Empathy Magazine
342.5K views | +12 today
Follow
 
Scooped by Edwin Rutsch
onto Empathy Magazine
Scoop.it!

Innovation + Leadership + Empathy = Improved Health Outcomes

Innovation + Leadership + Empathy = Improved Health Outcomes | Empathy Magazine | Scoop.it

Hello Patients, Providers and Everyone Else who wishes to gain some valuable insights into how to define the Future of HEALTHCARE! The Team @AppointmentNotify strongly believes that better health outcomes can be achieved by focusing efforts on the following three dimensions:

  • Innovation,
  • Leadership,
  • Empathy

 

more...
No comment yet.
Empathy Magazine
The Empathy Movement Magazine: The latest news about empathy from around the world - CultureOfEmpathy.com
Curated by Edwin Rutsch
Your new post is loading...
Your new post is loading...
Rescooped by Edwin Rutsch from Empathy Magazine
Scoop.it!

Empathy Movement Magazine

Empathy Movement Magazine | Empathy Magazine | Scoop.it

Sponsored by Edwin Rutsch Empathy Guide Services
Visit  http://cultureofempathy.com/Services/

These one-to-one empathy sessions support; well-being, healing, practicing to be a better listener and supporting you in creating empathic environments in your relationships, family, school, work, communities and beyond.

 

Subscribe to our Emailed Empathy Newsletter

 

Sections

*   Front Page (this page)
*   Animals
*   Art
*   Compassion

*   Compassionate Communications (NVC)

*   Curriculums
*   Education
*   Empaths

*   Empathic Family & Parenting

*   Empathic Design - Empathy in Human-Centered Design
*   Health Care

*   Justice

*   Self-Empathy & Self-Compassion
*   Teaching - Learning
*   Work 

*   etc.

 

Please Click 'Follow' to receive updates.
It also helps us rise in the rankings 
and gives us more exposure
on Scoop.it. 

 

Edwin Rutsch, Editor

Our Website CultureOfEmpathy.com

Join us on Facebook Center for Building a Culture of Empathy

 

 

more...
Brenda Robinson's curator insight, May 13, 2015 9:52 PM

Hon. Liz Sandals: Introduce a new course called "COMPASSION" for Grade 1 and Grade 12. https://www.change.org/p/hon-liz-sandals-introduce-a-new-course-called-compassion-for-grade-1-and-grade-12

Scooped by Edwin Rutsch
Scoop.it!

How to tap into our collective empathy | TED Talks

How to tap into our collective empathy | TED Talks | Empathy Magazine | Scoop.it
These TED Talks advocate for creating bridges of compassion and understanding.
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Edwin Rutsch
Scoop.it!

What Is A Lack Of Empathy? People With These Personality Traits Don't Know How To Be Empathetic

What Is A Lack Of Empathy? People With These Personality Traits Don't Know How To Be Empathetic | Empathy Magazine | Scoop.it


For a variety of reasons, empathy remains completely beyond their frame of reference, and they are simply incapable of — or even disinterested in — grasping the feelings of others.

If you hope to find true love and a happy, healthy relationship, it's important to look for someone who can empathize with you and what you are feeling (and that you do the same).

To help you quickly identify a lack of empathy, keep an eye out for (and stay away from!) people with these 5 personality traits, because they have no idea what it means to be empathetic.

1. Unemotional

2. Self-absorbed

3. Judgmental

4. Insecure

5. Selfish

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Edwin Rutsch
Scoop.it!

How Empathy is Changing Business –

How Empathy is Changing Business – | Empathy Magazine | Scoop.it
Empathetic Business Models have just started.

Companies can’t present themselves to the consumers as money making machines. We finally care enough to boycott the company that is destroying Indonesia’s forest. We care enough to buy a pair of shoes because we know a child in need will get one. We also care enough about preventing the extinction of our animals, or to fight for access to clean water. We do care for other humans and our planet. And companies need to take note and start acting how their users expect them too.

