Exploration, Colonisation and Change: James Cook and Beyond
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Captain Cook's Endeavour Journal

Captain Cook's Endeavour Journal | Exploration, Colonisation and Change: James Cook and Beyond | Scoop.it
Captain Cook's Endeavour Journal. Launched in 1764 as the merchant collier 'Earl of Pembroke', the ship was purchased in 1768 by the Royal Navy for £2300, renamed 'Endeavour', and refitted for Cook's expedition to view ...
Shelby Mayo's insight:

This website offers knowledge to students through primary material. The format encourages students to sift through information and be selective and critical in their reading of it. It also fulfils a crucial aspect of the syllabus which calls for opportunities for the use of both primary and secondary material in teaching about colonisation (Board of Studies, 1998, p. 25). Most often teaching and research material is skewed towards sources which have been written by people outside of the event. In order to grasp varying perspectives and an understanding of the social context it is imperative that students observe primary artefacts. This also builds interest. Rather than listening to a series of facts, students are put into history and are able to see the material themselves in the form of diary entries, letters, paintings etc. It offers a variety of literary forms and perspectives, of which this website is dedicated.

 

 It is especially relevant to the stage, outcome, and subject matter in its focus on British colonisation and journal entries during Captain Cook's voyages. This is the focus of the very first topic under 'Change and Continuity' in the syllabus (Board of Studies, 1998, p. 55). Teachers could use this website in a number of ways. Two examples would be to either set the task as homework, or in computer labs for students to find a diary entry and explain: What it was about, how Captain Cook was feeling, and how it links to colonisation. Alternatively, the teacher could print a few diary entries and have the students do a role play based on them (i.e. read it out pretending to be Captain Cook and then give a monologue on why he has written it and what he is thinking at that time). This provides students with a breadth of knowledge about the perspective of Captain Cook himself on colonisation. It is a contextual exercise.

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Official treasures | Treasure Explorer

Official treasures | Treasure Explorer | Exploration, Colonisation and Change: James Cook and Beyond | Scoop.it
Shelby Mayo's insight:

Treasure Explorer is a brilliant, interactive website targeted at Stage 4 students. Everything from the graphics, to the fonts, and activities are thought out to appeal to children. This tool could be implemented in the classroom easily if a smart board is accessible. The teacher could have children stand and compete in the quizzes and activities as a class. The website allows for students to make their own account and add content to it. There is also a section dedicated to teachers which includes a range of resources and lesson ideas to teach students this objective and more. Emphasis is placed on facts and information; as a result, there are multiple quizzes on the content of the website which include questions like, "In what year did Captain Cook declare Australia 'Terra Nullius'?"

 

The online resources include an image gallery which provides students with various re-enactments and portrayals of Captain Cook's contribution to world exploration in the Eighteenth Century. This is especially important in a present day context in which visual material is more effective and understood than oral or written. We live in the age of technology. Education is moulded by it and children are increasingly more knowledgeable of it than adults. It is the teacher's responsibility to cater to these interests and needs by including mediums that students naturally respond to. The interactive nature and visual material in this website do just that. 

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British Colonisation of Australia WebQuest - Teacher Notes

Shelby Mayo's insight:

This WebQuest is a set of lesson plans formulated around the syllabus. It makes connections between subjects by using English text types to encourage students to develop an interest and actively engage in HSIE content. The act of cross subject teaching gives relevance to learning and a deeper and more complex knowledge of material. The lessons encourage students to develop a number of skills from brainstorming, to collaborating, to debating. This resource both gives teachers a well formulated, ready-to-use lesson plan for teaching about colonisation, and provides them with ideas on how to introduce the topic. It works as a guide for pedagogy.

 

The most valuable characteristic of this source, however, is its focus on global perspective. The purpose of the task is to provide students with a holistic look at this segment of history; to give them a number of perspectives on the one event (Captain Cook's arrival in Australia), and to encourage them to relate it to their own, present-day surroundings. This is especially relevant in a multicultural society like Sydney. It automatically makes the source less biased than many teaching tools. Students will explore history through the eyes of the indigenous, British elite, earlier settlers, crew, and convicts. Not only does this introduce a global and unifying look of the world, but it forces students to make up their own minds about what they believe to be valid and to understand that differing perspectives can be a good thing in society. We can be an individual and part of a community at the same time. This is part of citizenship and identity.  

