Criminology and Economic Theory
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A Wrongful Murder Conviction and 18-Year Fight for Justice: The Fairbanks Four - YouTube

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Something close to home:

In a system with a standing judge who accompanies the police on major investigations, would it have been less likely to either: a. have a wrongful conviction; or, b. doubt that the police had made the correct arrest?
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katrina watson's comment, February 6, 12:59 PM
This is really infuriating...they should be compensated, I don't feel like what the judge did was right. These four should have been free a looong time ago. I feel that this was racist and so unjust.
Emily Alvey's comment, February 10, 8:14 PM
First off, the state of Alaska’s track record with admitting they are wrong about something is not great. They have been getting reports for years regarding native/indigenous justice that have gone completely ignored. They are unwilling to relinquish any jurisdiction or control despite numerous reports and examples of successful programs showing them the benefits of restorative, local, communal justice especially within native communities. There have been known reports on the overrepresented likeliness of natives to plead guilty, of witnesses to not argue with police and just admit to whatever the police want to hear. It is not surprising that this happened. What sickens me the most is that they were forced to sign something, contingent on their release, even though their innocence had been proven, that they would not sue the state of Alaska for wrongful imprisonment. The ethicality or lack there of with this play by the State of Alaska is mindboggling. Had they forced their imprisonment due to an unwillingness to sign there would be severe constitutional rights violations. This again speaks to native peoples willingness to avoid confrontation with the state, and the state completely took advantage. The whole thing was so wrong.
Krista Scott's comment, February 12, 5:33 PM
This case is very frustrating given the fact that these young native men were thrown into prison as teenagers and were wrongfully convicted. Their freedom was wrongfully taken and the State of Alaska did nothing these 4 young men were arrested as teenagers and spent over 18 years in prison the missed all the important moments in their life such as attended college and living their best life. The Fairbanks Four case really shows the flaw our justice system as a whole still has with institutionalized racism. It seems almost apparent in Alaska that it exists because Alaska Natives are exceptionally overrepresented in the states justice system. In addition, I think that it was COMPLETE BULLSHIT that the four men had to sign a waiver which stated they wouldn't sue the state. 18 years of their lives were taken away 18.. During this time they could have finished 4 years of school and had a steady career or job of some sort. Not only was their freedom taken but their dignity and right to a fair settlement and fair trial was taken. Due to the state not wanting to own up to their mistake.
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Boy, 13, beaten to death in Paris gang clash | Euronews

Boy, 13, beaten to death in Paris gang clash | Euronews | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
The boy was reportedly struck by iron bars during a mass fight between rival gangs on the outskirts of the French capital.
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California and Four Other States Point the Way for States to Downgrade Drug Offenses and Reduce Prison Populations |

California and Four Other States Point the Way for States to Downgrade Drug Offenses and Reduce Prison Populations | | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
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THAILAND: Prime Suspect in $24 Million Bitcoin Scam Arrested

THAILAND: Prime Suspect in $24 Million Bitcoin Scam Arrested | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
The main suspect in a Bitcoin fraud case in Thailand was detained at a Bangkok airport after being on the lam for 2 months.

Via Andre JACQUEMET - @globalBPA
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Pope defrocks two Chilean bishops over sexual abuse allegations

Pope defrocks two Chilean bishops over sexual abuse allegations | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it

Pope Francis has defrocked two Chilean bishops who have been caught up in the country's widening sexual abuse crisis, the Vatican said on Saturday.

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Can You Be Found Through DNA, Like the Alleged Golden State Killer?

Can You Be Found Through DNA, Like the Alleged Golden State Killer? | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Even people who have never taken a genetic test can be tracked down like the Golden State Killer suspect.
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Christa Lynch's comment, October 14, 6:21 PM
I just watched a case from the 90’s of the rape and murder of this young lady on 20/20 and it was about this same thing as this article. This young lady’s murder went unsolved until genealogical DNA was used. It is amazing and alarming all at the same time. I feel like certain things are private which is why we have warrants. I am interested to see how this changes things, including the law.
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A note in a Walmart purse from a prisoner in China goes viral

A note in a Walmart purse from a prisoner in China goes viral | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
When Christel Wallace found a piece of paper folded up at the bottom of her purse in March 2017, she threw it in the trash. She hadn’t yet used the maroon bag, made by Walmart and purchased from one of its Arizona stores months ago.

