GarryRogers Biosphere News
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GarryRogers Biosphere News
Nature Conservation News and information for animals, plants, and nature.  See more at http://garryrogers.com.
Curated by Garry Rogers
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Humankind's Last Days Below 400 PPM CO2?

Humankind's Last Days Below 400 PPM CO2? | GarryRogers Biosphere News | Scoop.it
By mid November of 2015, atmospheric carbon dioxide levels as measured at the Mauna Loa Observatory had again risen above 400 parts per million. Over the past two weeks, these levels maintained. And even though we may see a few days during which CO2 levels drop below that key threshold during late November and, perhaps, early December, those days could well be the last.
Garry Rogers's insight:

From the article:  "Atmospheric CO2 levels remaining at 400 parts per million for any significant period will push the Earth climate to warm by between 2 and 3 degrees Celsius. It will push for sea levels to rise by at least 75 feet. In other words, a world at 400 parts per million is a world radically changed. A world that human beings have never seen before. And as a cautionary note, the total forcing from all greenhouse gasses currently emitted by humans is now in the range of 485 parts per million of CO2 equivalent. A level well beyond the current 400 parts per million threshold and one that likely equates to around 4 degrees Celsius worth of long term warming."

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Palm Oil and Tropical Deforestation

Palm Oil and Tropical Deforestation | GarryRogers Biosphere News | Scoop.it
You can join the Union of Concerned Scientists in calling on companies to adopt strong palm oil sourcing policies today and work with their suppliers to increase standards or buy from producers who are willing to commit to deforestation-free and peat-free policies. Take action now!
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Can the planet handle China's new two-child policy?

Can the planet handle China's new two-child policy? | GarryRogers Biosphere News | Scoop.it
hina has a knack for world-changing policy shifts, whether it’s devaluing its currency, launching a national carbon cap-and-trade system or, most recently, changing its decades-old restriction on how many children its citizens can have.

The country’s decision to ease its one-child decree has raised some serious questions about sustainability. Right now, China consumes about half the cement, steel, aluminum and pork produced in the world. If it allows its citizens to have more children – and presumably use more resources – what will that mean for humanity’s collective wellbeing and its pressing quest for sustainability?
Garry Rogers's insight:

GR:  We can't afford China's one-child policy.  So....

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Subsidies for Deforestation-driving Commodities Dwarf Conservation Finance New Report - Ecosystem Marketplace

Subsidies for Deforestation-driving Commodities Dwarf Conservation Finance New Report - Ecosystem Marketplace | GarryRogers Biosphere News | Scoop.it
Agricultural subsidies worth at least $486 billion per year dwarf the $8.7 billion total committed to avoiding deforestation in tropical countries, a new working paper by the Overseas Development Institute finds.
Garry Rogers's insight:

GR:  Eight billion of the 486 was probably spent on countering efforts to stop deforestation.

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Commentary by Wildlife Defence League: Government Stoops to New Low in BC Wolf Cull

Commentary by Wildlife Defence League: Government Stoops to New Low in BC Wolf Cull | GarryRogers Biosphere News | Scoop.it
Source Wildlife Defence League November 19, 2015Government Stoops to New Low in BC Wolf Cull  Commentary by Wildlife Defence League Shocking new information has revealed that Liberal gove...
Garry Rogers's insight:

GR:  Sorry to say this is not shocking; it's just another example of government acting against nature in favor of financial interests.

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'Traditional authority' linked to rates of deforestation in Africa

'Traditional authority' linked to rates of deforestation in Africa | GarryRogers Biosphere News | Scoop.it
New analysis reveals a strong correlation between precolonial institutions in Africa and current levels of deforestation.
Garry Rogers's insight:

GR:  It's certainly true in the U. S. that century-old institutions are still the leading cause of deforestation.

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Sociologist suggests corporate disinformation at root of climate change polarization

Sociologist suggests corporate disinformation at root of climate change polarization | GarryRogers Biosphere News | Scoop.it
(Phys.org)—Justin Farrell, a sociologist with the School of Forestry & Environmental Studies at Yale University, has conducted a study looking into the question of why there is so much polarity regarding the opinions of Americans regarding global...
Garry Rogers's insight:

No surprise here either.  As the harsh climate and ecosystem impacts of the crimes unfold over the next few years we might see feeble attempts to extract payments and punishments.  Until money's influence is removed from government, however, the attempts will fail.

