Criminology and Economic Theory
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Criminology and Economic Theory
In search of viable criminological theory
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Aggressive ICE tactics making Latino crime victims fearful to come forward

Aggressive ICE tactics making Latino crime victims fearful to come forward | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Calif. Chief Justice warns that aggressive ICE enforcement at courthouses leading to drop in reporting
Rob Duke's insight:
I agree that this tends to push the immigrants into the arms of the gangs and cartels...
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Martha Hood's comment, April 2, 2017 5:09 PM
I have read reports about women not reporting domestic abuse because they are scared they will be deported. How is making people fearful of deportation helping crime?. Will criminals start to target immigrants who are in the US illegally because they know they will be afraid to report the crime?
John Oulton's comment, April 9, 2017 3:49 AM
This is an interesting article to read. I do not like the idea of the proposed bill that will bar state and local police from aiding ICE. Immigrants will be wanted by the feds and the bill will not benefit the community and law enforcement. I do not think ICE is taking an aggressive but using better tactics than before that prove to be efficient.
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Assemblyman Ian Calderon’s bill would require jailing of offenders who violate probation three times

Assemblyman Ian Calderon’s bill would require jailing of offenders who violate probation three times | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
WHITTIER >> Standing in front of City Hall adjacent to the Whittier Police Memorial Thursday, Assemblyman Ian Calderon introduced a bill that would require jailing probationers who violate the terms of their supervision at least three times.
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Us Woodards's comment, April 1, 2017 9:50 AM
This is so sorely needed! We have criminals who know the ramifications of SB-91 and are laughing in societies faces. I can think of one award-winner, who was stopped and cited 5 times in a month for driving while license revoke. He flat out told the officers that he was not going to stop. He knew it was not arrestable, so he didnt care. I like the stepped approach. First time is a ticket. Next time jail. Hopefully the bill passes.
Nikki Gaikowski's comment, April 2, 2017 1:56 PM
I completely agree with the previous comment. People will continue to try to get away with what they know they can get away with! I believe this to be such a useful bill, and frankly I am surprised it has taken so long for someone to implement something like this. I do hope that it catches on around the country and does not stay only in the state of California. I always find it sad that bills like this be passed following a tragic incident.
John Oulton's comment, April 9, 2017 5:28 AM
When this bill passes, it will set an example to other major cities who decide to set individuals on probation. When criminals do have a lengthy criminal record, the chances of them of repeating an offense is high. I think this bill can really give police officers a break because it means that their is less criminals in the street. Board members now have to be more selective when they decide who gets set on probation. Often times, probation officers have case loads of over 100 in major cities and is difficult to manage.
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2 jailhouse snitches, who were paid $335,000 over 4 years, spark new legislation

2 jailhouse snitches, who were paid $335,000 over 4 years, spark new legislation | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
“Puppet” and “Bouncer,” a pair of jailhouse snitches who were paid $335,000 over a four-year window for working dozens of cases in
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Leah Haskell's comment, April 3, 2017 2:18 AM
Informants can be helpful but I think it makes officers look lazy. Law enforcement paying criminals to give them information. I would understand if someone life is in danger, but if not detectives should try harder to find their informatin. Why would you pay a criminal more than a hard working citizen to get information. Also it makes prison and criminal behavior look more desirable because of the reward aspects.
Leah Haskell's comment, April 3, 2017 2:18 AM
I feel like the best reward for informants is time off their sentence, verses paying money.
Kelsey Therron Snell's comment, April 5, 2017 8:34 PM
This is a huge breakdown of the criminal justice system. These men are living like kings and are living better than some people not in jail... I am blown away by this. How do our structures and society get to the point wherein we are awarding criminals for the smallest of "good" things that they do.
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Debate Over Silencers: Hearing Protection Or Public Safety Threat?

