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Ensayo Clínico y Comité Ético de Investigación Clínica

Ensayo Clínico y Comité Ético de Investigación Clínica | ètica professional | Scoop.it
ÉTICA DE LOS ENSAYOS CLÍNICOS

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Diana Guerrero's curator insight, March 25, 2015 11:42 AM

Agradecimiento a  la revista de investigación de Ciencias Administrativas UNMSM, gestión en el Tercer Milenio (Año 6, N° 12, Lima, Diciembre, 2003)  por publicar el articulo ética Profesional de Miguel Ángel Polo Santillán .


En este documento se realiza una introducción de la ética a la ética profesional se profundiza sobre las profesiones realizando un análisis sobre el devenir de las mismas, ahonda sobre esta como una actividad con finalidad y ahonda sobre el concepto de excelencia como el modo de ejercer la profesión bajo un marco ético.


Igualmente permite comprender las profesión como una actividad comunitaria y a su vez como expresión dela sociedad civil.

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Red Internacional de Ética Universal

Red Internacional de Ética Universal | ètica professional | Scoop.it

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Diana Guerrero's curator insight, March 25, 2015 12:39 PM

Agradecimiento a la Red internacional de ética universal por exponer en la web este documento.

 

Esta declaración reconoce la importancia de reflexionar sobre la ética como elemento fundamental de la construcción de la sociedad exponiendo la importancia de los siguientes criterios:

 

  • La existencia de unos principios éticos universales,
  • Los valores éticos como aquellos que producen un bien moral, es decir, que respetan, mejoran y perfeccionan la condición humana.
  • El bien común ha de ser la meta más elevada, No habrá paz ni justicia social sin una ética individual,
  • La vivencia de los valores se refuerza con un sentido profundo y no superficial de la cultura.

 

Y fomenta la vivencia y desarrollo de los valores universales exponiéndolos de la siguiente manera:

 

  • Amor a la verdad y al conocimiento.
  • La honestidad y la integridad personal.
  • Bondad y amor.
  • La sensibilidad hacia la belleza.
  • Respeto por el medio ambiente y la vida en general.
  • Sentido de la vida y trascendencia espiritual.
  • Sentido de la justicia asentado en un gran humanismo.
  • Responsabilidad y sentido del deber.
  • Fraternidad universal.
  • Tolerancia activa.
  • Compromiso social.
Ulises La Roca's comment, November 15, 2016 6:57 AM
La marcha de la humanidad, depende del grado de HONESTIDAD de quienes la integran.
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Should doctors share gene tests after a death in the family?

Should doctors share gene tests after a death in the family? | ètica professional | Scoop.it
When a family member dies from a disease caused by a genetic mutation, doctors have to decide whether to share the deceased person's test results with the rest of the family.

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First Principles of Philosophy - Manly P. Hall

First Principles of Philosophy - Manly P. Hall | ètica professional | Scoop.it
First Principles of Philosophy Lectures by Manly P. Hall  The Four Aspects of Metaphysics Logic and Ethics Psychology and Epistemology Esthetics and Theurgy The Symbolism of the Ten Bulls  

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10 Digital Insights from 10 Most Controversial Psychology Experiments

10 Digital Insights from 10 Most Controversial Psychology Experiments | ètica professional | Scoop.it
Time for a quick ethical-bypass? From Minority Report ‘pre-cogs’ to recovered memories, the BPS (British Psychological Society) has just published a wondrous list of the ten most controversial psychology experiments ever published. Many took place before the Internet, and today many could never be replicated – at least officially and published – since they contravene changing standards in research ethics. Others are simply controversial.  But all have implications for digital marketers…

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Brian Fanzo's curator insight, October 12, 2014 5:17 PM

I'm a big fan of linking psychology and trends with technology and social media.. great post here! 

