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Facebook Just Fired A Huge Shot At Cisco

Facebook Just Fired A Huge Shot At Cisco | cross pond high tech | Scoop.it

On June 18th, Facebook introduced Wedge, making good on its promise from last year to push into the $23 billion Ethernet switch market, currently dominated by Cisco.

Wedge is part of the Open Compute Project (OCP), one of the most important tech projects Facebook has ever created. OCP began in 2012 as a radically new way to build and buy computer hardware. It creates free and "open source" designs where anyone can contribute to the designs and use them for free, ordering them from a contract manufacturer.

Philippe J DEWOST's insight:

Attention all European Tech Pundits : OCP is not a hobby, I repeat, OCP is not a hobby.

Sovereignty means control and control now primarily comes from mastering the full stack.

> Bad news : Europe and France are late on this.

> Good news : it took only 20 engineers and 2 years for Facebook to redesign its hardware infrastructure from the ground.

> Better news : the job is done and there are billion $ businesses to be build to cover European region as atoms do not move at zero marginal cost.

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Les nouvelles technologies : vers une évolution culturelle et cognitive - Cité de la Réussite à La Sorbonne

Les nouvelles technologies : vers une évolution culturelle et cognitive - Cité de la Réussite à La Sorbonne | cross pond high tech | Scoop.it

Voici la vidéo du débat sur "Les nouvelles technologies : vers une évolution culturelle et cognitive" auquel je représentais Leonard à la Sorbonne dans le cadre de la Cité de la Réussite aux côtés d'Anne Lalou (Web School Factory) et Sophie Stanton (IBM), modérés par Annabelle Laurent d'Uzbek & Rica

Philippe J DEWOST's insight:

Merci à l’auditoire de l’Amphi Richelieu de l’Université Paris-Sorbonne d’avoir porté ce débat à la Cité de la réussite 2017 avec Anne LALOU-SCHNEIDER et Sophie Stanton ! Bravo aux étudiants pour la préparation des questions et à Annabelle Laurent pour sa patiente modération.

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AI Learns the Art of Debate with IBM Project Debater

AI Learns the Art of Debate with IBM Project Debater | cross pond high tech | Scoop.it

Today, an artificial intelligence (AI) system engaged in the first ever live, public debates with humans. At an event held at IBM’s Watson West site in San Francisco, a champion debater and IBM’s AI system, Project Debater, began by preparing arguments for and against the statement: “We should subsidize space exploration.” Both sides then delivered a four-minute opening statement, a four-minute rebuttal, and a two-minute summary.
Project Debater made an opening argument that supported the statement with facts, including the points that space exploration benefits human kind because it can help advance scientific discoveries and it inspires young people to think beyond themselves. Noa Ovadia, the 2016 Israeli national debate champion, opposed the statement, arguing that there are better applications for government subsidies, including subsidies for scientific research here on Earth. After listening to Noa’s argument, Project Debater delivered a rebuttal speech, countering with the view that potential technological and economic benefits from space exploration outweigh other government spending. Following closing summaries from both sides, a snap poll showed that a majority of audience members thought Project Debater enriched their knowledge more than its human counterpart.
Just think about that for a moment. An AI system engaged with an expert human debater, listened to her argument, and responded convincingly with its own, unscripted reasoning to persuade an audience to consider its position on a controversial topic. Later, we held a second debate between the system and another Israeli debate expert, Dan Zafrir, that featured opposing arguments on the statement: “We should increase the use of telemedicine.”

For the initial demonstrations of this new technology, we selected from a curated list of topics to ensure a meaningful debate. But Project Debater was never trained on the topics. Over time, and in relevant business applications, we will naturally move toward using the system for issues that haven’t been screened.
Project Debater moves us a big step closer to one of the great boundaries in AI: mastering language. It is the latest in a long line of major AI innovations at IBM, which also include “Deep Blue,” the IBM system that took on chess world champion Garry Kasparov in 1997, and IBM Watson, which beat the top human champions on Jeopardy! in 2011.
Project Debater reflects the mission of IBM Research today to develop broad AI that learns across different disciplines to augment human intelligence. AI assistants have become highly useful to us through their ability to conduct sophisticated keyword searches and respond to simple questions or requests (such as “how many ounces in a liter?” or “call Mom”). Project Debater explores new territory: it absorbs massive and diverse sets of information and perspectives to help people build persuasive arguments and make well-informed decisions.

Philippe J DEWOST's insight:

I am sure DeepMind would strongly disagree and would be curious about the outcome of an argument between Alexa, DeepMind, Siri and Watson ...