But after a few minutes, she got curious. She took the paper out of the wastebasket, unfolding the sheet to reveal a message scrawled in Mandarin Chinese.

Translated, it read: Inmates in China’s Yingshan Prison work 14 hours a day and are not allowed to rest at noon. We have to work overtime until midnight. People are beaten for not finishing their work. There’s no salt and oil in our meals. The boss pays 2,000 yuan every month for the prison to offer better food, but the food is all consumed by the prison guards. Sick inmates have to pay for their own pills. Prisons in China cannot be compared to prisons in the United States. Horse, cow, goat, pig, dog.

Christel’s daughter-in-law Laura Wallace posted a photo of the note to Facebook on April 23. The post first went viral locally, getting shared and liked several hundred times, mostly by fellow Arizonans. After a few days, local media outlets picked up the story; a week or so after that, dozens of mainstream publications like USA Today and HuffPost followed suit. One video report on the incident accumulated 2.9 million views.
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British woman arrested in Dubai after reporting rape | World news | The Guardian

British woman arrested in Dubai after reporting rape | World news | The Guardian | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
A British woman who made a rape complaint in Dubai has been arrested for having illegal sex with her fiance, according to reports. The woman, a 23-year-old from London, said she was raped by a waiter in a luxury hotel after celebrating her engagement to her 44-year-old boyfriend, also from London.

But when she reported the alleged rape to police in the Middle Eastern state she and her boyfriend were arrested for having sex outside marriage and illegal drinking outside licensed premises.

The Foreign Office confirmed that two British people had been arrested and bailed, but would give no further details. A spokeswoman said: "We can confirm that two British nationals were arrested in Dubai on 1 January. Our embassy in Dubai is providing consular assistance."
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Briton imprisoned in UAE since May 'on suspicion of spying' | World news | The Guardian

Briton imprisoned in UAE since May 'on suspicion of spying' | World news | The Guardian | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it

The foreign secretary, Jeremy Hunt, has intervened in the case of a Briton being held in detention in the United Arab Emirates, amid reports that the man is a PhD student accused of being a spy.

The Foreign Office said: “Our staff are supporting a British man following his detention in the UAE. We are assisting his family and remain in close contact with the local authorities. The foreign secretary has also personally raised his case with his Emirati counterpart.”

The man is a Durham university PhD student named Matthew Hedges, according to the Times. The 31-year-old has been held in solitary confinement since he was detained at Dubai airport in May as he tried to leave the country following a research trip, the paper said.

Hedges has only been allowed a handful of visits from his wife and Foreign Office officials since he was seized, it is claimed. On Wednesday he was reportedly taken to the UAE’s state security court for a hearing but no charges were outlined and the case was adjourned until later this month.

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Crown prince sought to lure Khashoggi back to Saudi Arabia and detain him, U.S. intercepts show - The

Crown prince sought to lure Khashoggi back to Saudi Arabia and detain him, U.S. intercepts show - The | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
The crown prince of Saudi Arabia, Mohammed bin Salman, ordered an operation to lure Washington Post columnist Jamal Khashoggi back to Saudi Arabia from his home in Virginia and then detain him, according to U.S. intelligence intercepts of Saudi officials discussing the plan.

The intelligence, described by U.S. officials familiar with it, is another piece of evidence implicating the Saudi regime in Khashoggi’s disappearance last week after he entered the Saudi Consulate in Istanbul. Turkish officials say that a Saudi security team lay in wait for the journalist and killed him.

Khashoggi was a prominent critic of the Saudi government and Mohammed in particular. Several of Khashoggi’s friends said that over the past four months, senior Saudi officials close to the crown prince had called Khashoggi to offer him protection, and even a high-level job working for the government, if he returned to his home country.
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Saudi consulate will be searched as pressure mounts over missing journalist | Euronews

Saudi consulate will be searched as pressure mounts over missing journalist | Euronews | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Turkey's Foreign Ministry said on Tuesday they will search the Saudi consulate in Istanbul as part of an investigation in the disappearance of Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi.

Hami Aksoy, the foreign ministry spokesman, said in a written statement that the consulate's building will be searched "in the framework of the investigation".

They didn't specify when the building would be searched.

Khashoggi was seen entering the Saudi consulate in Istanbul last week but never came out.

