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The Makers of Military-Rape Documentary The Invisible War on How Winning an ... - Vanity Fair

Vanity Fair The Makers of Military-Rape Documentary The Invisible War on How Winning an ...
Maria's comment, February 16, 2013 10:47 PM
Talking about rape is not an easy topic. However, talking about problems like this, will help more people seek help. I bet that the victims of such an anti-human behavior need to be very courageous to talk about it, and hopefully their courage will help other people in the future. Rape is the military is a serious offense, and sometimes the shame of it will stop the authorities punishing the wrongdoers.
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Uber to Settle Lawsuit Filed By India Rape Victim

Uber to Settle Lawsuit Filed By India Rape Victim | Gender and Crime |
Uber has agreed to settle a civil lawsuit filed by a woman who accused top executives of improperly obtaining her medical records after a company driver raped her in India, according to a court filing on Friday.

In a criminal case in India, the Uber driver was convicted of the rape, which occurred in Delhi in 2014, and sentenced in 2015 to life in prison.

The Indian woman also settled a civil U.S. lawsuit against Uber in 2015, but sued the company again in June in San Francisco federal court saying that shortly after the incident, a U.S. Uber executive “met with Delhi police and intentionally obtained plaintiff’s confidential medical records.” Uber retained a copy of those records, the lawsuit said.
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California Assembly setting up confidential hotline for sexual harassment complaints

California Assembly setting up confidential hotline for sexual harassment complaints | Gender and Crime |
Assemblywoman Laura Friedman is working to set up a confidential hotline for reporting sexual harassment and make other immediate changes to Capitol policy.
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11-Year-Old Has Spent Her Life in Jail, a Serial Killer as a Cellmate

11-Year-Old Has Spent Her Life in Jail, a Serial Killer as a Cellmate | Gender and Crime |
Meena got chickenpox, measles and the mumps in prison. She was born there, nursed there and weaned there. Now 11 years old, she has spent her entire life in prison and will probably spend the rest of her childhood there as well.

The girl has never committed a crime, but her mother, Shirin Gul, is a convicted serial killer serving a life sentence, and under Afghan prison policy she can keep her daughter with her until she turns 18.

Meena was even conceived in prison, and has never been out, not even for a brief visit. She has never seen a television set, she said, and has no idea what the world outside the walls looks like.

Her plight is extreme, but not unique. In the women’s wing of the Nangarhar provincial prison here, she is one of 36 children jailed with their mothers, among 42 women in all. But none of the other children have spent such a long time in custody; most of their mothers’ sentences are much shorter.
Rob Duke's insight:
This is timely and on-topic for one of our debates....
Dorothy Retha Cook 's curator insight, December 4, 2:01 AM

If we put our children in the presence or living environment of a serial killer the government calls it child indangerment and will remove the custody of our children from us and God knows pimp the children, family, and system's +connections for funding that we have no idea they get and call it legally done because it's the government is doing it not the Parents,Guardians or Caretakers. 

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Brock Turner, convicted of sexual assault, asks for new trial

Brock Turner, convicted of sexual assault, asks for new trial | Gender and Crime |
The former Stanford University swimmer who was convicted last year of sexually assaulting an unconscious woman -- and spent only three months in jail -- is appealing his convictions and requesting a new trial.
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SCOTUS considers religious objections to serving gay customers

SCOTUS considers religious objections to serving gay customers | Gender and Crime |
A Colorado baker says requiring him to make a cake for a gay wedding would violate his freedom of expression. But the couple he turned
Rob Duke's insight:
Put this in the context of the Civil Rights movement.  Can we really allow someone to say "I can't treat these people the same manner as everyone else because of my religious beliefs"?
If so, who gets to decide which religious beliefs are reasonable?

Some believe the old testament is sacrosanct, including the law of Moses as recorded in Deuteronomy.  Personally, I think the late-UC Berkely Poli-sci professor, Aaron Wildavsky, had it right when he argues that the law of Moses is a system of law adapted from Egyptian government to fit a nomadic people.  After all, Moses was trained as the heir-apparent to the Egyptian throne.  Wouldn't it be reasonable for him to implement the form of government that he had been trained to use.  Moses himself only claimed the 10 commandments came from God.
Note: Wildavsky consulted with ancient texts, translations, and rabbis--who are probably the world's best experts on the Talmud (books of Moses).
I'd also suggest that the same chapters that list homosexuality as an "abomination" also list charging interest and disrespecting one's parents as abomination.