Debate Over Silencers: Hearing Protection Or Public Safety Threat? | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Legislation would loosen restrictions on gun suppressors, with proponents saying quieter guns protect shooters' hearing. But opponents say easier-to-get silencers are a risk to the public.
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Jonathan Hall's comment, April 2, 2017 11:19 PM
I don't really get why they are illegal. I mean it does dampen the sound of a gunshot, but I don't think that silencers being illegal is particularly saving lives.
Brennan D Watson's comment, April 16, 2017 10:34 PM
As a product I do not feel that Suppressors are good or bad, they are just another tool that people can use for good or bad. The have the potential to make it harder to catch criminals using firearms, but they can also make it easier for people to protect their hearing.
Forrest Smoes's comment, May 7, 2017 11:57 PM
Another classic gun control debate. What causes gun crime? Who is at fault, producers or consumers? How do we prevent it? What lends hand to crime and what doesn't affect it?
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Carlsbad to photograph cars entering city

Carlsbad to photograph cars entering city | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Carlsbad to expand automated surveillance with police purchase
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Upland homicide suspect was on local supervision with county probation

Upland homicide suspect was on local supervision with county probation | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
UPLAND >> The man accused of fatally shooting a Rancho Cucamonga man in Upland was being supervised by San Bernardino County Probation when the deadly attack took place, officials said.After serving time for assault, Anthony Christopher M
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Linda Darnell's comment, March 29, 2017 11:46 AM
This is one situation in which attempts at a more restorative approach ended in the worst possible way. You never know when you are passing down sentencing whether or not you have made the wrong decision by allowing someone some freedom, this is why a judge's job is one of the most difficult in our nation.
Rachel Nichols's comment, March 30, 2017 8:40 PM
I agree with Linda here, I mean being a judge would be so stressful I couldn't never do that job. Judge's most make decisions that completely affect the lives of other people. I feel like this is what is happening here and it will be interesting to see what happens on April 3rd when he reappears in court.
Rachel Nichols's comment, March 30, 2017 8:41 PM
*could never
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Disbarred lawyer to face sentencing for kidnapping California cops once called hoax

Disbarred lawyer to face sentencing for kidnapping California cops once called hoax | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
A disbarred Harvard University-trained attorney faces decades in prison during his sentencing Thursday for a kidnapping so elaborate and bizarre that police in California initially dismissed it as a hoax.
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Weird case...
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Officer helps design tracker to aid police in finding stolen devices

Officer helps design tracker to aid police in finding stolen devices | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
A police officer and a group of developers have come up with a device that makes it easier to track and locate devices that have Wi-Fi.
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'Deaths of despair' fuel white midlife mortality

'Deaths of despair' fuel white midlife mortality | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
It's a midlife crisis of a different sort: "Deaths of despair" -- due to drugs, alcohol and suicide -- are largely responsible for rising mortality rates among middle-age white Americans. And a new analysis by Princeton economists delves into what they believe is behind this trend.
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The Imprisoner’s Dilemma

The Imprisoner’s Dilemma | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
There are 2.3 million Americans in prison or jail. The U.S. has 5 percent of the world’s population but 25 percent of its prisoners. One in three black men can …
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DS's comment, March 24, 2017 3:06 PM
Correlation; in most states mass incarceration is not reflecting a large enough decrease in crime. Causation; crime causes incarceration but the desired effects are not seen. Per this article, the regression model show diminishing returns. In AK crime & incarceration have both increased. In CA, the realignment program has shown some success. Non-custodial & monetary sanctions are a more civilized way to treat offenders. EM & control of freedom, plus confiscation and forfeiture are alternatives.
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Manhunts Underway After Shootings Outside Calif. High School

Manhunts Underway After Shootings Outside Calif. High School | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Gang violence is suspected after a student and three teens were injured in two separate shootings.
Rob Duke's insight:
I was Chief right next door in Greenfield in the mid-1990's....the dividing line between the north and south gangs is right at King City, thus lots of gang violence.
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DS's comment, March 24, 2017 3:35 PM
Campus Safety, Magazine "Identifying Pre-Attack Indicators" Sounds like Pre-Crime 'substantive coercive state interventions targeted at non-imminent crimes' Minority Report, or Thought Crime in Eric Blair's.1984. Apparently DHS has something like this going on, don't forget to check with the precogs. Of course their is a "Legal Drawback."
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Ex-pharmacy head convicted of fraud over tainted medication

Ex-pharmacy head convicted of fraud over tainted medication | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
A once-prominent drug executive was convicted today of racketeering and fraud but acquitted of murder for his role running the company that allegedly produced contaminated medicine that caused a deadly outbreak of infections including meningitis in 2012.