The United States and Turkey are leading calls for Riyadh to provide evidence on the whereabouts of the missing journalist.
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Jamal Khashoggi: Turkey asks to search Saudi consulate

Jamal Khashoggi: Turkey asks to search Saudi consulate | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Turkey has asked for permission to search the Saudi Arabian consulate in Istanbul as the mystery over the disappearance of Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi deepened.
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Former Suge Knight attorney — already facing witness-tampering charges — accused of $1 million in bank fraud | News & Features | ArcaMax Publishing

Former Suge Knight attorney — already facing witness-tampering charges — accused of $1 million in bank fraud | News & Features | ArcaMax Publishing | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
LOS ANGELES -- An attorney who once represented Marion "Suge" Knight in the rap mogul's murder case was arrested Monday and charged with cashing
more than $1 million in stolen federal tax return checks, authorities
said.
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Christa Lynch's comment, October 14, 5:52 PM
Ummmm…. Is anyone really surprised? I guess I would be curious how he cam across these checks and why he was so dumb to deposit them and think he wasn’t going to get caught. As for the witness tampering….. doesn’t surprise me at all.
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Turkey says 'murder' team killed Saudi journalist at consulate: report

Turkey says 'murder' team killed Saudi journalist at consulate: report | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Turkish investigators say Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi, a Washington Post contributor, was killed at the Saudi Arabia consulate in Istanbul.
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South Africa Decriminalises Personal Cannabis Use and Cultivation

South Africa Decriminalises Personal Cannabis Use and Cultivation | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
South Africa’s highest court has decriminalised the private possession and cultivation of cannabis for personal use.
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After journalist vanishes, focus shifts to young prince’s ‘dark’ and bullying side - The

After journalist vanishes, focus shifts to young prince’s ‘dark’ and bullying side - The | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
When he hosted last October’s glittering global investment conference in Saudi Arabia, Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman had the world at his fingertips. Thousands of investors, corporate chieftains and government leaders flocked to the kingdom to hear the charismatic young heir to the Saudi throne outline his plans for modernization of the reclusive kingdom, and to be invited along for the ride and the profits.

“Only dreamers are welcome to join,” Mohammed told his audience.  

As a second conference approaches this month in Riyadh, Mohammed, 33, seems far less dashing. Over the past week, many who had planned to attend have abruptly canceled, scrambling to distance themselves from what they now see as a runaway train headed for disaster.

Their distress stems from the still-unfolding story of Jamal Khashoggi, the self-exiled Saudi journalist allegedly killed and gruesomely dismembered this month by Saudi agents inside the Saudi Consulate in Istanbul, after he dared to publicly criticize the crown prince and his government.
Rob Duke's insight:

I doubt this is about one Prince and more about the way the entire system works.

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German court orders extradition of suspect in Bulgarian journalist's killing

German court orders extradition of suspect in Bulgarian journalist's killing | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
A court in Germany has ordered the extradition of a Bulgarian man who was detained earlier this week on suspicion of the rape and murder of Bulgarian journalist Viktoriya Marinova.

The suspect was arrested in Stade, near the northern German city of Hamburg, on Tuesday.

According to a statement from the Higher Regional court in Celle, the man will be extradited within the next 10 days from Germany to Bulgaria.
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Jamal Khashoggi: Turkey has 'shocking' evidence of journalist's killing

Jamal Khashoggi: Turkey has 'shocking' evidence of journalist's killing | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it

Missing Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi may have recorded his own death, a Turkish newspaper reported Saturday morning.

Khashoggi turned on the recording function of his Apple Watch before walking into the Saudi consulate in Istanbul on October 2 , according to Sabah newspaper.
The moments of his "interrogation, torture and killing were audio recorded and sent to both his phone and to iCloud," the pro-government, privately owned newspaper paper reported. The Turkish newspaper said conversations of the men involved in the reported assassination were recorded.
Security forces leading the investigation found the audio file inside the phone Khasshoggi left with his fiancé, according to Sabah.
Upon noticing the watch, Sabah reports, Khashoggi's assailants tried to unlock the Apple Watch with multiple password attempts, ultimately using Khashoggi's fingerprint to unlock the smart watch. They were successful in deleting only some of the files, Sabah reported.

Rob Duke's insight:

This will give us some significant insight into how the state security apparatus of Saudi Arabia truly operates.

