FCHS AP HUMAN GEOGRAPHY
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Language, Culture, and Army Culture: Failing Transformation | Small Wars Journal

Language, Culture, and Army Culture: Failing Transformation | Small Wars Journal | FCHS AP HUMAN GEOGRAPHY | Scoop.it

Editor's Note: COL Outzen puts forth a compelling plea for the Army to pay more attention to promoting language proficiency. The other services are similarly lacking in these fields. Although individual program managers are creating some bright spots, the truth is that poor personnel management and the burden of one-size-fits-all training preclude many servicemembers from attaining true professionalism in their fields.

Introduction

A decade of Counterinsurgency (COIN) and Counter-Terrorism (CT) operations have highlighted our military’s shortcomings in employing and understanding foreign languages, the people who speak them, and various types of knowledge derived from language communities. The Department of Defense had identified this critical capability gap by 2004, and by 2005 had directed the Services to treat language capabilities as a core warfighting skill akin to marksmanship[1]. This implied significant organizational and cultural change within the Army and sister Services, which have traditionally viewed foreign language skill as a niche meriting limited and episodic attention. Six years have elapsed, though, and the Services have failed to produce doctrine, organizations, or practices that can be considered transformative. Instead, they have applied band-aid approaches by contracting out language and related capabilities, while not reforming the way the fielded forces train for or employ language and related skills in any significant way[2]. Given emphatic calls from senior leaders such as the Secretary of Defense, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and Chief of Staff of the Army, it is hard to understand why the Army has made such little progress[3].

That we have not successfully transformed is beyond dispute among those paying attention since the Defense Language Transformation Roadmap was published[4]. With massive cuts to the DoD budget looming, though, simply recognizing failure is insufficient; the Army and DoD must develop coherent and effective responses sooner rather than later[5]. The response must both be effective and survive budget austerity, which rules out much of the Army’s current approach[6]. This essay offers a series of observations about why and how we have failed to transform language and related capabilities, and presents several recommendations for successfully moving ahead. The observations focus on the U.S. Army’s efforts, since the Army has the preponderance of resources and responsibilities for DoD language and culture operations, but are broadly applicable for the other Services as well.


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Why Geography Education Matters

Why Geography Education Matters | FCHS AP HUMAN GEOGRAPHY | Scoop.it

"This blog-a-thon submission comes from Joseph Kerski of the National Council of Geographic Education (2011 President). Joseph writes about why geography education matters and how it applies to each one of us."

 

 

This was one great orange! Thank you GS!

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austin tydings's comment, August 27, 2013 2:41 PM
Geography, is a subject where it takes all the skills from science, math, English, and social studies, and combines it into a in depth thinking class. It makes you find the problem, fix it and tell how and why you fixed it . For example, a crop is not growing in a dry area, then you try it in a wet area and it grows, now you have to find out why it grows in a wet area and not a dry area and explain why. It is good to start out early learning about the basics in the core classes then later in the more advance classes, to understand how to fix a problem.
Annenkov's curator insight, September 13, 2013 2:09 AM

"Geography education applies to each one of us" - not only for children, but for adults in everyday life. Who is interested in developing a personal geoculture?  

Peter Phillips's curator insight, October 5, 2013 7:37 PM

Using an orange to learn the continents of the Earth :) great idea. 

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Which Countries Have Shrinking Populations?


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Seth Dixon's curator insight, September 28, 4:02 PM

This video explores some of the impacts of a declining population on a country (for example, a smaller workforce, economic decline, and growing public debt).  Eastern Europe as a region is used as the principle example and the countries of Bulgaria, Moldova, and Japan are highlighted. 

 

Tags: declining populations, population, demographic transition model, models, migration, Bulgaria, Moldova, Japan.

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What are the Mysterious Brick Circles in San Francisco Intersections?

What are the Mysterious Brick Circles in San Francisco Intersections? | FCHS AP HUMAN GEOGRAPHY | Scoop.it
They're a reminder of the city's early history, and still have a practical use today.
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They Migrate 800 Miles a Year. Now It’s Getting Tougher.

They Migrate 800 Miles a Year. Now It’s Getting Tougher. | FCHS AP HUMAN GEOGRAPHY | Scoop.it
The Nenets, reindeer herders in Russia’s Arctic, face modern obstacles in their long journey: climate change and a giant natural gas field.
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Why is Bulgaria's population falling off a cliff?

Why is Bulgaria's population falling off a cliff? | FCHS AP HUMAN GEOGRAPHY | Scoop.it
What is life like in the country projected to have the world's fastest-shrinking population?

