Ebola News and Views
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Sierra Leone. My brush with Ebola

Sierra Leone. My brush with Ebola | Ebola News and Views | Scoop.it
It’s finally happened. It was in a rural district, several hours outside of Freetown. We were breaking ground on a series of Ebola Community Care Centers, and training more than a hundred care prov...
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Evaluation of UNICEF's response to the Ebola outbreak in West Africa, 2014-2015

The purpose of this evaluation is “to provide an impartial assessment of UNICEF’s response to the needs of the affected populations and other challenges arising from the Ebola outbreak in West Africa” towards the following three specific objectives: Accountability: To provide an assessment of UNICEF’s response to the Ebola outbreak in West Africa, enabling defined stakeholder groups to offer feedback and recognize overall value; Learning: To highlight as conclusions the main lessons for UNICEF, to contribute to knowledge management and public health emergency preparedness; and Strategy: To provide strategic recommendations a) to UNICEF HQ on preparing for future public health emergencies; and b) to UNICEF’s regional and country offices on responding to emergency, recovery and reconstruction.
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South-South cooperation as a mechanism to strengthen public health services in Africa: experiences, challenges and a call for concerted action

South-South cooperation as a mechanism to strengthen public health services in Africa: experiences, challenges and a call for concerted action | Ebola News and Views | Scoop.it
Implementation of new models of development cooperation have been on the increase lately. Coupled with this are calls for use of horizontal development cooperation mechanisms such as South-South Cooperation (SSC) as a way to enhance aid effectiveness in the health sector of developing countries. In this case series, we review recent experiences in the application of SSC initiatives to two public health situations in Africa to demonstrate the veracity of this new paradigm. Our review highlight the immense benefits associated with the use of SSC for health and provide evidence for increasing use of horizontal development coordination mechanisms to strengthen public health services delivery and socioeconomic development among African countries
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Evidence-based guidelines for supportive care of patients with Ebola virus disease

Evidence-based guidelines for supportive care of patients with Ebola virus disease | Ebola News and Views | Scoop.it
To inform optimal care in a future outbreak of Ebola virus disease, we employed the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) methodology to develop evidence-based guidelines for the delivery of supportive care to patients admitted to Ebola treatment units. Key recommendations include administration of oral and, as necessary, intravenous hydration; systematic monitoring of vital signs and volume status; availability of key biochemical testing; adequate staffing ratios; and availability of analgesics, including opioids, for pain relief.
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Did Ebola ever really go away?

Did Ebola ever really go away? | Ebola News and Views | Scoop.it

Though the cameras of the international media departed, the story continues for Sierra Leone, Liberia and Guinea.

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Approche anthropologique de l’epidémie de FHV Ebola 2014 en Guinée Conakry

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Guinée. « Traiter les corps comme des fagots » Production sociale de l’indifférence en contexte Ebola

Guinée. « Traiter les corps comme des fagots » Production sociale de l’indifférence en contexte Ebola | Ebola News and Views | Scoop.it
Gueckedu, November 2014. The cemetery next to the Ebola Treatment Unit run by the Belgian Section of MSF is full. Another cemetery on the outskirts of the city has just been inaugurated. Among the first cemetery’s 350 tombs, nearly 200 are anonymous. Since the opening of the new cemetery, tombs are allocated a number and a geolocalisation device has been set up to link the tomb to the deceased’s former house. Why did it take seven months to organize such a system? Reflecting back, in order to justify this event, the actors evoke the state of emergency, the number of bodies to bury, the lack of means, the example of cremation in Liberia or the mobilization for the living. Beyond such discourses of justification invoking the emergency and exceptional nature of the Ebola epidemic, what is the logic behind the production of such indifference to the burial of the dead? How does the question of the treatment of the dead highlight the moral and political crisis of the Guinean society? In addition to facing the disease, the population has also had to deal with the impossibility of organizing proper funerals, due to the absence of bodies. The socially constructed indifference to this question produces the conditions for another epidemic to come: an epidemic of misfortune and bad luck sent by the dead unable to become ancestors.
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Ebola Virus Delta Peptide Is a Viroporin - understanding how it works

The Ebola virus delta peptide, a conserved nonstructural protein produced in large quantities by infected cells, has the characteristics of a viroporin. This information suggests a critical role for the delta peptide in Ebola virus disease pathology and as a possible target for novel countermeasures.
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WHO Ebola key technical documents

WHO Ebola key technical documents | Ebola News and Views | Scoop.it
This document provides quick access to the key technical documents and publications on Ebola for responders.

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A Short Film Captures the Day Sierra Leone Was Declared Ebola-Free

A Short Film Captures the Day Sierra Leone Was Declared Ebola-Free | Ebola News and Views | Scoop.it

This video was filmed on November 8, 2015, the day Sierra Leone was declared Ebola-free, and tells the story of three nurses who survived the disease.