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Washington state abolishes death penalty

Washington state abolishes death penalty | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
The north-western US state becomes the 20th to ban capital punishment following a court decision,
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The ex-Interpol chief's wife is taking on the Chinese Communist Party. Here's what it might mean

The ex-Interpol chief's wife is taking on the Chinese Communist Party. Here's what it might mean | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
When now-former Interpol chief Meng Hongwei disappeared suddenly last month, his wife did something unexpected: She took up a public fight against the Beijing authorities, a move rarely seen from family members of accused senior Chinese officials.

Meng Hongwei, 64, vanished from public view after taking a flight from France to Beijing in late September. Interpol, the international police organization, said Sunday it had received a letter of resignation from Meng, who took the post in 2016.

On Monday, Beijing confirmed that Meng, who was also a vice minister of public security in China, is being detained for alleged corruption.

In a tearful Tuesday interview with CNN in Lyon, France -- where Interpol is headquartered -- Grace Meng said her husband is the victim of political "persecution," and voiced grave concern for his safety.

Echoing her earlier statements, she said she decided to challenge the mighty Chinese state and the ruling Communist Party for the sake of "all of China's children, all of China's wives and all of China's mommies and daddies."

They were powerful words, amid heart-wrenching emotions. Her interview had to be paused repeatedly as she broke down in tears talking about her husband and their young children. She was also receiving incessant calls during filming from people who she said were Chinese diplomats, demanding to meet her alone.

Grace Meng might appear to be an accidental hero, spontaneously reacting to the circumstances she was totally unprepared for.
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Woman arrested with daughter in Dubai over drinking wine is released | UK news | The Guardian

Woman arrested with daughter in Dubai over drinking wine is released | UK news | The Guardian | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
A woman who was detained in Dubai with her four-year-old daughter after drinking a complimentary glass of wine on a flight from London has expressed her relief after she was cleared by authorities and allowed to return home.

Ellie Holman, a dentist originally from Sweden who lives in Sevenoaks, Kent, with her husband and three children, had been facing a year in detention while awaiting a court hearing after she was arrested on 13 July having drunk one glass of wine on her eight-hour Emirates flight to Dubai.

Holman said she was excited to return to England, but revealed the detention had cost her family tens of thousands of pounds and used up all of their savings.

Human rights group Detained in Dubai, which has been assisting Holman, 44, said authorities in the United Arab Emirates had decided not to pursue the charges. Holman is due to return to the UK on Sunday.

The dentist and her young daughter were initially denied access to a toilet, water and food while being held in a cell for three days, according to the human rights group
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China 'legalises' internment camps for million Uighurs | World news | The Guardian

China 'legalises' internment camps for million Uighurs | World news | The Guardian | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
China’s far north-western region of Xinjiang has retroactively legitimised the use of internment camps where up to one million Muslims are being held.

Amid sustained international criticism, Chinese authorities have revised legislation to allow the regional government to officially permit the use of “education and training centres” to incarcerate “people influenced by extremism”.

Chinese authorities deny that the internment camps exist but say petty criminals are sent to vocational “training centres”. Former detainees say they were forced to denounce Islam and profess loyalty to the Communist party in what they describe as political indoctrination camps.


‘We’re a people destroyed’: why Uighur Muslims across China are living in fear
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“It’s a retrospective justification for the mass detainment of Uighurs, Kazakhs and other Muslim minorities in Xinjiang,” said James Leibold, a scholar of Chinese ethnic policies at Melbourne’s La Trobe University. “It’s a new form of re-education that’s unprecedented and doesn’t really have a legal basis, and I see them scrambling to try to create a legal basis for this policy.”

The revisions, published on Tuesday, say government agencies at the county level and above “may establish occupational skills education and training centres, education transformation organisations and management departments to transform people influenced by extremism through education”.

A new clause directs the centres to teach the Mandarin language and provide occupational and legal education, as well as “ideological education, psychological rehabilitation and behaviour correction”. Another new clause bars “refusing public goods like radio and television.” Chinese state media often feature programs hailing development in Xinjiang and promoting the government’s vision of stability in the territory.

The revised rules include a ban on behaviour “undermining the implementation” of China’s family planning policies which restrict family size. Last year, authorities ended an exception that had allowed Uighur and other ethnic minorities to have more children than their Han Chinese counterparts.


