Education, Curiosity, and Happiness
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Education, Curiosity, and Happiness
What roles can curiosity and happiness play in learning?
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4 Backpack Organizational Hacks to Get Kids Ready for Back-to-School | Reader's Digest

4 Backpack Organizational Hacks to Get Kids Ready for Back-to-School | Reader's Digest | Education, Curiosity, and Happiness | Scoop.it
Is your grade-schooler's backpack messy and disorganized? Here are four ways to help get your child's backpack under control for back-to-school.
Ivon Prefontaine, PhD's insight:
Help children organize. Map their backpacks, create a home to school folder, use luggage tags to name things, and ask for extra textbooks and resources to keep at home.
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A founding father of the ADHD diagnosis wrote his own obituary to warn against current…

Shortly before his death on 5 July 2017, Keith Conners helped us write this obituary. He didn’t want to talk himself up, but rather provide one last word of warning on attention deficit hyperactivity…
Ivon Prefontaine, PhD's insight:
Keith Connors "was most recently alarmed by the widespread carelessness in diagnosing ADHD in adults and by the risk that the prescription of stimulants can worsen a missed psychiatric diagnosis. He called the overdiagnosis of ADHD in the US “a national disaster of dangerous proportions.”

This is a challenge. We want conformity and compliance, not creativity and performance.
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Study: Rates of ADHD diagnosis and medication treatment continue to increase substantially

Study: Rates of ADHD diagnosis and medication treatment continue to increase substantially | Education, Curiosity, and Happiness | Scoop.it
Beginning in about 1990, substantial increases in the rates of ADHD diagnosis and medical treatment were found in several nationally representative samples of US physician office visits. For example, between 1995-96 and 2007-08, the number of office visits at which an ADHD diagnosis was made increased by over 400% in adults – from 3.1 per 1000 visits to 14.5 per 1000 visits. And, the percent of adult office visits including both ADHD diagnosis and medication increased from 1.9 to 11.4 per 1000 visits.

Among children aged 5 to 18, between 1991-92 and 2008-09, rates of ADHD diagnosis increased nearly 4-fold among boys – from 39.5 to 144.6 per 1000 – and nearly 6-fold for girls – from 12.3 and 68.5 per 1000 visits. During this time, the rate of visits that also involved medication treatment increased by similar rates.

These substantial increases in ADHD diagnosis and medication treatment raise the question of whether these trends have continued. Several recent developments in the field suggest this may be the case. First, the introduction of new ADHD medications and associated may contribute to increases in medication treatment simply because additional options are available. Second, changes in ADHD diagnostic criteria in DSM-V, i.e., required age of onset of symptoms increasing from 6 to 12 and reducing the number of symptoms required in teens and adults from 6 to 5, could contribute to an increase in individuals meeting a somewhat broader set of diagnostic criteria.

Via iPamba
Ivon Prefontaine, PhD's insight:
We should ask what is happening. Is the warehousing of children in standardized schools part of the issue?
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Brain Imaging Reveals ADHD as a Collection of Different Disorders

Brain Imaging Reveals ADHD as a Collection of Different Disorders | Education, Curiosity, and Happiness | Scoop.it
Source: Elsevier.

Researchers have found that patients with different types of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have impairments in unique brain systems, indicating that there may not be a one-size-fits-all explanation for the cause of the disorder. Based on performance on behavioral tests, adolescents with ADHD fit into one of three subgroups, where each group demonstrated distinct impairments in the brain with no common abnormalities between them.

The study, published in Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging, has the potential to radically reframe how researchers think about ADHD. “This study found evidence that clearly supports the idea that ADHD-diagnosed adolescents are not all the same neurobiologically,” said first author Dr. Michael Stevens, of the Olin Neuropsychiatry Research Center, Hartford, CT, and Yale University. Rather than a single disorder with small variations, the findings suggest that the diagnosis instead encompasses a “constellation” of different types of ADHD in which the brain functions in completely different ways.

Via iPamba
Ivon Prefontaine, PhD's insight:
It makes sense.
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Good Habits of Successful People With ADHD

Good Habits of Successful People With ADHD | Education, Curiosity, and Happiness | Scoop.it
The chief of staff for the city of Boston and an ADHD coach share what it takes to excel professionally.

Via Lon Woodbury
Ivon Prefontaine, PhD's insight:
Being organized in some fashion appears to be at the heart of good habits. Although multi-tasking seems to make sense, I suspect it takes organizing I might not understand. As well, using digital tools to help organize is a strategy.
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