I know that many won't agree with what I've just written and that's fact, that's the point: we should be careful in allowing any individual to make public policy by asserting their religious belief.
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Fairbanks woman arrested, charged with murder of half-brother, partner

Fairbanks woman arrested, charged with murder of half-brother, partner | Gender and Crime |
A woman wanted in connection with a Fairbanks murder, and other crimes, is in police custody. Listen now
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Former Charles Manson follower Leslie Van Houten has earned parole

Former Charles Manson follower Leslie Van Houten has earned parole | Gender and Crime |

On Sept. 6, for the second year in a row, parole commissioners recommended parole for 68-year-old Leslie Van Houten, who participated in the murders of Leno and Rosemary LaBianca in the summer of 1969.

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Female Nurse Posed As Male Doctor To Get Explicit Photos From Women

Female Nurse Posed As Male Doctor To Get Explicit Photos From Women | Gender and Crime |
A female nurse was charged with a number of offenses after posing as a male doctor so she could receive explicit photos from people. Adele Rennie, 27, a former nurse at the Crosshouse Hospital in Scotland, was charged with 18 crimes including stalking, causing fear and alarm, sexual offenses, data protection breaches and attempting to pervert justice, Yahoo reported.

Rennie perpetuated the ruse over a series of four years, the Sunday Times reported. She reportedly used different names and voice changing phone applications in order to disguise herself as a man on social media websites. She also allegedly pretended she had relatives suffering from illnesses in order to elicit sympathy after being charged.
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Pogba highlights Libya slavery after Man Utd goal

Pogba highlights Libya slavery after Man Utd goal | Gender and Crime |
Manchester United midfielder Paul Pogba dedicated his first goal on Saturday to migrants sold into slavery in Libya.
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What Does A Typical Sexual Harasser Look Like? We Don’t Know.

What Does A Typical Sexual Harasser Look Like? We Don’t Know. | Gender and Crime |
Like clockwork, as one workplace sexual harassment scandal fades from the news, another story emerges to take its place. The contours are generally the same: a powerful man, whether it’s at Uber, at Fox News or in Hollywood, sexually harasses his colleagues for decades and faces no real repercussions until his behavior makes the headlines.

The steady drumbeat of these stories might suggest that sexual harassers share some key characteristics — for instance, that they’re older, powerful and usually white. But outside of the handful of high-profile cases that make their way into the media, we know relatively little about the profile of people who perpetrate sexual harassment in the workplace. Researchers agree that most sexual harassment is committed by men and that it’s widely underreported, but beyond that, almost everything we know about who commits sexual harassment — and why — is gleaned from data about victims, not perpetrators. That’s because it’s very difficult to compile accurate information about who commits sexual harassment.

“We’re limited in the data and information that’s available about perpetrators,” said Amy Blackstone, a professor of sociology at the University of Maine. “That makes it more difficult to name and explain patterns of sexual harassment, because we’re missing information about who instigates this behavior and why.”
Hope Allen's comment, November 20, 3:14 AM
These are good questions to be asking and I am glad that we aren't pretending like we have this handled. Maybe now we can start to move forward and begin learning more about this topic.
Rob Duke's comment, November 20, 12:39 PM
We don't yet have a theory to support (that I'm aware), but I'd guess that narcissism is the key. Also, it's likely that this behavior is socialized.
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The new Barbie ... with a hijab

The new Barbie ... with a hijab | Gender and Crime |
The doll is a replica of the Olympic fencer Ibtihaj Muhammad
Ashley von Borstel's comment, November 15, 1:42 AM
Well, she was right, this is definitely revolutionary! There have been so many new Barbie dolls in the past years, I'm surprised it took so long to make one with a hijab. Regardless, this is a wonderful direction the doll company made and will impact girls everywhere, especially with a strong female role model also wearing a hijab.
Adam Osborne's comment, November 18, 7:02 PM
i always thought that the barbie dolls were to anti-cultural ism , like they were just to the United States culture and not really spreading them out.
Hope Allen's comment, November 20, 3:13 AM
I'm glad they are using such a large platform like Barbie to finally show case some different cultures and skin tones. It can only continue to get better from here.
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Danny Masterson Is the Latest Hollywood Star to Face Rape Allegations