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Fascinating wildlife fact #19: bumblebees are warm blooded

Fascinating wildlife fact #19: bumblebees are warm blooded | GarryRogers Biosphere News | Scoop.it
Filed under: insects Tagged: bumblebee
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Deforestation Increases in Colombia, Threatens Amazon - teleSUR English

Deforestation Increases in Colombia, Threatens Amazon - teleSUR English | GarryRogers Biosphere News | Scoop.it
Mining, illegal logging, forest fires and illegal coca cultivation are leading causes behind deforestation.
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A Tragic Blow to Oregon’s Wolves

A Tragic Blow to Oregon’s Wolves | GarryRogers Biosphere News | Scoop.it
It was standing room only at the Oregon Fish and Wildlife Commission’s meeting in the taxidermy-adorned ODFW headquarters in Salem. The only topic on the agenda for the day-long meeting?
Garry Rogers's insight:

GR:  Anyone could guess that the Commission had a secret reason to remove protection from the wolves.

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Want to work with animals? Six ways to get a job on the wild side

Want to work with animals? Six ways to get a job on the wild side | GarryRogers Biosphere News | Scoop.it
Volunteer with animals, don’t limit yourself to a certain species, and persevere, advises our expert panel
So you want to work with animals?
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BLM Illegally Sells Protected Wild Horses for Slaughter

BLM Illegally Sells Protected Wild Horses for Slaughter | GarryRogers Biosphere News | Scoop.it
Ranchers who sell beef to Whole Foods Market are behind the largest mustang roundup of 2015-2016 is now underway in southern Oregon. Ranchers who sell beef to Whole Foods Market are behind the larg...
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Beavers restore dead wood in boreal forests

Beavers restore dead wood in boreal forests | GarryRogers Biosphere News | Scoop.it
Researchers at the University of Helsinki, Finland, compared dead wood quantities and types in southern Finland. The shore forests of beaver sites had significantly larger quantities of dead wood compared to non-beaver sites. Beavers use wood for nutrition and as the building material for their nests and dams. This wood resource is used up by the beavers' actions within a few years, forcing the beavers to change location. This creates several dead wood hotspots in the area, benefitting a large number of species.
Garry Rogers's insight:

GR:  In forested areas I've studied, beaver dams were important flood control structures. 

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Two-faced Exxon: the misinformation campaign against its own scientists | Dana Nuccitelli

Two-faced Exxon: the misinformation campaign against its own scientists | Dana Nuccitelli | GarryRogers Biosphere News | Scoop.it
It appears that the only difference between the behavior of Exxon and the tobacco industry is that cigarette companies didn’t publish their research linking smoking and adverse health effects. Exxon’s scientists have published research in scientific journals on the human causes and dangers of global warming. However, in both cases, the industries funded an extensive multi-pronged campaign to misinform the public about the expert scientific consensus and the dangers associated with their products.

It remains to be seen whether the investigations into the actions of Exxon and the rest of the fossil fuel industry will yield the same results as the investigations into the tobacco industry racketeering.
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Billions worth of EU imports linked to illegal deforestation | The Parliament Magazine

Billions worth of EU imports linked to illegal deforestation | The Parliament Magazine | GarryRogers Biosphere News | Scoop.it
According to Fern's report, "the EU is one of the largest importers of products resulting from illegal deforestation [and in] 2012 imported €6bn of soy, beef, leather and palm oil which were grown or reared on land illegally cleared of forests in the tropics - almost a quarter of the total world trade".

To get a better idea of what this represents, the document says that "one football pitch of forest was illegally felled every two minutes in the period 2000-12 in order to supply the EU with these commodities".

While it is easy to spot products containing beef or soy, the same cannot be said for palm oil, which according to the world wildlife foundation can be found in lipstick, chocolate, shampoo and pizza dough, among others.

In Brazil, it was found that "90 per cent of the deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon during 2000-09 was illegal".
Garry Rogers's insight:

It doesn't sound like deforestation is slowing.

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Are mini-nuclear reactors the answer to the climate change crisis?

Are mini-nuclear reactors the answer to the climate change crisis? | GarryRogers Biosphere News | Scoop.it
Mini nuclear power plants could be trucked into a town near you to provide your hot water, or shipped to any country that wants to plug them into their electricity grid from the dock. That is the aim of those developing “small modular reactors” and, from the US to China to Poland, they want the UK to be at the centre of the nascent industry. The UK government says it is “fully enthused” about the technology.

With UN climate change summit in Paris imminent, the question of how to keep the lights on affordably, while cutting emissions, is pressing.
Garry Rogers's insight:

GR:  Nuclear energy is dangerous and it produces wastes that remain deadly for tens of thousands of years.  This article is propaganda coming from investors interests who want to centralize energy production and keep distributed systems such as "rooftop solar" out of the hands of consumers.  You can't get wealthy with a resource that is free and unlimited.

