Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science
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Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science
Medicinal Plants, Phytochemistry and Applied Botany
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Q: Do resveratrol metabolites accumlate in heart tissue? A: Yes. | LS9 - Bioactives & Health

Q: Do resveratrol metabolites accumlate in heart tissue? A: Yes. | LS9 - Bioactives & Health | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it

Starting from the very end, in vitro experiments testing resveratrol in its aglyconic form and at micromolar concentrations should be considered misleading, as the tested condition is unachievable in physiological conditions in animal models, even after a medium term feeding program. Nevertheless, early administration of resveratrol in rats can efficiently prevent the occurrence of diabetic cardiomyopathy phenotype, at least in a rat model.

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Are Crocodiles Secret Fruit-Lovers?

Are Crocodiles Secret Fruit-Lovers? | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it

The recent study, published in the Journal of Zoology, shows that for crocodiles, almost a quarter of the fruits consumed were of the “fleshy” kind. However, none of the recordings were of direct observations of fruit eating, so exactly how or why they did is still a bit of a mystery.

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Success through Diversity: Why mixtures produce more stable yields than monocultures - AoB Blog

Success through Diversity: Why mixtures produce more stable yields than monocultures - AoB Blog | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
The saying "Don't put all your eggs in one basket" applies even when with Arabidopsis. Now experiments can quantify the value of biodiversity in crop yields
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New life discovered growing on plastic waste dubbed the 'plastisphere' – News – ABC Environment (Australian Broadcasting Corporation)

New life discovered growing on plastic waste dubbed the 'plastisphere' – News – ABC Environment (Australian Broadcasting Corporation) | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
A whole new group of microscopic creatures has been found growing of the vast amount of discarded plastic floating in the world's oceans.
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The Botanical Explorer: We’re on the cusp of a new era with phytonutrients

The Botanical Explorer: We’re on the cusp of a new era with phytonutrients | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
A new science developing around phytonutrients is opening the doors of an entirely new domain, but understanding how to use the information and combining this with ethical cultivation will have to go hand in hand for successful commercialization, ...
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Tann-fastic, a new plant organelle(!!) - AoB Blog

Tann-fastic, a new plant organelle(!!) - AoB Blog | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
Jean-Marc Brillouet et al. have identified a new organelle in plant cells: the 'tannosome' is involved in the formation of condensed tannins.
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Incentivizing Aflatoxin Control | International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)

Incentivizing Aflatoxin Control | International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it

Aflatoxins, naturally occurring toxins produced by fungi in grains and other crops, may be linked to childhood stunting and can lead to liver cancer and even death with chronic exposure. More than a public health risk, aflatoxins also pose a significant barrier to international trade, harming poor populations’ economic as well as physical wellbeing.

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Forget Barley And Hops: Craft Brewers Want A Taste Of Place

Forget Barley And Hops: Craft Brewers Want A Taste Of Place | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
Craft brewers around the country are making beers with foraged seeds, roots, fruits and fungi.
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Botany: The secret of short stems

Botany: The secret of short stems | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
Arabidopsis plants that only reach half their normal height have a mutation in the biosynthesis of the plant growth factor gibberellin.
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A closer look at energy drinks with a natural kick

A closer look at energy drinks with a natural kick | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
Energy drinks — sugary, caffeinated beverages that are supposed to provide a quick pick-me-up — have been taking some hits lately.
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Can We Eat Our Way To A Healthier Microbiome? It's Complicated

Can We Eat Our Way To A Healthier Microbiome? It's Complicated | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it

No one really knows which foods benefit our microbiomes. But eating more fiber might not hurt. (RT @NPRFood: Can We Eat Our Way To A Healthier Microbiome?


Via Luigi Guarino
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Steve Kingsley's curator insight, November 10, 2013 8:48 PM

Consuming fresh leafy vegetables, as well as fermented ones, such as sauerkraut and kimchi (without sugar or corn syrup) regularly has proven to be very beneficial to me to maintain a well functioning microbiome.

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Kraft’s New Natural Cheese Dyes Were the Key Ingredient in a 17th Century Scam

Kraft’s New Natural Cheese Dyes Were the Key Ingredient in a 17th Century Scam | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
Kraft's new orange dye was used in the 17th century to trick people into thinking cheese was better than it was
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Natural products as starting points for the synthesis of complex and diverse compounds

Natural products as starting points for the synthesis of complex and diverse compounds | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it

Natural products and their derivatives are used as treatments for numerous diseases. Many of these compounds are structurally complex, possessing a high percentage of sp3 hybridized carbons and multiple stereogenic centers. Due to the difficulties associated with the isolation of large numbers of novel natural products, lead discovery efforts over the last two decades have shifted toward the screening of less structurally complex synthetic compounds. While there have been many success stories from these campaigns, the modulation of certain biological targets (e.g. protein–protein interactions) and disease areas (e.g. antibacterials) often require complex molecules. Thus, there is considerable interest in the development of strategies to construct large collections of compounds that mimic the complexity of natural products. Several of these strategies focus on the conversion of simple starting materials to value-added products and have been reviewed elsewhere. Herein we review the use of natural products as starting points for the generation of complex compounds, discussing both early ad hoc efforts and a more recent systematization of this approach.