Via Seth Dixon
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Seth Dixon's curator insight, September 22, 2:24 PM

This is a good case-study to show how demographic decline coupled with economic decline, with exacerbate problems with a  consistent out-migration flow.   

 

Tags: Bulgaria, declining populationpopulationmigration.

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The last globemakers

Peter Bellerby is one of the last artisan globemakers on earth. But now, he's teaching an entirely new generation of artists the secrets of crafting entire worlds by hand.

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Seth Dixon's curator insight, August 15, 8:19 PM

Yes, these globes are precise archives filled with geospatial data and locational information–however, that pales in comparison to the artistic brilliance of the globes. These hand-crafted globes are truly works of art.  Marvel at the merger of mathematical precision and artistic design that makes a globe such as these a cartographic gem.  If anybody want to get me a Christmas present, you know that I love cartographic gifts.  FUTURE WATCHING: Here is the longer video of the Bellerby Globes being produced.     

 

Tags: cartography, visualization, mapping, artgeo-inspiration.

M Sullivan's curator insight, September 28, 9:38 PM
Incredible hand-crafted globes and their stories.
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Border Wall Threatens Native American Sovereignty

Border Wall Threatens Native American Sovereignty | FCHS AP HUMAN GEOGRAPHY | Scoop.it
In southern Arizona, Tohono O’odham Nation opposes Trump plan
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Homeland of tea

Homeland of tea | FCHS AP HUMAN GEOGRAPHY | Scoop.it

"China is the world’s biggest tea producer, selling many varieties of tea leaves such as green tea, black tea, oolong tea, white tea and yellow tea. Different regions are famous for growing different types of tea. Hangzhou is famous for producing a type of green tea called Longjing or the Dragon Well tea. Tea tastes also vary regionally. Drinkers in Beijing tend to prefer jasmine tea while in Shanghai prefer green tea. Processing raw tea leaves for consumption is a time and labor-intensive activity and still done by hand in many areas in China. The Chinese tea industry employs around 80 million people as farmers, pickers and sales people. Tea pickers tend to be seasonal workers who migrate from all parts of the country during harvest time. In 2016, China produced 2.43 million tons of tea."


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Seth Dixon's curator insight, August 1, 10:06 AM

Tea, the world's most popular beverage, doesn't just magically appear on kitchen tables--it's production and consumption is shaped by geographic forces, cultural preferences, and regional variations.  These 21 images show the cultural, region, and environmental, economic, and agricultural context of tea.  

 

Tagsimages, foodChina, East Asia, economic, labor, food production, agriculture.

Bonnie Bracey Sutton's curator insight, September 14, 9:20 PM
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Washington Journal Tim Frazier Discusses Hurricane Irma Disaster

Washington Journal Tim Frazier Discusses Hurricane Irma Disaster | FCHS AP HUMAN GEOGRAPHY | Scoop.it
Georgetown University's Tim Frazier talks about the federal government's management of disaster relief related to Hurricanes Irma and Harvey.

Via Seth Dixon
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Seth Dixon's curator insight, September 12, 2:10 PM

Tim Frazier is not only a fantastic geographer with an expertise in disaster management, he was also my volleyball partner on the "Bad Latitudes" team at Penn State.  Good job Tim; great geographic insight and context to understand the response efforts.

 

Tags: disasters, weather and climate.

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Discover the world’s most important airport you never knew about in VR

Every day, pilots from around the world depend on the air traffic controllers at Gander International Airport to help them navigate the North Atlantic. O
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For 9-11
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As Warming Brings More Malaria, Kenya Moves Treatment Closer to Home

As Warming Brings More Malaria, Kenya Moves Treatment Closer to Home | FCHS AP HUMAN GEOGRAPHY | Scoop.it
​​Malaria cases are on the increase in Kenya, and experts attribute the upsurge to changes in the climate
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Mapping Coastal Flood Risk Lags Behind Sea Level Rise

Mapping Coastal Flood Risk Lags Behind Sea Level Rise | FCHS AP HUMAN GEOGRAPHY | Scoop.it
Federal maps help determine who on the coast must buy flood insurance, but many don't include the latest data. Maryland is now making its own flood maps, so homeowners can see if they're at risk.
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Mr Mac's curator insight, August 8, 4:54 PM
Unit 1 - Uses of Geography, Human-Environment Interaction
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English--Origins and Roots

When we talk about ‘English’, we often think of it as a single language. But what do the dialects spoken in dozens of countries around the world have in common with each other, or with the writings of Chaucer? Claire Bowern traces the language from the present day back to its ancient roots, showing how English has evolved through generations of speakers.