At least four women have shared their stories with Leah Remini: Scientology and the Aftermath.
katrina watson's comment, November 16, 3:31 PM
I am pretty sure that there are more. It is like an explosion of awareness right now and a big change is coming because of women and men stepping forward breaking silence.
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Actors Steven Seagal, Richard Dreyfuss, George Takei accused of sexual misconduct

Actors Steven Seagal, Richard Dreyfuss, George Takei accused of sexual misconduct | Gender and Crime |
New allegations have emerged about actor Jeremy Piven. "Supergirl" showrunner Andrew Kreisberg has been suspended amid accusations of sexual harassment.
Rachel Nichols's comment, November 13, 3:55 PM
This is so annoying. It is annoying anytime I see sexual misconduct, or anything of that nature, because it is completely selfish and horrible what happens to the victims; I just hate seeing it. But what makes it even worse, if that can even happen, is the fact that celebrities are held in a different light when it comes to this. They are not charged as harshly and that is complete nonsense. They have fans who stick up for them and people who refuse to believe that their “idol” could actually act in this nature. All of this just infuriates me actually. I feel that this case is sort of weird because the claim is being made now, about something that happened 22 years ago… I don’t think it’s ever too late for victims to speak up, but I do think it would be interesting to research any laws regarding that.
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Rabbi Brings Her Vision to Sheriff Oversight Panel

Rabbi Brings Her Vision to Sheriff Oversight Panel | Gender and Crime |
When Rabbi Heather Miller visited a jail for the first time in February, the conditions took her by surprise. “I saw grown men who society demonize
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Teen charged with murder of 8-year-old Maddy Middleton appears in court

Teen charged with murder of 8-year-old Maddy Middleton appears in court | Gender and Crime |
The teen accused of brutally killing 8-year-old Maddy Middleton appeared in a Santa Cruz County court for the first time as an adult Tuesday…
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Stanford Rape Case: Brock Turner Seeks Appeal, New Trial

Stanford Rape Case: Brock Turner Seeks Appeal, New Trial | Gender and Crime |
Former Stanford swimmer Brock Turner, who was convicted of sexual assault but spent only three months in jail, is seeking to appeal the verdict.
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Male kabaddi coach wears headscarf to sneak into women's match in Iran

Male kabaddi coach wears headscarf to sneak into women's match in Iran | Gender and Crime |
The coach of Thailand’s female kabaddi team disguised himself as a woman to watch his players compete in an international tournament in a conservative region of northern Iran.

Pictures of the coach wearing the Thai team kit and makeshift headscarves in the Gorgan city stadium have circulated on social media.

In some images, he is seen donning a black headscarf, while others show him with a white towel wrapped around his head as he watches the Asian championships of kabaddi - a popular contact sport that is similar to a mix of rugby, wrestling and tag.
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The art of the apology: How men have responded to allegations of sexual misconduct

The art of the apology: How men have responded to allegations of sexual misconduct | Gender and Crime |
The art of the apology: How men have responded to allegations of sexual misconduct
Rob Duke's insight:
The problem has been that so many bad actors have hired P.R. firms that we know the script by heart: 1. first "tearful" Jimmy Swaggart style apology; 2. check in to a clinic to be treated as a addict/sex addict; and, 3. resume old life.

At some point, it becomes refreshing when a Charlie Sheen is unapologetic for his lifestyle--does it not?  At least a guy like Sheen is up front and honest and, presumably, those who hang around him are ok with his behavior.
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Fairbanks woman charged with attempted murder of Ester woman

Fairbanks woman charged with attempted murder of Ester woman | Gender and Crime |
A Fairbanks woman who was wanted by police in connection with the death of John Preshaw III on Tuesday, was arrested last night for the attempted murder of an Ester woman.

According to Alaska State Trooper Sgt. Jesse Carson, Lyndsey Lee Preshaw, 35, arrived at the Ester woman's home and stabbed her in the back, face and neck. She stole the victim's car, put the victim inside, and drove down the Parks Highway.

Preshaw dropped the woman off by Park Ridge Road a short time later and good Samaritans found her walking down the highway. Paramedics transported the woman to Fairbanks Memorial Hospital and she is in stable condition.
Rob Duke's insight:
Appropriate that we end the semester with a story about someone in Fairbanks....

