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What 9 common drugs like caffeine, weed and booze do to your brain

What 9 common drugs like caffeine, weed and booze do to your brain | AOD facts | Scoop.it

A puff of this, and the world transforms into a colourful kaleidoscope of dancing patterns and waves of sound; a sip of that, and the muscles in your body relax like jello.

We know different drugs make us experience the world around us in very different ways — and their after-effects are often nowhere near as pleasant as the immediate results they produce.

So what exactly are these drugs doing to the brain to prompt these feelings?

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6 Reasons Drugs and Alcohol Are Not the Answers

Using drugs and alcohol are not the answers to your problems. They might make you feel better for a while but sooner or later you will have to face your fears and anxieties.

In the meantime, here are six reasons why drugs and alcohol are not the ans...
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Labor candidate admits to drug charge

Labor candidate admits to drug charge | AOD facts | Scoop.it
Labor candidate Edwina Lloyd has said being arrested on a drug charge was the best thing that has ever happened to her.
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Powerful Ad That Deals With Parental Alcohol Abuse

Powerful Ad That Deals With Parental Alcohol Abuse | AOD facts | Scoop.it
This Finnish ad is trending online. It has a very powerful message about 'Parental Alcohol Abuse'.
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NZ: Fight against legal highs continues

NZ: Fight against legal highs continues | AOD facts | Scoop.it

A community campaign is continuing to keep up the fight against legal highs in Auckland.Antony Thompson from Te Runanga O Ngati Whatua Public Health says they're fighting to stop the return of synthetic highs.

"It's not a matter of if but when. A lot of the industry working their hardest to work within the new Government guidelines."

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Management/supervision: psychosocial therapies

About managing services which deliver psychosocial therapies. Every treatment involves direct or indirect human interaction, but this cell is about ‘psychosocial’ therapies in which interaction is intended to be the main ingredient. Face-to-face therapeutic encounters seem a long way from the management of the service, but whether therapies get adopted and well implemented, and whether staff develop and maintain appropriate attitudes and knowledge, depend on management and supervision.

The bite starts with the study which in British services identified the pervasive influence of the leader, then moves on to its major theme – the centrality of feedback to therapists on how well they and their patients are doing. As post-workshop coaching, it helps embed gains from training; in supervision systems, it alerts therapists to when they need to change tack with poorly progressing patients.

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Is mindfulness therapy an effective supplement to usual treatment?

Promising signs that integrating Buddhism-inspired mindfulness elements with CBT creates a more effective supplement to aftercare than a purely cognitive behavioural approach. The study was relatively large and had a longer than usual follow-up period – but is one study at a single treatment agency enough to overturn previous findings of equivalent outcomes?

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The rise of new psychoactive substance use in Australia

New Psychoactive Substances are now a feature of Australia's recreational drug market. Little is known, however, about the prevalence of use, the characteristics of people who use them and the relationship between the NPS and ecstasy markets. This study examined the prevalence and correlates of NPS use amongst a group of regular ecstasy users in Australia.

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National statistics on alcohol, England 2014

National statistics on alcohol, England 2014 | AOD facts | Scoop.it

This statistical report acts as a reference point for health issues relating to alcohol use and misuse, providing information obtained from a number of sources in a user-friendly format. It covers topics such as drinking habits and behaviours among adults (aged 16 and over) and school children (aged 11 to 15); drinking-related ill health and mortality; affordability of alcohol; alcohol-related admissions to hospital; and alcohol-related costs. The report contains previously published information and also includes additional new analyses.

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At the heart of an early psychosis centre: core components of the 2014 early psychosis prevention & intervention centre model for Australian communities

At the heart of an early psychosis centre: core components of the 2014 early psychosis prevention & intervention centre model for Australian communities | AOD facts | Scoop.it

The Early Psychosis Prevention and Intervention Centre comprises three elements of service provision for young people experiencing a first episode of psychosis: (i) early detection; (ii) acute care during and immediately following a crisis; (iii) recovery-focused continuing care, featuring multimodal interventions to enable the young person to maintain or regain their social, academic and/or career trajectory during the critical first 2-5 years following the onset of a psychotic illness. It does this via a combination of 16 core components, which provide a flexible, comprehensive, integrated service that is able to respond quickly, appropriately and consistently to the individual needs of the young person and their family. Innovative service reforms, such as Early Psychosis Prevention and Intervention Centre, that recognise the value of early intervention are crucial to reducing the impact of serious mental illness on young people and their families and, ultimately, on our society.