This is just the beginning
Empathetic Business Models have just started. It can be as simple as 4Ocean’s, here the Wikipedia description: “4ocean is a United States company selling bracelets made of recycled materials. The company promises to remove one pound of trash from the ocean and coastlines for each bracelet they sell. 4ocean sponsors events where volunteers remove trash.” Really easy to understand right? Buy a bracelet online, one-click away and the company will do the work for you.
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Edwin Rutsch
Scoop.it!

Impact of Empathy in the Patient-Doctor Relationship 

Impact of Empathy in the Patient-Doctor Relationship  | Empathy Magazine | Scoop.it
Satisfaction
Typically a stressful and daunting experience, communicating with a doctor that you can feel comfortable with can shift the mood immensely. Like other industries, the medical field strives on giving positive patient experiences. In a recent scientific study, researchers determined that patients were more satisfied with their care if they believed their doctor was empathetic to their needs.

 

The study, consisting of 112 patients, showed that 65% of patient satisfaction was accounted for from empathy. Although excellent medical skills are important to patient care, having a doctor empathetic to situations helps improve patient experiences and happiness.

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Edwin Rutsch
Scoop.it!

 Two Cheers for Feminism! - What girls and women get right about empathy and connection - The New York Times

 Two Cheers for Feminism! - What girls and women get right about empathy and connection - The New York Times | Empathy Magazine | Scoop.it

This is raw carnage, caused by a culture that leads to self-isolation, conflict and a crisis of connection. What bothers me most on campus is not the assaults on free speech; it’s that some students are brutal with one another. They play games of moral one-upsmanship that leave others feeling desolated.

 

One of the authors in “The Crisis of Connection” is Mary Gordon, who founded the Roots of Empathy project. Once a month, a parent and an infant visit a classroom of children and sit on a green blanket. The children gather around them to talk about what the infant is doing.

They watch the infant try to crawl to something or reach for a toy. They are learning to put themselves in the mind of the baby, learning emotional literacy and learning what deep attachment looks like....

There it was, Gordon writes, even in traumatized soil, a bloom of empathy.

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Edwin Rutsch
Scoop.it!

Tips for Getting People to Talk Across Political Differences

Tips for Getting People to Talk Across Political Differences | Empathy Magazine | Scoop.it

Our experience shows that people with widely different viewpoints on big issues can have discussions, find agreement, and collaborate.

BY SHARONA SHUSTERSUSAN JERISON | OCTOBER 9, 2018

 

2. Set up the conversation for success
When tackling a tough issue, it is important to shape the conversation in a way that will make it attractive for people with different viewpoints to want to join it. Narrow the conversation and clarify what parts of the issue will and won’t be addressed. Choose neutral, non-biased language to describe the issue. These steps help reduce tensions and make action across viewpoints more likely.

If you want to have a community dialogue on the topic of guns, you can shape the conversation for collaboration by focusing on

  • “reducing gun deaths” or
  • “strengthening gun safety/responsibility”

instead of using triggering words like “gun control” or “gun rights.”

 

 

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Edwin Rutsch
Scoop.it!

Empathy: The Most Difficult and Valuable Sales Skill

Empathy: The Most Difficult and Valuable Sales Skill | Empathy Magazine | Scoop.it

The Benefits of Empathy
We’ve touched briefly on this above with the mention of a stronger relationship. But there’s other benefits to using empathy in your sales discussions, and we’ve outlined some below.

 

  1. It naturally repositions your thought process to be more customer-centric.
    Obviously you have the objective of closing a sale to get that revenue and commission. But as you’ve probably experienced as a customer yourself, that can lead to some sales reps zealously pursuing the sale, solely focused on the transaction, rather than the consultation.

  2. It improves your ability to uncover hidden needs and read what’s not being said.
  3. It creates a judgment-free environment.
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Edwin Rutsch
Scoop.it!

It's Time to Bring Back Empathy

It's Time to Bring Back Empathy | Empathy Magazine | Scoop.it

So here are a few ideas to teach someone to be more empathetic:


Expose them to the needs of others–take them to soup kitchens, homeless shelters, drug rehabilitation centers, etc. Exposure will activate parts of the brain needed to build empathy.


Get feedback from others regarding how they see problems in the culture.
Don’t simply talk to your own familiar group. Rather talk to those different from you and hear other perspectives. Be open to differing views. One of the problems we see now is that certain groups act like attack dogs if you don’t share their perspective. This is dangerous and only creates enmity.


