Counselling Update
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Counselling Update
A digest of Counselling related articles, video presentations and research findings
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"Lost Literacy: How Graphic Novels Can Recover Visual Literacy in the Literacy Classroom"

"Lost Literacy: How Graphic Novels Can Recover Visual Literacy in the Literacy Classroom" | Counselling Update | Scoop.it

"...Perceptual psychologist and art theorist Rudolf Arnheim argued that over time, society has come to overvalue cognition at the expense of perception. For Arnheim, cognition is the mind's manipulation of concepts resulting from direct perception of objects, people, images, etc. He contends that cognition is bound to perception; therefore, historically determined dichotomies between seeing and thinking, perception and reason, are damaging to full cognitive development. According to Arnheim, verbal language, which has come to represent cognition and imagery, tends to be perceptual and is deficient in the sense that the verbal is actually an abstracted aural symbol that, lacks a referent. For example, the printed word "cat" does not visually resemble a cat (the image lacks any consistent symbol, i.e., a cat is a cat, because it is identified as such via language). In order to cognitively process the idea of "cat," we must have an idea of what a cat looks like. In order to conceive such concepts, a person must create a visual representation utilizing symbolic imagery. Therefore, verbal language and visual imagery are complementary and provide what the other lacks. This relationship strengthens both the perception and the resultant cognition. Arnheim claims that once this connection is realized the need for art to have a central role in general education will be evident." In the meantime, he contends that the dismissal of perception, and subsequently of the visual, has resulted in visual illiteracy, a claim more recently echoed by Luc Pauwels. Visual illiteracy has been detrimental to countless students who have been made to ignore perception at the cost of their cognitive development, and ultimately their success in school and society..."

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How to Parent Yourself

"We cannot change the parents we had – but there is always an option, in later life, to learn to care for ourselves in new and perhaps better ways. In other words, there are opportunities to learn how to reparent ourselves."

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The Ugly Truth About Mothers and Scapegoating

The Ugly Truth About Mothers and Scapegoating | Counselling Update | Scoop.it

"...In an interesting article, Gary Gemmill points out that assigning a child the role of the scapegoat allows all the other members of the family to think of themselves as emotionally healthier and more stable than they actually are, since they’re not required to take responsibility for their behaviors or actions. The one thorn in the family’s side (so the mother maintains) is the presence of the scapegoat, and if he or she could be “fixed” or “made to act better,” then life would be perfect.

The permanent scapegoat permits the narcissistic mother to make sense of family dynamics and the things that displease her without ever blemishing her own role as a “perfect” mother, or feeling the need for any introspection or action. She has a ready-made explanation for fractiousness or any other deviation from what she expects her family to look like. Similarly, the attention of the other children in the family is directed away from how the mother acts and, instead, is focused on the one person who’s “messing it all up.”

While the underlying motivation for scapegoating may not be consciously perceived by the mother who’s instigating it — she doesn’t recognize it as a tactic for maintaining the image of a perfect façade and keeping dysfunction masked — bullying and targeting the scapegoat is consciously maintained. With a narcissistic mother, it often becomes a team sport with the other children following her lead. In this way, the scapegoat becomes a part of the family’s mythology — the stories the members tell about how the family works, both in childhood and in adulthood — which is firmly established as “truth.” Like a Hollywood Western, there are white hats and black hats, good kids and a bad one or two, and the family scripts are utterly predictable.

The presence of a designated scapegoat effectively prevents any kind of open dialogue about the mother’s behavior or how the family interacts. The scapegoat facilitates the mother’s vision and, so, keeps her above reproach..."

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Finding Peace Through Painful Experiences* - by Marc Chernoff 

Finding Peace Through Painful Experiences* - by Marc Chernoff  | Counselling Update | Scoop.it

"...1. Never assume that you are stuck with the way things are right now.  Life changes every single second, and so can you. – When hard times hit there’s a tendency to extrapolate and assume the future holds more of the same.  For some strange reason this doesn’t happen as much when things are going well.  A laugh, a smile, and a warm fuzzy feeling are fleeting and we know it.  We take the good times at face value in the moment for all they’re worth and then we let them go.  But when we’re depressed, struggling, or fearful, it’s easy to heap on more pain by assuming tomorrow will be exactly like today.  This is a cyclical, self-fulfilling prophecy.  If you don’t allow yourself to move past what happened, what was said, what was felt, you will look at your future through that same dirty lens, and nothing will be able to focus your foggy judgment.  You will keep on justifying, reliving, and fueling a perception that is worn out and false.