'My soul, where are you?': families of Muslims missing in China meet wall of silence
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“Overall, this clearly strengthens the legal basis for the type of re-education that has essentially been admitted by the state … indicating that the state is determined to proceed with the current campaign,” said Adrian Zenz, a researcher who focuses on Xinjiang.

The original legislation announced in 2017 banned the wearing of veils, “extreme speech and behaviour” and the refusal to listen to public radio and television broadcasts.

Beijing has spent decades trying to suppress pro-independence sentiment in Xinjiang fuelled in part by frustration about an influx of migrants from China’s Han majority. Authorities say extremists there have ties to foreign terror groups but have given little evidence to support the claim.

Members of Uighur, Kazakh and other Muslim minorities who live abroad say they have not been able to contact relatives in China, while authorities are placing children separated from their detained or exiled parents into dozens of state-run orphanages across Xinjiang.

Leibold said the revisions were an attempt to deflect international criticism. China has come under increasing pressure from the US and the European Union after a United Nations panel confronted Chinese diplomats in August over reports of arbitrary mass detentions and harsh security measures aimed at Muslims. China is up for review by the UN’s human rights council in November.

“Regardless of these revisions I still believe the practice of coercively detaining Uighurs and other Muslim minorities in Xinjiang in ‘education through transformation centres’ not only violates Chinese law but also international legal norms against the extrajudicial deprivation of liberty,” Leibold said.

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Kentucky inmates who escaped in trash cans captured

Kentucky inmates who escaped in trash cans captured | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Justin Stumler and Jeremy Hunt were arrested within hours of one another on Monday after their escape from the Louisville Metro Department of Corrections.
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Christa Lynch's comment, October 14, 6:07 PM
I think my favorite part is one had already been previously charged with escaping in 2005. How would or how did he qualify minimum security anything? I do appreciate the creative quick thinking. I would think that if these guys getting kitchen duty was so easy, along with their escape, the facility would rethink their procedures.
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Arrest over brutal murder of journalist in Bulgaria | Euronews

Arrest over brutal murder of journalist in Bulgaria | Euronews | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Bulgarian police have arrested a man as part of an investigation into the murder of Bulgarian television reporter Viktoria Marinova, whose body was found in the town of Ruse after she reported on possible government corruption.

"We have in custody a person whose alibi we are checking, but for the time being we do not have a concrete suspect. Work with him is continuing," the head of Danube regional police in Ruse, Teodor Atanasov, told reporters.

Prosecutors opened an investigation into the suspected misuse of European Unions funds on Monday, while police investigate Marinova's rape and murder. Her body was found on Saturday dumped in the Danube river.

Marinova, 30, hosted a TV show that featured two investigative journalists who were detained for their work on suspected fraud involving EU funds.

So far no link has been established between her work and her murder, although colleagues have suggested a cover-up may be taking place.
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Spain acquits doctor found guilty in 'stealing babies' case | Euronews

Spain acquits doctor found guilty in 'stealing babies' case | Euronews | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
The Spanish doctor accused of stealing and selling a baby girl has been found guilty of all charges but will not be punished due to statute of limitations. A victim of the "stolen-babies" programme said verdict leaves a "bittersweet taste".
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Interpol President Resigns Amid Chinese Corruption Investigation

Interpol President Resigns Amid Chinese Corruption Investigation | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
LYON, France (AP) — The wife of Interpol’s president made an impassioned plea Sunday for help in bringing her missing husband to safety, saying she thinks he sent an image of a knife before he disappeared in China as a way to warn her he was in danger.

Grace Meng detailed the last messages she exchanged with her husband, Interpol President Meng Hongwei, to reporters as part of her unusual appeal. Meng is China’s vice minister for public security, and regularly traveled between Beijing and Lyon, France, where Interpol is based.

His wife’s plea underscored how China’s system of shady and often-arbitrary detentions can ensnare even a senior public security official with international standing, leaving loved ones uninformed and in a panic.

In news that could confirm her fears: China announced less than an hour after she spoke Sunday that Meng was under investigation on suspicion of unspecified legal violations, making him the latest high-ranking official to fall victim to a sweeping crackdown by the ruling Communist Party.

Interpol then announced that Meng had resigned as president, effective immediately. It did not say why, or provide details about Meng’s whereabouts or condition. He was elected to lead the international police agency in 2016 and his term was not set to end until 2020.
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