Debunking Brain Myths
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8 Common Myths about Early Math Learning (in honor of Math Awareness Month, April 2013)

In honor of Math Awareness Month, Native Brain would like to invite everyone to reflect for a moment on some common misconceptions about elementary mathematics learning, which is the gateway to STEM success (both individual and societal).

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Debunking Brain Myths
Trying to sort the cranial chaff from the neural wheat
Curated by Gerald Carey
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Science or Pseudo Science? Prevalence of Neuromyths in Education | The Education Elf

Science or Pseudo Science? Prevalence of Neuromyths in Education | The Education Elf | Debunking Brain Myths | Scoop.it
Sanne Dekker and colleagues' observational study investigating the prevalence of neuromyths in school teachers in the UK and Netherlands.
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Are educational neuromyths actually harmful? Award-winning teachers believe in nearly as many of them as trainees –

Are educational neuromyths actually harmful? Award-winning teachers believe in nearly as many of them as trainees – | Debunking Brain Myths | Scoop.it
By Christian Jarrett. The researchers said the idea that neuromyths harm teaching may itself be a neuromyth.
Gerald Carey's insight:
This is getting very meta! This article is about the myths associated with the belief in brain myths by teachers. I believe it is just saying that the evidence of the influence of those myths is weak rather than saying that the myths don't exist.
 
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Why the Most Important Idea in Behavioral Decision-Making Is a Fallacy

Why the Most Important Idea in Behavioral Decision-Making Is a Fallacy | Debunking Brain Myths | Scoop.it
The popular idea that avoiding losses is a bigger motivator than achieving gains is not supported by the evidence
Gerald Carey's insight:
Very common idea in textbooks that people are very motivated to avoid loss (loss of face, money, time) than by achieving gains. This study helps to debunk that idea but it is not definitive.
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The Problem with "Learning Styles"

The Problem with "Learning Styles" | Debunking Brain Myths | Scoop.it
Scientific American is the essential guide to the most awe-inspiring advances in science and technology, explaining how they change our understanding of the world and shape our lives.
Gerald Carey's insight:
Another nail in the Learning Styles myth. I quote from the article: "A recent review of the scientific literature on learning styles found scant evidence to clearly support the idea that outcomes are best when instructional techniques align with individuals’ learning styles."
Even students who identify that they prefer a certain learning styles don't use it 70% of the time!
 
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“Another nail in the coffin for learning styles” – students did not benefit from studying according to their supposed learning style –

“Another nail in the coffin for learning styles” – students did not benefit from studying according to their supposed learning style – | Debunking Brain Myths | Scoop.it
It may now be time to bury the learning styles myth once and for all. By Christian Jarrett
Gerald Carey's insight:
Another study which encouraged a group of students to use their preferred learning style during a University Course. They were then assessed and compared to other students who used other methods and it was found that using the preferred style made no difference to their outcomes.
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Déjà Vu: Feelings of Premonition Are Memory-Based Illusions

Déjà Vu: Feelings of Premonition Are Memory-Based Illusions | Debunking Brain Myths | Scoop.it
With a little help from virtual reality, researchers examine what causes déjà vu and feelings of premonition.
Gerald Carey's insight:
Excellent short article about research on the idea the deju vu can be a source premonitions. This research indicated that a feeling of deju vu was no better than chance at predicting future events.
 
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Myths and causes - Autism | Autistica

Myths and causes - Autism | Autistica | Debunking Brain Myths | Scoop.it
We set you straight on eight common myths about autism, including autism and gender, social skills, cures, vaccines and parenting.
Gerald Carey's insight:
A series of statements about autism that are quickly debunked. For example, autism is caused by vaccination; autism can be cured; only boys have autism. It is an easy and worthwhile read.
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Mythical Retention Data & The Corrupted Cone

Mythical Retention Data & The Corrupted Cone | Debunking Brain Myths | Scoop.it
The Danger Have you ever seen the following “research” presented to demonstrate some truth about human learning? Unfortunately, all of the above diagrams are evangelizing misleading information. Worse, these fabrications have been rampant over the last two or thre
Gerald Carey's insight:
A very thorough debunking of the misuse of Dale's Cone of Experience. In fact, most diagrams showing this are wrong and have been based on other diagrams that were made up and not based on any research.
 
