Demographics & Development
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Demographics & Development
How families and communities are changing and how that can tell us where we are going.
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Back to Basics - What Is the Demographic Dividend? - Finance & Development - September 2006

Back to Basics - What Is the Demographic Dividend? - Finance & Development - September 2006 | Demographics & Development | Scoop.it
Industrial countries have largely completed what is called the "demographic transition"—the transition from a largely rural agrarian society with high fertility and mortality rates to a predominantly urban industrial society with low fertility and mortality rates. At an early stage of this transition, fertility rates fall, leading to fewer young mouths to feed. During this period, the labor force temporarily grows more rapidly than the population dependent on it, freeing up resources for investment in economic development and family welfare. Other things being equal, per capita income grows more rapidly too. That's the first dividend.
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Is Africa an exception to the rule that countries reap a “demographic dividend” as they grow richer?

Is Africa an exception to the rule that countries reap a “demographic dividend” as they grow richer? | Demographics & Development | Scoop.it
Africa’s families are under greater strain than Asia’s or Latin America’s were when their demographic transitions first began. That means, pessimists fear, that African countries may fail to navigate the virtuous cycle of industrialisation, growing employment, increasing productivity and prosperity.
One African in two is a child. The numbers are such that traditional ways of caring for children in extended families and communities are breaking down. In southern Africa, as a result of HIV/AIDS, an increasing number of families are headed by children. A recent report by the African Child Policy Forum, an advocacy group, says there are now 50m orphaned or abandoned children in Africa. It thinks the number could rise to 100m, meaning misery for them and more violent crimes for others.
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Miracle or Malthus?

Miracle or Malthus? | Demographics & Development | Scoop.it

Some Africans think they face demographic disaster, others that they could reap a demographic dividend. They will probably get neither.

 

African demography is unique. It is the only continent that will double in size, reaching 2 billion people by 2045 at current rates. Some countries, such as Liberia and Niger, are growing faster still, doubling in size in less than 20 years—a stunning increase that is causing forecasts of Malthusian disaster for countries that cannot feed themselves. With 12% of the world’s population, sub-Saharan Africa has 57% of the deaths of mothers in childbirth, 49% of its infant mortality and 67% of HIV infections.
Yet Africa is also showing signs of embarking on the same transition towards smaller families that has occurred everywhere else.


Via Abdul Abdirahman
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Seth Forman's curator insight, March 23, 2015 7:11 PM

Summary:  This article talks about how as many countries lose population as they advance through world millennium development goals, Africa may be on the wrong track with an ever increasing population.  

 

Insight:  This article  has a lot to do with Unit 2 as it concerns population growth over time and wealth related factors affecting it.