Is this a "female" crime, a "male" crime, or is there really no difference?
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The Workplace Culture In Congress Fuels Sexual Harassment

The Workplace Culture In Congress Fuels Sexual Harassment | Gender and Crime |
The wave of sexual harassment allegations that has rippled across industries — implicating Hollywood producers and stars, chefs, Olympic coaches and officials,…
Rob Duke's insight:
It takes at least 90 days to file a complaint, plus the victim is forced to jump through hoops of mediation and two months of counseling...meanwhile the offender is doing what?
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US Forest Service Finds 34 Cases Of Sexual Harassment After Internal Review

US Forest Service Finds 34 Cases Of Sexual Harassment After Internal Review | Gender and Crime |
'I felt harassed and pressured to have sexual relations with supervisors'
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Making sense of the culture war over transgender identity

Making sense of the culture war over transgender identity | Gender and Crime |

A BEAUTIFUL man with high cheekbones, fluttering eyelashes and a galaxy of silver glitter in his hair strides into the room. He is wearing a wedding dress and dirty trainers. The gender-bending at this club night in east London is not new: Shakespeare’s comedies are filled with cross-dressers; Gladys Bentley stomped the boards of 1920s Harlem in a tuxedo; Ziggy Stardust, David Bowie’s ambiguous interstellar alias, landed in the 1970s. What is new, though, is that convention-defying statements of gender identity are moving from stage and dance floor to everyday life.

The word “gender” is used by prudes to avoid saying “sex”, and restricted by purists (and, until recently, The Economist’s style guide) to speaking about grammar. In the 1970s feminists described the restricted behaviour regarded as proper to men and women as “gender roles”. But in recent years “gender identity” has come to mean how people feel or present themselves, as distinct from biological sex or sexual orientation. Growing numbers of young people describe themselves as “non-binary”. Others say gender is a spectrum, or that they have no gender at all. Facebook offers users a list of over 70 gender identities, from “agender” to “two-spirit”, as well as the option to write in their own.

New and old notions of gender identity collide most starkly in transgender people: those who do not identify with the sex on their birth certificates. They may transition from a male identity to a female one, or vice versa, perhaps taking sex hormones and having surgery to make their bodies match how they feel and want to be seen. Some have become celebrities. Laverne Cox, the transgender star of “Orange is the New Black”, appeared on the cover of Time in 2014. Vanity Fair profiled Caitlyn Jenner, formerly Bruce, an Olympic gold-medallist, the following year. Last December National Geographic put transgender children on its cover.
This growing prominence is in some ways surprising. Though clinics that treat gender dysphoria—distress caused by a mismatch between felt and perceived gender identity—report a soaring caseload, transgender people are still rare. The Williams Institute, a think-tank in Los Angeles, recently came up with an estimate of 1.4m Americans—0.6% of those aged 16-65. Moreover, young people say that gender matters less than it used to, which sits oddly with the spreading belief that gender dysphoria can be severe enough to justify the upheaval and risks of transitioning.

But transgender identities raise more general questions, and not only for those cultural conservatives who regard them as transgressing the natural, perhaps God-given, order. There is a tension between believing that it is possible to feel, act or look so much “like a woman” that you should be acknowledged as one, and believing, as feminists do, that a woman can act in any way she wishes without casting doubt on her womanhood. A war of words has broken out between some transgender activists and women they call TERFs (trans-exclusionary radical feminists) about who should be let into women-only spaces, from domestic-violence refuges to women’s literary and sports competitions.

Such questions are most urgent for people who question their gender identities. But they also illuminate the extent to which gender identity is a meaningful human characteristic. And they have made transgender rights an issue in America’s culture wars, most recently in battles over who gets to use which public toilets.

Congratulations! It’s a…
Some parents face a more visceral question: what to do with children who say they have been classified as the wrong sex? Should parents resist, telling them that whatever they think they could do if they switched sex, be it dress differently, play different games or hang around with different friends, they can also do without switching? Or should they support their children to transition? How to predict which children will later decide they are in the right body after all?

The answers to such questions depend on what it means to be male or female. The starting point is genetic. As well as 22 pairs of matched chromosomes, female humans have two X chromosomes. Males have one X and a smaller Y. From this follow hormonal differences that shape female and male bodies, with most of the work done in the womb and during puberty. By every physical criterion—chromosomes, genitals, blood hormones, appearance—most people can easily be classified as one or the other.