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Legal Theory Blog: Legal Theory Bookworm: "Law, Psychology, and Morality" by Zamir

Legal Theory Blog: Legal Theory Bookworm: "Law, Psychology, and Morality" by Zamir | ètica professional | Scoop.it

The Legal Theory Bookworm recommends Law, Psychology, and Morality: The Role of Loss Aversion by Eyal Zamir.  Here is a description:

Kahneman and Tversky's Prospect Theory posits that people do not perceive outcomes as final states of wealth or welfare, but rather as gains or losses in relation to some reference point. People are generally loss averse, meaning that the disutility generated by a loss is greater than the utility produced by a commensurate gain. Loss aversion is related to psychological phenomena such as the status quo and omission biases, the endowment effect, and escalation of commitment.

Law, Psychology, and Morality: The Role of Loss Aversion systematically analyzes the complex relationships between loss aversion and the law weaving together insights from cognitive and social psychology, neuropsychology, behavioral economics, experimental legal studies, economic analysis of law, normative ethics, moral psychology, and comparative law. It discusses diverse legal issues in private and public law, national and international law, and substantive and procedural law. Eyal Zamir provides an overview of the psychological studies of loss aversion to examine its effect on human behavior in the contexts of particular interest to the law, while discussing the impact of the law on people's behavior through the framing of the choices they encounter. The book further highlights an intriguing compatibility between loss aversion and fundamental features of the law and various legal doctrines, while theorizing about the causes of this compatibility by drawing on insights from the economic analysis of law and evolutionary psychology. The book points to the correlation between loss aversion, deontological and commonsense morality, and the law, while proposing many normative implications.

#neuroeconomy


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Protecting your privacy: Understanding confidentiality

Protecting your privacy: Understanding confidentiality | ètica professional | Scoop.it

“Confidentiality is a respected part of psychology’s code of ethics, but laws are also in place to protect privacy. This document explains confidentiality laws and practices.”


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Stanford panel debates: Does teaching ethics do any good? - Stanford Report

Stanford panel debates: Does teaching ethics do any good? - Stanford Report | ètica professional | Scoop.it
Stanford Report
Stanford panel debates: Does teaching ethics do any good?

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Ethics 101: More Wyoming schools take on morals & ethics programs

Instead, modeling moral reasoning is crucial to developing moral character. Moral behavior comes from “practical wisdom” developed by practicing the behavior seen in good role models. In schools, teachers do the modeling, ...


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Ethics and Citizenship: Tools for Moral Decision Making

Ethics and Citizenship: Tools for Moral Decision Making | ètica professional | Scoop.it
It helps students develop an understanding of the difference between right-versus-wrong temptations and right-versus-right ethical dilemmas. It provides a logical interactive framework for applying specific decision-making skills to any social ...

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Machiavellian Management Ethics: 500 years of “The Prince ...

Machiavellian Management Ethics: 500 years of “The Prince ... | ètica professional | Scoop.it
What is more important for business success: behaving ethically or earning a good reputation? What then is the role of ethics in the context of management?

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Are The Ethics Of Informed Consent Different When It Comes To Minorities? - Science 2.0

Are The Ethics Of Informed Consent Different When It Comes To Minorities?

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3D Printed Rats Make For Cheaper and More Ethical Dissections

3D Printed Rats Make For Cheaper and More Ethical Dissections | ètica professional | Scoop.it
Printing accurate 3D models could eliminate many of the ethical and comfort issues surrounding classic dissections.

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Valores Eticos

Valores Eticos | ètica professional | Scoop.it
Encuentra aquí las definiciones de Valores Éticos

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Diana Guerrero's curator insight, March 25, 2015 12:30 PM

Agradecimiento al portal valores éticos por circular esta blog sobre este tema.

 

Se encuentra la definición de valores éticos conceptualizando libertad, justicia, responsabilidad y verdad como componentes fundamentales de esta.

 

Aborda con concreción la definición de ética y expone brevemente las ramas de esta: metaética, ética normativa y  ética aplicada.

nhbayonag2016's curator insight, September 25, 2015 9:45 AM

añada su visión ...

