. The name had been developed by a group of students at Cambridge University who issued a pamphlet in 1933 called Now or Never."


What amazes me the most about this story, is that the Pakistanians did not even name themselves. I have two questions after learning this; the first being what gave the Cambridge studetns the motivation or right to name this area. Secondly I'm wondering why havent that Pakistanians changed the name to something that they have a hand in making. It is however funny how things from history are visabley seen in present time.

Joshua Choiniere

Via Seth Dixon
Jason Schneider's curator insight, March 28, 2015 7:15 PM

Pakistan is simply abbreviated from it's nations or nations that border Pakistan. P stands for Punjab, A stands for Afghania, K stands for Kashmir, I stands for Iran, S stands for Singh, T stands for Tukharistan, A stands for Afghanistan. However, there is no "N." Instead we classified the last letter as Balochistan but because "stan" is the Persian pronunciation for "country." Pakistan decided to abbreviate "N" as a silent so they can successfully abbreviate "Pakistan" instead of "Pakista."

Matthew Richmond's curator insight, November 9, 2015 8:03 PM

Re-scooped from Professor Dixon, primarily for how ridiculous it is. Most of us figured there was some decent reason (like the neighboring 'Stan's) for why  and how Pakistan got its name. Nope, there really wasn't any good reason to name it Pakistan, it is an acronym. One that makes absolutely no sense whatsoever.

Adam Deneault's curator insight, December 14, 2015 11:47 PM
Until reading this, I thought this was another country that had a "stan" name just like the rest. I never knew that Pakistan received it's makeshift name my a bunch Cambridge University students. It is composed of lands taken from homelands: Punjab, Afghania,, Kashmir, Iran , Sindh, Tukharistan, Afghanistan, and balochistaN.
Rescooped by Joshua Choiniere from Regional Geography!

“India: A Sacred Geography” and “India Becoming”

“India: A Sacred Geography” and “India Becoming” | Geogaphy 400 |
“India: A Sacred Geography” by Diana Eck and “India Becoming” by Akash KapurWashington PostIt's most unusual to see geography as primarily a construct of the human imagination, but that is precisely what the scholar of Hinduism Diana Eck attempts...


The two authors both in there books write about the past wonders of India and it's present. and describe how geography has played a role in the past kingdoms of India to its modern day statehood. the authors views sound very intresting and conceivable.\


Joshua Choiniere

Via Geocrusader80, Seth Dixon
No comment yet.
Rescooped by Joshua Choiniere from Geography Education!

Regional NFL Fan Bases

Regional NFL Fan Bases | Geogaphy 400 |

Any cartographic fine-tuning of borders that you would suggest?  What truths does this map obscure?


Tags: regions, sport, mapping.


This map clearly shows that there are more smaller fan bases in the north of America because there are so many teams that are followed. while teams in the west are mored spaced out because there are so many fans living in a wider area. A great term for this map depctions is population density because it cleary shows that more people equals more teams while less people in a area shows less teams.

Via Seth Dixon
Matt Mallinson's comment, October 10, 2012 3:17 PM
As a huge football fan, this map is very interesting to me. It shows how different populations are in different parts of the country due to where fans are located.
Nick Flanagan's curator insight, December 13, 2012 1:28 AM

I like how this map shows regionaly were most fans of a certain team are.  However one thing it fails to take into account are fans of a certain team that live in another region.  Like I live in Rhode Isalnd so based on the map i would be a Patriots fan, however I am  49ers fan, and I know i am not the only fan of a team not living in that teams region. 

Heather Ramsey's curator insight, January 26, 2013 12:49 AM

An excellent visual representation of functional regions.

Rescooped by Joshua Choiniere from Geography Education!

Infographic: United States of the Environment

Infographic: United States of the Environment | Geogaphy 400 |
Every U.S. state is No. 1 in some environmental category ... and No. 50 in another.