The jury today returned a mixed verdict in the trial of 50-year-old Barry Cadden, the former president and co-founder of the Boston-based New England Compounding Center, finding him guilty of racketeering and mail fraud but acquitting him on all 25 counts of second-degree murder.
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Where are the world's happiest countries?

Where are the world's happiest countries? | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
People in the world's happiest countries live longer, freer, more generous lives, according to the 2017 World Happiness Report, released on World Happiness Day.
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J Meiler Balog's comment, March 27, 2017 1:52 AM
One of the points that stood out to me when reading this article is that the strong social bonds is what helps countries be the happiest in the ranking system. Yeah money and life excpetancy is rated up there in the grading system but its boils down to how you get along in the commuity with others. The chicago theory may not apply to some of these countries and how they work but it does go to show that like the Chicago method when you start to create yoru family and strong social bonds that they community (in this case a country) will be strong and happy. Another important factor that did cross my mind when reading the title was workplace happiness. We DO spend so much time working so of course it will weigh heavily on overall happiness. Money or status isn't everything, a diverse working experience could mean a whole lot more.
Jasmine Lowery's comment, April 3, 2017 8:44 PM
Wow! the top three happiest countries are Norway, Denmark, and Iceland. I really enjoyed the article. I like how this article mentions the various factors of money, workplace, birth rates and other factors that brings happiness. It’s not just one secret that makes up a country’s happiness.
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How fire chiefs and traffic engineers make places less safe

How fire chiefs and traffic engineers make places less safe | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Normal, walkable streets are under attack in Celebration, Florida. The battle threatens your neighborhood, wherever you live.
Rob Duke's insight:
Does place matter? Does the way the built space is laid out matter?

This is a good evaluation and interesting in that it explains and also offers visual images to illustrate.
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Justin Baugh's comment, March 28, 2017 6:27 PM
From an EMS standpoint, it is an accurate point of view because it makes streets unsafe and will increase injuries to the pedestrians on the sidewalks. From a law enforcement standpoint, the removal of tree can help in tracking and possibly help deter crime.
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Lawmakers seek changes to California juvenile justice system

Lawmakers seek changes to California juvenile justice system | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Democratic state senators Holly Mitchell of Los Angeles and Ricardo Lara of Bell Gardens are proposing four bills intended to keep more youthful offenders out of the criminal justice system.
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Rachel Nichols's comment, March 31, 2017 5:13 PM
The brain of a child develops differently than that of an adult, but I do not know if the age of someone committing a crime, just because they are a minor, should be discredited. A seventeen-year-old who commits murder is going to understand what they are doing much better than an eleven-year-old. I just wonder if the seriousness or intensity of the life-sentence being lowered will affect crime rates. I don’t necessarily think it will, just something to think about. I think lowering the age to fifteen or sixteen might be appropriate. However, with all of this said I do see why this is a topic of discussion because even a seventeen year old who “should” understand what they are doing should be looked at differently than someone who is 40 years old, and I think that observing the development of the brain and age is very smart when coming to laws for the criminal justice system.
Rob Duke's comment, March 31, 2017 5:23 PM
...and there's a big difference between the development patterns (and stages) by gender: See Carol Gilligan ("jill-ee-ann), In a Different Voice, for the best analysis of this: https://www.amazon.com/Different-Voice-Psychological-Theory-Development/dp/0674445449
Martha Hood's comment, April 2, 2017 5:06 PM

I completely support the California lawmakers statement that juvenile offenders are not pint sized adults and thus should not be treated as such. Rehabilitation programs are a good idea and a way to support keeping children out of juvenile delinquent centers.
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California prisons to free 9,500 inmates in 4 years

