Deception Portfolio
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Deception Portfolio
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Truth-Telling: What is Truth?

Truth-Telling: What is Truth? | Deception Portfolio | Scoop.it

Everyone has a different perspective of what the truth actually is.  There are whole truths, half truths, lies and more, and all have variable definitions.  The worst part is, even if two people are familiar with and accept one definition, it is impossible to objectively measure the truth or the lie.  Within one single news article, there are many layers of honesty and deception--either in the amount of information given, the way the information is given, and especially what information is not given.  The above picture depicts the difference two sources can have in dealing with the truth.

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Deception Detection: Interrogation

"An innocent prisoner will become more angry by the hour due to the injustice suffered. He will shout and rage. A guilty prisoner becomes more calm and quiet. Or he cries. He knows he's there for a reason. The best way to establish guilt or innocence is non-stop interrogation."

 

-"Das Leben der Anderen," Florian Henckel von Donnersmarck, 2006

 

This East German Secret Police had very effective tactics for finding out information, even beyond bugging apartments and using spies.  In the above clip, a Stasi officer is aggresively interrogating a man about the disappearance of his friend, who is believed to have traveled across the wall.  The tactic is simple, but effective and by drilling him over and over with the same question for hours on end, along with keeping him in a strained position with his hands underneath his legs, he is working towards prying any and all required information out of him.  Wiesler, the Stasi official, uses a few different techniques to realize the man is lying, all shown throughout this video as well.  The interrogation technique not only works as a way to detect deception, but also as a way to gain the desired truth.

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Ethics: Robin Hood as Conman

Ethics: Robin Hood as Conman | Deception Portfolio | Scoop.it

Even con artists follow ethics that rest outside the norm for society.  While stealing is considered a bad action, con artists sometimes re-frame the act to make it something good.  The character Robin Hood is a good example of this.  He lives outside the law by stealing, but refuses to harm peasents in any way and instead focuses his battle against the rich--specifically King John.  The scene above, from the 1973 Disney movie "Robin Hood," shows Robin Hood conning the selfish king as an old fortune teller, stealing rubies right out from under his nose to share with the poor.

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Games: Uno and the Wild Card

Games: Uno and the Wild Card | Deception Portfolio | Scoop.it

Although Uno is a fairly simple card game, players have several chances to commit deception during a single round.  My personal favorite it holding on to the Wild card and using it as the final card, even if it means drawing a few times.  This is a great strategy to avoid being blocked on the final card and forced to draw, as well as misleading your opponets.  They'll believe they have a chance to prevent your winning and will experience a small amount of stress trying to figure out the best way to block you--but they can't, plain and simple.  Another form of deception in Uno involves holding the cards in your hand stacked so it appears that you only have one card or fanning your cards so it appears you have less--again, this stresses them out just enough to affect their playing so you have a better chance of winning.  This technique works in several games, but I believe it works best in Uno where announcing you're down to one card is a driving force for winning.

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Hoax/Con: Magicians vs. Pickpockets

Hoax/Con: Magicians vs. Pickpockets | Deception Portfolio | Scoop.it

"During the time it takes for a comfortable hand shake, the professional pickpocket can liberate a watch."

 

-"Techniques of the Professional Pickpocket," Wayne B. Yeager (1990)

 

There is a very thin line between hoaxes and cons.  Most often, the line is crossed when someone is unwillingly duped.  As a result, magicians are normally considered to be hoaxers while pickpockets would be con artists.  The art of "lifting," normally associated with pickpockets, is also utilized by some magicians to mystify their audiences.  Pickpockets, on the other hand, have more sinister motives.  The magician's audience is prepared to be fooled and unharmed through the performance, making it a hoax.  The pickpocket, on the other hand, is acting friendly, shaking hands, and stealing watches (sometimes more) in the process, for monetary gain or amusement. 

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Deception: Sometimes as Simple as Word Play

Deception: Sometimes as Simple as Word Play | Deception Portfolio | Scoop.it

"Deception: You promised a cute chick with a nice pussy."

 

Deception can be many things, from a complicated, intricate hoax to white lies to something as simple as word play.  The poster above depicts deceptive word play very distinctly.  Deception can also be a complete accident as a misunderstanding or entirely intentional as the case would be with a hoax or con.  Ultimately, though, it takes at least two people to create deception: a presenter and an audience.

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Non-Verbal Deception Detection: fMRI as Legal Evidence for Lying

Non-Verbal Deception Detection: fMRI as Legal Evidence for Lying | Deception Portfolio | Scoop.it

Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) is widely being considered as a more accurate form of lie detector.  However, debate surrounds its usage as evidence in court, mostly because it, like many other forms of lie detection, is not 100% accurate, and can create somewhat questionable results.  However, it is at least somewhat accurate, and creates a visual means for interpretation that can be specialized almost entirely to one person.  This method, as said before, is not entirely accurate and is surrounded in controversy as a result.

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Family/Children: Lies to Get Our Way

Family/Children: Lies to Get Our Way | Deception Portfolio | Scoop.it

Lying to children is common among parents.  Children are curious creatures that will ask "Why?" a million times in an hour and never hear a satisfying answer.  Or, they'll avoid pleasing their parents by making wacky faces, avoiding veggies, or crying for that special toy in the middle of the toy store.  This article delves in to the statistics of how often, and what lies are most common, for parents to tell their children.  The two most widely used lies involve Santa of course, but some others involve spinach and veggies, the ice cream truck, and the television.

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Visual Deception: Inverted Bookshelf

Visual Deception: Inverted Bookshelf | Deception Portfolio | Scoop.it

"The inverted bookshelf turns a bit of your living room upside down as it hangs all of the books from the bottom instead of supporting them from below. It's a satisfying optical trick and doesn't damage any of the books."

 

-Instructables.com, "fungus amungus," 2009

 

The inverted bookshelf is a form of visual deception similar to a hoax.  While someone looking at it can assume there's a trick to it, they can't quite be sure what it is.  It is entirely visual, and is able to deceive people looking at it simply by existing.  They'll wonder how exactly it works, with books hanging off of books with no apparent shelf holding it up.  Although this is very simple, many hoaxes like P. T. Barnum's attractions (such as Captain Cook's Club, The Way to Egree, Feejee Mermaid), Cardiff Giant and many more, work to attract an audience to amazement and entertainment value--something this bookshelf delivers in more than one way.

 

 

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Digital Deception: Britney Spears Pre- and Post-Photoshop

Digital Deception: Britney Spears Pre- and Post-Photoshop | Deception Portfolio | Scoop.it

"Not only is Britney Spears one of the most scrutinised celebrity women on the planet - she's also one of the most dramatically airbrushed."

 

-Celebrity Fix, 2010

Photoshop has made both many women and many men happy--mostly because it modifies an image to make it either more attractive or unattractive.  This is a form of digital deception because it changes an image into something else, deceiving viewers from its original state.  A good example of this is the Britney Spears photo above.  On the left is her pre-edited shots, which show many imperfections like cellulite, bruises, tattoos, wide waist, etc.  On the right hand side is the publicized version, with all impurites from her body removed, deceiving her audience in to believing she has a slim, perfect body.

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