Human females and males differ little in regard to most abilities and behaviour. The most marked difference, says Melissa Hines, a professor of psychology at Cambridge University, is in fact gender identity, though few notice, since deviations from the norm are so rare. Next most marked is sexual orientation, with all but a few percent of people mostly or exclusively attracted to the other sex. Differences less clearly linked with reproduction are even blurrier. The best-supported is that, allowed to choose between wheeled toys and dolls, boy toddlers choose the wheels slightly more often, and girls the dolls. (Since monkeys show similar preferences, this could be part of evolutionary history.)

But as many as 1% of people have a “disorder of sex development”. Most suffer only a minor genital anomaly, but doctors will struggle to classify a few as male or female. The genitalia of some such “intersex” people are a combination of male and female. Some XX people produce unusually high levels of androgens (male hormones) in the womb, and some XY ones do not respond to androgens in the usual way. They may be born with bodies that are more typical of XY or XX people, respectively. Their birth registrations may clash with their genes.

Lost in classification
Until recently intersex children usually received the surgery doctors thought most likely to produce a body typical for one sex or the other. Now many think doctors should wait until children can decide what to do themselves. In 2013 the UN special rapporteur on torture condemned gender-normalisation surgery for children. Eric Vilain, a medical geneticist in Washington, DC, is leading a longitudinal study on the treatment of intersex children. “Right now, we’re exploring a lot of diagnoses, without the appropriate research,” he says.

Intersex people are unusually likely to switch gender identity at some point, perhaps because those identities are less stable or they were misclassified in childhood. Their existence, and their varying gender expressions, show that biological sex is neither cleanly binary nor inseparable from gender identity. But most gender-dysphoric people have no known anomaly of hormones, physique or brain structure. Some neuroscientists think they have found atypicalities in such people’s brains; others are unconvinced.

Lacking an observable cause, trans people can find it hard to convince others of their felt identities. Something so inward is hard to demonstrate. It is also hard to explain. Danielle Castro, who works at the Centre of Excellence for Transgender Health in San Francisco, is a trans woman. Asked why she transitioned from the male identity on her birth certificate, she searches for words: “my own innate sense of self…I feel more comfortable; this is who I am.” It is harder to explain transgender identities to “cisgender” people (“cis” is the Latin prefix for “on this side of”) than to convince heterosexual people of the reality of homosexual desire, she says. “It’s easier to accept that ‘love is love’.”

Gender-dysphoric adults may be offered gender reassignment. The established protocol is to take cross-sex hormones and live in the target identity for a year or two. If psychiatrists agree, they may then be offered the delicate surgery whereby genitals are reshaped. Many trans people do only “top” surgery—breast reduction or enlargement. “Some of the most helpful surgeries are chest and facial because that is what people see,” says Colt Keo-Meier, a psychologist (and trans man).

Doctors naturally worry that a patient may regret such life-altering treatment. Not all the changes wrought by cross-sex hormones are reversible, and genital surgery may cause sterility. Conversely, some trans people find it frustrating to have to convince doctors to permit them to transition. This may feel like pandering to stereotypes. Sam Blanckensee, a 23-year-old Irish trans man, says he resented having to act hyper-masculine to get surgery. After having top surgery and no longer needing to convince anyone, he feels closer to non-binary. “In the eyes of my doctors I would have been seen as binary. I stuck with that idea because it was easier to get the right medicines and procedures.”

And yet trans people themselves can also fall back on gender stereotypes—provoking furious rows with feminists. In March Jenni Murray, the host of BBC Radio 4’s “Woman’s Hour”, wrote of interviewing two trans women: India Willoughby, a television presenter, and Carol Stone, an Anglican vicar. Ms Willoughby endorsed workplaces requiring women to wear makeup, and said unshaven legs on women were “dirty”. The Rev Stone said her main concern after transitioning was what to wear to meet parishioners.

