To understand the background of the Revolutionary War, it is necessary to understand the history of the preceding twenty years, and especially the Seven Years’ War (1756-1763). The Seven Years’ War was fought by the European colonial powers from Canada to the West Indies and from Europe to far-flung colonial empires in India and the Phillippines. In North America, we know the part of the Seven Years' war that was fought here as the French and Indian Wars.