General About Sports
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Football

Football | General About Sports | Scoop.it

Football sports all involve, to varying degrees, kicking a ball with the foot to score a goal. The most popular of these sports worldwide is association football, more commonly known as just "football" or "soccer". Unqualified, the word football applies to whichever form of football is the most popular in the regional context in which the word appears, including American football, Australian rules football, Canadian football, Gaelic football, rugby league, rugby union and other related games. These variations of football are known as football "codes".

Various forms of 'football' can be identified in history, often as popular peasant games. Contemporary codes of football can be traced back to the codification of these games at English public schools in the eighteenth and nineteenth century.The influence and power of the British Empire allowed these rules of football to spread, including to areas of British influence outside of the directly controlled Empire,though by the end of the nineteenth century, distinct regional codes were already developing: Gealic Football, for example, deliberately incorporated the rules of local traditional football games in order to maintain their heritage.In 1888, The Football League was founded in England, becoming the first of many professional football competitions. In the twentieth century, the various codes of football have become amongst the most popular team sports in the world.

 

Common elements

The various codes of football share the following common elements[citation needed]:

-Two teams of usually between 11 and 18 players; some variations that have fewer players (five or more per team) are also popular.

-A clearly defined area in which to play the game.

-Scoring goals or points, by moving the ball to an opposing team's end of the field and either into a goal area, or over a line.

-Goals or points resulting from players putting the ball between two goalposts.

-The goal or line being defended by the opposing team.

-Players being required to move the ball—depending on the code—by kicking, carrying, or hand-passing the ball.

-Players using only their body to move the ball.

In most codes, there are rules restricting the movement of players offside, and players scoring a goal must put the ball either under or over a crossbar between the goalposts. Other features common to several football codes include: points being mostly scored by players carrying the ball across the goal line; and players receiving a free kick after they take a mark or make a fair catch.

Peoples from around the world have played games which involved kicking or carrying a ball, since ancient times. However, most of the modern codes of football have their origins in England.

 

Etymology

There are confilicting explanations of the origin of the word "football". It is widely assumed that the word "football" (or "foot ball") references the action of the foot kicking a ball. There is a alternative explanation, which is that football originally referred to a variety of games in medieval Europe, which were played on foot. There is no conclusive evidence for either explanation.

The conflicting theories are discussed at length in the main article Football (word).

 

More on:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Football

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UEFA Champions League 2011-2012 Group Stage

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Barcelona vs Manchester United 3-1 (UEFA Champions League final 2011) London

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Barcelona vs Real Madrid 2-2 Highlights HD 25/01/2012

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MotoGP's Channel - YouTube

MotoGP's Channel - YouTube | General About Sports | Scoop.it
MotoGP™ is the premier motorcycle racing World Championship; an eighteen-race series visiting fourteen countries, four continents and with pan-global television coverage.

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Grand Prix motorcycle racing - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Home

Home | General About Sports | Scoop.it
ATPWorldTour.com, the official and most visited web site dedicated to men's professional tennis year round features lives scores, results, rankings, news, photos, video, behind-the-scenes footage and the most comprehensive tennis player and tennis...
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UEFA Champions League | TOP 10 Goals of Group Stage (2011/2012) | by Panak

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Barcelona Vs Leverkusen 7-1 All Goals Highlights 7/3/2012

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Messi

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Lionel Messi

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Yahoo! Eurosport - Sport News | Sports Scores | Sports Results

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WRC ADAC Rallye Deutschland 2011 (HD) - WRC Rally Germany 2011

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