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Ebola virus burial teams may have 'saved thousands of lives' 

Ebola virus burial teams may have 'saved thousands of lives'  | Ebola News and Views | Scoop.it
They were ordinary people doing an extraordinary job in extremely dangerous times.
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Public health information in crisis-affected populations: a review of methods and their use for advocacy and action

Public health information in crisis-affected populations: a review of methods and their use for advocacy and action | Ebola News and Views | Scoop.it
This paper, the second in a Series of four papers, reviews available methods to collect public health data pertaining to different domains of health and health services in crisis settings, including population size and composition, exposure to armed attacks, sexual and gender-based violence, food security and feeding practices, nutritional status, physical and mental health outcomes, public health service availability, coverage and effectiveness, and mortality.
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Hunting for Ebola among the bats of the Congo

Hunting for Ebola among the bats of the Congo | Ebola News and Views | Scoop.it
Ebola is a zoonosis—an animal disease that can jump to humans. The virus kills several species, including antelopes, chimpanzees, and gorillas. But some other animal must be able to host the virus without dying from it, and bats are the chief suspect. Scientists have traced Marburg virus, Ebola's close cousin, to bats and found antibodies to the Ebola virus in several bat species—evidence of past infection. But no one has isolated live virus from bats, and no one knows how Ebola might jump from bats to other mammals, including people—or why that fateful leap is so unpredictable in time and geography.
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DRC. Notes from the Ebola epicentre

DRC. Notes from the Ebola epicentre | Ebola News and Views | Scoop.it
Going to the epicenter of an Ebola outbreak isn't easy, but we can contain the outbreak if we work hard. Read more about containing an outbreak in DRC.
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Ready for a Global Pandemic?

Ready for a Global Pandemic? | Ebola News and Views | Scoop.it
The recent outbreaks of SARS, MERS, and Ebola are only small glimpses of how quickly a deadly virus can spread. Imagine if it were to happen with an even more fatal and more contagious pathogen.
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Ebola’s Legacy: Children With Cataracts

Ebola’s Legacy: Children With Cataracts | Ebola News and Views | Scoop.it
Cataracts usually afflict the old, but doctors in Africa have been shocked to find them in Ebola survivors as young as 5.
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Ebola, Ethics, and Public Health | Annals of Internal Medicine

Ebola, Ethics, and Public Health | Annals of Internal Medicine | Ebola News and Views | Scoop.it
3 ethics questions are being asked: Should the 2 Americans have been airlifted out of Liberia when others were not? Should they have been given a highly experimental treatment? And if treating them was appropriate, should the hundreds of Africans with Ebola also be treated?
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Guinée. La réparation de la malédiction générale suite à l’enterrement d’une femme enceinte avec le bébé dans le ventre.

Cet article rapporte l’expérience réussie de la réparation de la malédiction générale provoquée par l’enterrement sécurisé d’une femme enceinte décédée avec le bébé dans son ventre pendant l’épidémie de la maladie à virus Ebola (MVE) en Guinée forestière, cas fortement probable d’Ebola . Le rituel de réparation, pris en charge par l’Organisation Mondiale de la Santé, a principalement impliqué les villages Kissi2 de Lepalalo, Yeredou et Gbéghang dans la sous-préfecture de Nongoa (Guéckédou), ainsi que les autorités administratives. Ledit rituel a été célébré le 2 juillet 2014 au 7 ème jour après la mort de la défunte. Cette expérience s’est déroulée en période de fortes réticences communautaires aux mesures de contention de l’épidémie. L’approche adoptée et le succès ont contribué à renforcer la confiance de trois villages antérieurement réticents.
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De la déclaration de fin de l’épidémie de la maladie à virus Ebola de décembre 2015 aux résurgences de 2016 : analyse de réticences prévisibles en Guinée

Le 29 décembre 2015, la Guinée est déclarée libre de la contamination par le virus Ebola après deux années de lutte. C’est le résultat d’une mutualisation des efforts, harmonisation des stratégies et approches, une bonne planification de la période de vigilance post-épidémiologique et de la relance du système de santé. La joie d’avoir enfin réussi à vaincre Ebola fait très vite oublier aux acteurs les énormes difficultés pour vaincre les fortes réticences communautaires, conséquences de la prolifération assidue de rumeurs politiques, profanes, religieuses et sociales avec des issues parfois dramatiques, qui ont sérieusement marqué les deux années de lutte. Dans l’euphorie et les festivités de la célébration de la déclaration de la fin de l’épidémie, les acteurs omettent surtout d’insister fortement auprès des communautés que les acteurs de la riposte, critiqués et considérés localement comme « étrangers envahisseurs d’intimité » resteront actifs pour assurer la vigilance d’une part ; d’autre part, la grande majorité des acteurs démobilisent leurs ressources ne conservant que le strict minimum, malgré les appels à la prudence par rapport à une résurgence fortement probable. Dans ce contexte délétère, le principal défi consistera à regagner la confiance des communautés qui rejettent les interventions de vigilance post-épidémie opposant des réticences prévisibles et compréhensibles. La résurgence de la maladie en Guinée Forestière en mars 2016 est un retour vers la case départ. Les erreurs du début de l’épidémie sont de nouveau commises par des acteurs pourtant présents sur le terrain pendant deux ans et ce, malgré la forte mobilisation des socio-anthropologues ; une fois de plus la connaissance du contexte local et sa prise en compte continue restent fondamentales pour le succès des stratégies et actions de la riposte et de la vigilance. Au-delà de l’urgence, la connaissance du contexte interpelle aussi les interventions de développement.
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Lessons from Ebola inform mudslide relief in Sierra Leone

