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M. T. C. Library Remote Access -

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Shah, Nirvi. "New School Lunch Rules Spur Student Protests." Education Week 32.9 (2012): 7. Education Full Text (H.W. Wilson). Web. 31 Mar. 2014.

The National School Lunch Program began in part to combat malnourishment of young men enlisting in the armed forces.  Many of these young men were unfit to serve, therefore the government stepped in with a plan to insure that children received at least one meal per day.  For many years, there were no guidelines.  Much of the food served was surplus from farmers, so the program not only helped feed children, it helped the farmers to subsidize their income.  In a strange twist of fate, the NSLP is now trying to combat the problem of childhood obesity by setting limits on the number of calories per meal.  In addition to limiting calorie content, programs must also include more whole grains and fruits and vegetables.  This new menu has led to protests amoung students.  This in turn has caused some districts to see a decrease in the number of children served

 

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School Lunch Politics

School Lunch Politics | Free lunch | Scoop.it
Whether kids love or hate the food served there, the American school lunchroom is the stage for one of the most popular yet flawed social welfare programs in our nation's history. School Lunch Politics covers this complex and fascinating part of American culture, from its origins in early twentieth-century nutrition science, through the establishment of the National School Lunch Program in 1946, to the transformation of school meals into a poverty program during the 1970s and 1980s. Susan Levine investigates the politics and culture of food; most specifically, who decides what American children should be eating, what policies develop from those decisions, and how these policies might be better implemented. Even now, the school lunch program remains problematic, a juggling act between modern beliefs about food, nutrition science, and public welfare. Levine points to the program menus' dependence on agricultural surplus commodities more than on children's nutritional needs, and she discusses the political policy barriers that have limited the number of children receiving meals and which children were served. But she also shows why the school lunch program has outlasted almost every other twentieth-century federal welfare initiative. In the midst of privatization, federal budget cuts, and suspect nutritional guidelines where even ketchup might be categorized as a vegetable, the program remains popular and feeds children who would otherwise go hungry. As politicians and the media talk about a national obesity epidemic, School Lunch Politics is a timely arrival to the food policy debates shaping American health, welfare, and equality.
Marsha harsey's insight:

Levine, Susan.  School Lunch Politics:  The Surprising History of America's Favorite Welfare Program.  Princeton University Press 2008.  Web.  30 March 2014

 

In "School Lunch Politics", author Susan Levine discusses the National School Lunch Program.  This program began in 1946 to provide hot noon time meals to school children and became  a poverty program in the 1970s and 1980s.  Yet as Ms. Levine discusses this is one of the most long standing programs in America.  Today, in addition issues of fraud in the system, many are calling for more nutritious meals to be served.

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Rescooped by Marsha harsey from National Broadband News
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Low-income students get broadband Internet access, temporarily

Low-income students get broadband Internet access, temporarily | Free lunch | Scoop.it
Cable and Internet provider Comcast has launched a program to provide affordable high-speed Internet access to low-income families that have at least one child receiving free school lunches through the National School Lunch Program.

Via Digital Arizona Project
Marsha harsey's insight:

Restropo, Marcos.  Low-Income students get broadband Internet access, temporarily.  The Florida Independent.  9 August 11. Print.

 

 The federal government is requiring Comcast to provide high speed internet access to low income families that have at least children receiving benefits.  The Miami Herald equates internet access with civil rights issues for the twenty-first century.  Internet access is also compared to basic infrastructure needs such as water and electricity.  Have we really become so dependent on the internet that it must be included in the list of necessities such as food and water?  Maybe so, many low income areas are building their own internet infrastructures as this benefit is not nationwide.  PalmCoast Fibernet is building new internet roads not to sell internet services but in the hopes that new internet providers will lower internet costs for existing businesses while also attracting new businesses.

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How free lunches pay off for schools

How free lunches pay off for schools | Free lunch | Scoop.it
Roughly half of public school children today qualify for free or reduced-price lunch, and that number drives billions of dollars in other benefits for schools. But critics say the program is prone to error and fraud.
Marsha harsey's insight:

Scott Amy.  Marketplace.org.  How Free Lunches Pay Off Schools.  N.p.    22 Oct. 2013.

