Criminology and Economic Theory
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Mexico: How far do drug gangs reach?

Mexico: How far do drug gangs reach? | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
A new report using Internet searches to track criminal activity in Mexico found it is concentrated near large Mexican cities, entry points to the US, and highways connecting illicit crops or ports.
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ACLU launches national campaign to end money bail

ACLU launches national campaign to end money bail | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
The American Civil Liberties Union’s Campaign for Smart Justice is launching an initiative that focuses on bolstering the movement to end money bail and eliminate wealth-based pretrial detention.
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How Secretive Money Is Influencing the Judicial System

How Secretive Money Is Influencing the Judicial System | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
After the U.S. Supreme Court's Citizens United decision, state supreme court elections have seen secretive interests donate more than ever
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Ikea under the EU spotlight over tax

Ikea under the EU spotlight over tax | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Has Inter Ikea said anything?
Yes. Inter Ikea said it and Inter Ikea Systems are committed to paying ta in line with the laws of the countries in which they operate.

The company says it believes the way it has been taxed is in accordance with EU rules.

Are any other companies in the frame?
Yes. Fast-food chain McDonald's (MCD.N) and French energy company Engie (ENGIE.PA) are also in the EU's crosshairs over their Luxembourg tax deals.

The Commission has already cracked down on some companies, hasn't it?
Yes. They have ordered:

Apple (AAPL.O) to pay a record amount of back taxes, 13 billion euros to Ireland.

Starbucks (SBUX.O) to pay up to 30 million euros to the Netherlands

Amazon (AMZN.O) to pay 250 million euros to Luxembourg.
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Police shoot knife-wielding man at Amsterdam's Schiphol Airport

Police shoot knife-wielding man at Amsterdam's Schiphol Airport | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
A man wielding a knife has been shot and detained by military police at Amsterdam's Schiphol Airport.

No other injuries have been reported.

Schiphol Plaza, the airport's shopping area, was evacuated straight after the incident but has now been re-opened.

The "situation is now safe," the armed forces unit said.

The suspect is described by police as a 29-year-old man from The Hague.

In a Tweet, the police said the man was "known to police in connection with previous violent incidents".

Police say the man had made threats with the knife.

Details about the suspect's condition and his injuries are not yet known.
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Vince Nelson's comment, December 16, 11:41 PM
The article doesn't really give much information on how the whole situation went down but based on what it says it makes me think that the situation could have been handled without the use of lethal force. I feel with as many officers it showed where they could have stopped the man with non- lethal force such as using a tazer to down the man. Also it just seems incredibly dangerous to fire a gun in an airport full of people. It just seems to me that the situation could have been handled better.
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Homeless man steals $350,000 from Paris airport

Homeless man steals $350,000 from Paris airport | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
A homeless man stole 300,000 euros ($353,000) from an unlocked room in Paris' Charles de Gaulle Airport on Friday, according to a court spokesman.
Rob Duke's insight:
I'll try to keep this case going so we can follow how the French investigate this case....
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Hope Allen's comment, December 16, 12:50 AM
Insane that something like this could happen, but perhaps this will teach those a lesson in keeping doors locked. I also wonder what this may do about the security of allowing homeless men into airports.
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Swedish police question suspects after synagogue attack

Swedish police question suspects after synagogue attack | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Police are guarding Jewish centers across the Swedish city of Gothenberg following an arson attack on a synagogue there, police said.
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Christopher L. Baca's comment, December 11, 10:18 PM
It will be interesting to find out if these three individuals acted solely through their own means or if they are part of some organization.
Hope Allen's comment, December 16, 12:56 AM
Glad they are taking the threat seriously and guarding these people. Its a shame that this type of thing continues to happen and puts people in fear.
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Murder map: Deadliest U.S. cities

Murder map: Deadliest U.S. cities | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
You might be surprised by the murder rates in 61 major cities across the U.S.
Rob Duke's insight:
Sure Chicago's not the worst, but it's in the top 6 with stellar cities like Kansas City, St. Louis, and Baltimore ahead of it.  It's murder rate is nearly 5 times the "average" of about 1 per thousand.
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Christopher L. Baca's comment, December 11, 10:30 PM
Baltimore is the number one crime city because of the amount of "uprisings" or "riots" there are. At these riots, everything from cash to pharmaceuticals get looted, and then the murder rates go up. Everyone wants drugs or money so people start going on killing sprees.
Shaylee Shocklee's comment, December 15, 7:10 PM
I have to say, I was pretty shocked by this list. Sure, I expected large cities with massive populations to be on the list, simply because of the fact that with a large population, often comes a lot of crime. The midwestern states being so high on the list was also surprising. I wonder what is the route of the cause for the cities in the top five, if there is a common theme and if that theme could be addressed for these larger cities.
Hope Allen's comment, December 16, 12:57 AM
This is a pretty shocking list, I can't believe a few of these. Honestly would scare me to live in any of these places, but maybe these types of studies can help people keep safe.
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Seven case studies for complete streets