A fun map that can be used to discuss environmental issues at both the national and local level for American teachers.


  After viewing this map I was amazed at how each state has one specfic thing that sets it apart from the other. For instance Rhode Island has the least sulfur omssions out of all the fifty states. Also i really found it compelling what states do really bad in. For Rhode Island we are the highest in Breast cancer which really intrigues me since I know quite a few people who have and they are from R.I. The fact i never realized the correlation makes me wonder what else I should know about Rhode Island. Overall I found this map to be very intresting and worthy of studying

Via Seth Dixon
Jacob Crowell's curator insight, September 22, 2014 8:11 PM

Rhode Island excels at having the lowest CO2 emissions. This makes a lot of sense when you consider the characteristics the State as it relates to pollution. Manufacturing is not a large part of Rhode Island's production, therefore CO2 emissions from factories is less than many other states. Furthermore CO2 from automobiles is low because of the small size of the state. Commutes for people working and living in Rhode Island are no longer than an hour each way. The minimal drive time for each person also cuts down possible emissions. 

Wilmine Merlain's curator insight, November 2, 2014 12:41 AM

This fun and interactive map shows where each state excel and where they falter. Its interesting to see that in a state a small as Rhode Island, it has the highest rate of breast cancer in the nation. And the state of Colorado has the most avalanche deaths, which when you think of the state of Colorado, you wouldn't think of Colorado as a state with a lot of avalanches. What really surprised me  was Alaska as having the most airports per capita. One wouldn't think this of Alaska since it is a state covered mostly with snow. And it raises the question as to how many people travel in and out of the state. With all of the states surprises, one thing that shocked me a bit was how much organic food is grown in this land. That's one thing that is surprising. I once viewed this land as a of imports of just about everything, but looking at these two maps have changed my outlook of this land.

Brian Wilk's curator insight, January 25, 2015 3:12 AM

Scary to look at the New England region as five of the six states are highest in a form of cancer.Is there a causal connection that should be investigated? Probably doesn't help we live next door to NY and NJ, highest in air pollution and most Superfund sites respectively. As a parent with a son who has autism, I feel for the folks in Ohio. Both California and Florida get the "duh" award for leading in smog and boating wrecks.

Rescooped by Joshua Choiniere from Geography Education!

Ephemeral islands and other states-in-waiting

Ephemeral islands and other states-in-waiting | Geogaphy 400 |
architectural conjecture :: urban speculation :: landscape futures...


"In the 1960s when the island of Surtsey (literally) erupted onto the scene off the coast of Iceland, it's national sovereignty was not really called into question.  The seamount, or near island named Ferdinandea in the Mediterranean is not even an island yet and countries are already positioning themselves to claim it.  Only 6 feet below sea level, this seamount is incredibly valuable real estate because is a country can successfully came this territory, they could also lay claim to an Exclusive Economic Zone, extending up to 200 nautical miles beyond the coast."


land is a vital and important thing for man. it is where we live, grow food, conduct buisness, and continue our race. Now when new formations of islands emerge out of the sea they are highly sought after because there is never such a thing as too much land. Now besides land being socially, as well as poltically benefcial it has economic interests that provide a whole new reason to fight over Ephemeral Islands. The Exclusive Economic Zone or EEZ provides nations with an addtional 200 nautical miles of territory that these nations desire in for a bigger country.

Joshua Choiniere

Via Seth Dixon
Elizabeth Bitgood's curator insight, April 25, 2014 1:23 AM

When I read something like this all I can think is maybe this is what happened to Atlantis.  What if Atlantis was an island like this that existed just long enough for people to build a society on and then it sank beneath the sea.  Another think this makes me think of is the novel “Jingo” by Terry Pratchett, in it an island rises from the sea and leads to a war over which country owns it.  This is just an interesting phenomenon that leads to world arguments.