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Google will open an AI center in Ghana later this year, its first in Africa

Google will open an AI center in Ghana later this year, its first in Africa | cross pond high tech | Scoop.it
Google will open an AI research center in Accra later this year, the company announced. Its the company’s first in Africa.
Philippe J DEWOST's insight:

Meet #AfricaTech

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Full video and transcript of Kleiner Perkins’ Mary Meeker Show 2018 edition

Full video and transcript of Kleiner Perkins’ Mary Meeker Show 2018 edition | cross pond high tech | Scoop.it

Here are some takeaways by ReCode:

  • 2017 was the first year in which smartphone unit shipments didn’t grow at all. As more of the world become smartphone owners, growth has been harder and harder to come by. The same goes for internet user growth, which rose 7 percent in 2017, down from 12 percent the year before. With more than half the world online, there are fewer people left to connect.
  • People, however, are still increasing the amount of time they spend online. U.S. adults spent 5.9 hours per day on digital media in 2017, up from 5.6 hours the year before. Some 3.3 of those hours were spent on mobile, which is responsible for overall growth in digital media consumption.
  • Despite the high-profile releases of $1,000 iPhones and Samsung Galaxy Notes, the global average selling price of smartphones is continuing to decline. Lower costs help drive smartphone adoption in less-developed markets.
  • Mobile payments are becoming easier to complete. China continues to lead the rest of the world in mobile payment adoption, with over 500 million active mobile payment users in 2017.
  • Voice-controlled products like Amazon Echo are taking off. The Echo’s installed base in the U.S. grew from 20 million in the third quarter of 2017 to more than 30 million in the fourth quarter.
  • Tech companies are facing a “privacy paradox.” They’re caught between using data to provide better consumer experiences and violating consumer privacy.
  • Tech companies are becoming a larger part of U.S. business. In April, they accounted for 25 percent of U.S. market capitalization. They are also responsible for a growing share of corporate R&D and capital spending.
  • E-commerce sales growth is continuing to accelerate. It grew 16 percent in the U.S. in 2017, up from 14 percent in 2016. Amazon is taking a bigger share of those sales at 28 percent last year. Conversely, physical retail sales are continuing to decline.
  • Big tech is competing on more fronts. Google is expanding from an ads platform to a commerce platform via Google Home Ordering. Meanwhile, e-commerce giant Amazon is moving into advertising.
  • People are spending more on health care, meaning they might have to be more focused on value. Meeker asks: “Will market forces finally come to health care and drive prices lower for consumers?” Expect health care companies to offer more modern retail experiences, with convenient offices, digitized transactions and on-demand pharmacy services.
  • The speed of technological disruption is accelerating. It took about 80 years for Americans to adopt the dishwasher. The consumer internet became commonplace in less than a decade.
  • Expect technology to also disrupt the way we work. Just as Americans moved from agriculture to services in the 1900s, employment types will again be in flux. This time, expect more on-demand and internet-related jobs to predominate.
  • Internet leaders like Google and Amazon will offer more artificial intelligence service platforms as AI becomes a bigger part of enterprise spending.
  • China is catching up as a hub to the world’s biggest internet companies. Currently, China is home to nine of the world’s 20 biggest internet companies by market cap while the U.S. has 11. Five years ago, China had two and the U.S. had nine.
  • Immigration remains important for U.S. tech companies. More than half of the most highly valued tech companies in the U.S. are founded by first- or second-generation immigrants. Uber, Tesla, WeWork and Wish all have first-generation founders.
Philippe J DEWOST's insight:

By now you have probably shuffled through the 294 slides of "The Monolith" - For those who prefer to listen or read text, here is the raw material.

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British Tesla driver banned after caught in the passenger seat while Autopilot was engaged

British Tesla driver banned after caught in the passenger seat while Autopilot was engaged | cross pond high tech | Scoop.it

A British driver has pled guilty to dangerous driving after a fellow driver took video of him sitting in the passenger seat, while his Tesla S 60 drove on its own with Autopilot, according to BBC News (via Jalopnik).

Bhavesh Patel was spotted by a fellow driver sitting in the passenger seat while his Autopilot was engaged on the M1 near Hemel Hempstead on May 21st, 2017. The Hertfordshire Police note that the car was set to drive at 40 MPH, and that Patel had left the steering wheel and controls unattended, and that there was heavy traffic on the road at the time of the incident.

Patel has pled guilty to the offense, and has been banned from driving for 18 months, and will be required to pay a £1,800 fine, carry out 10 days rehabilitation, and to perform 100 hours of community service. Hertfordshire Police officers testified at his court hearing that he said that what he did was “silly,” but pointed to his vehicle’s “amazing” features when he was interviewed. He reportedly had owned the car for five months at the time of the incident.

Philippe J DEWOST's insight:

Such initially funny then scary stories will multiply as long as people do not seize what autonomy levels truly mean.

Reminder : level 1 = feet off; level 2 = hands off, level 3 = eyes off, level 4 = mind off, level 5 = driver off.

More and more Tesla drivers are at risk to overconfidently expect level 4 / 5 from what remains a level 3 car.

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How often do we touch our phones? Oh, only about 2,617 times a day.

How often do we touch our phones? Oh, only about 2,617 times a day. | cross pond high tech | Scoop.it

We all know life hasn’t been the same since Apple launched the iPhone nearly ten years ago. That little screen is always nearby—in our pocket or backpack, on the nightstand or under the pillow—beckoning us.

Each of us feels the pull, and it’s hard to dimensionalize. How much are we really attached to our phones physically, cognitively… emotionally? As people nerds, the dscout research team exists to understand that pull.

When we first dug in, what we discovered was a dearth of good data. Pundits have long tossed about statistics for how often we use our phones, but pretty much everyone references the same 2013 Kleiner Perkins report citing 150 mobile sessions a day—and often that number, now three years old, is taken out of context.

