Criminology, Law and Justice
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Legalized medical cannabis lowers opioid use, study finds

Legalized medical cannabis lowers opioid use, study finds | Criminology, Law and Justice | Scoop.it
U.S. states that have approved medical cannabis laws saw a dramatic reduction in opioid use, according to a new study.
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In states with medical cannabis dispensaries, the researchers observed a 14.4 percent reduction in use of prescription opioids and nearly a 7 percent reduction in opiate prescriptions filled in states with home-cultivation-only medical cannabis laws.
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Norway Votes to Decriminalize Drug Use, in Favor of Treatment

Norway Votes to Decriminalize Drug Use, in Favor of Treatment | Criminology, Law and Justice | Scoop.it

The vote, with the majority of parliament voting to decriminalize, asks the government to prepare for reform. Parliament wants to stop punishment drug users who struggle to provide assistance and professional treatment. Those found with small amounts of drugs from heroin to marijuana but won’t be arrested and instead offered treatment. Members of parliament have said the effort will focus on treatment and follow-up programs. They also emphasized that they do not want to legalize drugs, only decriminalize drug use. The process of changing the policies will take time, but the vote is a symbolic change for the new direction and vision. Currently, those who are struggling with substance abuse are treated as criminals with sanctions like fines and imprisonment, but the Norwegian parliament believes that they should be treated as ill.

Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

Norway’s parliament has voted to decriminalize drug use this week, moving instead to focus on treatment for addicted drug users in place of punitive measures. Will Denmark finally wake up and follow suit?

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More than half of female prisoners are victims of domestic violence, figures show

More than half of female prisoners are victims of domestic violence, figures show | Criminology, Law and Justice | Scoop.it

Women in prison in England and Wales have often been victims of much more serious offences than the ones they are accused of committing, a charity has warned, as figures show more than half of female inmates are victims of domestic violence. Fifty-seven per cent of women in prison report having been victims of domestic violence, while 53 per cent also report having experienced emotional, physical or sexual abuse as a child, according to a report published today by the Prison Reform Trust.

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Charity urges better guidance needed for responding to female offenders after it emerges many have been victims of more serious offences than they are accused of committing.

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Returning ISIS fighters: How should governments deal with them?

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ISIS fighters are returning home to Europe. In Britain, half of the 850 citizens known to have joined ISIS have already come back. As France marks the two-year anniversary of the deadliest terrorist attack on its soil, governments have to decide what to do with returning foreign fighters.

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Disabled child hate crimes increasing

Disabled child hate crimes increasing | Criminology, Law and Justice | Scoop.it
Families with disabled children describe being abused online and in the street.
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Who does this???

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Child sex doll imports expose previously unknown offenders

Child sex doll imports expose previously unknown offenders | Criminology, Law and Justice | Scoop.it
A surge in the number of seizures of child-like sex dolls by border officers has led investigators to identify dozens of previously unknown suspected paedophiles.
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Should it be illegal to own a child sex doll? No! Purchases of such dolls offer valuable clues about otherwise unknown potential offenders. Instead monitor and prevent real harm before it occurs!

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Sending people to prison for drugs probably doesn't stop the demand

Sending people to prison for drugs probably doesn't stop the demand | Criminology, Law and Justice | Scoop.it
That lack of a pattern shows the flaw in a central philosophy in the war on drugs: That doling out harsh penalties makes people less inclined to use drugs or join the drug trade, said Adam Gelb, director of Pew's public safety performance project, which works to reform state-level drug policies.
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Sending more people to prison for drug offenses won't have an effect on drug use and deaths, according to a new analysis.

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This 3-Year-Old's Murder Is Part Of South Africa's Alarming 'Epidemic'

This 3-Year-Old's Murder Is Part Of South Africa's Alarming 'Epidemic' | Criminology, Law and Justice | Scoop.it

It may not be possible to imagine a more terrible crime. Courtney Pieters, a 3-year-old girl from a suburb of Cape Town, went missing on May 4. Her body was found nine days later, buried in a shallow grave about two-thirds of a mile from her home. She had been raped twice. "This is one of the saddest incidents I've come across," South African President Jacob Zuma said May 18. Her fate was not as unusual as you would wish it to be.

Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

Each year 800 to 900 children are murdered in South Africa.

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Revenge porn: Image-based abuse hits 'one in five' Australians

Revenge porn: Image-based abuse hits 'one in five' Australians | Criminology, Law and Justice | Scoop.it
One in five Australians has suffered image-based abuse, according to the nation's most comprehensive study on "revenge porn".
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Australian national survey of more than 4,200 people finds that men and women were equally likely to be targeted. One in five has nude or sexual images taken without their permission, while 11% say images of them had been distributed without consent.