“‘Feeling like’ a woman seems to imply feeling like wearing mascara, heels, hair extensions and stockings,” wrote Lionel Shriver, a novelist (who has written for this newspaper), last year in an essay titled “Gender—Good for Nothing” in Prospect, a British magazine. “The version of femininity offered up by Caitlyn Jenner is foreign to me—exaggeratedly coiffed, buffed and corseted.” That “version of femininity” riles many feminists. Simone de Beauvoir’s famous remark that “a woman is not born, but made” was intended as a criticism of the arduous feminine ideal that deformed women’s lives, not as a promise that attaining that ideal conferred womanhood.
But a woman who takes such a line now risks being called a TERF, as Ms Murray and Ms Shriver have been. Indeed, any exploration of transgender identities can be risky (as trans people know better than anyone). Rebecca Tuvel, a philosopher at Rhodes College in Memphis, was pilloried for her article, “In Defence of Transracialism”, published in March. It argued from a viewpoint sympathetic to transgender identities that Rachel Dolezal, a white woman who described herself as black, should be accepted in her chosen racial identity. More than a hundred academics called for its retraction, saying that it caused “harm” to trans people, for example by “dead-naming” a trans woman, that is, referring to her by her former male name. They omitted that the trans woman in question was Ms Jenner, who often talks about life as Bruce.

Attempts to make language more inclusive of trans people mean that in some quarters the very words “man” and “woman” are falling out of use. Some sexual-health clinics now talk about “people with prostates”, “people with vaginas” and so on. An article in the Tab, a student magazine, about stress and the menstrual cycle avoided the words “female” and “women”, noting that over a third of “students with uteruses” at Cambridge had missed periods. Such redefinitions can be merely a way of signalling political virtue. And they cause more trouble for women than for men, since it is women who more often need to organise and speak collectively, for example about maternal and contraceptive services, discrimination and harassment, and sexual violence.
Rows in America over which lavatories trans people should use, and whether trans women should be allowed into women-only events, have aligned some feminists with the conservatives they normally oppose in the culture wars. Though the issue may seem trivial, and the vitriol disproportionate, feminists value spaces where women are safe and not crowded out or interrupted, or forced to make nice or conform. But for trans women exclusion from the group qualified to enter such spaces strikes at their self-conception.

A crucial concept for those who work with trans people, says Ms Castro, is “gender-identity threat”—an attack on a trans person’s identity. As an example, she describes projects she works on to reduce the number of trans women who are HIV-positive. They may engage in risky sex to shore up their sense of femaleness, she says, in response to remarks or situations that threaten that sense, for example being treated in anti-HIV programmes designed for gay men—or excluded from women-only spaces. Cutting HIV transmission requires “gender affirmation”—reinforcing their identities in constructive ways, for example with support groups or counselling.

In the early days gender-reassignment clinics saw more males wishing to change sex than females. Many people thought this reflected a psychological difference between the sexes. The conventional wisdom now is that the reason was social. Parents were more bothered by “sissy” sons than “tomboy” daughters. And men who dressed and acted like women faced mockery, more so than the other way round.

In recent years the balance has shifted hugely. The British gender-dysphoria service now sees four times as many girls who are suffering as boys. This may be because constraints on male behaviour have loosened. It may also be because having a female body has become more onerous for children. Some girls seem unable to find a place for themselves in a sea of sparkly pink princess dresses, and then, after puberty, in a hypersexualised pop culture.

“If the mind cannot be changed to fit the body, then perhaps we should consider changing the body to fit the mind,” ran the press notice when America’s first gender-reassignment clinic, at Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore, opened in 1965. That wording, which seemed so progressive at the time, would now be regarded by some activists as starting from a false premise. The “gender-affirmative” approach takes lasting gender dysphoria to signal a cross-gender identity that needs no explanation. The Johns Hopkins clinic’s implication—that an attempt to change the mind should precede one to change the body—is seen as akin to discredited “conversion therapies” to turn gay people straight.

In 2015 Kenneth Zucker, a Canadian paediatrician specialising in gender dysphoria, was sacked and his clinic shut after a campaign by activists. His starting point had been to try to help gender-dysphoric children become more comfortable with their biological sex, and to wait and see if they changed their minds. In a BBC documentary last year, he drew an analogy: “A four-year-old might say that he’s a dog—do you go out and buy dog food?”

The comparison caused outrage. But Dr Zucker was making an important point: gender-dysphoric children are not all set for transgender adulthood. In the late 1960s and early 1970s Richard Green, a psychiatrist and sexologist then at UCLA, studied boys with markedly feminine identities. Some four-fifths of those followed to adulthood matured into gay or bisexual men. Only one was transgender. Studies in Canada and the Netherlands have since found rates of 12-39% for persistence of transgender identity into adulthood.