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University 'Ethics Boards' As A Way To Evade Scientific Controversy

University 'Ethics Boards' As A Way To Evade Scientific Controversy | ètica professional | Scoop.it

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Protecting your privacy: Understanding confidentiality

Protecting your privacy: Understanding confidentiality | ètica professional | Scoop.it

“Confidentiality is a respected part of psychology’s code of ethics, but laws are also in place to protect privacy. This document explains confidentiality laws and practices.”


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Legal Theory Blog: Legal Theory Bookworm: "Law, Psychology, and Morality" by Zamir

Legal Theory Blog: Legal Theory Bookworm: "Law, Psychology, and Morality" by Zamir | ètica professional | Scoop.it

The Legal Theory Bookworm recommends Law, Psychology, and Morality: The Role of Loss Aversion by Eyal Zamir.  Here is a description:

Kahneman and Tversky's Prospect Theory posits that people do not perceive outcomes as final states of wealth or welfare, but rather as gains or losses in relation to some reference point. People are generally loss averse, meaning that the disutility generated by a loss is greater than the utility produced by a commensurate gain. Loss aversion is related to psychological phenomena such as the status quo and omission biases, the endowment effect, and escalation of commitment.

Law, Psychology, and Morality: The Role of Loss Aversion systematically analyzes the complex relationships between loss aversion and the law weaving together insights from cognitive and social psychology, neuropsychology, behavioral economics, experimental legal studies, economic analysis of law, normative ethics, moral psychology, and comparative law. It discusses diverse legal issues in private and public law, national and international law, and substantive and procedural law. Eyal Zamir provides an overview of the psychological studies of loss aversion to examine its effect on human behavior in the contexts of particular interest to the law, while discussing the impact of the law on people's behavior through the framing of the choices they encounter. The book further highlights an intriguing compatibility between loss aversion and fundamental features of the law and various legal doctrines, while theorizing about the causes of this compatibility by drawing on insights from the economic analysis of law and evolutionary psychology. The book points to the correlation between loss aversion, deontological and commonsense morality, and the law, while proposing many normative implications.

#neuroeconomy


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Group Condemns APA’s Ethics Decision on Former Guantanamo Psychologist :: www.uruknet.info :: informazione dal medio oriente :: information from middle east :: [vs-1]

Group Condemns APA’s Ethics Decision on Former Guantanamo Psychologist :: www.uruknet.info :: informazione dal medio oriente :: information from middle east :: [vs-1] | ètica professional | Scoop.it

Group Condemns APA’s Ethics Decision on Former Guantanamo Psychologist By: Jeff Kaye

 

January 29, 2014

Psychologists for Social Responsibility (PsySR) released a copy of a letter they sent to the Ethics Office of the American Psychological Association (APA). The letter sharply criticizes APA for sitting seven years on an ethics complaint made against Dr. John Leso, who was a military psychologist at Guantanamo and an early member of that prison’s Behavioral Science Consultant Team (BSCT). Rather than a dust-up between psychology groups, the issue goes right to the heart of the US’s ability to conduct coercive interrogations and torture with the input of behavioral specialists.

On December 31, 2013, the APA sent a letter to psychologist and complainant Trudy Bond, who in 2007 had filed a complaint against Leso for his reported participation in torture at Guantanamo, that APA was not going to hold make formal charges against Leso. They said they were closing the case.

A week ago, Spencer Ackerman at The Guardian broke the story on the APA’s decision, which caused a great deal of consternation among psychologists who have been working against torture, and who support Bond and others who have made ethics or legal complaints against Leso and other psychologists involved in torture. (Full disclosure: I’m one of those psychologists supporting Trudy, and a member of PsySR.)

Ackerman described Leso’s role in the most famous of his nefarious deeds, his participation in the torture of Mohammed al-Qahtani:

Leso was identified as "MAJ L" in a leaked log, published by Time magazine in 2005, of Qahtani’s marathon interrogation in November 2002. With Leso recorded as present for at least some of the session, Qahtani was forcibly hydrated through intravenous drips and prevented from using the bathroom until he urinated on himself, subjected to loud music, and repeatedly kept awake while being "told he can go to sleep when he tells the truth".