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'WhatsApp child sex images' led to arrests

'WhatsApp child sex images' led to arrests | Criminology, Law and Justice | Scoop.it

A total of 39 suspects were apprehended in Europe and South America, following action by the Spanish National Police, Europol and Interpol.Spanish investigators discovered dark web sites directing users to private WhatsApp groups last year. Researchers then verified these groups were used to share illegal images.House searches conducted during the arrests had led to the seizure of "hundreds of devices containing several terabytes of child sexual exploitation material", according to Europol. Spanish police have added that this included more than 360,000 files.

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A network apparently using WhatsApp to distribute images of child sexual exploitation has been disrupted by dozens of arrests, according to police.

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Group of Men Sexually Assault 15-Year-Old Chicago Girl on Facebook Live

Group of Men Sexually Assault 15-Year-Old Chicago Girl on Facebook Live | Criminology, Law and Justice | Scoop.it
The video marks the second time in recent months that the Chicago Police Department has investigated an apparent attack that was streamed live on Facebook. In January, four people were arrested after a cellphone footage showed them allegedly taunting and beating a mentally disabled man.
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

A 15-year-old girl sexually assaulted by five or six men on Facebook Live. None of the roughly 40 people who watch the live video report attack to police.

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Sara Mckinstry's comment, April 17, 2017 1:53 PM
very sad to here this really happened and no one did anything about but watch. its a scary situation I think for the parents, the girl and the police. the reason why its a scary situation for the police is because how long did it take for the police to know about it?
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Brain scans can spot criminals, scientists say

Brain scans can spot criminals, scientists say | Criminology, Law and Justice | Scoop.it
Experiments prove judicial distinction between criminal intent and reckless behaviour has scientific merit too
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Neuroscientists have used brain scans to spot the difference between people who committed crimes on purpose and those who broke the law through sheer reckless behaviour.

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Nine in 10 people would electrocute others if ordered, re-run of Milgram Experiment shows 

Nine in 10 people would electrocute others if ordered, re-run of Milgram Experiment shows  | Criminology, Law and Justice | Scoop.it

A notorious experiment in the 1960s to find out if ordinary people were prepared to inflict pain if ordered to do so by an authority figure has reached an even more sinister conclusion. Despite the lessons of history, nine in 10 would electrocute their peers even if they were screaming in agony, simply because they were told to do so. 

Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

Half a century after Milgram's original research into obedience to authority, a striking majority of subjects are still willing to electrocute a helpless individual.

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Legal Marijuana Is A Boon To The Economy, Finds Study

Legal Marijuana Is A Boon To The Economy, Finds Study | Criminology, Law and Justice | Scoop.it
A new report out of Colorado State University-Pueblo’s Institute of Cannabis Research found economic benefits to legal cannabis, even when accounting for the increased costs of legalization.
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Study finds net benefit to state economy was $35 million, no evidence of increased homelessness, or use by young people following legalisation.
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Police seek 'mad pooper' woman jogger who's defecating shamelessly on people's front lawns

Police seek 'mad pooper' woman jogger who's defecating shamelessly on people's front lawns | Criminology, Law and Justice | Scoop.it

A woman dubbed as the "Mad Pooper" is accused of repeatedly defecating in front of houses in Colorado Springs.

 

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Shock as Amazon delivery woman defecates on customer’s front yard while dropping off package http://fxn.ws/2AnfQwl

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So here's a radically new innovative and rather bizarre way to piss someone off. What's happening to the world?!

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'Needle abuse' found in Beijing nursery

'Needle abuse' found in Beijing nursery | Criminology, Law and Justice | Scoop.it
A Beijing nursery is accused of giving injections and feeding drugs to toddlers, in a case that has sparked outrage in China.
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Staff forced children to take pills, jabbed them with needles and made them strip naked.

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Forensic Science: Last Week Tonight with John Oliver

Forensic science used in criminal trials can be surprisingly unscientific. Maybe a new television procedural could help change the public perception.
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Forensic science used in criminal trials can be surprisingly unscientific.

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Paedophiles 'should be prescribed child sex dolls'

Paedophiles 'should be prescribed child sex dolls' | Criminology, Law and Justice | Scoop.it
Paedophiles who use child sex dolls in a “managed environment” may be detered from carrying out attacks in real life, according to the chair of Specialist Treatment Organization for the Prevention of Sexual Offending (StopSO) - a charity which prevents sexual offending through therapy.
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

The prescription of a child sex doll could be like giving methadone to a heroin user.