This is puzzling: gender identity is distinct from sexual orientation. Most gay people never doubt their gender identities. Plenty of trans people are homosexual; Professor Green estimates that a third of the post-surgery trans women he saw between 1995 and 2007 while working at Charing Cross Hospital in London, which had the world’s largest transgender treatment programme at the time, were attracted to women. Bruce Jenner was heterosexual; in Vanity Fair Caitlyn said she didn’t yet know where her sexual interests lay and that “if you have a list of ten reasons to transition, sex would be number ten.”
And yet much evidence suggests that gender dysphoria depends partly on a society’s attitudes, not only towards gender nonconformity but towards homosexuality. The penalty for male homosexuality in Iran is death, for example, but the ayatollahs believe that a person can be “trapped” in the wrong body. Gay Iranian men are pressed to accept cross-sex hormones and gender-reassignment surgery. Though some flee the country to avoid changing sex, others find doing so allows them to live more comfortably.

The majority view among those who see them in clinical settings is that children with settled gender dysphoria should be given drugs that delay puberty, so they have more time to decide what to do before their bodies grow into what may be the wrong adult form. “We can’t identify with certainty which cases will persist,” says Polly Carmichael, the director of Britain’s national gender-identity service. “So we have to pace treatment carefully.” But little is known yet about the life courses of children who start such “puberty blockers”. Delaying puberty may be harmful, if many children who say they “feel like” the opposite sex are expressing what will, post-puberty, settle into an unconventional gender identity or same-sex attraction. It may short-circuit the process whereby some gender-identity issues would naturally have been resolved.

All this puts doctors in a quandary. Transitioning earlier means better physical results. Waiting means needless distress for children who will not change their minds. But what about the others? Will some of those whose identity switches have been reported in television shows and magazines end up feeling regret? Will they be able to find a way back? And some of those who do not regret transitioning might also have been content had they not done so, in which case they will, on balance, have been harmed. Professor Green cites “the medical consequences, the hormones, the risk of imperfect surgery and perhaps unwanted infertility.” As for the probability that some would otherwise have grown up cisgender and gay, he says: “I’ve been seeing transsexuals for 50 years. I can tell you that being a gay man or lesbian woman is one hell of a lot easier.”

Most people are comfortable with their gender identities, perhaps without having any strong sense of being male or female. Ms Shriver writes: “I have no idea what it ‘feels like’ to be a woman—and I am one.” As traditional and legal constraints on men’s and women’s behaviour loosen, that group may grow and, with luck, the number of children who feel stifled by their gender roles will fall. But there will probably always be a few people whose felt identities are at odds with what the world sees, and who will need to do something about it if they are to be at ease.

Hope Allen's comment, November 20, 3:17 AM
very interesting topic that is definitely needed with the information coming out recently. It's good to have articles like the that can begin to make sense of all the news and opinions surrounding those that identify as transgender.
Kelsey Therron Snell's comment, November 27, 12:59 AM
Hope, it is important indeed to keep posted with what is going on. For anyone who wants to have a very good explanation for the cause of this cognitive psychopathology, listen to or find Dr. Jordan Petersen P.h.D. he does a podcast (self-named).
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Doncaster torture victim confronts attacker: 'That man almost murdered me and I sat in a room with him'

Doncaster torture victim confronts attacker: 'That man almost murdered me and I sat in a room with him' | Gender and Crime |
A brave Doncaster woman, who confronted a member of the sadistic gang that subjected her to a night of torture, says the experience has helped her to take back control of her life.

Due to a lost letter Summer Gregg, 20, missed seeing Amy Gaines, 23, James Canning, 22, and Jay Blades, 22, get sent to prison for the eight-hour-long attack they carried out on her in 2015, during which she was beaten with a metal chain and piece of wood, repeatedly kicked, punched and slapped, made to ‘act like a dog’ and was even urinated and spat on.

Summer, now 20, says the experience of asking Blades why he carried out the attack against her has helped her to regain control
But after contacting Remedi, South Yorkshire's Restorative Justice provider, Summer was given the opportunity to come face-to-face with Blades who is serving a four-and-a-half year sentence at Doncaster Young Offenders' Institute, and ask him why he 'almost murdered' her.

Summer, of Doncaster, said: "That man had almost murdered me and I was sat in a room with him, talking like a normal human being, and I felt completely safe and if it wasn't for Restorative Justice I never would have been able to do that. I can't even walk down the street now so to say Restorative Justice helped me see my attacker is a massive achievement for me really.