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UK: Labour 'would restrict sales of alcohol, unhealthy food and tobacco'

UK: Labour 'would restrict sales of alcohol, unhealthy food and tobacco' | AOD facts | Scoop.it

Party would impose minimum alcohol pricing and curb sugar, fat and salt in food aimed at children, leaked document suggests. 

 

The plan would end sports sponsorship by drinks firms and impose minimum alcohol pricing in an effort to cut the impact of drinking on Britons' health.

 

There would also be new laws to curb the amount of sugar, fat and salt in food aimed at children, and a ban on advertising unhealthy products on TV before the 9pm watershed.

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By the numbers: Simple 10 step approach to reducing harms of alcohol

By the numbers: Simple 10 step approach to reducing harms of alcohol | AOD facts | Scoop.it

Much the same way individuals are encouraged to know their blood pressure and cholesterol numbers to maintain a healthy lifestyle, a new article urges the European public to know and monitor their alcohol intake number using a simple 10 point plan. Scientists Jürgen Rehm from the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH) in Toronto, Canada, and David Nutt, Neuropsychopharmacologist from Imperial College London and Vice President of the European Brain Council, have created an integrated set of evidence-based strategies focusing on what individuals and governments can do to reduce the personal and public costs of alcohol.

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The Psychiatric Dangers of New Designer Drug 'Flakka'

The Psychiatric Dangers of New Designer Drug 'Flakka' | AOD facts | Scoop.it
The synthetic stimulant "Flakka" can cause users to have thoughts or feelings of violence toward themselves or others.
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Drug and alcohol rehab funding under threat

Drug and alcohol rehab funding under threat | AOD facts | Scoop.it
Drug and alcohol treatment centres are worried they'll have to scale back rehab services if the Federal Government stops funding. Beyond the end of June, there's no clarity on whether non-government rehab centres will continue getting money to help addicts recover. Many centres say they're already under enormous strain, largely due to ice addiction.
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When your partner is dealing with cannabis addiction

When your partner is dealing with cannabis addiction | AOD facts | Scoop.it

What do you do if your partner is addicted to weed? Living with someone who is addicted to cannabis can be challenging. Addiction is a beast that can crawl under a person’s skin and set up residence with surprising determination. It

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The elusive cure for the hangover?

The elusive cure for the hangover? | AOD facts | Scoop.it
IT’S happened to many of us. Most of us, at one time or another, have said “never again”.
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Study identifies new targets for developing novel treatment for alcohol dependence

Bacteria in the gastrointestinal tract fulfill many vital functions and are critical for digestion. Yet, these same bacteria can induce strong inflammatory responses by the immune system if they penetrate the gut and enter the bloodstream. Now, researchers at Université Catholique de Louvain in Belgium, led by senior authors Dr. Philippe de Timary and Dr. Peter Stärkel, have found that inflammatory pathways are stimulated in alcohol-dependent patients by bacteria that escape the gut barrier, which correlated with alcohol craving. They report their findings in the current issue of Biological Psychiatry.

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Meta-analysis of the effects of MI training on clinicians’ behavior

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Learning motivational interviewing: coach, don’t just train

 

The first review to amalgamate findings on training clinicians in motivational interviewing for substance use problems finds training does develop competence, especially when reinforced by supervision or coaching feeding back trainees’ actual performance. There may be no need for initial training to be face-to-face; books and videos can do as well.

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New evidence on protecting vulnerable youngsters - interventions to reduce substance misuse

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Britain’s National Institute for Health and Care Excellence assesses new evidence relevant to its guidance on reducing substance misuse among vulnerable young people. Highlights included a study supporting intensive community nursing support for disadvantaged expectant and new mothers.

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Do brief interventions work in real-world trials?

The probation arm of the largest such study yet conducted in Britain found that the proportion of offenders drinking at risky levels fell just as much after a terse warning as after a structured brief intervention – an example of the lack of impact of brief interventions in real-world trials?

 

The SIPS project embraced three trials of brief interventions in different settings in England. This account focuses on the trial in probation offices; there were also trials in emergency departments and GPs’ surgeries.

