Biotechnology & Cloning
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Why Clone?

Why Clone? | Biotechnology & Cloning | Scoop.it
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JakeLapiana's comment, April 3, 2014 8:56 AM
Aspect 3: 8.) Cloning can be used to save endangered or even extinct species. All that is needed is a well preserved source of DNA from the extinct or endangered species, and a currently living animal that can serve as the egg donor and surrogate mother. It is easier to clone endangered species because they can donate healthy living cells instead of preserved samples from extinct animals. A number of wild species have been cloned including species of cattle, sheep, deer, bison, and coyotes.
JakeLapiana's comment, April 3, 2014 9:03 AM
Aspect 3: 9.) Cloning can also be used to clone pets. In 2001, the first ever domestic animal was cloned, CC the cat. CC's clone had the same genetic makeup, but they do not have the same coats. The gene that determines coat color is on the X chromosome. The chromosomes undergo X-inactivation randomly, so the coats do not look the same.
JakeLapiana's comment, April 3, 2014 2:08 PM
Aspect 3: 10.) Drugs can be produced and used as drugs through animal cloning. Animals can be genetically engineered to produce these drugs or proteins. For example, the DNA code for a certain drug could be placed into the DNA cell of a cow, then that cell would be joined with a cow egg cell. A cow that produces this drug in its milk will be made.
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Animal Cloning

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JakeLapiana's comment, April 1, 2014 8:58 AM
Aspect 3: 5.) When it was found in 2001 that cloning may become a common procedure to improve animals, the FDA ruled that food from these animals should be kept out of the food supply. But the FDA then did extensive research that tested the safety of these foods. The FDA concluded in January 2008 that meat and milk from cow, pig, and goat clones are safe for human consumption.
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Use of Biotechnology in Veterinary Medicine and Animal Agriculture*

Use of Biotechnology in Veterinary Medicine and Animal Agriculture* | Biotechnology & Cloning | Scoop.it
Humans have altered animals, plants, and even microbes through selective breeding for millennia, to the great benefit of society. Biotechnology increases our
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JakeLapiana's comment, March 7, 2014 1:52 PM
5.) The AVMA (American Veterinary Medical Association) supports the use of biotechnology. They believe that biotechnology has a lot of benefits, and that it should not be held down by restrictions. They say that the advancement of this technology is very valuable to the overall veterinary community. However, they also know that there can be risks that come with this technology.
JakeLapiana's comment, March 7, 2014 1:58 PM
6.) The AVMA lists multiple applications for biotechnology. It can benefit human welfare. It can enhance resistance to diseases. Animals can be genetically engineered to make their meat more nutritious. It can produce animal medicinal products.
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Cat Cloning Offered to Pet Owners

Now cats may have more than nine lives. The company that funded the first successful cloning of a domestic cat two years ago has gone commercial. Four pet owners have each ponied up U.S. $50,000 to get their kitties copied by November.
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JakeLapiana's comment, April 2, 2014 2:11 PM
Aspect 3: 6.) Since the Dolly the sheep cloning in 1996, a lot of other animals have been cloned. Animal clones do not always look the same as their genetic donors. There are a variety of factors that can influence how an animal looks and acts. For example, while the animal is in the womb, the mother getting sick or a sudden change in nutrition can change how the animal looks.
JakeLapiana's comment, April 2, 2014 2:22 PM
Aspect 3: 7.) Cat owners who don't want to go through the eventual loss of their pets can have their cats cloned. These cats will strongly resemble their genetic donors. However, the owners may be disappointed as their cats may not look and act exactly the same as the original. It is not possible to duplicate the conditions the original pet lived in.
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Animal attraction : Article : Nature Biotechnology

Nature Biotechnology journal featuring biotechnology articles and science research papers of commercial interest in pharmaceutical, medical, and environmental sciences.
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JakeLapiana's comment, March 14, 2014 8:39 AM
8.) Biotechnology is not just for food animals, as it is also used for pets. The yearly amount of money spent on veterinary care in the US is growing by a lot. This is partly because veterinarians are getting more sophisticated. There are more an more veterinary specialists emerging.
JakeLapiana's comment, March 14, 2014 8:45 AM
9.) Genetic engineering is starting to be used on household pets. An example of this is that cats are now starting to be genetically engineered to be bread without a certain allergen gene. This allows cat lovers who are allergic to cats to own cats without any problems. This is being done at the University of Connecticut.
JakeLapiana's comment, March 14, 2014 8:49 AM
10.) Human healthcare can benefit from biotechnology in animals. Procedures that have ethical barriers in humans may be more moral when done on animals. This gives more freedom to researchers to test new and better things without regulations slowing them down. If these new techniques are found to work, they can then be used to improve human healthcare.
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Developments in New Animal Technologies Show Rapid Advancement: CVM Keeping Pace

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JakeLapiana's comment, March 27, 2014 2:10 PM
Aspect 3: 2.) Cloning is basically asexual reproduction. Offspring from cloning is identical to the animal that the gene came from. Early cloning was tried in the 1970s. Embryo cells were fused with cells from unfertilized eggs, but this method did not always yield good results.
JakeLapiana's comment, April 1, 2014 8:31 AM
Aspect 3: 3.) A new method of cloning was introduced in the 80s (SCNT). The new method involved taking an adult animal cell and fusing it with an unfertilized egg that had its nucleus removed. The cell is then artificially fertilized and put into a surrogate dam for birth. The first successful attempt of this method was a sheep named Dolly from Scotland.
JakeLapiana's comment, April 1, 2014 8:45 AM
Aspect 3: 4.) In December 2006, the CVM released the Draft Animal Cloning Risk Assessment. This concluded that there are risks presented in animal cloning, but there are not any unique risks that aren't already present in other forms of assisted reproduction. It also concluded that products from swine, goat, and cattle clones are as safe to eat as non-cloned animals.