Seven case studies for complete streets | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
The following video covers examples from around the US of busy, automobile-oriented thoroughfares that were transformed into complete streets using design that responds to urban context.

CNU wrote the case studies for a new book by the Institute for Transportation Engineers called Implementing Context Sensitive Design on Multimodal Corridors, a Pracitioner's Handbook.

The book is a long-awaited follow-up to the influential CNU/ITE manual Designing Walkable Urban Thoroughfares. Enjoy the video.
Rob Duke's insight:
Go to the scoping sessions and advocate for these features.  It will make your policing job easier.
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Safety improvements prepare South Broad Street for a residential future

Safety improvements prepare South Broad Street for a residential future | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
The city is installing its first raised intersections to slow traffic and give the avenue more of a residential feel.
- Inga Saffron, Philadelphia Inquirer and Daily News
Rob Duke's insight:
More safety design ideas to help calm traffic and make a neighborhood more attractive.  Making a sense of place is one of the key elements of reducing crime.
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Volkswagen manager jailed for 7 years in diesel scam

Volkswagen manager jailed for 7 years in diesel scam | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Schmidt was charged with 11 felony counts and federal prosecutors said he could have faced a maximum of up to 169 years in prison. As part of his guilty plea, prosecutors agreed to drop most of the counts and Schmidt consented to be deported at the end of his prison sentence.

Related: So where exactly will we charge all these electric cars?

Engineer James Liang cooperated with the FBI and was sentenced to 40 months in prison last summer. Six others at VW or Audi were charged, but they are in Germany and out of reach of U.S. authorities. Among them is Heinz-Jakob Neusser, who was described as Schmidt's boss. He was head of engine development and, later, VW brand development.

VW pleaded guilty as a corporation in March and agreed to pay $4.3 billion in civil and criminal penalties on top of billions more to buy back cars.
Rob Duke's insight:
This is a rare case where a White Collar Criminal is sentenced to any serious jail time.  See the Holder Memo for more on why that is the case.  Generally, when Eric Holder was an attorney for George W. Bush's A.G.'s office, he wrote a white paper suggesting that the Enron case had the unintended consequence of killing off both Enron and Arthur Anderson, the accounting firm that helped Enron execs doctor the books.  This sent tens of thousands of innocent workers to the unemployment line.  What Holder suggested was that the government use re-integrative shaming for any corporation that fully cooperated (open records, forthright testimony, paying restitution and fines).  This policy meant that most banks involved in the sub-prime scandal were allowed to survive and relatively few executives went to prison.
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Masha Nuss's comment, December 8, 2:40 AM
So... I'm not particularly understanding why they weren't tried in Germany, since these are cars imported from there. Am I missing something? Would Germany be able to try them as criminals on their own soil?
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Calendar starring shepherds proves an unexpected hit

Calendar starring shepherds proves an unexpected hit | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
2018 calendar promoting a worthy cause immediately sells out
Rob Duke's insight:
...and now...for something completely different.
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Christopher L. Baca's comment, December 11, 11:23 PM
I am scarred for life. Yes this is for a worthy cause, but buying something such as a calendar full of undressed shepherd males, should be prohibited.
Rob Duke's comment, December 16, 1:48 AM
Yeah, I thought for sure that this was an April 1st edition that I'd just gotten around to seeing...but it wasn't!
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Parents of suspected Tampa serial killer 'devastated' by his arrest

Parents of suspected Tampa serial killer 'devastated' by his arrest | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
They have not seen Howard Donaldson, who goes by the nickname Trai, since he was arrested, Rosita Donaldson said, adding that he does not have the "personality" to have committed these crimes.

"Anybody that knows Trai knows that's not Trai," she said. "... That's not my son."

Emanuel Donaldson said the news of his son's arrest has been "difficult for everyone" and that they are going to lean on their faith to "get through this ordeal."