California prisons to free 9,500 inmates in 4 years | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Corrections officials adopted criminal sentencing rules that aim to trim California's prison population by 9,500 inmates in four years.
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Samantha Pershing's comment, April 2, 2017 4:32 AM
I think that it is good that they are trying to push for rehabilitation in the prison system. My only concern is that I think that when people go to jail it is because they did something illegal. That means they must go to jail to serve time to make up for their wrongdoings. Don't get me wrong, I fully believe that we should implement the programs. I am just not sure that making these people's sentence shorter is the right thing to do. Although, some people may need the incentive to complete these programs, and a shorter sentence is a very good incentive.
Sara Mckinstry's comment, April 3, 2017 1:39 AM
There is to many people getting locked up to the point where they are running out of space to put these people. some people prefer to be locked up then on the streets having a hard time trying to find a job because of there record. they are trying to have less people in prison because we don't have the room anymore.
Joshua Vey's comment, April 11, 2017 3:00 AM
Good for California for giving some of these inmates a second chance for the ones who really want to change. Leaves more room for the actual bad people.
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Hearing to explore misconduct allegations against ex-O.C. prosecutors

Hearing to explore misconduct allegations against ex-O.C. prosecutors | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
A Superior Court judge wants to dig deeper into allegations of misconduct by two former county prosecutors in a murder case against a construction worker
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Police superintendent meets with Sessions, gets no promise of federal aid

Police superintendent meets with Sessions, gets no promise of federal aid | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Sessions said he didn't want to make promises he couldn't keep at a time of proposed cuts to the Justice Department budget, according to one participant.
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Khalid Masood: From popular teen to murderous extremist

Khalid Masood: From popular teen to murderous extremist | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Khalid Masood carried out the deadliest terror attack in London in years. Born in Britain, he had a string of convictions for violence but not terrorism offenses. A fuller picture is emerging of the 52-year-old who killed four people.
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One Woman's Immortal Cells Have Saved Hundreds of Thousands of Lives

One Woman's Immortal Cells Have Saved Hundreds of Thousands of Lives | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Henrietta Lacks's cells laid the foundation for many modern medical discoveries.
Rob Duke's insight:
For the forensics folks out there...
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Joshua Vey's comment, March 28, 2017 5:48 PM
Pretty amazing how someone's cells can make others better. This was the start of some groundbreaking medical science.
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Colorado cold-case homicide suspect arrested in South Dakota

Julian Pena-Morales was arrested in Ipswich this week after seven years on the run from law enforcement.
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Angela Webb's comment, March 29, 2017 6:56 PM

I think this case is very interesting because of how long it took to find him. I think it’s good that they have him on a very high bond. He was found in south Dakota when the crime was committed in Colorado. Its amazing how long people can run from the authorities.
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The incarcerated workforce: Prison labour is a billion-dollar industry, with uncertain returns for inmates | The Economist

The incarcerated workforce: Prison labour is a billion-dollar industry, with uncertain returns for inmates | The Economist | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it

SILICON VALLEY mavens seldom stumble into San Quentin, a notorious Californian prison. But when Chris Redlitz, a venture capitalist, visited seven years ago, he found that many of the inmates were keen and savvy businessmen. The trip spurred him to create The Last Mile, a charity that teaches San Quentin inmates how to start businesses and code websites, for which they can earn up to $17 an hour. One of the first people it helped was Tulio Cardozo, who served a five-year sentence after a botched attempt at cooking hashish, which also left him with severe burns across half his body. Two years after he was released, he got a job as a lead developer in a San Francisco startup.

Such redemptive stories are the model for what the prison system could be. But they are exceptions—the rule is much drearier. Prison labour is legally required in America. Most convicted inmates either work for nothing or for pennies at menial tasks that seem unlikely to boost their job prospects. At the federal level, the Bureau of Prisons operates a programme known as Federal Prison Industries that pays inmates roughly $0.90 an hour to produce everything from mattresses, spectacles,road signs and body armour for other government agencies, earning $500m in sales in fiscal 2016. Prisoners have produced official seals for the Department of Defence and Department of State, a bureau spokesman confirmed. In many prisons, the hourly wage is less than the cost of a chocolate bar at the commissary, yet the waiting list remains long—the programme still pays much more than the $0.12-0.40 earned for an hour of kitchen work.


Similar schemes exist at the state level as well, making the market of 61,000 captive labourers worth well over $1bn. California’s programme expects to generate $232m in sales this year, much of it from construction and textiles, though $10m is also expected from meat-cutting. In Idaho, prisoners roast potatoes. In Kentucky, they sell $1m worth of cattle.

