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Megaregions: What are They and How Will They Affect Rural Land? - LandThink

Megaregions: What are They and How Will They Affect Rural Land? - LandThink | Environmental Science | Scoop.it
Just this week, the topic of our broker’s meeting focused on eleven regions throughout the U.S. that are connected by a number of social, political, and environmental networks.

Via Sam Radcliffe
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Altaira Wallquist's curator insight, May 25, 2015 8:01 PM

This article uses charts and maps to describe and show where the more populous rural regions are and the areas that are likely to receive an increase in population.

 

This connects to the Unit 5 TEK on rural distribution. It shows population and general rural lang uses and predict rural land use in the future.

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Fungal Freeways

Fungal Freeways | Environmental Science | Scoop.it
\tJust as humans utilize roads and freeways to move cars and resources around our cities, fungus use fluid networks to move nutrients and nuclei through their cells. Dr. Marcus Roper of UCLA explains how these networks function with remarkable efficiency and prevent microscopic traffic jams. 

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Types Of Yoga

Types Of Yoga | Environmental Science | Scoop.it
  
  When beginning a new pursuit of any kind there's a learning curve.  There are often new terms to learn and lots of things to take in and try to make sense of; Yoga is no exception.  Yoga has it's own language, movements, texts, philosophies and interpretations which can take several lifetimes to master.  Luckily, you don't need to know anything about anything in order to walk into a yoga class and begin to reap the rewards of what it has to offer.  It's a beautifully flexible practice where you can do yoga simply for the many physical benefits that it offers or you can go deeper.  Either way, you'll walk out of any yoga class feeling great.  To help demystify a few things, I'll start by giving a very basic definition of the different types of yoga.  These are names that are often heard connected with yoga but unless you have some experience with the style, it's hard to know what's what so hopefully this will help a bit.   Types Of Yoga

 

   Here are all types of yoga. Yoga   also stands for 'Union'. Yoga learning is incomplete without understanding the different    kinds of yoga. Specialization into one form of Yoga without understanding different    kinds of Yoga leads a teacher to dilution. Softening is not bad, but dilution must    be avoided.

     Hatha Yoga 

    It helps to balance mind and body via physical postures or "asanas", purification    practices, controlled breathing, and the calming of the mind through relaxation    and meditation.

 

    Bhakti Yoga 

    It is the most natural path for seeking emotional fulfillment and well being by    means of devotion, faith, and love.

 

    Karma Yoga 

    Helps one surrender selfish motives and dedicate actions and thoughts to the absolute.

 

    Jnana Yoga 

    It helps one withdraw mind and emotions from perceiving life and work towards transformation    and enlightment.

 

    Laya Yoga

    It helps alter one's normal awareness of self by focusing on hearing an internal,    mystic sound. The mind will become steady and absorbed in the sound on which it    focuses.

 

    Raja Yoga 

    It helps to balances energy throughout mind and body and gives the pleasant sense    of well being. It is rightly the 'Raja' (or king) of yoga. It focusses on scientific    aspects of personality thereby explaining individual growth and differences through    the science of chakras. Different types of meditations are just a small subset of    the holistic 'Raja Yoga'.

 

    Mantra Yoga 

    It gives instruction in the knowledge of mantra results in the fusion of mental    and physical energy with cosmic energy and makes the practitioner ready for Samadhi    state.

 

    Tantra Yoga

    It is designed to awaken the kundalini energy in the body and addressing relationships    and sexuality through rituals. It focuses on dynamic aspect of divinity called Shakti.

 

 

 

 

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More detail information!

 

 

