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Instructional Design Process

http://www.franklin.edu/msdegreeidpt Dr. Gardner Explains the importance of using a systematic process when creating instruction. He overviews the ADDIE Proc...
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Scooped by Sweetie Naik
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elearning and the role of instructional design

A brief overview of some of the considerations made by an instructional designer when developing elearning courses (and other learning resources).
Sweetie Naik's insight:

ADDIE model:

ADDIE is an acronym for Analysis, Design, Development, Implementation, and Development.

This seems to be the core and basic model of ID.

Has five phases, hence it is more compressed model to create instruction.

The outcome of each step feed as input to the next step.

Has an evaluation phase at the end which happens concurrently and post-delivery of the instruction.

Formative continual assessment is at the end of each stage which can save time and money by catching problems while they can be easily fixed, but summative evaluation is done at the end.

The last phase of evaluation considers evaluations from the learners.

 

 

Dick and Carey Model

This is a more systematic model which takes care of input output and the process of instruction design which starts by identifying instructional goals and ends with summative evaluation.

The stages are executed more iteratively and parallel then in a linear manner.

Has  ten phases with an in-depth design model yet I found it to be a rather flexible model than ADDIE which would allow better personalization of learning content for a small group of learners.

This has two big parts of evaluations,one that the evaluation is done in every steps that have purpose to revise the instruction in every each steps.

 Second is the last evaluation that evaluates the instructions that have been evaluated formatively and sufficiently revised to meet the standards of the design. These are divide separately due to their nature.

Due to the complexity of nature it would be more suitable a complex learning situation which requires more diversity. Hence it would suit smaller, non-corporate applications not for corporate learning environment as it does not emphasize the steps for course maintenance.

Hence I feel this would be more suitable in a school setting as the students will have access to evaluation along with the instruction designer.

This leaves more time to focus on developing learning and an ongoing assessment.

It would be most suitable in a learning where there is a freedom to choose contextual analysis continually, so as to focus the constructiveness to help learner to create their own meaning and to promote problem solving from multiple perspectives.

My opinion is that Dick and Cary model would be more suitable for me as it allows me to choose contextual analysis continually and focus more on constructive design suitable for the learner. Also as it is an iterative model gives more flexibility to revise instruction design for the ID to be more learner beneful.

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