Critics have spent years directing their anger towards private prisons, by pointing out the moral hazard created when profiting from punishment. Jeff Sessions, the attorney-general, caused a stir last month when he cancelled an Obama-era directive to phase out federal contracting with private prison companies, which expect bumper earnings under Donald Trump. The share price for CoreCivic, the rebranded name of the Corrections Corporation of America, shot up by 43% in a single day after Mr Trump was elected, in anticipation of lucrative contracts to run immigration detention centres.

But those who attack the new prison-industrial complex might be surprised to learn that America’s publicly run prisons have been providing labour for private companies since 1979. More than 5,000 inmates take part in the scheme, known as “Prison Industry Enhancement”. “Orange is the New Black”, a television show set in a women’s prison, recently lampooned a private-prison takeover, after which the inmates are forced to sew lingerie for $1 an hour. But this gets the history only half right. Female inmates did indeed make lingerie for brands like Victoria’s Secret in the 1990s—but only through a deal between South Carolina’s public prisons and a private manufacturer.

America’s prison-labour industry is wrapped in euphemism. Federal Prison Industries does business under the more palatable name of UNICOR, and government-run prison production schemes are called “correctional industries”. Some slogans are better than others; UNICOR has an unfortunate habit of calling its facilities “factories with fences” in reports.

Employment upon release is perhaps the best defence against recidivism. The chief justification for prison labour is that it both defeats idleness and gives inmates marketable skills. Whether it actually does so is unclear. “The vast majority of prison labour is not even cloaked in the idea of rehabilitation,” says Heather Thompson of the University of Michigan. Simple manufacturing jobs, like the ones done cheaply by most inmates, have already left the country. The study pushed by the Bureau of Prisons, showing drops in reoffending, was published in 1996. More recent comparison statistics often ignore bias in how those being studied are chosen. Rigorous academic work on the subject is almost non-existent.

Still, such programmes are undoubtedly legal. The Thirteenth Amendment to the constitution prohibits slavery and indentured servitude—“except as a punishment for crime”. 

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Eric Villasenor's comment, March 27, 2017 4:43 PM
I worked as a correctional officer in a prison. Inmates are given housing, food, education, clothing and many other basic needs at no cost to them. Many of these these things(if not all) are costly to us citizens(not to mention, our tax dollars pay for those inmate services!). They are earning a similar wage to citizens who are not imprisoned when all facts are considered.
Brennan D Watson's comment, March 27, 2017 4:44 PM
I did not know that the 13th amendment allows for someone to be sentenced to slavery as a punishment. Prison labor is fine with me I do not feel that it is wrong. I do feel like there need to be defined goals for the work though are people repaying their debt to society or are they learning job skills.
Camden Pommenville's comment, March 31, 2017 8:07 PM
I think a prison labour program is a good thing to have as long as the job can be argued as a marketable skill. As Eric mentioned earlier, prisoners are provided with basic needs free of charge they have very little that they are required to spend money on. Giving prisoners something to occupy their time rather than sit and stew about their incarceration that might also give them a skill that could make them marketable upon release would be a positive thing. Finding a job upon release helps reduce recidivism.
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Man Indicted for Using GIF as 'Deadly Weapon'

Man Indicted for Using GIF as 'Deadly Weapon' | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
A cyberstalking case against a Maryland man is notable both for how the jury considered a seizure-inducing GIF and how the FBI caught the perpetrator.
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Brennan D Watson's comment, March 27, 2017 2:51 PM
I was very impressed with the length to which the FBI went to track this person. Seems like the guy that did this was trying to cause this guy some pretty serious injury.
Joshua Vey's comment, March 28, 2017 5:52 PM
Cyberstalking is a serious issue and most people seem like they can get away with it. However, the FBI has gotten really good at tracking these kinds of people down.
Justin Baugh's comment, March 28, 2017 6:39 PM
its sad that someone went to that length to hurt someone just because they didn't like what one person posted on social media.
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LAPD: Latinos report fewer sex crimes amid immigration fears

LAPD: Latinos report fewer sex crimes amid immigration fears | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
LAPD: Latinos report fewer sex crimes amid immigration fears
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