Don’t be judgmental and truly listen to others and their stories. Again, there is cultural permission for some narratives and not others. All people should be able to express their views without fear of retaliation. While I try not to take sides on political issues, I am horrified by the lack of civility, shouting people down, and attacking those whose stories are not liked. This shows a complete lack of empathy and is bullying.

 

 

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Edwin Rutsch
Scoop.it!

Empathy in Crisis: How to Move Forward After the Kavanaugh Hearings

Then I think about how we can reconnect our head to our bodies, I begin with what is sorely missing: empathy.

Here are some immediate ideas to immediately begin the personal and political healing journey by bringing empathy more prominently into our lives — now. Perhaps we can begin to consciously close the great ‘tribal divide’ which is now playing out so hurtfully in our public arena… and our personal lives.

  • 1.Spend time understanding what empathy is…and isn’t.
    Empathy is not pity. It’s not even compassion. It is a deep understanding from an experiential place....
  • 2. Acknowledge that experiences are experienced through actual lived experience (and not what you “think” someone’s experience is or should have been)..
  • 3. Read books and watch plays or movies about people who have experienced something traumatic and talk about it....
  • 4. Play a video game. Seriously....

 

 

Lisa Kay Solomon

 

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Edwin Rutsch
Scoop.it!

Beware of the Empathic Narcissist

Beware of the Empathic Narcissist | Empathy Magazine | Scoop.it

If you said, “The what?!” when you saw the title of this article, you’re not alone. Empathic is not a typical descriptor of a narcissist. 

Recently, someone I love sent me an email that read:

Is there such a thing as an empathic narcissist? Because, if there is, that’s me.Hmm.

My knee-jerk reaction was to cite what I’d learned in grad school. That narcissists are incapable of empathy. That certainly my friend was not the oxymoron he thought he might be. But instead of responding with my knee-jerk, I took a moment.

 

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Edwin Rutsch
Scoop.it!

Communication Dojo - 4-week Series: "The Gift of Empathy"

Communication Dojo - 4-week Series: "The Gift of Empathy" | Empathy Magazine | Scoop.it

The Gift of Empathy - How to Give It, How to Ask for It

Have you had the experience of someone really listening to you and giving you a sense that they understand not just what you're saying, but what you're going through? This kind of listening is still quite rare, although more and more people are starting to realize how valuable it is.

 

It's a vital element of truly effective, enjoyable and connected communication. Listening with empathy is a skill you can learn and develop, and that will be the focus of this series. We'll also spend some time on how you can improve the quality of connection with someone who does not know how to listen with empathy.

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Edwin Rutsch
Scoop.it!

Mental Health: 5 Ways To Develop Empathy With People You Don’t Like - Surprisingly, it comes with many health benefits...

Mental Health: 5 Ways To Develop Empathy With People You Don’t Like - Surprisingly, it comes with many health benefits... | Empathy Magazine | Scoop.it
By Liviani Cinthyana
Oct 04, 2018
 

Studies have shown that there are many health benefits of developing empathy, including prosocial behavior, social closeness and improved clinical outcomes for patients. Myriam Mongrain, Ph.D., a professor of psychology at York University in Toronto, Canada, gives us a few steps we can implement to help us emphatise with people whose personalities, beliefs or conduct that may not be agreeable to us, and here they are:

 

  1. Open communication...
  2. Think about their background...
  3. Don’t judge someone based on their beliefs..
  4. Surprise someone you don’t like by making a nice gesture...
  5. Don’t forget that we are all the same in the end..

 

 

more...
Hope Elizabeth Weimer's curator insight, October 10, 3:15 PM
The first way the could use this information is being in school and having to work with someone to get a good grade. First if they are giving overheated with the person, they can breathe and remain nice to show the person they won't back down. The other scenario is meeting someone very rude, they would have to remember that they can't judge them unless they are given more information.
Hope Elizabeth Weimer's curator insight, October 10, 3:20 PM
The first scenario is being kind to them when they are not, so they can't continue to be angry. The second scenario is making sure to not judge them by what you first see.
Scooped by Edwin Rutsch
Scoop.it!