Jacob Crowell's curator insight, December 15, 2014 9:29 PM

The EEZ policy that exist has made every space up for contentious conflict. The miles off the coast of Surtsey and other small islands have become valuable because of EEZ and conflict exist over islands that are uninhabited and useless. Economic geography can influence political geography when it comes to these small island and their exclusive economic zone.

Felix Ramos Jr.'s curator insight, March 12, 2015 2:46 PM

You have to be joking with me!!!!!!!!


Claims for a volcanic-induced mass of land?  In this day and age, one would hope that something like this would not lead to a long and drawn-out dispute.  There is much more pertinent issues present in this world.

 How about this for an idea?  Let's leave the "island" neutral and allow it it to be used as a temporary destination for whomever visits it.  It should be protected and preserved by everyone interested but not so much that visitors cannot temporarily explore and enjoy the island.  

Rescooped by Joshua Choiniere from Geography Education!

Finding the flotsam: where is Japan's floating tsunami wreckage headed?

Finding the flotsam: where is Japan's floating tsunami wreckage headed? | Geogaphy 400 |

"Scientists model where and when the debris from the March 2011 Japanese tsunami will be.  The likelihood that the debris (not radioactive) will reach the U.S. west coast is increasingly likely.  Look at the great video attached to the article."   


This is pretty cool, I like the fact that this situation is being tracked and followed so highly. It is cool how we can locate debris from over a year ago and watch its travel for about two years. I also like how we can identify the density of the objects and whether or not their small or one big pile.

Joshua Choiniere

Via Seth Dixon
Gregory S Sankey Jr.'s curator insight, September 1, 2014 3:43 PM

Although it's important to know where all of this trash is headed, this just makes me think of how we might prevent this. We can't prevent these catastrophic natural disasters, but how might we lessen it's effects on our cities and settlements? Furthermore, how might we lessen our impact on ecosystems during these times of catastrophe? 

It's only called a catastrophe when it hits human populations for a reason, it's not just devastating to us. Remnants of our lifestyle are carried far and wide, able to cause harm on many other species. 

Jacob Crowell's curator insight, December 15, 2014 9:37 PM

An example of how even without considering globalization the world is interconnected. The debris from the 2011 tsunami was never disposed of effectively and the United States may be effected more than they ever expected. If this pile of debris reaches US shores it will make many Americans consider how a tsunami across the globe will eventually hurt them at home. 

Corey Rogers's curator insight, December 16, 2018 2:05 AM
The devastation of the Japanese tsunami has left debris moving slowly across the Pacific and approaching the US. The issue is that this stuff is just floating around and destroying our ecosystem and less people are doing something about it. We need to understand that we are solution and have to figure out a way to fix this. 
Rescooped by Joshua Choiniere from Geography 400 Blog!

Lurking in the Deep

Lurking in the Deep | Geogaphy 400 |

"This carpet shark has to be one of the most incredible creatures I have ever seen. It shows just how great the biodiversity is in areas mostly untouched by civilization. The Great Barrier Reef, though very delicate, has a variety of species found nowhere else in the world. This shark appears to be perfectly adapted to its environment because not only does it literally blend in with the ocean floor, but if it can swallow other sharks whole, it must be the king of the ocean. It is very sad to think of how many species once existed on our planet. In the Amazon, we wipe out species before they are even discovered. Let us hope that the South Pacific does not suffer the same fate."


This is an interesting story about how in different regions various unique animals dwell there. This shark being able to eat another shark whole is awesome and scary at the sametime. It would be a real shame if this species of shark was destroyed because of human development. Hopfully we can leave this natural wonder alone and let this mighty beast stalk its next prey.

Via Seth Dixon, Derek Ethier
Gregory S Sankey Jr.'s curator insight, September 1, 2014 3:38 PM

This article reminds me of another video i've seen recently of a grouper fish swallowing a 4-foot black tip shark whole. A fisherman caught that on camera while trying to reel in the shark. Time and time again I'm reminded that not everything in nature is as it seems and that the unexpected should be expected. 