"It's your ability to pray for people you don't even know," he said, adding that he hopes the love he and his wife have for their son "gets him through."
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Christopher L. Baca's comment, December 11, 10:42 PM
If Trai grew up surrounded by faith and religion all of his life, what made him go and shoot those people? Did he experience some kind of traumatic experience that caused his brain to rewire?
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Thousands freed from L.A. gang injunctions that controlled their movements, friendships, even dress choices

Thousands freed from L.A. gang injunctions that controlled their movements, friendships, even dress choices | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Thousands of Angelenos who had been barred from visiting certain neighborhoods or associating with friends and family under the city’s controversial gang injunction program have been released from those conditions this year, officials said.
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Supreme Court will hear courtroom shackles case

Supreme Court will hear courtroom shackles case | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
The 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals had previously ruled that the practice violated a defendants' right that he or she be presume
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Crime-Fighting Robot Deployed Near San Francisco Homeless Encampment Fired

Crime-Fighting Robot Deployed Near San Francisco Homeless Encampment Fired | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it

SAN FRANCISCO—Last month, the San Francisco Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals deployed a 400-pound robot to help combat a sharp rise in car break-ins and other crime at one of its animal shelter facilities here.

On Thursday, the Knightscope K5 was benched amid complaints that it was being used to harass the neighborhood’s sizable homeless population.

The shelter’s officials said in local news reports that break-ins and discarded drug needles had decreased at the Mission District campus after the robot was deployed. The white, Weeble-shaped robot rolled along snapping photos that it relayed to human guards.

“It’s scaring a lot of homeless, because they think it’s taking pictures of them,” said Moon Tomahawk, an unemployed 38-year-old man who frequents the homeless encampments nearby.

The Number of Homeless People Rises on American Streets
On Thursday, the San Francisco SPCA issued a statement that it was pulling the plug on the K5 after the facility became the target of vandalism and threats over complaints the homeless were being victimized. “We piloted the robot program in an effort to improve the security around our campus and to create a safe atmosphere for staff, volunteers, clients and animals. Clearly, it backfired.”

Rob Duke's insight:
This is another example of Ron Coase's theorem and the assignment of property rights to any particular group: in this case, the "right" to use the public space in a manner that creates blight and crime (or wastage in common law wording).  Coase predicts that the market finds efficient ways to manage any particular set of institutions--note: he doesn't say that we'll have the most "Just" outcomes--only the most efficient.
In this case, the costs of break-ins and needle clean up are passed on to the vehicle owners and the taxpayers, respectively.
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Bermuda to reverse same-sex marriage legislation

Bermuda to reverse same-sex marriage legislation | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Bermuda’s senate voted on Wednesday (December 13) to ban same-sex marriage, only a few months after the country’s Supreme Court legalised it.

After a change of government, the island’s senate approved the Domestic Partnership Act, which revokes the right for two people of the same sex to get married.

The House of the Assembly approved it last Friday (December 8) and the law will now be signed into effect by the island’s governor.

Senate leader Kathy Simmons said the bill reflected “the majority sentiment”, according to local media outlet The Royal Gazette.

Senator Nandi Outerbridge from the One Bermuda Alliance party told Euronews that as former minister and now opposition senator she will "always have the best interest of all Bermudians at heart, including the protection of minorities".

"While yesterday was a regressive step for Bermuda, I will continue to my part to ensure the success of the island in every way," she added.

The British Territory’s Supreme Court had legalised same-sex marriage back in May but the ruling Progressive Labour Party wanted the law reversed after taking power in the July election.

The party’s decision gained support from several socially-conservative churches on the island.

The new legislation won’t apply to couples already married under the now-banned same-sex marriage law.
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Shaylee Shocklee's comment, December 15, 7:03 PM
Very unfortunate. I think the most difficult part about it is that it was a right that was available to people on the island for a short amount of time and then was suddenly revoked. Though it is good of them to at least still acknowledge same-sex couples who are already legally married, it is unfair in many ways to have that opportunity provoked for younger generations. I do wonder if it will change back to being legalized with the next election and what will be done to make sure that a law can't be treated so fickle, especially when it affects many aspects of a person's life. I also wonder what social aspects will change for those who are already legally married in a country that no longer allows same-sex marriage.
Hope Allen's comment, December 16, 12:48 AM
Very sad that it has come to this, hopefully this doesn't set a precedence for everyone else to follow suit.
Vince Nelson's comment, December 16, 11:48 PM
Talk about pulling the rug out on someone. It must be terrible to just get the right to have same-sex marriage only to have almost immediately taken away. It's one thing to deny and not make it legal but for it to become legal than have it taken away just shows how hard it is to bring change
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Analysis | Following marijuana legalization, teen drug use is down in Colorado