Hatha:  Hatha yoga attempts to balance mind and body via physical postures or "asanas", purification practices, controlled breathing, and the calming of the mind through relaxation and meditation.  In the West, Hatha is often used as an overall term for yoga and it's main focus is usually the postures. Vinyasa: Vinyasa yoga has a very broad spectrum.  It literally translates from Sanskrit as "to place carefully".  In the West, Vinyasa classes are typically very flowing where one posture leads to the next and it's all linked together with breath.  When you go to a health club, you are doing Power Vinyasa Yoga.  It's a very popular form of yoga in the West as it is a cross between an aerobics class and a yoga class.  It is sometimes done in a heated room and the Sun Salutation is the core component around which the class is built.  Vinyasa Yoga can also go to the other end of the spectrum where the movements are still flowing and linked with the breath but the movements are done much more slowly with particular attention given to alignment and depth of the postures. These might be called Slow Flow or Deep Vinyasa classes, for example.   Ashtanga: Ashtanga Yoga is the parent of western Vinyasa Yoga.  Where Vinyasa changes from class-to-class and teacher-to-teacher, Ashtanga has a set series of postures to which you graduate with time and practice.  It's a very physical practice traditionally taught to children in India but is practiced by mostly adults in the West.  There is also the basic system of yoga which is called Ashtanga and was laid out by Patanjali in "The Yoga Sutras" but these have no relation other than sharing the name. Iyengar: Iyengar Yoga is a system of yoga brought forth by B.K.S. Iyengar.  This system has a strong commitment to alignment in the postures and is also characterized by longer holds in the postures.  The postures are done in a systematic way but the teacher chooses the postures based on the students needs instead of there being a set series of postures that the student practices each time like Ashtanga.  Also, the postures are done one at a time instead of being linked together. Bikram: Bikram Yoga (also called Hot Yoga), is a set series of postures that are practiced in a room 105 or more degrees and humidified.  The entire series of 26 postures takes approximately 90 minutes to complete.  One of the main difference between being named Bikram vs. Hot Yoga is that a teacher can only call him/herself a Bikram teacher if they were trained by Bikram Choudhry, the creator of the sequence. Yin: Yin Yoga is a practice that mainly works on opening the lower part of the body (hips and hamstrings) with long holds of 5 or more minutes in each posture.  Yin movements are static as opposed to Yang movements which are active.  It is common to see a Yin class paired with a Restorative class. Restorative: Restorative Yoga is the ultimate stress relieving yoga practice where a student uses several props and supports such as pillows and blankets, to help them relax deeply and bring restoration to the body and mind.  We often find ourselves so busy that even during sleep our minds do not rest and so Restorative Yoga helps to facilitate true, deep relaxation.  Postures are often held for up to 10 minutes to allow the body and mind to fully integrate into the posture and find the release that you need to fully let go. Viniyoga: Viniyoga is a theraputic system of yoga used in very small classes or one-on-one to address specific things going on for a particular student such as back pain, an injury, a system imbalance, or other ailment.  Viniyoga can be used to help ease the symptoms of many different forms of dis-ease in the mind and body and it's known for it's specially designed sequences for each student.   
 
Referrence http://sparkwellnessblog.blogspot.kr/2013/04/hatha-vinyasa-iyegar-bikram-ashtanga.html http://www.welcometoyoga.com/Articles/TypesOfYoga
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Rescooped by Tess Scanlon from Mushroom cultivation in The Third World
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Mushroom Cultivation and Mycoremediation with Tradd Cotter | The Permaculture Podcast

Mushroom Cultivation and Mycoremediation with Tradd Cotter | The Permaculture Podcast | Environmental Science | Scoop.it

My guest for this episode is Tradd Cotter, a microbiologist and mycologist who, along with his wife Olga, owns and operates Mushroom Mountain near Greenville, South Carolina. He is also the author of the book Organic Mushroom Farming and Mycoremediation.  

 

In this interview we sit down and talk about his book, the science of microbiology and mycology, entrepreneurship, and also touch on the power of mushrooms for remediation. This is a rather candid conversation that includes thoughts about why ideas that can change the world should be open-source and owned by the people. Why treating employees well and paying a good wage for labor matters. Why making a difference can be more important than making money.