Active Listening 

Active listening is a skill that can be acquired and developed with practice. However, active listening can be difficult to master and will, therefore, take time and patience to develop.

 

'Active listening' means, as its name suggests, actively listening. That is fully concentrating on what is being said rather than just passively ‘hearing’ the message of the speaker.

 

Active listening involves listening with all senses.  As well as giving full attention to the speaker, it is important that the ‘active listener’ is also ‘seen’ to be listening - otherwise the speaker may conclude that what they are talking about is uninteresting to the listener.



more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Edwin Rutsch
Scoop.it!

Reactivating the Empathy Circle Newsletter: bridging our social and political divides

Reactivating the Empathy Circle Newsletter: bridging our social and political divides | Empathy Magazine | Scoop.it

Subscribe: http://j.mp/1K0y0VV

 

I am restarting our newsletter. This is for people that subscribed on our website or have had personal email contact with me. Apologies in advance if you don't want to receive it, please unsubscribe here.

It's been quite a long time since I sent out the last newsletter. The reason is I have 6,500 people on the list and Mail Chimp charges $75 a month for the service, which was too much for me to keep up. 
 
Below are some latest accomplishments from the Center for Building a Culture of Empathy. We have been focusing on bridging the political divides with mutual listening, constructive dialogues, empathy circles, training, human-centered design, and social activism. Future newsletters will keep you up-to-date on the latest developments in the Empathy Movement.
 
Warmly
Edwin Rutsch
Director: Center for Building a Culture of Empathy
Funder: Empathy Tent 

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Edwin Rutsch
Scoop.it!

Can Empathy Explain Gender Differences in Economic Policy Views in the United States?: Feminist Economics:

This paper shows that different levels of empathy of men and women explain the well-documented gender differences in interventionist government economic policy views in the United States. Using the Davis Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI) to measure empathy, the study finds that more empathic people support more interventionist policies.

 

While greater empathy leads both men and women to support more government action, there is no gender difference in the effects of empathy on policy views. When policy views are separated by area, gender differences on policies concerning poverty, inequality, and social welfare disappear once empathy is accounted for, though they persist in views on free markets.

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Edwin Rutsch
Scoop.it!

The Therapeutic Effects of Empathy in Healthcare 

The Therapeutic Effects of Empathy in Healthcare  | Empathy Magazine | Scoop.it
July 2017 – Increasing attention is being paid to the role of empathy in healthcare, but too little is understood about which specific aspects of empathy are therapeutic and how those aspects work together in clinical encounters.

Traditionally, physicians believed that they could employ a special kind of “detached concern” in which they label patients’ emotions from the outside, looking in, but need not experience actual empathy in which they vividly imagine what patients are going through. They argued that this detachment was essential for them to be objective and not burn out.

Starting about 20 years ago, scholarly work began to emerge that argued against these assumptions and investigated the therapeutic value of emotional empathy (resonating with patients’ feelings and attuning to them non-verbally) as well as cognitive empathy (seeing things from the patients’ perspective as opposed to one’s own).
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Edwin Rutsch
Scoop.it!

Listening Well: The Art of Empathic Understanding with Dr. William Miller 

Listening Well: The Art of Empathic Understanding with Dr. William Miller  | Empathy Magazine | Scoop.it

Listening Well: The Art of Empathic Understanding
William R. Miller, Ph.D.
The University of New Mexico
 
The interpersonal skill of accurate empathy is a learnable ability with over 60 years of scientific evidence for its value in improving client outcomes. Though sometimes regarded as a “nonspecific” factor in counseling and psychotherapy, it is in fact well-specified and reliably measurable. It is  the most studied of Carl Rogers’ three “necessary and sufficient” therapeutic conditions for change. Prof. Miller has been studying and  teaching accurate empathy for over 40 years, and it is a foundational skill in his well-known clinical method of motivational interviewing.

 

Empathic listening has also been shown to improve outcomes in cognitive-behavior therapy. More generally, it is a valuable skill in interpersonal relationships, and one that he has often taught to clients, paraprofessionals, and clergy. This 6-hour workshop will use a “tell-show-try” approach, with explanation, demonstration, and ample experiential practice of component skills.
 