Analysis | Following marijuana legalization, teen drug use is down in Colorado | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Fewer teens are getting high in Colorado now that weed's legal there.
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Hope Allen's comment, December 16, 12:52 AM
This is something I definitely would have predicted, when you no longer make a huge deal about something being morally wrong or illegal kids will use interest eventually.
Rob Duke's comment, December 16, 1:42 AM
Had this same conversation today in our Restorative Justice program board meeting and one of our board members commented that cannabis is becoming a "no big deal" and thus not as popular now that Alaska has decriminalize marijuana.....
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Great idea: Transit-oriented development

Great idea: Transit-oriented development | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Transit-oriented development links transportation and land use—providing people with maximum choice in how to get around by intensifying activities near transit nodes with high quality public space.
Rob Duke's insight:
T.O.D. or Transit-Oriented Development is great for a community.  It can save an old mall or train station or even a whole downtown.
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South Carolina serial killer Todd Kohlhepp says there are more victims

South Carolina serial killer Todd Kohlhepp says there are more victims | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
A South Carolina man convicted of killing seven people says he has more victims who have not been discovered.

The Herald-Journal of Spartanburg reports that, in an eight-page letter, Todd Kohlhepp wrote that he tried to tell investigators and informed the FBI, but he said "it was blown off." He also wrote, "At this point, I really don't see reason to give numbers or locations."


Todd Kohlhepp appears in court on May 26, 2017 in Spartanburg, South Carolina. John Byrum / The Spartanburg Herald-Journal via AP
Don Wood, chief division counsel with the FBI's Columbia office, said the agency has a pending investigation, but wouldn't comment specifically on what the FBI is doing.

The 46-year-old Kohlhepp pleaded guilty in May to seven counts of murder for killings that took place over more than a decade, all as he ran a real estate business. He was sentenced to life in prison.

His string of crimes was uncovered in 2016 after police rescued a woman chained at the neck in a storage container and investigators found a body buried in a shallow grave. The woman told investigators she saw Kohlhepp shoot and kill her boyfriend, who went with her for a cleaning job on the suspect's property.
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Hope Allen's comment, December 16, 12:59 AM
Glad they caught him and hope he fesses up to the rest of his victims so the families can grieve in peace.
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Daimler Tore Apart a Rented Tesla to Learn Its Secrets Then Tried to Return It

Daimler Tore Apart a Rented Tesla to Learn Its Secrets Then Tried to Return It | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
If you’re a car company trying to build a better car than your competitor, often you’ll want to pick up one of your competitor’s cars to see just how good they are. Maybe you'll just test it, or maybe you'll even disassemble in order to learn their secrets.

It seems like Mercedes’ parent company Daimler didn’t think this strategy all the way through. According to a report published in German magazine Der Spiegel, Daimler picked up a Tesla Model X to put through the paces. Only the Model X in question was rented, not bought, and the car's owners are left paying thousands of dollars in repair costs.

Bavarian couple Man­fred van Rins­um and Mo­ni­ka Kind­lein often rent out their three Teslas for extra income, using rental company Sixt. When Sixt reached out to them to rent their Model X to an unknown party for seven weeks, the couple didn’t think anything of it.

It was only after they got their car back heavily damaged that the couple started trying to figure out what happened. According to Der Spiegel, the car had been disassembled and screwed back together, as well as being put through several extreme tests, including heat and vibrations.

All together, an appraiser estimated that the Tesla sustained around $20,000 in damages thanks to Daimler. Van Rins­um wrote an invoice to the company for over $100,000, adding in expenses due to lost income while the car was being repaired and a fee for breaking the rental contract, which forbids testing and disassembly.

Daimler has said in a statement that “renting vehicles for comparison purposes is a common procedure in the automotive industry,” but refused to comment on this particular incident. Sixt stated that they’ve compensated van Rins­um and Kind­lein for the damages, but the couple says it's not enough and they don’t believe they’ll ever get all of their money back.
Rob Duke's insight:
Another example of a German car company's misdeeds....
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Reimagine cities with me

Reimagine cities with me | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
I’m a believer in cities. That’s why I’ve devoted my career to them and helped to found the Congress for the New Urbanism 25 years ago.
 