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The Learning Scientists Blog

The Learning Scientists Blog | Debunking Brain Myths | Scoop.it
You certainly have encountered many notions of the learning styles concept.
We have covered this topic before. It is the idea that people have a
specific learning preference and that instruction should be tailored
according to that preference in order to enhance learning outcomes.
Gerald Carey's insight:
A good review of the evidence against learning styles, concrete versus abstract learning and impulsive versus reflective learning styles. As usual, it's more complicated than we think.
 
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Are people who think they can multitask deluding themselves?

Are people who think they can multitask deluding themselves? | Debunking Brain Myths | Scoop.it
We’ve all tried to juggle several things at once. So does it work, or is it better to concentrate on just one task at a time?
Gerald Carey's insight:
Another nail in the myth of multitasking. Students are really fooling themselves about this.
 
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Natasha LaBlue's curator insight, September 9, 3:01 AM
Another nail in the myth of multitasking. Students are really fooling themselves about this.
 
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IQ Is A Myth: Intelligence Has At Least Three Components - PsyBlog

IQ Is A Myth: Intelligence Has At Least Three Components - PsyBlog | Debunking Brain Myths | Scoop.it
One number does not accurately describe a person's thinking skills, a study concludes.
Gerald Carey's insight:
This post debunks the simplistic view that intelligence can be measured by performance in an IQ test. It did however (in true PsyBlog style) provide some generalisations: some things are bad for short term memory (smoking) and some things are good (playing computer games). Oh well, take it with a pinch of salt.
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Five common myths about the ageing brain and body

Five common myths about the ageing brain and body | Debunking Brain Myths | Scoop.it
There are a number of myths associated with what happens to our brain and bodies as we age.
Gerald Carey's insight:
An article that is close to my heart and age. Myths referred to include ones about dementia and cognitive decline. The author is a senior lecturer in psychology so she should probably know what she is talking about.
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False memories: from the lab to the courtroom - Science Weekly podcast

False memories: from the lab to the courtroom - Science Weekly podcast | Debunking Brain Myths | Scoop.it
How much of our memory is fictitious? And how is this psychological research now being applied to the world of eyewitness testimony and victim statements?
Gerald Carey's insight:
Podcast on the whole area of false memories. It really undermines the whole "eyewitness" accounts in criminal trials and even our own recall of past events.
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The Capitalist Origins of the Myers-Briggs Personality Test

We tend to think of the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator as a frivolous internet distraction, akin to the hundreds of BuzzFeed quizzes that help us pass the time and think about ourselves in new (if not…
Gerald Carey's insight:
Hooray. A nice bit of debunking of the stupid Myers-Briggs test. I have been on the end of this test used by the leadership at my workplace and it made no sense whatsoever. Even the authors found that people could change type overnight. Any test that requires people to self-report should ALWAYS be treated with a large grain of salt, and this test will need a truckload. Be aware that it was written by an English professor (the author of the book) not a psychologist.
 
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Think you can tell what others are thinking? Think again | Aeon Essays

Think you can tell what others are thinking? Think again | Aeon Essays | Debunking Brain Myths | Scoop.it
Even experts can’t predict violence or suicide. Surely we’re kidding ourselves that we can see inside the minds of others
Gerald Carey's insight:
Interesting discussion about the 'theory of mind' and the extreme difficulty of trying to determine what people are actually thinking. The conclusions are that whilst we can tell some things, mostly we are wrong and sometimes very wrong.
 
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4 Myths About Extroversion We're Guilty of Believing

4 Myths About Extroversion We're Guilty of Believing | Debunking Brain Myths | Scoop.it


The introvert revolution has revolutionized how we view our personalities. Is it true that extroverts have shallow relationships and draw energy from others like a vampire? Not so fast. This week, Savvy Psychologist Dr. Ellen Hendriksen concludes our two-part series by busting 4 myths of extroversion

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Gerald Carey's insight:
Nice summary of some recent research about myths associated with extroversion. These include that only extroverts are energised by social situations. It turns out that, if you ask an introvert to ACT like an extrovert, they enjoy social situations as well.  Sounds simplistic and needs further study, but it's an interesting read. This is the second of two articles on introversion and extroversion.
 
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Natasha LaBlue's curator insight, September 9, 2:56 AM
Nice summary of some recent research about myths associated with extroversion. These include that only extroverts are energised by social situations. It turns out that, if you ask an introvert to ACT like an extrovert, they enjoy social situations as well.  Sounds simplistic and needs further study, but it's an interesting read. This is the second of two articles on introversion and extroversion.
 