 

At Rognel Heights Elementary/Middle School in Baltimore, MD, incentives are used to encourage students to turn in free lunch forms.  This salad bar is an example of the perks received for one hundred percent participation.  The free lunch program provides more than twenty five percent of the districts budget.  Through the federal E-Rate program the school receives up to a ninety percent discount on telephone and internet service.  Many critics think that a program where parents fill out the form and verify their own incomes is a program that is doomed to false information.  This could likely be true since only three percent of forms turned are audited.  "It would be one thing if it was just a free lunch that these kids were getting." Snell says.  "A lot of peopel say, "who cares, we don't want kids to go hungry,' but its actually billions of dollars in state and federal aid that are at take."  Many students are automatically enrolled in the program if their parents received food stamps or temporary cash assistance.  In light of these situations, many schools have started serving free lunch to all students.  Yet this is probably not going to happen nationwide because according to Walker they would risk losing millions of dollars in state aid.

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School Lunch(1).jpg (2410x3228 pixels)

School Lunch(1).jpg (2410x3228 pixels) | Free lunch | Scoop.it
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Scott Amy.  Marketplace.org.  How Free Lunches Pay Off Schools.  N.p.    22 Oct. 2013.

 

The National School Lunch Program provides lunch to approximately fifty percent of the nations school children each day. However, free lunch is just one of the benefits of this program. In addition to the free lunch, students also qualify for waived school fees, free SAT  and free college application fees.  Schools and school districts also benefit from the number of students receiving free lunch.  Schools receive subsidies on school lunch food and can also qualify for up to a fifty percent discount on phone and internet charges.  

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Food Politics » Let’s Move! announces universal school meals !

Food Politics » Let’s Move! announces universal school meals ! | Free lunch | Scoop.it

Nestle, Marion.  "Food Politics".  FoodPolitics.com.  N.p.  25 Feb. 2014.  Web.  30 March 2014.

 

Marsha harsey's insight:

Let's Move has announced that schools with forty percent free lunch rate will be able to serve all students free lunch.  This will end the need for forms to be filled out and verified.  Most importantly, however, this will end the embarrassment of children.  Not only the children who receive free lunch but the children who do not receive free lunch.  The children who do not receive free lunch run the risk of having a negative lunch balance, through oversight by parents or the children forgetting to tell their parents, which can lead to lunches being pulled from their hands and discarded.  Then the paying child, who does not have lunch money, is given a peanut butter sandwich (which the school calls an alternative lunch).  Best of all the program is cost neutral because it cuts out the labor time spent collecting and verifying free lunch forms.

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All SCS Students To Receive Free Meals Via Federal Grant Program

Shelby County students will get free meals thanks to the federal government next year
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"All SCS Students to Receive Free Meals via Federal Grant Program".  Channel Three News.  By Jessica Gertler.  WREG.  Memphis, 21 Jan.    2014.  Television.

 

In Shelby County, Memphis, TN, as of this year all students will receive not only free lunch, free breakfast and free supper, they may also received free computers.  This decision will require not board vote.  The new computers will cost up to thirteen million dollars.  The district will "make money" on this deal because the schools will be reimbursed more than the cost of the lunches.  Yet district officials say this is about making sure all students.  When did this become the responsibility of schools and not the responsibility of parents?  A program originally designed to feed children one meal a day has now been expanded to include a full day's meals.  Let's also not forget that this is not a free meal, someone is paying for these meals. 

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Principal Interview (Free and Reduced Lunch) - YouTube

In this video, I compare two principals from northern Ohio (one with 90% FRL, the other with 10% FRL) in regards to Free and Reduced Lunch (FRL).
Marsha harsey's insight:

Heath, Casey.  Interview with Jude Andres and Mike Savona.  Principal Interview (Free and Reduced Lunch).  YouTube.  30 March 2014.

 

This video compares two principals from northern Ohio. One principal works in a district with above ninety percent free lunch rate while the other principal works in a district at ten percent free lunch rate. 

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Rescooped by Marsha harsey from Inequality, Poverty, and Corruption: Effects and Solutions
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Conservatives Target Free School Lunches

Did you ever think you’d see the day when decrying low-income kids who get free school lunches would become a political battle cry, coupled with the suggestion that parents who sign up their kids for free lunches love them less than parents who...

Via Jocelyn Stoller
Marsha harsey's insight:

Gandelman, Joe.  Consrvatives Target Free Lunches.  The Moderate Voice.  12 March 2014.  Web.

 

Representative Paul Ryan has recently suggested that parents who allow their children to receive free lunches do not love their children.  He has even told a sentimental story about a child who would rather have a brown bag lunch than a free lunch because the brown bag lunch meant someone at home cared about him.  It is a touching story, however, it appears that he "borrowed" the story from a book not about a school child but about a homeless man. 

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