Lessons from Ebola inform mudslide relief in Sierra Leone | Ebola News and Views | Scoop.it
Organizations responding to a catastrophic mudslide in Freetown say they have benefited from the lessons learned during the Ebola crisis. Coordination and communication are working more smoothly with better institutions and procedures in place.
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Free online seminar. Ebola in Guinea: how the outbreak and response differed to neighbouring West Africa nations, 11 July 2017 16:30 - 18:30

The insight from Guinea is imperative to shaping the way forward for epidemic and pandemic preparedness. This event will provide insight into the complex institutional relationships and cross-disciplinary realities that occurred during the response.

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Estimating the number of secondary Ebola cases resulting from an unsafe burial and risk factors for transmission during the West Africa Ebola epidemic

Estimating the number of secondary Ebola cases resulting from an unsafe burial and risk factors for transmission during the West Africa Ebola epidemic | Ebola News and Views | Scoop.it
The care of an individual infected with Ebola virus disease (EVD), their death, funeral, and burial in the community rather than in an Ebola Treatment Center (ETC) poses a serious risk for continued disease transmission. Consequently, SDB is an essential component of EVD outbreak response; however, its impact on transmission is not well understood. During the 2013–2016 EVD epidemic the Red Cross carried out over 50% of the official burials in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone. We performed epidemiological investigations in EVD affected communities to better understand disease transmission linked to unsafe burials of (suspect) EVD infected individuals, and risk factors for transmission linked to caring and burial practices. An average of 2.58 secondary cases were potentially generated per unsafe burial investigated and varied by district (range: 0–20). Additionally, the Red Cross SDB program potentially averted between 1,411 and 10,452 secondary EVD cases, reducing the epidemic by 4.9% to 36.5%. Our results quantify for the first time the potential impact this essential EVD response component had on the 2013–2016 epidemic and highlight the importance of SDB as a fundamental control measure, while also underlining the well-known importance of isolating EVD infected individuals as soon as they show symptoms in order to limit transmission.
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Ebola exposure, illness experience, and Ebola antibody prevalence in international responders to the West African Ebola epidemic 2014–2016: A cross-sectional study

Ebola exposure, illness experience, and Ebola antibody prevalence in international responders to the West African Ebola epidemic 2014–2016: A cross-sectional study | Ebola News and Views | Scoop.it
The descriptions of near miss events and the finding that many of those who experienced illness were not tested at the time suggest that protocols for the management of possible exposure to Ebola virus and for the management of illness should be reviewed and standardised across organisations that deploy staff to outbreaks.
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Where humans and animals collide: Emerging infections and newfound resistance

There are three categories of zoonoses - endemic, which affect many people and animals in many places; epidemic, which manifest as sporadic outbreaks; and emerging, which newly appear in a population (or have existed previously but are now rapidly increasing).

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From panic and neglect to investing in health security : financing pandemic preparedness at a national level

Deadly infectious pandemics will mark humanity's future, as they have shaped its past. Neither individual governments nor the global community can entirely prevent the emergence of infectious threats. But we can be much better prepared. This report proposes ways in which national governments and development partners can finance investments in country and regional preparedness and response capacities for pandemics and other health emergencies. Preparedness for pandemics refers to health and non-health interventions, capabilities, and capacities at community, country, regional, and global levels. Their purpose is to prevent, detect, contain and respond to the spread of disease and other hazards, mitigating social disruptions and limiting risks to international travel and trade

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New technology allows for rapid diagnosis of Ebola in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

New technology allows for rapid diagnosis of Ebola in the Democratic Republic of the Congo | Ebola News and Views | Scoop.it
Since the major outbreak in West Africa in 2014, an increasing number of diagnostic tools have become available to perform rapid initial testing of samples. The Democratic Republic of the Congo is using these new tools, as well as classic ones, to respond to an ongoing outbreak of the virus in a very remote area of the north east of the country.
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