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Change & Continuity - Significant Events & People

Change & Continuity - Significant Events & People | Exploration, Colonisation and Change: James Cook and Beyond | Scoop.it
BRITISH COLONISATION OF AUSTRALIA "Significant Events & People” fall within the “Change and Continuity” strand from the NSW K-6 HSIE syllabus. The below will be a collection of useful lesson id...
Shelby Mayo's insight:

A webpage dedicated specifically to the HSIE syllabus outcomes, this resources is directly aimed at current primary school teachers. It is filled with samples of a number of different teaching tools including artworks, stories, and video clips. The combining of visual and text-based material is especially suited to a Stage 2 class. Not only does it heighten interest, but it also caters to the students who may still struggle with reading.

 

The characteristic that sets this site far ahead of others on the internet is its dedication to the perspective of the Australian indigenous peoples during the world exploration era of Captain Cook. This source is especially useful in the way it speaks of the Aboriginal people as a number of different people groups and cultures who have and continue to contribute to Australian identity. It also includes resources composed by people of Aboriginal heritage which ensures accuracy. There is no Eurocentric imbalance. The page begins with a sample lesson on the pre-colonised Australia which provides students with a context grounded in the original inhabitants of Australia, rather than the British. An Aboriginal perspective is important for later years in understanding the nation's identity and current political focus. 

 

Teachers could use this website to scaffold a lesson on colonisation from the view of the Aboriginal peoples and how this impacted their social, cultural and economic ways of life. It suggests setting up a 5 metre information line in which students can add what they have learnt over the course of the lessons. At the end the classroom is decorated with an overview of this aspect of history. This focus could be especially beneficial in classrooms with a high density of multiculturalism as it builds an appreciation for difference.  

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Captain Cook

Captain Cook | Exploration, Colonisation and Change: James Cook and Beyond | Scoop.it
Captain James Cook, 1728-1779, was an explorer and navigator and captain in the Royal Navy, whose skills in mapping and discoveries of faraway lands changed geography in the 18th Century. He is the first known European to have landed in the Hawaiian Islands and on the east coast of Australia, and the first to circumnavigate (sail right around) New Zealand. Cook was an excellent surveyor and cartographer (someone who draws maps) and it was these skills which won him a place on his first exploratory voyage, in 1769, in search of a great southern continent known as Terra Australis on the ship the Endeavour. Cook first sailed right around New Zealand, to prove that it wasn't part of a bigger continent, and then sailed right along the east coast of Australia, naming it New South Wales and claiming it as British territory. He recorded the first European siting of Australia's Aboriginal people and discovered kangaroos! He returned home in 1771. Still not convinced that "New South Wales" was the southern continent, Cook set off again in 1772. This time he was unable to reach Australia, so he visited New Zealand, the Antarctic and Tahiti and then returned home. In 1776 Cook set out on his third voyage, hoping to discover a Northwest Passage around the American contintent. In doing so he discovered the Hawaiian islands. Cook then explored and mapped the north-west coastline of America and tried several times to continue on through the Bering Strait, but failed. Eventually he returned to Hawaii and was treated with much respect by the Hawaiians at first, but unfortunately a number of quarrels broke out and Cook was killed. Fun Fact: When Cook's sailors encountered Maori warriors in New Zealand they were so impressed with their facial tattoos that some of them got their own tattoos on their arms, starting a craze which has never ended! "Ambition leads me not only farther than any other man has been before me, but as far as I think it possible for man to go." Captain James Cook
Shelby Mayo's insight:

This website is useful for teachers in teaching history-based material (specifically about colonisation) because it offers an interactive way of learning. The purpose of this website is to accommodate teachers and parents in facilitating student learning.  It provides an overview of the travels of Captain Cook, and a variety of activities to accompany it. The activities are suited to a number of levels which would make this particularly effective in a class where the teaching is student-focussed and evidence-based. A sound knowledge of the teaching profession will include an understanding that students are individual entities rather than a collective group of identical ability. Each student brings a different background, prior experience, and cognitive approach to learning. Thus, it would be futile to teach the whole class with one teaching style. That is why this website is of great value. It offers a number of different resources from worksheets, puzzles, and quizzes to teach about Captain Cook. This is useful also for a class with a special needs student. If they have an intellectual impairment, for example, something visual will be more beneficial for learning than an activity filled with text. It caters to all needs. Because it is targeted at parents and teachers content can be reinforced at home. 

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