2. It is what it is.  Accept it, learn from it, and grow from it.  It doesn’t matter what’s been done; what truly matters is what you do from here. – Realize that most people make themselves miserable simply by finding it impossible to accept life just as it is presenting itself right now.  Don’t be one of them.  Let go of your fantasies.  This letting go doesn’t mean you don’t care about something or someone anymore.  It’s just realizing that the only thing you really have control over is yourself in this moment.  Oftentimes letting go is simply changing the labels you place on a situation—it’s looking at the same situation with fresh eyes and an open mind, and then taking the next step.

3. Use pain, frustration and inconvenience to motivate you rather than annoy you.  You are in control of the way you look at life. – Instead of getting angry, find the lesson.  In place of envy, feel admiration.  In place of worry, take action.  In place of doubt, have faith.  Again, your response is always more powerful than your circumstance.  A tiny part of your life is decided by completely uncontrollable circumstances, while the vast majority of your life is decided by your responses.  Where you ultimately end up is heavily dependent on how you play the hands you’ve been dealt.

4. The most effective way to move away from something you don’t want, is to move toward something you do want, gradually and consistently. – The key is in building small daily rituals, and understanding that what you do in small steps on a daily basis changes everything over time.  This concept might seem obvious, but when hard times hit we tend to yearn for instant gratification.  We want things to get better, and we want it better now!  And this yearning often tricks us into biting off more than we can chew.  Angel and I have seen this transpire hundreds of times over the years—a course student wants to achieve a new milestone as fast as possible, and can’t choose just one or two small daily habits to focus on, so nothing worthwhile ever gets done.  Let this be your reminder.  Remind yourself that you can’t lift a thousand pounds all at once, yet you can easily lift one pound a thousand times.  Small, repeated, incremental efforts will get you there.  (Angel and I build small, life-changing rituals with our students in the “Goals & Growth” module of Getting Back to Happy.)

5. Effort is never wasted, even when it leads to disappointing results.  For it always makes you stronger, more educated, and more experienced. – So when the going gets tough, be patient and keep going.  Just because you are struggling does not mean you are failing.  Every great success requires some kind of struggle to get there.  Again, it happens one day at a time, one step at a time.  And the next step is always worth taking.  Seriously, no matter what happens, no matter how far you seem to be away from where you want to be, never stop believing that you will make it.  Have an unrelenting belief that things will work out, that the long road has a purpose, that the things you desire may not happen today, but they will happen.  Practice patience.  And remember that patience is not about waiting—it’s the ability to keep a good attitude while working diligently to make daily progress.

6. Don’t lower your standards, but do remember that removing your expectations of others is the best way to avoid being derailed by them. – As you strive to make progress, you will inevitably encounter road blocks in the form of difficult people.  But realize that the greatest stress you go through when dealing with a difficult person is not fueled by the words or actions of this person—it is fueled by your mind that gives their words and actions importance.  Inner peace and harmony begins the moment you take a deep breath and choose not to allow outside influences to dominate your thoughts, emotions, and actions.  (Angel and I discuss this in more detail in the “Relationships” chapter of our book.)

7. As you age, you’ll learn to value your time, genuine relationships, meaningful work, and peace of mind, much more.  Little else will matter. – Remember this, especially when the going gets chaotic and tough.  Focus on what matters in each moment and let go of what does not.  Eliminate needless distractions.  Realize that too often we focus our worried minds on how to do things quickly, when the vast majority of things we do quickly should not be done at all.  We end up rushing out on another shopping trip, or hastily dressing ourselves up to impress, just to feel better.  But these quick fixes don’t work.  Stop investing so much of your energy into refining the wrong areas of your life.  Ten years from now it won’t really matter what shoes you wore today, how your hair looked, or what brand of clothes you wore.  What will matter is how you lived, how you loved, and what you learned along the way..."

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* original title: 7 Mantras for Those Who Have Lost Their Motivation and Hope

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Fragile Process | Focusing Resources

Fragile Process | Focusing Resources | Counselling Update | Scoop.it
Margaret Warner's "Fragile Process".

