Drought and desertification-social impacts
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South Sudan: Dams, Droughts, Desertification and Water Wars

South Sudan: Dams, Droughts, Desertification and Water Wars | Drought and desertification-social impacts | Scoop.it
[Africa In Fact]Water, not oil, will determine the economic fate and well-being of Sudan and South Sudan. In many African countries, sewage, mud and other contaminants compromise water, health and food security.

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Drought: Texas authority votes to cut off water to state's second-largest estuary

Drought: Texas authority votes to cut off water to state's second-largest estuary | Drought and desertification-social impacts | Scoop.it
Once again, it's upstream users versus downstream users in southeast Texas as a record-breaking, five-year drought forces authorities to make tough decisions about who gets access to dwindling water supplies -- and who doesn't.

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Evaluation of five peanut (Arachis hypogaea) genotypes to identify drought responsive mechanisms utilising candidate-gene approach

Evaluation of five peanut (Arachis hypogaea) genotypes to identify drought responsive mechanisms utilising candidate-gene approach | Drought and desertification-social impacts | Scoop.it

Drought can significantly limit yield and quality in peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.), depending on its timing, duration and severity. The objective of this study was to identify potential molecular mechanism(s) utilising a candidate-gene approach in five peanut genotypes with contrasting drought responses. An early season drought stress treatment was applied under environmentally controlled rain-out shelters. When water was completely withheld for 3 weeks, no physical differences were observed for treated plants compared with their fully irrigated counterparts as indicated by relative water content; however, yield, grades (total sound mature kernel, TSMK), specific leaf area, and leaf dry matter content showed significant differences. Comparing expression levels of candidate genes, ‘C76–16’ exhibited significantly higher levels for CuZnSOD, NsLTP and drought protein 1 week earlier compared to the other genotypes, followed by significantly lower levels for the same genes. This suggested an early recognition of drought in C76–16 followed by an acclimation response. Cultivar ‘Georgia Green’ showed different patterns of gene-expression than C76–16. AP-3, a susceptible genotype, showed generally lower levels of gene-expression than C76–16 and Georgia Green.Myo-inositol phosphate synthase gene-expression showed high levels in irrigated treatment, ranging from 4-fold for 08T-12 to 12-fold for Georgia Green, but were significantly inhibited in drought treatment after 2 weeks of drought and after recovery.


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Wichita City Council OKs amended drought plan exempting food growers - Kansas.com

Wichita City Council OKs amended drought plan exempting food growers - Kansas.com | Drought and desertification-social impacts | Scoop.it
Kansas.com Wichita City Council OKs amended drought plan exempting food growers Kansas.com Wichita's gardeners and water conservationists won a significant victory Tuesday when the City Council approved an amended drought plan that exempts food...
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5 Ways Monsanto Wants to Profit Off of Climate Change - Mother Jones

5 Ways Monsanto Wants to Profit Off of Climate Change - Mother Jones | Drought and desertification-social impacts | Scoop.it
5 Ways Monsanto Wants to Profit Off of Climate Change Mother Jones Global warming could mean big business for controversial agriculture giant Monsanto, which announced last week it was purchasing the climate change-oriented startup Climate...

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Drought Fuels Water War Between Texas and New Mexico

Drought Fuels Water War Between Texas and New Mexico | Drought and desertification-social impacts | Scoop.it
As climate change alters rainfall patterns and river flows, tensions are bound to rise between states and countries that share rivers that cross their borders. In the Rio Grande Basin of the American Southwest, that future inevitability has arrived.

Via Seth Dixon
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Heather Ramsey's curator insight, February 11, 2013 2:46 PM

In our class we take an in-depth look at Colorado River issues, but it

Al Picozzi's comment, July 13, 2013 7:34 PM
Even in the US water supply can still be an issue.
Hector Alonzo's curator insight, October 14, 2014 11:57 PM

Both Texas and New Mexico share the water supply that is giving by the rivers that cross between the border and can have a profound effect on the growth of farmland and agriculture of both Texas and New Mexico, which shows that many places can be effected by the geography that is intertwined among places in the world.*

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Is desertification on the increase? - Phys.org

Is desertification on the increase? - Phys.org | Drought and desertification-social impacts | Scoop.it
Fighting desertification will require a better understanding of its drivers of this process, with a little help from a new tool to study how dry regions evolve.
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Drought sees less monsoon crops but soybean hits record acreage

Drought sees less monsoon crops but soybean hits record acreage | Drought and desertification-social impacts | Scoop.it
According to the latest planting progress report from the Indian Ministry of Agriculture, this year’s acreage of monsoon oilseed crops is down significantly over last year, even though soybean planting reached a record high amid fear of drought.