We decided to dig for some data of our own. 

dscout’s web-based research platform pairs with a smartphone app to capture in-the-moment behaviors. For this study, we recruited a demographically diverse sample of 94 Android users from our pool of more than 100,000 participants. Then we built a supplementary smartphone tool to track every user’s interaction across 5 days, 24 hours a day.

And by every interaction, we mean every tap, type, swipe and click. We’re calling them touches.

Like a Greek tragedy, what we learned was simultaneously expected and astonishing—and a little bit sad. What follows are insights to help you better understand the intensity of the mobile life your users live, so your brand, products and strategies can become part of it.

 

Philippe J DEWOST's insight:

Pretty much everyone references the same 2013 Kleiner Perkins report citing 150 mobile sessions a day—and often that number, now 5 years old, is taken out of context. This fascinating and documented study takes a different approach.

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Microsoft gambles on a quantum leap in computing derived from a mysterious Italian physicist's hypothesis in the 1930's

Microsoft gambles on a quantum leap in computing derived from a mysterious Italian physicist's hypothesis in the 1930's | cross pond high tech | Scoop.it

A team combining Microsoft researchers and Niels Bohr Institute academics is confident that it has found the key to creating a quantum computer.

If they are right, then Microsoft will leap to the front of a race that has a tremendous prize - the power to solve problems that are beyond conventional computers.

In the lab are a series of white cylinders, which are fridges, cooled almost to absolute zero as part of the process of creating a qubit, the building block of a quantum computer.

"This is colder than deep space, it may be the coldest place in the universe," Prof Charlie Marcus tells me.

The team he leads is working in collaboration with other labs in the Netherlands, Australia and the United States in Microsoft's quantum research programme.

Right now, they are behind in the race - the likes of Google, IBM and a Silicon Valley start-up called Rigetti have already shown they can build systems with as many as 50 qubits. Microsoft has yet to demonstrate - in public at least - that it can build one.

But these scientists are going down a different route from their rivals, trying to create qubits using a subatomic particle, whose existence was first suggested back in the 1930s by an Italian physicist Ettore Majorana.

Philippe J DEWOST's insight:

Ettore Marjorana was a fascinating Italian physicist whose story could inspire a great movie ; it turns out he might also, 90 years after his hypothesis of a very special particle, bring a significant posthumous contribution to quantum computing...

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The world’s largest SSD clocks in at 100TB

The world’s largest SSD clocks in at 100TB | cross pond high tech | Scoop.it

The world has a new record holder for the largest SSD, and it comes in at 100TB. The Nimbus Data ExaDrive DC100 is a new, massive drive that is currently being tested with select customers and will be available to purchase this summer.

 

The company says the DC100 will utilize 3D NAND flash memory, which can provide enough capacity to store 20,000 HD movies, or 20 million songs, (if people still downloaded music), and is capable of read and write speeds of 500MB/s. Nimbus Data is also fully guaranteeing the drive for five years without restriction, so if your likely very costly drive kicks the bucket during that period you can get it replaced.

 

As usual with these massive drives, they aren’t targeted at consumers, but they do give a glimpse into a near future that may allow us to never think about clearing up storage space on our computers.

Philippe J DEWOST's insight:

Drowning by numbers. World's largest digital trash can has arrived  : who has 20 millions songs or 20.000 HD movies to stuff in ?

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Google's ​quantum computing breakthrough: Our new chip might soon outperform a supercomputer

Google's ​quantum computing breakthrough: Our new chip might soon outperform a supercomputer | cross pond high tech | Scoop.it

New Bristlecone processor could deliver 'quantum supremacy' over traditional computing, researchers hope.

 

Google's Quantum AI Lab has shown off a new 72-qubit quantum processor called 'Bristlecone', which it says could soon achieve 'quantum supremacy' by outperforming a classical supercomputer on some problems.

Quantum supremacy is a key milestone on the journey towards quantum computing. The idea is that if a quantum processor can be operated with low enough error rates, it could outperform a classical supercomputer on a well-defined computer science problem.

Quantum computers are an area of huge interest because, if they can be built at a large enough scale, they could rapidly solve problems that cannot be handled by traditional computers. That's why the biggest names in tech are racing ahead with quantum computing projects: in January Intel announced its own 49-qubit quantum chip, for example.

 

"We are cautiously optimistic that quantum supremacy can be achieved with Bristlecone," said Julian Kelly, a research scientist at the Quantum AI Lab.

"We believe the experimental demonstration of a quantum processor outperforming a supercomputer would be a watershed moment for our field, and remains one of our key objectives," Kelly said -- although he did not offer a timescale for this achievement.

Philippe J DEWOST's insight:

Quantum Computing is happening. Google claims 72-qubit processor, while Europe has a 10 years / €1Bn plan that recently delivered ... a 150 pages roadmap. Not sure which one is the most desirable.

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Palantir has secretly been using New Orleans to test its predictive policing technology

Palantir has secretly been using New Orleans to test its predictive policing technology | cross pond high tech | Scoop.it

In May and June 2013, when New Orleans’ murder rate was the sixth-highest in the United States, the Orleans Parish district attorney handed down two landmark racketeering indictments against dozens of men accused of membership in two violent Central City drug trafficking gangs, 3NG and the 110ers. Members of both gangs stood accused of committing 25 murders as well as several attempted killings and armed robberies.