"It made me feel like I was in control again because he had to leave the room, he had to have a few minutes to gather himself up.

"The fact that he felt like he had to do that around me made me feel a lot better because the last time when I saw him then was completely different. So to see I affected him I made him feel bad was a good feeling I suppose because it at least made me see he had some remorse, some regret for what he did - that's what he's got to live with for the rest of his life now.

Jay Blades was sentenced to four-and-a-half years at a young offenders' institute for his attack on Summer
"He seemed apologetic for what he did, but when I asked him why his only answer was that I said something about a family member that he didn't like but, again, I don't know him so I couldn't comment on his family"

During the attack, which Judge Julian Goose branded ‘an appalling episode of cruel and violent behaviour to a vulnerable woman,’ Summer was so desperate to escape her sadistic attackers' clutches she considered jumping out an eighth-floor window.

Summer continued: "With Restorative Justice you can ask the offenders whatever you want so it's sort of like whatever power they've taken from you, you've taken it right back. That is now your power, because you've had the chance to say: 'no, I don't want to see you' or 'yes, I do want to look you in the eye and tell you how much you've ruined my life'."

"I told him how much it had affected me, that I couldn't just do what I normally do with my life [since the attack] but I suppose my pride got in the way a bit because I didn't really want to tell him how scared I was because going to this prison, it was a big thing, you don't just do that every day of your life and I suppose if you told them that you were scared that would mean they'd won."

But while she was able to confront Blades, formerly of St James' Street, Doncaster, Gaines and Canning refused to take part in the Restorative Justice process with her, which she says means she is still struggling to get closure on what happened to her.

Police and Crime Commissioner, Dr Alan Billings, said Summer's case was an example of how Restorative Justice can work.

He said: "Principally, it's about victims and giving them back a measure of control which is what victims talk about and enabling them to feel that something, very often when they're in the criminal justice system feel like it's all going on around them, they have no say in the matter, no control in the matter so this is a way of giving them some say, some control to anyone who is a victim of any crime and that's what we're trying to do."

All three of Summer's attackers pleaded guilty to charges of wounding and false imprisonment, in connection with the attack in 2015. They were jailed later that year.

Gaines, formerly of Thrybergh Court, Denaby, and Canning, of Plantation Close, Askern, were sentenced to five years in a Young Offenders’ Institution. Blades, of St James Street, Doncaster, was sentenced to four-and-a-half years in a Young Offenders’ Institution.
Krista Scott's comment, November 16, 6:47 PM
This story of this young girl is sad. However, it brings joy to me that she has finally got a least some closure from the event and the attacker himself. I will say that I haven't always been a true fan of Restorative Justice but I have grown to better understand the positive outcomes of it. I think giving Victims as well as offenders this outlet not only helps them understand and come to understand the crime and pain thats been caused but it gives victims the ability to confront their fears and offender.
Adam Osborne's comment, November 18, 7:08 PM
Stories like this kind of make it hard to believe that we live in a world that people would actually will do this in the first place. But i'm also glad that she found peace and found justice.
Kelsey Therron Snell's comment, November 27, 12:55 AM
I am glad to see such a happy and basically perfect outcome from a restorative justice outlook! This is a huge win for RJ. I would like to know what else is going on in this RJ process along with the meetings.
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New deputy police chief introduced in Flat Rock

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FLAT ROCK — Nicole L. Ford has begun duties as deputy chief of the Flat Rock Police Department, the first deputy chief the city has had in about 20 years.
Ford, who started Oct. 16, is working with Police Chief John Leacher to oversee a force of 23 officers. She is in charge of day-to-day operations and any new special projects at the department. She introduced herself at the Flat Rock Community Service Organization luncheon-meeting at the Flat Rock United Methodist Church Thursday.
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Harvey Weinstein’s Army of Spies

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Ronan Farrow reports on how Harvey Weinstein, facing allegations of sexual assault and harassment, hired private investigators to track actresses and journalists.
katrina watson's comment, November 16, 3:19 PM
I guess if you have this kind of money. This is just pretty twisted, and more things are coming to light.
Kelsey Therron Snell's comment, November 27, 1:11 AM
Come on people, are you really that surprised. How much is this man worth? If you had allegations like this turned against you wouldn't you have an army of people out there doing this if you could afford it? Wouldn't you want to undermine in any way possible the people who have come out against you?