 

Karen C. Morrisona and   Paul J. Hergenrother Show AffiliationsNat. Prod. Rep., 2014, Advance Article


DOI: 10.1039/C3NP70063A


Via NatProdChem
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Wiley-VCH - De, Sirshendu / Mondal, Sourav / Banerjee, Suvrajit - Stevioside

Wiley-VCH - De, Sirshendu / Mondal, Sourav / Banerjee, Suvrajit - Stevioside | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
Stevioside is one of the naturally occurring sweeteners, belonging to the diterpene glycoside family, which can be widely applied in food, drinks, medicine and consumer chemicals. It is a good dietary supplement, being non-calorific, thermally stable, non-toxic, with a sugar-like taste profile, and suitable for diabetics, phenylketonuria patients and the obese. It is also non-fermentable, and exhibits anti-carcinogenic, antioxidant and anti-hyperglycemic properties
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Say it with flowers? - AoB Blog

Say it with flowers? - AoB Blog | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
Dani Nadel et al., have unearthed possibly the oldest example of the decoration of graves with plants.
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The area of outstanding beauty remade by man

The area of outstanding beauty remade by man | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it

Careful management and planning has restored the natural landscape, with new trees planted to create corridors of habitat for animals and birds to roam. A mixture of native trees were used, which stand a better chance of withstanding tree diseases that are moving around the world.

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Better supply chain management will bring sustainability and quality, says botanical expert

Better supply chain management will bring sustainability and quality, says botanical expert | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
Botanical players who are serious about providing good quality products must take more care of their supply chain in order to increase sustainability and build quality, says Professor Monique Simmonds, OBE.
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EU's ongoing botanicals battle: ‘Consumers need more information’

EU's ongoing botanicals battle: ‘Consumers need more information’ | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
The European Union botanicals sector has been in limbo since 2010 when 2078 botanical health claim applications were placed on hold as the European Commission bowed to pressure to reconsider the scientific criteria for their validation.
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The Enigmatic Pecan: Why So Pricey, And How To Pronounce It?

The Enigmatic Pecan: Why So Pricey, And How To Pronounce It? | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
The weather and demand from China are driving prices up. But how do you say the word pecan?
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Botany and the poisoner's art

Botany and the poisoner's art | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
MANY native Australian species are poisonous, a fact well understood by Aborigines, who brought a medicinal understanding of plants from Asia tens of thousands of years ago.
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Forests could face threat from biomass power 'gold rush'

Forests could face threat from biomass power 'gold rush' | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
Sustainability fear over new power stations' demand for wood pellets after report says their use has implications globally
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Diversity in plant red pigments: anthocyanins and betacyanins - Online First - Springer

Diversity in plant red pigments: anthocyanins and betacyanins - Online First - Springer | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it

Plant pigments are of interest for research into questions of basic biology as well as for purposes of applied biology. Red colors in flowers are mainly produced by two types of pigments: anthocyanins and betacyanins. Though anthocyanins are broadly distributed among plants, betacyanins have replaced anthocyanins in the Caryophyllales. Red plant pigments are good indicator metabolites for evolutionary studies of plant diversity as well as for metabolic studies of plant cell growth and differentiation. In this review, we focus on the biosynthesis of anthocyanins and betacyanins and the possible mechanisms underlying the mutual exclusion of betalains and anthocyanins based on the regulation of the biosynthesis of these red pigments.


Via Jean-Pierre Zryd, Eve Emshwiller
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Scientists find new plant cures to save rare animals - Environment - VietNam News

Scientists find new plant cures to save rare animals - Environment - VietNam News | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it
Vietnamese scientists have discovered 46 medicinal plant species and
remedies that may be able to replace endangered wildlife products used
to cure diseases.
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News: When are sports fans interested in plant pathology? When their stadium is infested with plant-parasitic nematodes.... (2013)

News: When are sports fans interested in plant pathology? When their stadium is infested with plant-parasitic nematodes.... (2013) | Erba Volant - Applied Plant Science | Scoop.it

From the Telegraph, on Scotland rugby stadium (Murrayfield)'s problems, "The Springboks and Wallabies are heading to Murrayfield later this month, but the Edinburgh ground is already playing host to another ­species of wildlife – and one that is proving to be just as tough an ­adversary as the South Africans and ­Australians are likely to be when they turn up there. Granted, nematode worms are on the microscopic side of tiny, so they don’t quite square up size-wise with southern hemisphere forwards, but the arrival of hordes of the minuscule subsoil parasites has given the ­Murrayfield management an almighty headache."


Via Mary Williams, Kamoun Lab @ TSL, julien levy
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