Subsequent investigations by the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives, the Federal Bureau of Investigation, and local agencies produced further RICO indictments, including that of a 22-year-old man named Evans “Easy” Lewis, a member of a gang called the 39ers who was accused of participating in a drug distribution ring and several murders.

 

 

According to Ronal Serpas, the department’s chief at the time, one of the tools used by the New Orleans Police Department to identify members of gangs like 3NG and the 39ers came from the Silicon Valley company Palantir. The company provided software to a secretive NOPD program that traced people’s ties to other gang members, outlined criminal histories, analyzed social media, and predicted the likelihood that individuals would commit violence or become a victim. As part of the discovery process in Lewis’ trial, the government turned over more than 60,000 pages of documents detailing evidence gathered against him from confidential informants, ballistics, and other sources — but they made no mention of the NOPD’s partnership with Palantir, according to a source familiar with the 39ers trial.

The program began in 2012 as a partnership between New Orleans Police and Palantir Technologies, a data-mining firm founded with seed money from the CIA’s venture capital firm. According to interviews and documents obtained by The Verge,the initiative was essentially a predictive policing program, similar to the “heat list” in Chicago that purports to predict which people are likely drivers or victims of violence.

The partnership has been extended three times, with the third extension scheduled to expire on February 21st, 2018. The city of New Orleans and Palantir have not responded to questions about the program’s current status.

Predictive policing technology has proven highly controversial wherever it is implemented, but in New Orleans, the program escaped public notice, partly because Palantir established it as a philanthropic relationship with the city through Mayor Mitch Landrieu’s signature NOLA For Life program. Thanks to its philanthropic status, as well as New Orleans’ “strong mayor” model of government, the agreement never passed through a public procurement process.

Philippe J DEWOST's insight:

Minority Report : Palantir deployed a predictive policing system in New Orleans that even city council members don’t know about. How much of the "findings" gp back to the Mothership ?

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Stealth space catapult startup SpinLaunch is raising $30M

Stealth space catapult startup SpinLaunch is raising $30M | cross pond high tech | Scoop.it

What if instead of blasting cargo into space on a rocket, we could fling it into space using a catapult? That’s the big, possibly crazy, possibly genius idea behind SpinLaunch. It was secretly founded in 2014 by Jonathan Yaney, who built solar-powered drone startup Titan Aerospace and sold it to Google. Now TechCrunch has learned from three sources that SpinLaunch is raising a massive $30 million Series A to develop its catapult technology. And we’ve scored an interview with the founder after four years in stealth.

Sources who’ve spoken to the SpinLaunch team tell me the idea is to create a much cheaper and sustainable way to get things like satellites from earth into space without chemical propellant. Using a catapult would sidestep the heavy fuel and expensive booster rockets used by companies like SpaceX and Blue Origin.

 

SpinLaunch plans to use a centrifuge spinning at an incredible rate. All that momentum is then harnessed to catapult a payload into space at speeds one source said could be around 3,000 miles per hour. With enough momentum, objects could be flung into space on their own. Alternatively, the catapult could provide some of the power needed with cargo being equipped with supplemental rockets necessary to leave earth’s atmosphere.

 

After some hesitation about emerging from stealth, Yaney agreed to talk to TechCrunch about his secretive startup, and show us the render of SpinLaunch’s future launch site hangar seen above. “Since the dawn of space exploration, rockets have been the only way to access space. Yet in 70 years, the technology has only made small incremental advances,” Yaney tells me. “To truly commercialize and industrialize space, we need 10x tech improvement.”

 

Until recently, few details about SpinLaunch have been available. SpinLaunch’s website is password-protected, and some Sunnyvale, Calif. job listings merely refer to it as a “rapidly growing space launch startup.” But last month, a bill was proposed in the Hawaii state senate to issue $25 million in bonds to assist SpinLaunch with “constructing a portion of its electrical small satellite launch system.” Hawaii hopes to gain construction contracts and jobs, and meet government goals for expanding space accessibility, by helping SpinLaunch.

 

SEC documents show that Yaney raised $1 million in equity in 2014, the year SpinLaunch was founded, $2.9 million in equity in 2015, $2.2 million in debt in mid-2017 and another $2 million in debt in late 2017. Now Yaney confirms SpinLaunch has raised a total of $10 million to date, and that he’s personally an investor. As for the next $30 million, he says “The current status of our Series A raise is that we are still taking meetings with potential investors and have not yet received an executed offer.”

 

Yaney has been co-founding startups since 2000, including TriVance and Moretti Designs. But a passion for aeronautics led him to become a 1,000+ hour pilot, and start communications and imaging solar drone startup Titan Aerospace. It sold to Google in 2014 after receiving acquisition interest from Facebook, and Yaney began work on SpinLaunch to huck satellites into orbit.

 

Yaney explains that reaching orbital velocities typically “requires a rocket to carry massive quantities of propellant, leaving only a small fraction (a few percent) of the overall vehicle’s mass for ‘cargo.’ ” But SpinLaunch replaces rocket boosters with a kinetic launch system using principles “similar to those explored by several ground-based mass accelerators that date back to the 1960s. Modern adaptations include electromagnetic rail and coil guns, electrothermal-chemical guns, light gas guns, ram accelerators and blast wave accelerators.”

NASA has investigated the possibility of catapult-assisted launches that fire off a track instead of a centrifuge, but none have become cost-effective enough to successfully be used to commercially launch things into space.