At one point, Qahtani was instructed to bark like a dog.

"Dog tricks continued and detainee stated he should be treated like a man," the log records. "Detainee was told he would have to learn who to defend and who to attack."

During an interrogation on 27 November 2002, the log records a direct intervention by Leso: "Control puts detainee in swivel chair at MAJ L’s suggestion to keep him awake and stop him from fixing his eyes on one spot in booth."

For more on Leso, see the information posted at The Center for Justice and Accountability.

In a key section of their letter, PsySR’s steering committee tells APA: "Evidence clearly exists that Dr. Leso and other psychologists have utterly failed to ensure that detention and interrogation operations at Guantánamo and elsewhere were kept 'safe, legal, ethical, and effective.’ By closing this case in the manner you have chosen, it is only reasonable for members and the broader public to assume that APA will never sanction any psychologist participating in government-sanctioned abuses. No statements from APA’s PR office will change this perception."

Indeed, APA has been the biggest backer of psychologist participation in interrogations. APA’s former Chief Scientist, for instance, Susan Brandon, is Chief of Research for the Obama Administration’s High Value Detainee Interrogation Group, and was last seen involved in murky ways in the interrogation of purported Iranian assassin-would be, Mansour Arbabsiar.

APA claims that it is against torture and has issued numerous statements against psychologist participation in torture. While I believe APA membership is certainly anti-torture — a member-initiated referendum passed calling for APA to support removal of psychologists from sites of human rights violations — APA’s leadership has moved over and over to sabotage any real anti-torture actions. The referendum has never been actualized in action. APA has never called for the closing of Guantanamo. Their anti-torture resolutions are eviscerated by legalistic and/or bureaucratic maneuvers.

In this, it must be said, they follow the plan constructed by their government mentors, who chopped down the significance of the U.S. signing of the UN Convention Against Torture by encumbering it with "reservations" and "understandings" that greatly reduced the power of the treaty to in fact exercise state power to rein in torture.

Below is the full text of PsySR’s letter. Readers should feel free to copy and share.

January 29, 2014

Stephen Behnke, JD, PhD
Director, Ethics Office
American Psychological Association
750 First Street, NE
Washington, DC 20002-4242

Lindsay Childress-Beatty, JD, PhD
Director of Adjudication/Deputy Director, Ethics Office
American Psychological Association
750 First Street, NE
Washington, DC 20002-4242

Dear Drs. Behnke and Childress-Beatty:

As representatives of Psychologists for Social Responsibility (PsySR), we write to express our deep concern and dismay over the recent decision by the Ethics Office of the American Psychological Association to dismiss the Complaint against Dr. John Leso, a former military psychologist at Guantántamo Bay Naval Base. According to your 31 December 2013 letter to complainant Dr. Trudy Bond (a PsySR member), your office does not dispute that Dr. Leso was instrumental in devising and administering the Guantánamo "enhanced interrogation" protocol in 2002. Declassified government documents and independent reports have revealed that this protocol included, but was not limited to, weeks or months of solitary confinement; sleep deprivation; sexual humiliation; exposure to extreme cold; prolonged removal of sheets, blankets, wash cloths and religious items; 20-hour interrogations, and painful stress positions.

The Ethics Office took almost seven years to review one of the most egregious examples of unethical behavior in the history of American psychology. Due to unusual circumstances (leaks and release by Congress of classified documents) more information is available about Dr. Leso’s participation in government-sanctioned torture and abuse than may ever be the case for any other APA member. Dr. Leso co-wrote the plan for and is documented as directly participating in the interrogation of Mohammed al-Qahtani. This interrogation was described as meeting the legal definition of "torture" by Susan Crawford, the Bush administration convener of the Guantánamo military commissions.