"...Ideally, therapy with adults who have a fragile style of processing creates the kind of empathic holding that was missing in the clients’ early childhood experiences. If the therapist stays empathically connected to significant client experiences, the clients are likely to feel the satisfaction that comes from staying with their experiences in an accepting way. Initially this tends to be a very ambivalent sort of pleasure, since the experiences themselves are often painful, and the client is likely to be convinced that they are shameful and likely to result in harm to themselves and others. Clients may feel the need to test therapists in various ways, before trusting that the therapist could relate to their experience or believing that their experience could have any value. They may be afraid that expressing their experience will make them vulnerable to manipulation and control by the therapist or that their experience has the power to overwhelm and harm the therapist. Over time, however, clients are likely to find that their reactions make more sense than they thought and that seemingly inexorable feelings go through various sorts of positive change and resolution...."
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How Modern Psychological Science Supports Ancient Spiritual Teachings

How Modern Psychological Science Supports Ancient Spiritual Teachings | Counselling Update | Scoop.it

Steven C. Hayes is the Nevada Foundation Professor in the Behavior Analysis program of the Department of Psychology at the University of Nevada. The author of 44 books and nearly 600 scientific articles, his career has focused on human language and cognition, and their application to the understanding and alleviation of human suffering. University of Pennsylvania psychologist Scott Barry Kaufman recently hosted him on The Psychology Podcast to discuss how the science of mindfulness is finally catching up to what Buddhism, and other forms of spirituality, knew all along.

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Why Do Codependents Stay in Dysfunctional Relationships?

Why Do Codependents Stay in Dysfunctional Relationships? | Counselling Update | Scoop.it

"...Most codependents learned in childhood that love and abuse go hand in hand. Unfortunately, over time, some codependents come to believe mistreatment is normal in an relationship. They come to expect abuse, manipulation, and being taken advantage of. This kind of treatment is familiar to them..."

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Abuse Amnesia: Why We Stay with Our Abusive Partners

Abuse Amnesia: Why We Stay with Our Abusive Partners | Counselling Update | Scoop.it
When an abusive incident happens, the hormones cortisol and adrenaline are released, putting the individual in a heightened sense of readiness. After extensive incidents of abuse, the brain response has familiarized with a pattern: hyperarousal (abuse and abandonment) and then relief. During the hyperarousal phase, the individual experiences increased levels of stress hormones. Once things have calmed down, the body searches for relief.

During the abandonment phase of the cycle, the victim’s brain releases chemicals that cause the feelings of longing, anticipation, and the motivation to find relief. Endogenous opioid withdrawal causes pain, and the neurotransmitter dopamine motivates the person to search for relief in the object of desire—the abuser.

Once the chaotic encounter between victim and abuser is over, homeostasis sets in. The abusive relationship has become a system. All systems strive for homeostasis, which occurs at a state of equilibrium. Each person in the system adjusts in order to reach that “perfect” state of equilibrium. Abuse amnesia is an essential component of this balance.

It is distressing to think bad thoughts about a recent traumatic event. It is much more calming to remember the good times. Thus, a person who is in an abusive relationship trains their brain to “move on” and feel good again. Once the abusive partner comes back and stops actively abusing, the brain releases oxytocin and opioids, which have a calming effect. The stress hormones are diminished and the feelings of relief caused by the positive chemicals reinforce the victim’s ability to forget the bad and hold on to the good.

The pattern continues—minimize the bad, focus on the good. Forget the pain. Remember the positive.

Even with very little good, thoughts of hope are there to calm the senses. Memories from previous experiences of relief kick in and offer the promise of help coming in the form of the abuser—the beholder of the hope.
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Why Lonely People Stay Lonely

Why Lonely People Stay Lonely | Counselling Update | Scoop.it

"...In a paper recently published in the journal Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, Franklin & Marshall College professor Megan L. Knowles led four experiments that demonstrated lonely people’s tendency to choke when under social pressure. In one, Knowles and her team tested the social skills of 86 undergraduates, showing them 24 faces on a computer screen and asking them to name the basic human emotion each face was displaying: anger, fear, happiness, or sadness. She told some of the students that she was testing their social skills, and that people who failed at this task tended to have difficulty forming and maintaining friendships. But she framed the test differently for the rest of them, describing it as a this-is-all-theoretical kind of exercise. 


 Before they started any of that, though, all the students completed surveys that measured how lonely they were. In the end, the lonelier students did worse than the non-lonely students on the emotion-reading task — but only when they were told they were being tested on their social skills. When the lonely were told they were just taking a general knowledge test, they performed better than the non-lonely. Previous research echoes these new results: Past studies have suggested, for example, that the lonelier people are, the better they are at accurately reading facial expressions and decoding tone of voice. As the theory goes, lonely people may be paying closer attention to emotional cues precisely because of their ache to belong somewhere and form interpersonal connections, which results in technically superior social skills. 