Via Frank Kusters
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Bryan Tan's curator insight, February 2, 2013 8:36 AM

After reading this article, i am convinced that poverty in a country is mostly link to the water shortage in a country.A farmer living in that part of india will feel despondent as the lifelivehood of them is consistantly affected by the dry spell occuring thoughout their country. They are helpless and cannot do anything as it is beyond their countrol. Not only will their have a lesser havast, the quality of the soybeans will also be affected, reseulting in lesser purchase.

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Drought Helped Spark Syria's Civil War -- Is it One of Many Climate Wars to Come? | BillMoyers.com

Drought Helped Spark Syria's Civil War -- Is it One of Many Climate Wars to Come? | BillMoyers.com | Drought and desertification-social impacts | Scoop.it

Climate change is already hurting the world’s most vulnerable populations. Those who live in areas hit hard by drought, severe storms or rising seas and can’t relocate because of economic or social factors bear the brunt of our planet’s increasing volatility.


One way the changing climate has already made itself known is through a devastating drought — and ensuing food shortage — in Syria; it created a powder keg, and played a significant role in sparking the country’s civil war. We can expect to see similar scenarios unfold in the future.


Moyers & Company’s John Light spoke with Francesco Femia, co-founder of the Center for Climate and Security — a think tank with an advisory board consisting of retired military commanders and international affairs experts — about how climate change serves as a “threat multiplier” in volatile regions such as Syria, Egypt and Pakistan, and what America’s role should be in a world in which climate change increasingly exacerbates — and causes — international crises.


Click headline to read the interview--


Via Chuck Sherwood, Senior Associate, TeleDimensions, Inc
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These are the cities that climate change will hit first - Washington Post (blog)

These are the cities that climate change will hit first - Washington Post (blog) | Drought and desertification-social impacts | Scoop.it
Washington Post (blog)
These are the cities that climate change will hit first
Washington Post (blog)
Climate scientists sometimes talk about something called "climate departure" as a way of measuring when climate change has really changed things.
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In pictures: Namibia's worst drought for 30 years

In pictures: Namibia's worst drought for 30 years | Drought and desertification-social impacts | Scoop.it
Photos reveal how the worst drought in 30 years in northern Namibia is affecting the people living there.

Via #BBBundyBlog #NOMORELIES Tom Woods #Activist Award #Scoopiteer >20,000 Sources >250K Connections http://goo.gl/ruHO3Q
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America’s farmers bounce back from record drought of 2012

America’s farmers bounce back from record drought of 2012 | Drought and desertification-social impacts | Scoop.it

On the heels of the worst drought in decades, Americas farmers — and the rural economies they support — bounced back and are expecting a record corn crop this year, due in part to the fact that 86 percent of planted cropland was protected by crop insurance last year.

“America’s breadbasket rebounded after a punishing drought and farmers have shown that with the right risk management tools in place, they are among the most resilient and productive workers in the nation,” said Tom Zacharias, president of National Crop Insurance Services (NCIS).

A new NCIS video offers an oversight of risk management in agriculture and the various risks farmers face, including those from Mother Nature, market forces and rising input costs. “America used to handle agricultural risk through unbudgeted, after the fact ad hoc disaster bills,” noted Zacharias, adding that this was all taxpayer funded, very costly, and slow to deliver.

Finally, America turned to a before the fact, affordable and more accountable way to handle agriculture disasters: Crop insurance. In 2001, crop insurance began its rise in prominence as farmers’ most useful, and popular risk management tool, all while overall federal agriculture spending was trending down. “The idea here was to reduce taxpayer burden and put the system on a planned, sustained basis, noted Zacharias.

The drought of 2012 put that model to the test. “Crop insurance was credited with helping to keep the rural economy afloat,” he added, noting a recent study that credited crop insurance with saving 22,000 jobs and $2.2 billion in four Midwest states alone after the 2012 drought. “This was an enormous benefit,” he added, noting that as we saw the drought sweep through the nation last summer, “indemnity payments were paid back to the farmers within ten to thirty days, and money went back into the rural communities.”

“An important part from the aspect of farm policy is that there was no call for an ad hoc disaster bill,” he added. “And taxpayers were not on the hook for the whole thing.”

 

- See more at: http://www.porknetwork.com/pork-news/latest/Americas-farmers-bounce-back-from-record-drought-of-2012--225246812.html#sthash.N10X3EtN.dpuf

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Fighting Drought With a New Super Corn – News Watch

Fighting Drought With a New Super Corn – News Watch | Drought and desertification-social impacts | Scoop.it
A DuPont Pioneer study shows that Optimum AQUAmax drought-tolerant corn produces 8.9 percent more yield in drought conditions. Text and photos by Allie Goldstein and Kirsten Howard. So how exactly do you win a tilling ...
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