CNU was founded on the belief that working together we accomplish more than working separately. Today, CNU continues to be a convener and laboratory for the great ideas cities need to respond to climate change, transportation pressure, and the imperative for greater social equity and community. The design and development of cities is an increasingly crucial factor in the health and well being of their residents, and in the sustainability of the planet.
 
That’s why this winter, culminating decades of work that sprang from my participation in the New Urbanist movement, I am unveiling a powerful tool for reimagining cities, UrbanFootprint. This is the first online software to provide all the data you need to fully understand a site, a library of place types to build alternate plans, and multiple analytic engines to quantify the economic, health, social, and environmental co-benefits of urbanism. It provides a sound, factual basis for decision-making and a community process that can lead to more livable, resilient cities. Sign up for a demonstration at UrbanFootprint.com.
Rob Duke's insight:
Calthorpe is a giant in the field of urban planning....
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Alaska edible pot maker suspended amid product testing probe

Alaska edible pot maker suspended amid product testing probe | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
Alaska's marijuana regulators are investigating whether Fairbanks' largest edible manufacturer is following product testing protocols.
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Masha Nuss's comment, December 8, 3:49 AM
The store owner "declines to discuss testing practices," does she. I wonder how much more of these kinds of mistakes we'll be seeing in the future.
Rob Duke's comment, December 16, 1:51 AM
The latest is that this came about because of a disgruntled fired employee and the product in question was moldy banana bread. I think this demonstrates the normal growing pains of a new industry. In a short time, the tight business practices and models will be successful and the weaker ones will not be....pretty soon we'll have cannabis edibles baked with preservatives and computer controlled ingredients.
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The truth about Portugal's net neutrality, as explained by an expert

The truth about Portugal's net neutrality, as explained by an expert | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
While the first the impression was that Portugal's internet neutrality policy was unregulated, the country follows the EU net neutrality standards put in place by the Body of European Regulators for Electronic Communcations (BEREC). Local regulator Communications National Authority (ANACOM) is in charge of making sure the neutrality measures set up by the EU are met within the Portuguese territory.

But, despite the situation in Portugal´s internet offers being more net ´neutral´ than what was originally reported, it still is a cause for concern for some.

Euronews spoke to Eduardo Santos, lawyer and president of D3 Association - Defence of Digital Rights, who clarifies the issues within this scenario from a Portuguese perspective.

Santos describes net neutrality as a concept in which internet providers should limit their roles to providing the access to internet, with no discrimination of traffic.

Selecting certain apps to feature in the packages, and not others, is then a problem.

“With this spirit in mind, despite being add-ons, these packages, are still problematic. MEO is using its positions as a provider to make business and discriminate what kind of apps or websites people may access, or even, it encourages the use of certain apps and discourages the use of others. This is a position that an internet provider should never have.”
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Toronto Neighbors Calm Street Using Only Leaves and Chalk

Toronto Neighbors Calm Street Using Only Leaves and Chalk | Criminology and Economic Theory | Scoop.it
ou’ve heard of the sneckdown — when traffic after a snowstorm creates patterns that reveal how much space can be claimed for pedestrians. Now a group of neighbors in Toronto has made “nature’s traffic calming” a multi-season activity.

Dave Meslin wanted to demonstrate how a local intersection could be transformed into a safer, more neighborhood-friendly space. He and some of his neighbors went to work with some leaves and chalk, Meslin wrote on Facebook:

Using only chalk and leaves (and maintaining all existing road widths at 28 feet) we revealed a surplus surface area of 2,000 square feet which could be transformed into a parkette, new sidewalks, and much shorter/safer crossings.

The “leafy neckdown” is the talk of Toronto, reports BlogTO. Meslin told the blog’s Lauren O’Neil that prior to the group’s intervention, drivers never seemed to understand where to stop, even though the intersection has three stop signs. But the chalk lines seem to have clarified what drivers are supposed to do, and it feels a lot safer.
Rob Duke's insight:
It'll take some of the adjacent land, but a round-a-bout would be a better option.
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Christopher L. Baca's comment, December 11, 10:29 PM
I find it interesting how a few member of the community got together to do this "social" experiment. It shows promise for the results that they were going for, but whether or not city officials will execute these plans will take time.