In the end, your office apparently decided that Dr. Leso’s months of involvement with the torture program were wholly mitigated because he did not volunteer to lead the Behavioral Science Consultation Team (BSCT) that formulated the protocol; he was an early-career psychologist; and he reportedly expressed unease with the assignment and a preference for "rapport-building" methods. In reaching its decision the Ethics Office has set a stunning and disturbing precedent. Your office has now provided another layer of protection to psychologists who participate in the debilitating isolation of prisoners, the psychological abuses still permitted by Appendix M of the Army Field Manual, the brutal force-feeding of Guantánamo hunger-strikers, or other ethical violations. As well, this logic suggests that psychologists who engage in insurance fraud or sexual relations with their patients can evade censure if they are relatively inexperienced and express discomfort in advance of or concurrent with their actions.

For years APA has insisted that it would sanction any member for whom credible evidence existed of participation in torture or cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, yet no psychologist has ever been held accountable for involvement in our government’s post-9/11 torture program. Evidence clearly exists that Dr. Leso and other psychologists have utterly failed to ensure that detention and interrogation operations at Guantánamo and elsewhere were kept "safe, legal, ethical, and effective." By closing this case in the manner you have chosen, it is only reasonable for members and the broader public to assume that APA will never sanction any psychologist participating in government-sanctioned abuses. No statements from APA’s PR office will change this perception.

At this point, your office must realize that the Leso decision is being widely discussed in the media and has become a matter of profound concern to many members of the profession. We therefore believe that it is important for the Ethics Office to provide greater clarity regarding two key issues: First, substantively, how does this landmark decision align with the specific principles and standards of the APA’s code of ethics, and with longstanding professional prohibitions against involvement in torture and abuse? Second, procedurally, how was the decision to close the case reached? While you state that the complaint was "carefully reviewed by multiple reviewers," it is unclear who these reviewers were. Does this decision reflect an official vote of the entire Ethics Committee, or rather action taken by the Director of the Ethics Office, or some other group of reviewers, without the participation of the full committee? Confidentiality about these matters serves, in our perception, no constructive purpose and instead raises confusion and uncertainty about the priorities and procedures of the Ethics Office. We therefore request that this information be made public in order to begin to rebuild the moral authority of the profession.

We look forward to your timely reply. Thank you.

Sincerely,
The Steering Committee of Psychologists for Social Responsibility

cc: Members of the APA Ethics Committee
Members of the APA Board and Council of Representatives



Source

:: Article nr. 104528 sent on 31-jan-2014 17:45 ECT
www.uruknet.info?p=104528


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Ethics Education and Psychology: An Unexpected Inheritance

Ethics Education and Psychology: An Unexpected Inheritance | ètica professional | Scoop.it
A psychologist receives a letter from an attorney indicating that he inherited an old car from Frank Palmer. Upon reflection, the psychologist recalls that he had treated Mr. Palmer a number of years ago.

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Utilitarian & Kantian Ethics

Utilitarian & Kantian Ethics | ètica professional | Scoop.it
You can watch this lecture as many times as you want and you can write as many Notes as you want one one side of an A4-size paper. You will use the other sid...

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Case Studies in Biomedical Ethics: Decision-Making, Principles, and Cases: Robert M. Veatch, Amy M. Haddad, Dan C. English: 9780195309720: Amazon.com: Books

Case Studies in Biomedical Ethics: Decision-Making, Principles, and Cases

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Handbook of Moral Development: JUDITH.G. SMETANA, Melanie Killen, Judith Smetana: Amazon.com: Kindle Store

Handbook of Moral Development: JUDITH.G.

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BEEP BioEthics Education Project: Teaching controversial and social issues in science / biology

BEEP BioEthics Education Project: Teaching controversial and social issues in science / biology | ètica professional | Scoop.it

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Nature: Research ethics: 3 ways to blow the whistle

Nature: Research ethics: 3 ways to blow the whistle | ètica professional | Scoop.it
Reporting suspicions of scientific fraud is rarely easy, but some paths are more effective than others.

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Mary Williams's curator insight, November 29, 2013 2:17 AM

Let's hope you never have to experience this particular challenge