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Kimber A. 's comment, August 16, 2017 1:14 AM
I've discussed this in other classes, and it never fails to be hotly debated. The intriguing question lies in whether it is treating or satiating pedophilia OR encouraging it. It seems as though people tend to be split right down the middle on this issue. To take it even further, such as the above article, how should individuals go about getting their hands on (no pun intended) these child dolls? My gut instinct is to say that they should not be openly and publicly for sale, and yet what if that anonymity prevents someone with pedophilia-urges to avoid a heinous crime without labeling themselves as a child molester? BUT on the other hand, does the availability of this sex toy create temptation in those who were otherwise not inclined to feel sexually aroused by children?
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Restaurant owner and teen daughter say they were attacked over cold chicken

Restaurant owner and teen daughter say they were attacked over cold chicken | Criminology, Law and Justice | Scoop.it
A Georgia restaurant owner and her teenage daughter said they were attacked by customers who were served cold chicken, CBS affiliate WTOC-TV in Savannah reports.
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Some people really gotta chill

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Australia to ban convicted pedophiles from traveling abroad

Australia to ban convicted pedophiles from traveling abroad | Criminology, Law and Justice | Scoop.it
In a statement, the Australian government said the new rules would ensure child sex offenders cannot travel "to vulnerable countries where they are out of sight and reach of Australian law."
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Australia will introduce tough new laws in an attempt to crack down on child sex tourism in what the government has described as a "world first."

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Police could soon remotely disable your phone, even if no crime has been committed

Police could soon remotely disable your phone, even if no crime has been committed | Criminology, Law and Justice | Scoop.it
Officers would be able to pre-empt offences and penalise members of the public when they haven't actually done anything wrong
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

Violate basic privacy rights rather than reconsider current flawed drug policies. This is the sad reality we live in. Policing, control, and harsh sentencing has virtually no effect in terms of reducing drug supply. The only way to beat the drug dealers is to become their competition ==> legalize !

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Cops smash global paedophile ring

Cops smash global paedophile ring | Criminology, Law and Justice | Scoop.it
A more than two-year investigation into the notorious Playpen network and its members led to the arrests, the Federal Bureau of Investigation and Europol said, an announcement that came just days after a US court sentenced Playpen founder and administrator Steven Chase to 30 years in prison.The arrest of Florida-based Chase in December 2014 set off a sweeping global probe into the users of the members-only forum.Playpen was buried deep online in what is known as the “darknet,” where Tor anonymity software and encryption hide often illegal activities.In this case, it masked participants in a forum where people submitted and traded photographs and videos of the sexual abuse of children.
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

Nearly 900 suspected paedophiles have been arrested and almost 300 children identified or rescued from their abusers following the massive take-down of an underground online paedophile network. More than 1000 computers worldwide were hacked by the FBI produced malware, and their users thereby identified. Questionable strategy, yes! Justified, yes!

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Legalise drugs, says mother who lost daughter to ecstasy

Five years ago Anne-Marie Cockburn's 15 year-old daughter Martha died from taking 1/2g of MDMA powder that turned out to be 91% pure. She is now calling for legalization.

Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

"Just say no" rhetoric is outdated and simply doesn't work in practice. Whether we like it or not, there will always be a demand for psycho-active substances, and policing has virtually no effect on the supply of drugs. A rational and progressive drug policy would legalize certain drugs, thereby making it possible to supply uncorrupted substances and inform people properly about responsible drug use.

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Israel makes it official: Cannabis is not a crime

Israel makes it official: Cannabis is not a crime | Criminology, Law and Justice | Scoop.it
Under the new policy, first-time offenders caught using marijuana in public will be subject to a fine of approximately $250, but will not face criminal charges. The money will be used for drug rehabilitation and education. A second offense will be subject to a fine of approximately $500, while a third offense may require rehabilitation, education and a suspended driver's license. A fourth offense will be subject to prosecution and a possible prison term.
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Israel's Cabinet decriminalized the recreational use of cannabis, or marijuana, at its weekly meeting on Sunday in a move hailed by politicians from across the spectrum.

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Watch the Philippine Vice President Slam Duterte's Drug War

Watch the Philippine Vice President Slam Duterte's Drug War | Criminology, Law and Justice | Scoop.it
Philippine Vice President Leni Robredo will address attendees at the 60th annual meeting of the U.N. Commission on Narcotic Drugs via a video message that highlights human-rights abuses in President Rodrigo Duterte's so-called war on drugs.
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Where would genocide be, if only she was running the country...

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