 

Yaney’s method is different. He says “SpinLaunch employs a rotational acceleration method, harnessing angular momentum to gradually accelerate the vehicle to hypersonic speeds. This approach employs a dramatically lower cost architecture with much lower power.” SpinLaunch is targeting a per launch price of less than $500,000, while Yaney says “all existing rocket-based companies cost between $5 million and $100 million per launch.”

Philippe J DEWOST's insight:

Looks like #NewSpace is getting very creative these days even if 10x improvements are always welcome...

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DLD 2018 Conference wrapup in 9 mins

On January 20-22 2018, around 1000 innovators converged to the City of Munich for the 14th time to mingle and listen to an impressive lineup of speakers : entrepreneurs, scientists, media experts, politicians and artists.

 

This year's theme was "reconquer" : here are my highlights.
The most impressive talks in my personal view were Lilium, AI & Robotics, with a specific mention to Scott Galloway's now famous yearly slideshow.

 

While you wait for the complete set of videos that will show up on DLD YouTube channel , please enjoy these short videos and slide shots assembled on a famous German band's song.

Philippe J DEWOST's insight:

On January 20-22 2018, around 1000 innovators converged to the City of Munich for the 14th time to mingle and listen to an impressive lineup of speakers : entrepreneurs, scientists, media experts, politicians and artists.

 

Here are the highlights : beyond Scott Galloways now famous slideshow on Tech - 2017 rewind, a call for breaking up the four horsemen, and 2018 predictions - was an impressive talk about the future of air mobility featuring Lilium, as well as a demo of what happens when AI meets robotics.

 

Enjoy the show !

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Watch NASA's Autonomous Drone Race a Human Pilot

Watch NASA's Autonomous Drone Race a Human Pilot | cross pond high tech | Scoop.it
NASA put its obstacle avoidance and vision-based research to the test, by racing an A.I.-In October, NASA’s California-based Jet Propulsion Laboratory pitted a drone controlled by artificial intelligence against a professional human drone pilot named Ken Loo. According to NASA's press release, it had been researching autonomous drone technology for the past two years at that point, funded by Google and its interest in JPL’s vision-based navigation work. The race consisted of a time-trial where the lap times and behaviors of both the A.I.-operated drone and the manually-piloted drone were analyzed and compared. Let’s take a look at the results.NASA said in its release that the company developed three drones; Batman, Joker, and Nightwing. Researchers focused mostly on the intricate algorithms required to navigate efficiently through a race like this, namely obstacle avoidance and maximum speed through narrow environments. These algorithms were then combined with Google’s Tango technology, which JPL had a significant hand in as well. Task Manager of the JPL project, Rob Reid said, “We pitted our algorithms against a human, who flies a lot more by feel. You can actually see that the A.I. flies the drone smoothly around the course, whereas human pilots tend to accelerate aggressively, so their path is jerkier.” As it turned out, Loo’s speeds were much higher, and he was able to perform impressive aerial maneuvers to his benefit, but the A.I.-infused drones were more consistent, and never gave in to fatigue. “This is definitely the densest track I’ve ever flown,” said Loo. “One of my faults as a pilot is I get tired easily. When I get mentally fatigued, I start to get lost, even if I’ve flown the course 10 times.”Loo averaged 11.1 seconds per lap, while the autonomous unmanned aerial vehicles average 13.9 seconds. In other words, while Loo managed to reach higher speeds overall, the drones operating autonomously were more consistent, essentially flying a very similar lap and route each time. “Our autonomous drones can fly much faster,” said Reid. “One day you might see them racing professionally!” infused drone against a human opponent.
Philippe J DEWOST's insight:
Race against the machine : human pilot still beats NASA’s AI by 20% when it comes to fly a drone
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US startups are disappearing — and that's bad for the economy —

US startups are disappearing — and that's bad for the economy — | cross pond high tech | Scoop.it

Historically, startups have been the engine of US economy. By creating new jobs and surfacing new ideas, startups play an outsized role in making the economy grow.

It’s too bad they are a dying breed.

While companies that were less than two years old made up about 13% of all companies in 1985, they only accounted for 8% in 2014.

 
A far smaller share of people work for startups

From around 1998 to 2010, the share of private sector workers in companies that were less than two years old plummeted from more than 9% to less than 5%.

 
The startup decline is happening across the economy

A new report from the Brookings Institution, finds that in nearly every industry, from agriculture to finance, the share of new companies is falling.

 

So what’s going on?

It’s not entirely clear, but the authors of the Brookings report have some ideas.

One possibility: Startups are struggling in this era of rising market concentration. In most industries, since the 1980s, the share of all sales going to the top firms is increasing. Startups may have a hard time competing with these mega firms, which can out pay them for the best talent and sometimes attempt to drive them out of the industry. Previous Brookings research found there are fewer startups in states where a smaller number of companies dominate the market (pdf).

Another related possibility is that the most-educated American workers are no longer attracted to entrepreneurship. In 1992, 4% of 25-54 year olds with a master’s degree or PhD owned a small company with at least 10 employees. In 2017, this was true of only 2.2%. Companies started by the highly educated are often unusually productive.