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Seth Dixon's curator insight, November 7, 2:30 PM

English has obviously changed much over the years, but this video (and lesson) also shows some good language family information and traces it back to proto-Indo-European, using the English as the main example.  This other TED-ED video (and lesson) shows how the connotations of English words often times depend on the linguistic root (sweat--Germanic, perspire--Latin).   

 

Tags: languagecultureEnglishTED, video.

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Opinion | How Amazon Took Seattle’s Soul

Opinion | How Amazon Took Seattle’s Soul | FCHS AP HUMAN GEOGRAPHY | Scoop.it
Cities used to be tied to geography: a river, a port, the lee side of a mountain range.
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Vox

Vox | FCHS AP HUMAN GEOGRAPHY | Scoop.it
Haiti and the Dominican Republic may share an island. But they’re drastically different worlds.

Reporter Johnny Harris traced a history of ho
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They Migrate 800 Miles a Year. Now It’s Getting Tougher.

They Migrate 800 Miles a Year. Now It’s Getting Tougher. | FCHS AP HUMAN GEOGRAPHY | Scoop.it
The Nenets, reindeer herders in Russia’s Arctic, face modern obstacles in their long journey: climate change and a giant natural gas field.
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Europe's Population Change (2001 to 2011)

Europe's Population Change (2001 to 2011) | FCHS AP HUMAN GEOGRAPHY | Scoop.it
The map provides a level of detail previously unavailable. It is the first ever to collect data published by all of Europe’s municipalities.

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HumdeBut's curator insight, September 25, 12:12 PM
Voici une carte bien intéressante,où l'on peut voir les pôles d'attraction !
M Sullivan's curator insight, September 28, 9:41 PM
Interesting looking at Europe's population change. Good reference for analysing geographical trends.
Lorraine Chaffer's curator insight, September 29, 3:04 AM

Global challenges: Population 

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Harrisburg University hosts Humanitarian Mapping event

Harrisburg University hosts Humanitarian Mapping event | FCHS AP HUMAN GEOGRAPHY | Scoop.it
Harrisburg University hosted a Humanitarian Mapping event Friday.Volunteers helped map regions of the world where publicly available maps don't exist or require updates.It's especially important after disasters like Hurricanes Irma and Maria, and the earth
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Border Wall Threatens Native American Sovereignty

Border Wall Threatens Native American Sovereignty | FCHS AP HUMAN GEOGRAPHY | Scoop.it
In southern Arizona, Tohono O’odham Nation opposes Trump plan
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See the Extreme Cost of Extreme Weather

See the Extreme Cost of Extreme Weather | FCHS AP HUMAN GEOGRAPHY | Scoop.it
Hurricanes Harvey and Irma have made 2017 one of the costliest years in U.S. history.
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Discover the world’s most important airport you never knew about in VR

Every day, pilots from around the world depend on the air traffic controllers at Gander International Airport to help them navigate the North Atlantic. O
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Why geography matters now more than ever

Why geography matters now more than ever | FCHS AP HUMAN GEOGRAPHY | Scoop.it

"Students need to know human geography; they need to understand the relationships that exist between cultures."


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LRC's curator insight, September 4, 6:08 PM
Share your insight
Ivan Ius's curator insight, September 5, 11:38 AM
Geographic concepts: Patterns & Trends; Interrelationships; Geographic Perpsective
Uart.com's curator insight, September 8, 5:22 AM

Geography is more important than ever to explain and understand the art market in globalization and digitization turn.

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The ‘silver tsunami’ is quickly approaching. What can Virginia Beach do to prepare? | Southside Daily

The ‘silver tsunami’ is quickly approaching. What can Virginia Beach do to prepare? | Southside Daily | FCHS AP HUMAN GEOGRAPHY | Scoop.it
VIRGINIA BEACH – Over the next couple of decades, populations will start to look a bit different. There’s a dynamic shift happening, creating an age wave…
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Mapping Coastal Flood Risk Lags Behind Sea Level Rise

Mapping Coastal Flood Risk Lags Behind Sea Level Rise | FCHS AP HUMAN GEOGRAPHY | Scoop.it
Federal maps help determine who on the coast must buy flood insurance, but many don't include the latest data. Maryland is now making its own flood maps, so homeowners can see if they're at risk.
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Weird Borders: State Borders of the United States of America

Ever wondered why Michigan has two pieces? How about why Alaska isn't connected to the rest of the United States? The state borders are a lot weirder tha
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Mr Mac's curator insight, August 8, 5:00 PM
Unit 4 - Borders, Political Geography