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More than half of the world's primates on endangered species list

More than half of the world's primates on endangered species list | GarryRogers Biosphere News | Scoop.it
Experts highlight threat to lesser-known apes and mokeys from large-scale habitat destruction and illegal wildlife trade More than half the world’s primates, including apes, lemurs and monkeys, are facing extinction, international experts warned on...
Garry Rogers's insight:

What we really need is to see Homo sapiens added to the list.

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GMO food animals should be judged by product, not process, scientists say

GMO food animals should be judged by product, not process, scientists say | GarryRogers Biosphere News | Scoop.it
In a world with a burgeoning demand for meat, milk and eggs, regulatory policies around the use of biotechnologies in agriculture need to be based on the safety and attributes of those foods rather than on the methods used to produce them, says a...
Garry Rogers's insight:

GR:  Forget about feeding more people; we need to be concentrating our efforts on producing GMO humans with limited reproductive ability. 

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Enhancing our soils' biodiversity can improve human health

Enhancing our soils' biodiversity can improve human health | GarryRogers Biosphere News | Scoop.it
Colorado State University's Diana Wall and coauthors make the case to integrate soil biodiversity research into human health studies in a paper published online in Nature November 23.
Garry Rogers's insight:

This research adds to doubts of human abilities to survive for very long on another planet or on this one if the ecosystems are replaced by concrete.

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US could cut per capita greenhouse emissions 90% by 2050, says report

US could cut per capita greenhouse emissions 90% by 2050, says report | GarryRogers Biosphere News | Scoop.it
As the Paris climate summit approaches, a new study shows in detail that it is technologically and economically feasible for the United States to sharply reduce greenhouse gas emissions in line with the international goal of limiting global warming...
Garry Rogers's insight:

Yes.  This has been blocked by the energy industry and its politician stooges for decades.

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To save the earth, better nitrogen use on a hungrier planet must be addressed

To save the earth, better nitrogen use on a hungrier planet must be addressed | GarryRogers Biosphere News | Scoop.it
The global population is expected to increase by two to three billion people by 2050, a projection raising serious concerns about sustainable development, biodiversity and food security.
Garry Rogers's insight:

Nitrogen use is one of the leading causes of fresh-water pollution.  It is one of many reasons that the growing human population and demand for food is not sustainable. 

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As Brazil's Largest City Struggles With Drought, Residents Are Leaving - NPR

As Brazil's Largest City Struggles With Drought, Residents Are Leaving - NPR | GarryRogers Biosphere News | Scoop.it
In Sao Paulo, home to 20 million people, water shortages have become part of daily life. Some residents are leaving for lusher regions. Ecologists say Amazon deforestation may be affecting rainfall.
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California public school textbooks mislead students on climate, study says

California public school textbooks mislead students on climate, study says | GarryRogers Biosphere News | Scoop.it
Books voice doubt over whether climate change is real and suggest global warming could be beneficial, researchers say in analysis of four science texts Textbooks in California public schools are misleading students on climate change, with material...
Garry Rogers's insight:

GR:  We accept many hypotheses and theories without 100% certainty that they are correct.  We do this when we have lots of information. Claiming that global warming might not be happening is equivalent to claiming the Sun might indeed be orbiting the Earth.

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Deforestation Fronts

Deforestation Fronts | GarryRogers Biosphere News | Scoop.it
Deforestation Fronts
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Launceston College Geography's curator insight, February 21, 2017 6:13 PM

A great site for specific examples of deforestation - challenges and solutions

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1.5 degrees C is the global warming level limit required to save islands and coastal cities

1.5 degrees C is the global warming level limit required to save islands and coastal cities | GarryRogers Biosphere News | Scoop.it
“We definitely think that staying below 2 degrees is still very possible,” Christiana Figueres, executive secretary of the U.N. Framework Convention on Climate Change, told reporters as the report was released. “Getting down to the range of 1.5 should not be taken off the table either.”

Jumeau of the Seychelles pointed out that a 1.5°C goal would be achievable, and that adopting and meeting it would benefit rich coastal nations as well as those whose existences may be threatened by rising seas.

“It’s not just about the islands, it’s about New York, it’s about New Orleans, it’s about London, it’s about Venice,” Jumeau said. “There is no way we can compromise on 1.5.”
Garry Rogers's insight:

GR:  Anyone who has studied the projections will agree. As pointed out in an earlier post, we have just three years of business as usual before global temperature is guaranteed to rise 2 degrees above normal.  Based on that article's analysis, we have to stop making children, buildings, roads, and cars today if we are to stay under 1.5 degrees. 

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