 

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Conservation Biology and GIS - GIS Lounge

Conservation Biology and GIS - GIS Lounge | Environmental Science | Scoop.it
Conservation biologists have come to recognize the importance of GIS in their discipline. Geographic Information Systems (GIS) have become a useful tool in the field of landscape ecology.
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Popular Permaculture

Popular Permaculture | Environmental Science | Scoop.it
Popular Permaculture, by Barbara Vega: updated automatically with a curated selection of articles, blog posts, videos and photos.
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'New normal' approach to conservation comes under fire - Mongabay.com

'New normal' approach to conservation comes under fire - Mongabay.com | Environmental Science | Scoop.it
A new study faults adaptive 'Novel Ecosystems' concept with ignoring true values of biodiversity and restoration. Over the past few years a new conservation approach known as the
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Rescooped by Tess Scanlon from Metaglossia: The Translation World
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Yoga Dictionary: A Guide to the Different Styles

Yoga Dictionary: A Guide to the Different Styles | Environmental Science | Scoop.it
Numerous studies have shown the myriad health benefits of yoga. Regular yoga practice can help you get fit, lower stress and even manage chronic health conditions such as heart disease and insomnia, according to the Mayo Clinic.

With more than 20 different yoga styles available, however, figuring out where to start can be daunting in itself. Below, you'll find a description of five of the most popular styles. This guide will help you choose the practice that best fits your needs. 

Bikram

Bikram is the ideal practice for anyone who loves to sweat or who likes structure. Created by Indian yogi Bikram Choudhury, this style includes a series of 26 yoga poses (also known as Asanas) done in a room heated to 100 degrees.  Every Bikram class—no matter where you are in the world—follows the same series of poses. Fans of Bikram say it stretches and strengthens muscles, and the heat helps promote flexibility and detoxification. Make sure to bring plenty of water, a yoga mat and a towel.

Hatha

Although “Hatha yoga” originally meant the physical practice of yoga (as opposed to the breathing exercises or  adherence to the yogi philosopy), today the term has evolved. Hatha yoga classes are particularly good for beginners or someone in need of a more gentle practice. Most often, a Hatha yoga teacher will combine a few different yoga styles to create a simple class that teaches the basic poses and introduces students to Pranayama (regulated breathing), meditation and other yoga fundamentals.

Ashtanga

Ashtanga moves at a faster pace than most other types of yoga and takes participants through a set series of poses. These positions are designed to create heat in the body to help burn off toxins, focus the mind and release tight muscles and joints. Ashtanga is also unique for its specialized breathing technique, Ujjai. In Ujjai breathing, practitioners synchronize their breath with their movement, adding another level of difficulty to the yoga practice. Ashtanga classes are ideal for students who are athletic and already have some yoga experience. The practice promotes circulation, flexibility, stamina and relaxation.

Power Yoga

For the most challenging workout, Power Yoga is your best bet. Although based in Ashtanga, it doesn’t follow Ashtanga’s set series of poses. For this reason, classes can differ with each teacher’s style. Positions are held longer but move faster through the poses than in Ashtanga. The practice is designed to build strength, discipline, balance, flexibility and cardiovascular fitness. This type of yoga is best for a more experienced practitioner, and may also be called flow yoga or vinyasa yoga.

Restorative Yoga

For the ultimate in relaxation, try out a restorative yoga class. In this style, you’ll use props such as blocks, blankets and yoga bolsters to move into poses designed to relax the mind and body. You’ll hold positions much longer and spend much more time lying down than in an average yoga class. This is an ideal practice for encouraging a good night’s sleep.

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A Solution to Pollution - Mycoremediation - using fungi to clean up oil spills

A Solution to Pollution - Mycoremediation in the Ecuadorian Amazon - Nicola Peel A film by Nicola Peel, about how mushrooms are helping to clean up oil spill...
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Megaregions: What are They and How Will They Affect Rural Land? - LandThink

Megaregions: What are They and How Will They Affect Rural Land? - LandThink | Environmental Science | Scoop.it
Just this week, the topic of our broker’s meeting focused on eleven regions throughout the U.S. that are connected by a number of social, political, and environmental networks.

Via Sam Radcliffe
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Altaira Wallquist's curator insight, May 25, 2015 8:01 PM

This article uses charts and maps to describe and show where the more populous rural regions are and the areas that are likely to receive an increase in population.

 

This connects to the Unit 5 TEK on rural distribution. It shows population and general rural lang uses and predict rural land use in the future.

Scooped by Tess Scanlon
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Geoff Lawton: Permaculture & The Tipping Point

Permaculture Voices 2015: permaculturevoices.com/pv2 Geoff Lawton talks about what it will take to get permaculture to the tipping point. The point where the...
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