This makes me want to buy some scuba gear and take some diving classes, I ought to conquer my fear of sharks by safely observing them with a research team! 

Jacob Crowell's curator insight, December 15, 2014 9:36 PM

Amazing photos, there are so many different kinds of life that exists in the Ocean. As the Great Barrier Reef falls victim to climate change and pollution, the number of species at risk is almost calculable. 

Hector Alonzo's curator insight, December 16, 2014 6:26 PM

Australia's marine life is amazing, being able to hide by blending in to their environment is a testament to the waters that Australia has. The diverse wildlife of Australia waters is shown to be an adaptive bunch and begs the question: How many more animals are out there that we do not know of?

Rescooped by Joshua Choiniere from Regional Geography!

Boxing in the Shadow of Pacquiao

Boxing in the Shadow of Pacquiao | Geogaphy 400 |
Young men in the Philippines, inspired by the light welterweight champion Manny Pacquiao, are training to escape poverty, boxing for a few dollars more than they make as subsistence farmers.


As a boxing fan myself, watching manny pacquiao is a privlage, he's a great boxer and a inspiration for other Philippineos. After seeing what Pacquiao did for himself many other young men want to follow his path out of poverty and become a rich successful boxer. This is another example of how sports can be used to acheive ones dreams and power to raise one's self out of poverty.

Joshua Choiniere

Via Seth Dixon
Edgar Manasseh Jr.'s curator insight, May 6, 2015 10:41 PM

Inspirational video, as i see a group of young men who inspire to be one of the greatest fighters to come out of the Philippines. Its a very good story and for them to have this dream to make it out with boxing its very aspiring to anyone who has a dream to become a doctor,  scientists, basketball player or anything. Its all about hope and this young men have that. Escaping poverty is difficult and very tough and one day we hope to see many more good fighters from all across the globe to represent their countries just like Manny Pacquiao did.

Martin Kemp's curator insight, December 17, 2015 8:57 PM

i think this a great for a whole country of young men can have a great roll model like manny to model themselves after, what is best about this is that he got great doing somthing that is still important to their culture. he also never forgot where he came from and still have great influence in culture and politics of his home.

Matt Chapman's curator insight, April 26, 2018 5:41 PM
Manny Pacquiao has inspired many Phillipian young men who now see boxing as a way to escape poverty and the troubles of being in the Phillipines.  This is good for the country because is adds a global scale to the Phillipines.  Manny Pacquiao has shined a light on the Phillipines and is now working to improve it 
Rescooped by Joshua Choiniere from Geography Education!

Will Puerto Rico Be America’s 51st State?

Will Puerto Rico Be America’s 51st State? | Geogaphy 400 |
Millions of American citizens on the island have spoken. Now, Washington must act.

The issues and questions facing Puerto Rico are numerous and curious to say the least. Are they a Colony? They a independant nation? Or should they be a State? There relationship to America has been intertinwed throughout history and politics and the people themselves. So the question is, what should we do with Puerto Rico?

Via Seth Dixon
Amanda Morgan's curator insight, September 28, 2014 10:35 PM

The author of this article provided a unique insight about what it meant to be from Puerto Rico when she recalled her memory from her fourth grade class. People clearly recognize themselves as Puerto Rican and not American although the President is considered their head of state.  It is understandable why national identity would be be confusing.

Kristin Mandsager San Bento's curator insight, March 5, 2015 7:20 PM

I found the article very interesting.  It makes sense that the Republican party would not want 4 million Hispanic voters.  It is interesting that the island is "colonial" in nature.  I guess in a way it is being kept like that.  I don't see the US giving it up or "selling" it as the 4th grader suggested because of pure vanity.  The island would have to sink for the US to give it up.  

