Annabelle Mouratidis's Topic
0 view | +0 today
Your new post is loading...
Your new post is loading...
Scooped by Annabelle Mouratidis!

TCG Tokyo Consulting Group Japan: M&A in Japan

TCG Tokyo Consulting Group Japan: M&A in Japan | Annabelle Mouratidis's Topic |

Mergers and Acquisitions (M&A) refers to the process of one business purchasing another business and blending the two together. Merging and acquiring a business is also known as a "take over". 

Mergers and acquisitions and corporate restructuring represent an important aspect of the corporate finance world. Every day, specialized firms and investment bankers around the world arrange M&A transactions, which bring separate companies together to form larger ones. When they're not creating big companies from smaller ones, corporate finance deals do the reverse and break up companies through spin-offs, carve-outs or tracking stocks. 

Deals can be worth hundreds of millions, or even at times billions of dollars. They can dictate the fortunes of the companies involved for years to come. For a CEO, leading an M&A operation can represent the highlight of a whole career. 

At Tokyo Consulting Group, our presence in twenty countries in Asia and our extended network gives us an edge in the market. Our professional network, which comprises law firms, accounting firms, and chambers of commerce in each of these countries, gives us the necessary local hindsight required to perform M&A operations. The resources and knowledge that we have acquired through our experience and network place us at a top position to initiate, follow, and execute the required actions to achieve successful Mergers & Acquisitions.


Acquiring a business for the purpose of creating a conglomerate or a quick sale and turning a profit is part of the allure of mergers and acquisitions. The organization thoroughly investigates the business dealings between the parties involved in either the merger or business acquisition. The proper documentation must be presented as well as the reason for the merger or business purchase. Stakeholders' concerns must be addressed because once the deal is finalized, all company debt and stakeholders' issues are inherited by the new ownership. Employees of the company being merged must either be fairly compensated, or offered a position within the blended company, re-trained, or referred to another company.

On the other hand, there are certain challenges faced by M&A operators. For instance, in certain countries, regulations prohibit the purchase of land or any type of property or business, making it impossible for M&A to develop.


Going through an M&A deal can be an intimidating process (for both the mergers and acquisitions teams), but thankfully, this process follows consistent steps. Here's the step-by-step process that nearly every M&A deal follows:

1.Compile a target list

A list of suitable sellers or buyers is a must-have for a transaction to take place.

2.Contact the targets

Making a phone call and discussing the target's interest is important. Such discussions allow prospectors to gauge the target's interest level, and whether proceeding makes sense. Knowing how to make a pitch is an art, and being a buyer is actually far more difficult than being a seller.

3.Send/receive a teaser

The teaser (sometimes called an executive summary) is the document the seller sends the buyer to give him or her just enough information (product, customers, problem the company addresses, and some high-level financial details) to make the buyer want to learn more. The teaser is usually anonymous; that is, the buyer doesn't know which specific company is sending the document.

4.Sign a confidentiality agreement

Both sides agree to keep discussions and materials related to the deal confidential.

5.Send/review the Confidential Information Memorandum (CIM)

The CIM (or deal book) is the seller's bible, as it provides all the information (including company history, product descriptions, financial characteristics, etc.) the buyer needs in order to determine whether it is possible for him or her to make an offer.

6.Submit/solicit an Indication of Interest (IOI)

The buyer expresses interest in entering a deal by submitting this simple written offer, most often with a valuation range rather than a specific price.

7.Conduct management meetings

Buyer and Seller get a chance to meet face to face. Through these meetings, the provides the potential buyer with updates related to the business, as well as guidance for future performance. Additionally, both sides gauge their mutual compatibility.

8.Ask for or submit a Letter of Intent (LOI)

Based on the material in the CIM and on the updates from the management meetings, the buyer submits this detailed offer with a firm price.

9.Conduct due diligence

In the due diligence phase, the buyer closely examines the seller's books and records to confirm everything claimed by the seller.