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Brain Myths: Popular Facts About the Brain That Aren't True

Brain Myths: Popular Facts About the Brain That Aren't True | Debunking Brain Myths | Scoop.it
You only use 10 percent of your brain. Your memory declines with age. Alcohol kills brain cells. These and other myths, debunked
Gerald Carey's insight:
This is the Reader's Digest, so reader, beware. However, the author does a reasonable job at quoting authoritative sources. Can't believe we are still reading about the left-brain v right-brain myth! The author also talks about alcohol, the brain as a photocopier and decline with age.
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Belief in brain myths and child development myths continues even among those who’ve studied psychology –

Belief in brain myths and child development myths continues even among those who’ve studied psychology – | Debunking Brain Myths | Scoop.it
By Christian Jarrett Despite countless myth-busting articles online, dedicated bloggers like Neuroskeptic, and the publication of a recent book described by Ben Goldacre as "a masterful catalogue of neurobollocks" (disclaimer: I wrote it), and another in the same series addressing child development myths, public surveys continue to show stubborn, widespread belief in many brain myths and psychology…
Gerald Carey's insight:
Sadly, the headline says it all.
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No, You're Not Left-Brained or Right-Brained - YouTube

Gerald Carey's insight:
Despite the lame intro song, this video does a good job at debunking the left brain/right brain myth. It goes into a fair amount of detail but is easy to understand and is bright and cheerfu.
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The Five Biggest Myths of Consumer Psychology – Psychology of Stuff – Medium

The Five Biggest Myths of Consumer Psychology – Psychology of Stuff – Medium | Debunking Brain Myths | Scoop.it
This was said by a senior marketer at a very large consumer brand, reacting to an idea from its’ advertising agency. This marketer assumed, as most do, that for an ad to work, it must pull people…
Gerald Carey's insight:
A series of myths about marketing. I know very little about this area. However, it makes an interesting read because it gives some insights into how people in marketing think. Although it does reference some studies in this area, I am a little wary of it being mainly an opinion piece. I also doubt that these are the 'five biggest myths of consumer psychology'!
 
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Can You Beat The Average Person At Spotting Brain Myths?

Can You Beat The Average Person At Spotting Brain Myths? | Debunking Brain Myths | Scoop.it
A new study shows that everyone – even people with training in neuroscience – is susceptible to some brain myths. So how do you compare?
Gerald Carey's insight:
This post actually has a quiz to determine if you can spot myths about the brain.
 
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Music teachers and students fall for music-related neuromyths – German study

Music teachers and students fall for music-related neuromyths – German study | Debunking Brain Myths | Scoop.it
Myths that contained neuroscientific jargon were more likely to be believed. By Christian Jarrett
Gerald Carey's insight:
Another article about the stuff my profession believes in without much evidence. Depressing, really.
 
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Three myths about the brain (that deserve to die)

Three myths about the brain (that deserve to die) | Debunking Brain Myths | Scoop.it
Three brain myths are repeated on an almost daily basis in news stories around the world. Let's consider them one by one in the hopes that we can finally squash them.
Gerald Carey's insight:
A very good article about some myths that even I thought were true. They include that cortisol causes stress; that the amygdala is the site of fear and that brain suddenly gets active when you experience an event. Well worth a read.
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Myths and Facts About Traumatic Brain Injury - Articles and News

Myths and Facts About Traumatic Brain Injury - Articles and News | Debunking Brain Myths | Scoop.it
Traumatic brain injury can be the most devastating consequence of a motor vehicle crash, a sports injury, an assault or a fall. Brain injury survivors face years of intensive and costly rehabilitation. Many will require therapy and support for the rest of their lives. The toll on families is enormous. Amazingly, insurance adjusters, judges and …
Gerald Carey's insight:
I'm a little averse about recommending this site because it is legal, not medical or academic site. However, I have never seen these myths before and the coverage reads well. It includes information about sources of brain injury, whiplash and Mild Traumatic Brain Injury.
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NeuroMyths - BrainFacts.org

NeuroMyths - BrainFacts.org | Debunking Brain Myths | Scoop.it
Gerald Carey's insight:
Links to ten different articles on myths about the brain. It includes the usual ones but also that drugs makes holes in your brain; that vaccines cause autism; and that playing 'brain games' keeps your brain young.
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The Weird (and False) Belief About Amnesia That Won’t Go Away

The Weird (and False) Belief About Amnesia That Won’t  Go Away | Debunking Brain Myths | Scoop.it
It’s called the “double conk” theory.
Gerald Carey's insight:
A short article explaining the origins of the 'double-conk' theory on reversing amnesia.
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