Mark Hathaway's curator insight, September 24, 2015 11:40 AM

The recent plebiscite on the future of Puerto Ricos political status  was extremely flawed. The current commonwealth option was not listed on the ballot. Many people left that portion of their ballot blank. The 61 percent of people who voted for statehood, is more likely closer to 45 percent. It is sad that a clear and decisive  election could not have been held. Puerto Rico deserves to have its problematic political status resolved. While I personally  favor statehood, Congress has made the right decision when it comes to ignoring these results.  

Rescooped by Joshua Choiniere from Regional Geography!

Burma: Motorcades and Dictator Disneyland

Burma: Motorcades and Dictator Disneyland | Geogaphy 400 |
Neil MacFarquhar, The Times's United Nations bureau chief, shares his ambivalence about covering the exotic global travels and diplomatic efforts of Secretary General Ban Ki-moon, particularly in closed nations like Myanmar.


Countries such as Myanmar that have over oppresive dictators or military leaders is disheartening. It is a shame that they spend millions of dollars on a new Capitial where nobody lives except the military. I hope one day they do have free elections and open up their country.

Via Seth Dixon
James Hobson's curator insight, December 3, 2014 6:47 PM

(Southeast Asia topic 3)

This video offers valuable insight into the difference between what is meant to be seen and what else there is to see. "The Capital" really does seem like a fantasy world to me: isolated, decorated, and devoid of many inhabitants. As the title suggests, it's like marketing Disneyland as the typical American city. I was also surprised by how despite the low population in the capital city, a huge infrastructure exists as if a major influx of people were planned to have arrived by then. This can be a lesson on how even at the national level, some can talk the talk but not walk the walk, and how some things can look good 'paper', but not when reality hits.

Jacob Crowell's curator insight, December 15, 2014 7:27 PM

Naypyidaw is the capital for the Junta and not the people of Burma. I find it troubling that even when officials come to visit Burma, they are given a tour that is heavily censored and hides them from people so they are not allowed to give their honest opinion of the Junta. The secretariat general of the UN is quickly whisk from place to place that the government approves and can manipulate to fit what they want the image they want to portray. 

Martin Kemp's curator insight, December 17, 2015 9:00 PM

by moving the capital to the center of the country it is symbolic of the capital being accessable to the whole country and that the capital is equally concerned with everyone. 

Rescooped by Joshua Choiniere from Geography Education!

Hiroshima after the Atomic Bomb

Hiroshima after the Atomic Bomb | Geogaphy 400 |
360° panoramic photography by Harbert F. Austin Jr.. Visit us to see more amazing panoramas from Japan and thousands of other places in the world.


This is devastateing but also really cool in a bad way. I feel bad for the loss of life and the destruction that occurred when the bomb was dropped. The cool part for me at least though is seeing the destruction after it happened and how the A-Bomb was so powerful that it just wipied out everything.

Joshua Choiniere

Via Seth Dixon
Lauren Stahowiak's curator insight, April 14, 2014 11:32 PM

This panoramic photograph shows the devastation of Hiroshima after the Atomic Bomb. Everything in sight is destroyed. Houses and poles that were lucky enough to still be standing are even lost causes. 

Jacob Crowell's curator insight, December 15, 2014 7:10 PM

These images are chilling and sad. The United States is the only country to ever use the Atomic Bomb on another country, a status I am not proud of. We can see why for 60 years people lived in constant fear during the Cold War. Also some would argue that the Atom Bomb has prevented world wars since WWII. It makes you fearful of the one leader who has access to A bombs and chooses to use them.

Matt Chapman's curator insight, April 26, 2018 5:09 PM
Hiroshima was devastated after the Atomic Bomb.  The destruction ruined alot of land and the waste ruined the land for many years to come. Hurting agriculture.
Rescooped by Joshua Choiniere from Geography Education!

Shanghai: 1990 vs. 2010

Shanghai: 1990 vs. 2010 | Geogaphy 400 |

In over a span of twenty years Shanghai has developed into a very modern commerciliazed city. I can only imagine that the population has skyrocketed due to an influx of buisness and the modernization of this city. Overall it's really cool to see development like this because I've already seen and lived through a developed area and not a premodern one.