The Brookings report suggests that high salaries for educated employees at big companies have made entrepreneurship less compelling. Why compete with Google or Walmart when they are offering you an enormous amount of money to come work for them?

Philippe J DEWOST's insight:

According to Quartz, the Data Bureau of Labor Statistics, and a Brookings report, US startups are a dying breed.

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AI could get 100 times more energy-efficient with IBM’s new artificial synapses

AI could get 100 times more energy-efficient with IBM’s new artificial synapses | cross pond high tech | Scoop.it
Neural networks are the crown jewel of the AI boom. They gorge on data and do things like transcribe speech or describe images with near-perfect accuracy (see “10 breakthrough technologies 2013: Deep learning”). The catch is that neural nets, which are modeled loosely on the structure of the human brain, are typically constructed in software rather than hardware, and the software runs on conventional computer chips. That slows things down. IBM has now shown that building key features of a neural net directly in silicon can make it 100 times more efficient. Chips built this way might turbocharge machine learning in coming years. The IBM chip, like a neural net written in software, mimics the synapses that connect individual neurons in a brain. The strength of these synaptic connections needs to be tuned in order for the network to learn. In a living brain, this happens in the form of connections growing or withering over time. That is easy to reproduce in software but has proved infuriatingly difficult to
Philippe J DEWOST's insight:
The human brain consumes 4.2 g of glucose per hour. Neural networks are trying to catch up and silicon might be the next step with a 100x efficiency factor
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Nearly a quarter of Tesla’s Model 3 reservation deposits in the U.S. have supposedly been refunded

Nearly a quarter of Tesla’s Model 3 reservation deposits in the U.S. have supposedly been refunded | cross pond high tech | Scoop.it

Two years ago Tesla began accepting $1,000 deposits for its new, lower-priced Model 3 electric car, with the expectation that customers would likely receive their vehicles in 2018. Hundreds of thousands of people have reserved one.

But perhaps due to extended production delays, many customers have been asking for their money back.

As of the end of April, some 23 percent of all Model 3 deposits in the U.S. had been refunded, according to new U.S. data from Second Measure, a company that analyzes billions of dollars in anonymized credit and debit card purchases.

These cancellations aren’t necessarily bad for Tesla, since its production rate is nowhere near as high as it needs to be to fulfill the more than 450,000 reservations it still has. Last quarter, it delivered just 8,180 Model 3s.

 

Philippe J DEWOST's insight:

Should I stay or should I go ?

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Microsoft Will Acquire Coding Site GitHub

Microsoft Will Acquire Coding Site GitHub | cross pond high tech | Scoop.it

Microsoft Corp. has agreed to acquire GitHub Inc., the code repository company popular with many software developers, and could announce the deal as soon as Monday, according to people familiar with the matter.

GitHub preferred selling the company to going public and chose Microsoft partially because it was impressed by Chief Executive Officer Satya Nadella, said one of the people, who asked not to be identified discussing private information. Terms of the agreement weren’t known on Sunday. GitHub was last valued at $2 billion in 2015.

The acquisition provides a way forward for San Francisco-based GitHub, which has been trying for nine months to find a new CEO and has yet to make a profit from its popular service that allows coders to share and collaborate on their work. It also helps Microsoft, which is increasingly relying on open-source software, to add programming tools and tie up with a company that has become a key part of the way Microsoft writes its own software.

Frank Shaw, a spokesman for Microsoft, declined to comment. GitHub didn’t return an email seeking request for comment.

GitHub is an essential tool for coders. Many corporations, including Microsoft and Alphabet Inc.’s Google, use GitHub to store their corporate code and to collaborate. It’s also a social network of sorts for developers. While GitHub’s losses have been significant -- it lost $66 million over three quarters in 2016 -- it had revenue of $98 million in nine months of that year.

Philippe J DEWOST's insight:

In 2014 Microsoft acquired Minecraft for $2.5 Bn : will GitHub (aka Minecraft for grown ups) sell for more ?

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Apple is granted an iPod patent 9 years after filing : meet United States Patent: 9961792

An electronic device such as a media player is formed from electrical components such as integrated circuits, buttons, and a battery. Electrical input-output port contacts are used to play audio and to convey digital signals. Electrical components for the device are mounted to a substrate. The components are encapsulated in an encapsulant and covered with an optional housing structure. The electrical input-output port contacts and portions of components such as buttons remain uncovered by encapsulant during the encapsulation process. Integrated circuits are entirely encapsulated with encapsulant. The integrated circuits are packaged or unpackaged integrated circuit die. The substrate is a printed circuit board or is an integrated circuit to which components are directly connected without any printed circuit boards interposed between the integrated circuit and the components.

Philippe J DEWOST's insight:

Your delay may vary... who remembers now what an iPod is ?

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Hyperloop Transportation Technologies starts building its first full-scale system in Toulouse, France

Hyperloop Transportation Technologies starts building its first full-scale system in Toulouse, France | cross pond high tech | Scoop.it

Hyperloop Transportation Technologies has delivered the first tubes to its research center in the southwest of France as it begins construction on its first Hyperloop network to carry people and freight.

 

The company expects to complete a 320-meter system that will go into operation later this year, and it will build out another 1-km network in 2019.

 

HyperloopTT announced last year that it was opening a European research center in Toulouse, France. Toulouse is the country’s fourth-largest city but also home to a number of transportation and aerospace giants, including Airbus. HyperloopTT began moving the tubes in yesterday, which created a buzz among spectators and local press.