Dr. Miller is Emeritus Distinguished Professor of Psychology and Psychiatryat the University of New Mexico where he served as Director of Clinical Training and Co-founder of the Center on Alcoholism, Substance Abuse and Addictions (CASAA). Fundamentally interested in the psychology of change, 
he has focused in particular on the development, testing, and dissemination  of behavioral treatments for addictions.  

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Edwin Rutsch
Scoop.it!

Changing characteristics of the empathic communication network after empathy-enhancement program for medical students

Changing characteristics of the empathic communication network after empathy-enhancement program for medical students | Empathy Magazine | Scoop.it
The Empathy-Enhancement Program for Medical Students (EEPMS) comprises five consecutive weekly sessions and aims to improve medical students’ empathic ability, an essential component of humanistic medical professionalism.

 

Using a graph theory approach for the Ising network (based on l1-regularized logistic regression) comprising emotional regulation, empathic understanding of others’ emotion, and emotional expressivity, this study aimed to identify the central components or hubs of empathic communication and the changed profile of integration among these hubs after the EEPMS.

 

Forty medical students participated in the EEPMS and completed the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale-21, the Empathy Quotient-Short Form, the Jefferson Scale of Empathy, and the Emotional Expressiveness Scale at baseline and after the EEPMS.

 

The Ising model-based network of empathic communication was retrieved separately at two time points. Agitation, self-efficacy for predicting others’ feelings, emotional concealment, active emotional expression, and emotional leakage ranked in the top 20% in terms of nodal strength and betweenness and closeness centralities, and they became hubs.

 

After the EEPMS, the ‘intentional emotional expressivity’ component became less locally segregated (P = 0.014) and more directly integrated into those five hubs. This study shows how to quantitatively describe the qualitative item-level effects of the EEPMS.

 

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Edwin Rutsch
Scoop.it!

Empathy and intelligence — a last opportunity for reconciliation

Empathy and intelligence — a last opportunity for reconciliation | Empathy Magazine | Scoop.it
The increasingly corrosive human inclination to reject necessary empathy in favor of narrowly technical kinds of intelligence and "progress" – an inclination now most patently apparent in these bewildered United States – is to miss the most important point of all.

We are all irreversibly interdependent: Absolutely all individual and collective human futures are irremediably and profoundly interconnected.

Accordingly, unless we can finally begin to value the open secrets of coexistence more seriously than those of casually distracting technologies, there will be no tolerable human future at all.
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Edwin Rutsch
Scoop.it!

Why a human-centric culture matters to a finance career A human-centric culture requires a level of empathy because it focuses on the needs of others,

Why a human-centric culture matters to a finance career A human-centric culture requires a level of empathy because it focuses on the needs of others, | Empathy Magazine | Scoop.it

What is a human-centric culture?
A human-centric culture requires a level of empathy because it focuses on the needs of others, such as employees concerned about workloads and customers needing their product delivered on time, while fulfilling the financial team’s role to maintain profitability.

Citera says it involves the personal touch: “You don’t operate from your desk and shoot emails. You have to be face to face. You have to have a seat at the table. It’s about becoming a true business partner.”

He says the human-centric finance team must participate in conversations around the organisation, enabling team members to direct, guide and highlight issues.

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Edwin Rutsch
Scoop.it!

Indonesia’s Tsunami and the Problem of Human Empathy

Indonesia’s Tsunami and the Problem of Human Empathy | Empathy Magazine | Scoop.it
Compassion collapse is a dramatic psychological problem, but where does it come from? Researchers offer two competing answers to that question. Some suggests that people simply can’t care about others at a level warranted by a natural or man-made disaster. To some degree, this is built into the way humans feel emotions.

 

The first hundred dollars a restaurant makes is worth as much as the hundredth hundred, but it feels better to the owner. As good things pile up, the goodness of each individual thing is diluted. The same goes for suffering: As it compounds, people’s minds habituate, and the weight of additional pain wears off. In a way, it must. Think of the concern you’d feel for a close friend crying in front of you. Now imagine multiplying that feeling by two, or ten, or five thousand.

