Galapagos Penguin
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Galapagos penguin videos, photos and facts - Spheniscus mendiculus - ARKive

Galapagos penguin videos, photos and facts - Spheniscus mendiculus - ARKive | Galapagos Penguin | Scoop.it
Learn more about the Galapagos penguin - with amazing Galapagos penguin videos, photos and facts on ARKive
Lucy Chen's insight:

1. The main threat facing this unique penguin is the increasing frequency of ENSO events, which reduce the strength of the cool currents this species needs to survive and causes fluctuations in its prey

 

2. 1982-1983 ENSO resulted in the catastrophic loss of 77 percent of the Galapagos penguin population through starvation

 

3.Such events may have a disproportionate affect on females

 

4. the Galapagos penguin forages individually and makes no attempt to breed until sea temperatures decrease once again

 

5. Other threats facing this beleaguered penguin include global climate change, which may increase the frequency of ENSO events

 

6. accidental drowning in fisheries, oil spills, predation by introduced feral cats, and avian malaria, which is carried by mosquitoes brought to the Galapagos islands by humans in the 1980s

 
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ANIMAL BYTES - Galápagos Penguin

ANIMAL BYTES - Galápagos Penguin | Galapagos Penguin | Scoop.it
ANIMAL BYTES - Galápagos Penguin...Find quick information and fun facts about animals.
Lucy Chen's insight:
 

1. Up to 77% of the Galápagos penguin population was wiped out by the 1982-1983 El Niño Southern Oscillation event, leaving only 463 total birds

 

2. A slow recovery began in 1985

 

3. However, a further decline of 66% of the population occurred during the 1997-1998 ENSO. The population appears to be once again in a recovery phase

 

4. All 17 penguin species are legally protected from hunting and egg collecting

 

5. The Antarctic Treaty of 1959 makes it illegal to harm, or in any way interfere with, a penguin or its eggs\

 

6. Every penguin specimen collected with a permit must be approved by and reported to the Scientific Committee for Antarctic Research (SCAR). Penguins are vulnerable to habitat destruction, overfishing of primary food sources, ecological disasters such as oil spills, pollution such as trash in the ocean, and human encroachment into nesting areas.

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Galapagos Penguin (Spheniscus mendiculus) - BirdLife species factsheet

Galapagos Penguin (Spheniscus mendiculus) - BirdLife species factsheet | Galapagos Penguin | Scoop.it
Lucy Chen's insight:

1. The whole Galpagos Penguin population is found within the Galpagos National Park and Marine Reserve

 

2. The population is annually monitored and introduced predators are controlled by the Galpagos National Park Sevice

 

3. Research projects investigating the marine habitat use, diet, breeding activity and impact of introduced species were carried out between 2003 and 2005

 

4. Continue long-term monitoring programmes. Improve fisheries management. Increase protection levels within the Galpagos Marine Reserve in areas of penguin breeding sites (fishery exclusion zones should be set up to a distance of 24 km in each direction from a colony along the coast and extending out to sea for 1.5 km)

 

5. Investigate marine habitat use by non-breeding birds.

 

6. Monitor and minimise effects of human disturbance in breeding areas. Monitor and minimise penguin mortality from alien species at breeding sites

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