 

“Five years ago, we set out to solve transportation’s most pressing problems: efficiency, comfort, and speed. Today, we take an important step forward to begin to achieve that goal,” said HyperloopTT CEO Dirk Ahlborn in a statement. “Hyperloop is more than just displays of rapid acceleration and more than just breaking speed records. The real opportunity is to create an efficient and safe system with an unparalleled passenger experience.”

 

Founded in 2013, HyperloopTT now has a team of 800 engineers and 40 corporate and university partners. The company is based in Los Angeles and uses an open collaboration model. People can “join” HTT and be compensated for their work with stock options. So far, HTT has raised $31.8 million, and it had 30 salaried employees as of last year.

 

In addition to Toulouse, the company has offices in several regions around the world where it has signed agreements for development and trial of Hyperloop systems.

 

The tubes being installed in Toulouse have a diameter of 4.0 meters, which means the system can be adapted for both passenger pods and shipping containers. The company hopes to have the passenger capsule — which is being built in Carbures, Spain — later this summer.

Philippe J DEWOST's insight:

This is the "Bibop Effect"

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SiFive, a San Francisco based provider of commercial RISC-V processor IP, raised a $50.6m Series C round

SiFive, a San Francisco based provider of commercial RISC-V processor IP, raised a $50.6m Series C round | cross pond high tech | Scoop.it

SiFive, a San Francisco, CA-based provider of commercial RISC-V processor IP, raised $50.6m in Series C funding.

The round, which brings total funding to $64.1m, was led by existing investors Sutter Hill Ventures, Spark Capital and Osage University Partners alongside new investor Chengwei Capital, and strategic investors including Huami, SK Telecom and Western Digital and other companies.

Led by Naveed Sherwani, CEO, SiFive provides processor core IP based on the RISC-V instruction set architecture.

The company intends to use the funds to bring its technologies to the marketplace.

Philippe J DEWOST's insight:

Looks like RISC-V processor architecture is getting closer ; would it be a candidate for replacing Intel in Macs, as Apple did with ARM-based Ax chips for iDevices ?

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IBM working on ‘world’s smallest computer’ to attach to just about everything

IBM working on ‘world’s smallest computer’ to attach to just about everything | cross pond high tech | Scoop.it

IBM is hard at work on the problem of ubiquitous computing, and its approach, understandably enough, is to make a computer small enough that you might mistake it for a grain of sand. Eventually these omnipresent tiny computers could help authenticate products, track medications and more.

 

It’s an evolution of IBM’s “crypto anchor” program, which uses a variety of methods to create what amounts to high-tech watermarks for products that verify they’re, for example, from the factory the distributor claims they are, and not counterfeits mixed in with genuine items.

 

The “world’s smallest computer,” as IBM continually refers to it, is meant to bring blockchain capability into this; the security advantages of blockchain-based logistics and tracking could be brought to something as benign as a bottle of wine or box of cereal.

Philippe J DEWOST's insight:

Towards Smart Dust ? IBM's smallest computer design may be mistaken for a grain of sand ...

Ubiquitous computing means that what we saw yet no longer understood (hence the Intel pink characters on TV ads a while ago) won't be visible any longer.

Will it also imply that future computing power increases will come from a combination of Moore's Law and a huge increase in volumes produced ? Power will migrate in any case towards the edge of the network, making centralized computing a thing of the past ultimately, with the exception of a few cloud behemoths that will try to leverage the data they manage.

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Her Code Got Humans on the Moon — And Invented Software Itself

Her Code Got Humans on the Moon — And Invented Software Itself | cross pond high tech | Scoop.it

Margaret Hamilton wasn’t supposed to invent the modern concept of software and land men on the moon. It was 1960, not a time when women were encouraged to seek out high-powered technical work. Hamilton, a 24-year-old with an undergrad degree in mathematics, had gotten a job as a programmer at MIT, and the plan was for her to support her husband through his three-year stint at Harvard Law. After that, it would be her turn—she wanted a graduate degree in math.

But the Apollo space program came along. And Hamilton stayed in the lab to lead an epic feat of engineering that would help change the future of what was humanly—and digitally—possible.

As a working mother in the 1960s, Hamilton was unusual; but as a spaceship programmer, Hamilton was positively radical. Hamilton would bring her daughter Lauren by the lab on weekends and evenings. While 4-year-old Lauren slept on the floor of the office overlooking the Charles River, her mother programmed away, creating routines that would ultimately be added to the Apollo’s command module computer.

“People used to say to me, ‘How can you leave your daughter? How can you do this?’” Hamilton remembers. But she loved the arcane novelty of her job. She liked the camaraderie—the after-work drinks at the MIT faculty club; the geek jokes, like saying she was “going to branch left minus” around the hallway. Outsiders didn’t have a clue. But at the lab, she says, “I was one of the guys.”

Then, as now, “the guys” dominated tech and engineering. Like female coders in today’s diversity-challenged tech industry, Hamilton was an outlier. It might surprise today’s software makers that one of the founding fathers of their boys’ club was, in fact, a mother—and that should give them pause as they consider why the gender inequality of the Mad Men era persists to this day.