 

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Booze culture hurts kids from before birth, NT inquiry #FASD

Booze culture hurts kids from before birth, NT inquiry #FASD | AOD facts | Scoop.it

The nation's harmful relationship with alcohol is damaging children from in utero onwards, an NT inquiry into foetal alcohol spectrum disorder has heard. 

he problem is more visible in remote Aboriginal communities where drinking rates are high, but it can also affect women in urban areas, and its prevalence is so far unknown.
Read more at http://news.ninemsn.com.au/health/2014/05/29/16/02/booze-culture-hurts-kids-from-before-birth#qL7uOemIFEhvFykj.99he problem is more visible in remote Aboriginal communities where drinking rates are high, but it can also affect women in urban areas, and its prevalence is so far unknown.
Read more at http://news.ninemsn.com.au/health/2014/05/29/16/02/booze-culture-hurts-kids-from-before-birth#qL7uOemIFEhvFykj.99he problem is more visible in remote Aboriginal communities where drinking rates are high, but it can also affect women in urban areas, and its prevalence is so far unknown.
Read more at http://news.ninemsn.com.au/health/2014/05/29/16/02/booze-culture-hurts-kids-from-before-birth#qL7uOemIFEhvFykj.99

 

he problem is more visible in remote Aboriginal communities where drinking rates are high, but it can also affect women in urban areas, and its prevalence is so far unknown.
Read more at http://news.ninemsn.com.au/health/2014/05/29/16/02/booze-culture-hurts-kids-from-before-birth#qL7uOemIFEhvFykj.99he problem is more visible in remote Aboriginal communities where drinking rates are high, but it can also affect women in urban areas, and its prevalence is so far unknown.
Read more at http://news.ninemsn.com.au/health/2014/05/29/16/02/booze-culture-hurts-kids-from-before-birth#qL7uOemIFEhvFykj.99The problem is more visible in remote Aboriginal communities where drinking rates are high, but it can also affect women in urban areas, and its prevalence is so far unknown.
Read more at http://news.ninemsn.com.au/health/2014/05/29/16/02/booze-culture-hurts-kids-from-before-birth#qL7uOemIFEhvFykj.99

 

The problem is more visible in remote Aboriginal communities where drinking rates are high, but it can also affect women in urban areas, and its prevalence is so far unknown.
Read more at http://news.ninemsn.com.au/health/2014/05/29/16/02/booze-culture-hurts-kids-from-before-birth#qL7uOemIFEhvFykj.99
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Should the legal age for buying alcohol be raised to 21 years?

Should the legal age for buying alcohol be raised to 21 years? | AOD facts | Scoop.it

Evidence and support is increasing to raise the minimum age for buying alcohol in Australia. Harmful alcohol consumption is a prevention priority in Australia. Frequent or episodic binge drinking (consuming five or more standard drinks on a single occasion) is of specific concern among youth because of their neurobiological vulnerability to the effects of alcohol. There is increasing evidence that key aspects of brain and related neurocognitive development continue into early adulthood. Available evidence associates short- and longer-term cognitive impairment during the postpubertal and early adult years with an earlier age-of-onset of harmful alcohol consumption.

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Woolworths 'intimidated' regulator on ban ofshopper docket deals for alcohol

Woolworths 'intimidated' regulator on ban ofshopper docket deals for alcohol | AOD facts | Scoop.it
A decision by the liquor regulator to ban shopper docket deals for alcohol was quashed after "intimidation" – including complaints to ministers and legal threats – by Woolworths, according to internal documents.

 

On July 26, the NSW Office of Liquor Gaming and Racing's director of compliance, Paul Newson, decided an investigation showed the docket deals encouraged the abuse of alcohol, and recommended a ban on Coles Liquor shopper dockets, despite the potential for legal action from Coles or Woolworths.

 

Amid the investigation, which was conducted into both supermarkets and involved an undercover officer being sold six bottles of wine and receiving 18 free ciders using one Woolworths docket, Woolworths had threatened to take Federal Court action against OLGR, and sought the intervention of then hospitality minister George Souris and Deputy Premier Andrew Stoner.

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Why sports stars mix with drugs

Why sports stars mix with drugs | AOD facts | Scoop.it

DURING his suspension after testing positive to cocaine in 2006, disgraced rugby star Wendell Sailor would hear news reports of other athletes taking drugs, and wait for the inevitable.

 

Every time, on the radio or TV, the reporter would be talking about someone failing a drug test and somewhere, somehow they’d have to get in ‘Johns, Cousins ... ‘ and I’d just wait for the third one ... ‘and Sailor’.”

 

As the media frenzy surrounding the cases of rugby league pin-up Andrew Johns, AFL great Ben Cousins and dual international Sailor showed, the public is fascinated by stories of sports stars brought crashing to Earth by their own human frailty. The bigger the name, the better.

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