 

The emotional load would quickly overpower anyone. The “can’t” camp also points out that human empathy has been built, over thousands of generations, to respond to certain triggers—a child’s cry or anguished face. A single victim produces these signs of distress, which tug at us and inspire our help. Groups give us statistics, which land flat, triggering little and thus benefiting less from others’ compassion.

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Edwin Rutsch
Scoop.it!

 Empathy | Michigan State University

 Empathy | Michigan State University | Empathy Magazine | Scoop.it
We may be hard-wired for empathy. Though competing theories abound, one credible approach suggests that a specialized category of neurons, known as mirror neurons, facilitate our ability to understand and share in the emotional experience of others.

Given the centrality of empathy in human interaction, it is not a surprise that empathy has entered organizational discourse. Further, empathy has been popularized by design thinking, which emphasizes a deep understanding of the individuals for whom a solution is being designed. For example, engineers at Ford developed a 30-pound empathy belly with simulated fetal kicking to understand the challenges experienced by pregnant drivers.

 

By Dean Prabu David

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Edwin Rutsch
Scoop.it!

"Empathy Intensity" In Early Childhood: Classified Intensity Of Emotion During Empathy Situations 

"Empathy Intensity" In Early Childhood: Classified Intensity Of Emotion During Empathy Situations  | Empathy Magazine | Scoop.it
"Empathy Intensity" In Early Childhood: Classified Intensity Of Emotion During Empathy Situations
This article examined intensity of emotion in children while reacting to empathy situations. It aimed to reveal a connection between children's intensity of emotion in regard to empathy situations and their ability to explain emotions and their choice of empathetic behavior.

Two theoretical sources were chosen to examine this subject. The first and major is the accumulating knowledge of empathy in children, and the second is the closest term to describe the intensity of emotion - self-regulation. The ability to respond to the ongoing demands of experience with the range of emotions in a manner that is socially tolerable and sufficiently flexible to permit spontaneous reactions as well as the ability to delay spontaneous reactions as needed.

This study examined the intensity of emotions of children regarding empathy situations, and the connection between the intensity of emotions and the child's willingness to act in situations that arouse empathy.

This study concentrated on Empathy Intensity. It tried to classify Empathy Intensity during empathy situations. It also looked for connections between Empathy Intensity and other parts of empathy with hope that Empathy Intensity could shed light on the knowledge about the mechanisms underlying empathic feelings during empathy situations

 

 

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Edwin Rutsch
Scoop.it!

10 ways to build empathy – Scouts  

10 ways to build empathy – Scouts   | Empathy Magazine | Scoop.it

A new YouGov poll suggests that the majority of British adults believe there is less empathy in UK society compared to just 12 months ago. So how can we all develop this critical skill?

A really good starting point for us in Scouting is that volunteering is a great way to build empathy!

 

Understanding other people’s circumstances, hopes and aspirations is classic way to develop the skill of empathy, and of course, you will invariably find you gain more than give.

 

  • 1. Read more...
  • 2. Talk with different kinds of people...
  • 3. Ask better questions...
  • 4. Question your assumptions...
  • 5. Travel...
  • 6. Get curious...
  • 7. Ask yourselves some tough questions...
  • 8. Be humble...
  • 9. Don’t just hear — listen...
  • 10. Speak with someone you’ve never spoken to before...
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Edwin Rutsch
Scoop.it!

 Why charities must champion empathy to bring communities together  

 Why charities must champion empathy to bring communities together   | Empathy Magazine | Scoop.it

As new YouGov research points to an emerging crisis of empathy in UK society, the chief executive of the Scouts explains why charities need to take a lead in promoting the power of empathy to drive a more cohesive society

 

A crisis of empathy

New YouGov research points to a real crisis of empathy in UK society. The majority of British adults said they felt there was less empathy in society now compared with 12 months ago. All sorts of factors could be contributing to this – the uncertainly around Brexit and the alienating effects of social media – but it’s clear that cracks are appearing nonetheless.

The reality is we’re not listening to each other and, in particular, we’re not engaging with people who are different from us. Why should we be concerned? Because falling levels of empathy mean fewer donors or potential volunteers will support our causes.

Matt Hyde 
04 October 2018
more...
No comment yet.