10.Write the purchase agreement

Both parties materialize the deal in a legally binding contract. 11.Close the deal Both sides sign all required paperwork, the buyer gives the seller the money, and the seller gives him or her the company in return. 

12.Handle any post-closing adjustments and integration 

Closing isn't the end of the deal. Both the buyer and seller usually have some post-closing financial adjustments, and the buyer has to integrate the acquired company into the parent company or make sure it can continue to operate as a standalone business.
No comment yet.
Scooped by Annabelle Mouratidis!

Fried, Frank, Harris, Shriver & Jacobson LLP Fraud Lawyers Legal Services

Directory of legal services in finance, management, employment, environment, technology, marketing, jury selection, case management and research
Annabelle Mouratidis's insight:


Expert Witnesses


Expert Witnesses and Medical Expert Witnesses

An expert witness is a person who has specialized knowledge through education, experience, skill, or training in areas relevant to finding resolution of a legal dispute. The expert witness is formally allowed to offer an opinion as testimony in court without having been a witness to any occurrence relating to the lawsuit.


Forensic Experts


Forensic experts analyze evidence for legal proceedings and crime solving that relates to a particular application of science and debates relating to formal argumentation, to decide questions arising from crime or litigation. They are consultants in legal matters, and provide expert reports and testimony for judges, attorneys, lawyers, law firms, insurance companies and government agencies in Federal and state court trials and arbitrations.


Legal Services


Court Reporters

Court reporters typically take verbatim reports of speeches, conversations, legal proceedings, meetings, and other events when written accounts of spoken words are necessary for correspondence, records, or legal proof. Court reporters play a critical role not only in judicial proceedings, but at every meeting where the spoken word must be preserved as a written transcript.

Legal Interpreters


Legal Marketing Services

Experts in marketing for law firms and attorneys.

Legal Speakers

Motivational business leaders and legal professionals’ speakers for every event.


Legal Translators


Paralegals and Legal Assistants

A legal assistant or paralegal is a person, qualified by education, training or work experience who is employed or retained by a lawyer, law office, corporation, governmental agency or other entity and who performs specifically delegated substantive legal work for which a lawyer is responsible.


Private Detectives and Investigators


Private detectives and investigators use many means to determine the facts in a variety of matters. To carry out investigations, they may use various types of surveillance or searches. To verify facts, such as an individual’s place of employment or income, they may make phone calls or visit a subject’s workplace. In other cases, especially those involving missing persons and background checks, investigators often interview people to gather as much information as possible about an individual. In all cases, private detectives and investigators assist attorneys, businesses, and the public with a variety of legal, financial, and personal problems.


Process Servers

A process server delivers legal documents such as subpoenas, writs, summons, complaints, orders and other court documents to a defendant or an individual involved in a court case. The legal process server must serve the document in accordance with the legislation in the area of service. The person either acts as a professional or as a government official such as a deputy sheriff, marshal or constable.


Alternative Dispute Resolution


ADR - Alternative dispute resolution has greatly expanded over the last several years to include many areas in addition to the traditional commercial dispute in the form of arbitration; mediation has become an important first step in the dispute resolution process. Arbitrators and mediators have an important role in resolving disputes. Mediators act as neutrals to reconcile the parties differences before proceeding to arbitration or litigation. Arbitrators act as neutral third parties to hear the evidence and decide the case. Arbitration can be binding or non-binding.

ArbitratorsCanada Law Firms Alternative Dispute ResolutionMediatorsUSA Law Firms Alternative Dispute ResolutionWorldwide Law Firms Alternative Dispute Resolution


Litigation Support


The mission of litigation support services and consultants is to provide the legal field with a wide range of services for litigation preparedness

Litigation support refers to all activities designed to prepare lawyers, law firms and legal departments to try a case, which includes interviewing witnesses, document review, and case preparation.

Appraisal Litigation ServicesCase ManagementEmployment Litigation ServicesEnvironmental Litigation ServicesFinance Litigation ServicesJury SelectionLegal CostsLitigation Support ServicesManagement Litigation ServicesMarketing Litigation ServicesTechnology Litigation Services


No comment yet.