‘When I first got into it, nobody knew what it was that we were doing. It was like the Wild West.’ — Margaret Hamilton

As Hamilton’s career got under way, the software world was on the verge of a giant leap, thanks to the Apollo program launched by John F. Kennedy in 1961. At the MIT Instrumentation Lab where Hamilton worked, she and her colleagues were inventing core ideas in computer programming as they wrote the code for the world’s first portable computer. She became an expert in systems programming and won important technical arguments. “When I first got into it, nobody knew what it was that we were doing. It was like the Wild West. There was no course in it. They didn’t teach it,” Hamilton says.

This was a decade before Microsoft and nearly 50 years before Marc Andreessen would observe that software is, in fact, “eating the world.” The world didn’t think much at all about software back in the early Apollo days. The original document laying out the engineering requirements of the Apollo mission didn’t even mention the word software, MIT aeronautics professor David Mindell writes in his book Digital Apollo. “Software was not included in the schedule, and it was not included in the budget.” Not at first, anyhow.

Philippe J DEWOST's insight:

This Wired feature from 2015 tells a must read story for any tech or space fan, and reminds us that

1/ Tech History is key to apprehend Tech

2/ There have been women in tech and engineering, some of them being defining characters : Margaret Hamilton is one of them, along with Ada Lovelace and so many others who deserve a much better recognition.

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Apple confirms it uses Google cloud for iCloud

Apple confirms it uses Google cloud for iCloud | cross pond high tech | Scoop.it

A file that Apple updated on its website last month provides the first acknowledgment that it's relying on Google's public cloud for data storage for its iCloud services.

The disclosure is fresh evidence that Google's cloud has been picking up usage as it looks to catch up with Amazon and Microsoft in the cloud infrastructure business.

Some media outlets reported on Google's iCloud win in 2016, but Apple never provided confirmation.

Apple periodically publishes new versions of a PDF called the iOS Security Guide. For years the document contained language indicating that iCloud services were relying on remote data storage systems from Amazon Web Services, as well as Microsoft's Azure.

But in the latest version, the Microsoft Azure reference is gone, and in its place is Google Cloud Platform. Before the January update, Apple most recently updated the iOS Security Guide in March.

The latest update doesn't indicate whether Apple is using any Google cloud services other than core storage of "objects" like photos and videos. The document also doesn't make it clear when Apple started storing data in Google's cloud. Microsoft declined to comment. Apple didn't respond to a request for comment.

Philippe J DEWOST's insight:

Looks like there are no places left where Google is not, while remembering that the cloud means "my files on someone else's computer"...

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25 Shocking Predictions about the Coming Driverless Car Era in the U.S.

25 Shocking Predictions about the Coming Driverless Car Era in the U.S. | cross pond high tech | Scoop.it

Here is the list of 25 unusual predictions developed in this great post. They state that in the US : 

 

  1. Life expectancy of autonomous vehicles will be less than 1 year
  2. One Autonomous Car will Replace 30 Traditional Cars
  3. Less than 4 million autonomous cars will replace 50% of all commuter traffic in the U.S.
  4. Fleet owners will become the primary influencers on the design of new cars
  5. Driverless cars will be electric vehicles
  6. Electric vehicle range will exceed 1,000 miles per charge by 2027
  7. Noise levels in cities will be cut in half
  8. 80% of driverless cars will be one-passenger vehicles
  9. 40% of sales tax will disappear
  10. Over 10% of retail businesses will disappear
  11. Police departments will shrink by 80%
  12. U.S. will lose over $35 billion/year from gas taxes
  13. New York City will lose over $2 billion per year in traffic fines
  14. 41% of airport revenues will disappear
  15. Cities will lose over 50% of their revenue
  16. Healthcare industry will lose over $500 billion per year
  17. There will be 700,000 fewer stolen vehicles per year
  18. Auto insurance industry will lose over $150 billion a year
  19. Location no longer matters
  20. Remodeling garages in people’s homes will soon become a thriving industry
  21. Over 5 million acres of parking lots will suddenly come available for redevelopment
  22. Overall transportation costs will shrink by 50%
  23. Car ownership will soon become a very expensive hobby
  24. Overcrowding will officially come to an end
  25. Driverless technologies will cause 1 in 4 jobs to disappear
Philippe J DEWOST's insight:

Which of these 25 predictions did surprise you the most ?

(And by the way, did you know that 14% of Los Angeles is currently used for parking ?)

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Did you know that NASA's 1977 "Voyager Golden Record" — launched into space for potential alien listeners in 1977, is also available to human listeners ?

With sounds from Bach and Chuck Berry to humpback whales and a baby crying, an album used by NASA in the 1970s is set to be publicly released.

The phonograph album — known as "Voyager Golden Record" — originally was launched into space on Voyager 1 and Voyager 2 spacecrafts in 1977. NASA officials at the time hoped the record would be picked up by alien life.

 

The original album likely still is floating in space as it was made from copper and coated in gold to protect it from space conditions.

 

The soundtrack is available on SoundCloud, and a CD was released in the early 1990s. Through a Kickstarter campaign, record label Ozma Records gave album copies to those who helped to reach the $1.4 million goal. The album is expected to be released in January.

Philippe J DEWOST's insight:

Of music, space and stars... when NASA launched Golden Records instead of being awarded them :-)

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