Via Seth Dixon
Adam Deneault's curator insight, December 15, 2015 1:22 AM
Wow! All I can say is Wow! Shanghai overall in every way is highly indistinguishable from what it was in 1990. On the far side it is minimally developed and on the close side it has what looks to be a fairly modern city for the 90s. Take a jump twenty years and it is as if it was built the way it looks currently Even the side closest that was developed in the 90s, looks like it was scrapped and rebuilt to be even more modern, a mega city. Because of its strategic location and has a river for transportation, it is a transportation hub, which is why it has the money to do what it does.
Alex Vielman's curator insight, December 15, 2015 5:46 AM

These two images are perhaps a goo example of how globalization has developed over Shanghai in just 20 years. The images show how once greener and more spacious the region looked before in 1990, and the other image shows how technology has developed and become an important priority to the people. There are huge tall buildings located in the area and the other natural source seen is the body of water surrounding some of the tallest buildings in the area. There is no longer any trees which is also a sign of how un-important or how simple to was for the Shanghai to knock them down to simply make more buildings. The concept shows how business has developed in the region but also shows the potentially jobs located here as well. Overall, this part of Shanghai is very economically stable but it is also important to see outside of the heart of the buildings. 

Matt Chapman's curator insight, April 26, 2018 5:21 PM
Shanghai's growth over the last 20 years is remarkable and astounding.  Globalization has come to China and China has grown vastly over the years, this is good and bad.  Pollution and waste is a problem with large cities but it also shows wealth and prosperity.
Scooped by Joshua Choiniere!

9 questions about Israel-Gaza you were too embarrassed to ask

9 questions about Israel-Gaza you were too embarrassed to ask | Geogaphy 400 |

This is a step by step account in this aticle why their is fighting and why it started. It gives reasons why Humas and Israel fight. Shows who funds each party and why Egypt is brokering a peace deal. Also includes a map of border disputes as well.

No comment yet.
Rescooped by Joshua Choiniere from Geography Education!

Rise of solar panel energy in Bangladesh

The use of solar panel energy in Bangladesh is an example of using good green energy. In the example of this village construting power plants and other main stream power sources would be unrealistic, however using solar energy is a great idea. They have plenty of natural sun light and with the solar panels it just makes enmorous sense to use this natural sun light. This example of solar energy should be seen by other nations and try this.


Joshua Choiniere

Via Seth Dixon
Matt Ramsdell's curator insight, December 14, 2015 8:28 PM

Because of the rise in solar power energy it is allowing what I would consider a dark country is so important is because it is allowing the people of the area to have a longer day. Most people would be at home in the dark but with this cheap and affordable government funded solar panel they are able to have a longer day and seem to be able to be healthier lifestyle as they are not left out in the dark and able to go to a pharmacy at all times. These solar panels can run up to two light bulbs for ten hours allowing life to continue whether its dark or not.

Taylor Doonan's curator insight, March 30, 2018 10:33 PM
A small village in Bangladesh is not generally what comes to mind when you think of solar energy, but this small village is using solar energy to help advance it.. Homes and businesses in this village are installing solar panels due to the lack of electricity. These solar panels make it possible for this town to function past sundown. 
Stevie-Rae Wood's curator insight, December 9, 2018 10:15 PM
Bangladesh is a very poor and undeveloped nation and most do not have access to electricity. For most of life before solar energy, people stopped when the sun went out. At first the people of Bangladesh did not believe in the idea of Solar energy but that is because they didn't know what it was and the good it could do. Within two years however people started to believe and know around one million homes have solar panels. This is the fastest expansion of solar panels in the world.  The solar panels are also cheap which help the villagers who do not bring in a lot of extra income. The fact that solar panels are actually attainable amenities in Bangladesh is key to villagers success in the modern world.