 But like a baseball pitcher with a mean case of the yips or a nervous test-taker sitting down for an exam, being hyperfocused on not screwing up can lead to over-thinking and second-guessing, which, of course, can end up causing the very screwup the person was so bent on avoiding. It’s largely a matter of reducing that performance anxiety, in other words.."

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10 Ways You are Gaslighting Your Children and Its Consequences

10 Ways You are Gaslighting Your Children and Its Consequences | Counselling Update | Scoop.it

"The definition of gaslighting is trying to convince someone that their experiences aren’t true. By discrediting our child’s emotions and feelings we are doing exactly this."

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There Is No One Way to Live a Good Life

There Is No One Way to Live a Good Life | Counselling Update | Scoop.it

"The humanistic psychologists were deeply interested in "human nature and its heights" and this very much included morality and compassion, but this also included authenticity, responsibility, and respect for individual differences. These concepts weren't pitted against each other in some simplistic and cartoonish way, but were integrated in a mature framework for humanity."

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Why Patients with Borderline Personality Don't Get Better

Why Patients with Borderline Personality Don't Get Better | Counselling Update | Scoop.it

"What I thought may be happening in families that produce children with BPD is that the family needs a black sheep, and the person with BPD has been elected—and then voluntarily continues—to play the part. If he or she finally stops playing the part, the family then shuns them. In this situation, the family is in effect punishing the BPD children for not being who the parents need them to be. But abandonment is actually far from the worst nor the most likely outcome when patients start to act beter..."

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Should Therapists Write About Patients?

Should Therapists Write About Patients? | Counselling Update | Scoop.it
Therapy is not a man- (or woman-) show. The world is already too full of confidence men, which is part of the reason that people are willing to pay for the refuge we therapists offer: an hour of freedom from being treated as the means to someone else’s end. Those of us who take their money should consider the possibility that when writing about them, no matter how effective our disguises, we are betraying them. When it comes to the stories they have given us, perhaps we should just keep silent.
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Focusing Demo

Ann Weiser Cornell demonstrates the part of the Focusing process called "getting a felt sense," using her own feelings about her sister's death.
Dimitris Tsantaris's insight:

 "...The felt sense, of its own accord, brings the exact word, image, memory, understanding, new idea, or action step that is needed to solve the problem. The physical body, in response, will experience some easing or release of tension as it registers the "rightness" of what comes from the felt sense. This easing of tension is what tells us that we have made contact with this deeper level of awareness and that we are on the right path.

Imposing other's ideas of how we ought to be, reliving old traumatic experiences and even insight about causes of our problems, doesn’t usually bring change. Therapeutic change is bodily and feels good, even if the content we are dealing with is painful. Resolving our problems usually comes in small, successive steps of contacting the felt sense and waiting for it to bring something new to our situation.

When we attempt to solve our problems with what we already know, think, and feel, then we may find that we are just going in circles. But from the felt sense level of awareness where something new can emerge and real change can occur. The discovery of the felt sense is an advance in the field of psychology. It transcends what is known on the levels of behavior, emotion, and cognition, and brings meaning from a new level which has all these functioning implicitly in one whole bodily sense.

As we sense inside and connect more deeply with ourselves, we are also able to listen and connect in new and more satisfying ways with others. This paves a way for resolving our differences and enjoying cooperative relationships with family members, friends, and our larger communities. The felt sense and what it brings for individuals and their relationships has implications for how we address the more complex and global problems of our world. Truly resolving our problems, individually and collectively, requires something new - something fresh - something more..."


 http://www.focusing.org/psychotherapy.html
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How a Bad Mood Affects Empathy in Your Brain

How a Bad Mood Affects Empathy in Your Brain | Counselling Update | Scoop.it
Findings revealed that participants in a bad mood showed brain activity linked to lowered emotional resonance with people in pain than participants in a positive or neutral mood. This pattern was mirrored in how they rated their own discomfort at seeing others in pain, suggesting that someone in a bad mood might be less empathic and less motivated to help a person suffering than someone in a good mood.

According to the authors of the study, this concurs with previous studies suggesting that people in a bad mood are less able to mirror other people’s actions and facial expressions. In other words, we are less tuned to others when we’re not feeling good. The study extended past research by showing us the neural underpinnings that may be responsible for this effect.

On the other hand, participants in a bad mood did not consistently make reduced ratings of another’s pain in the painful scenarios. So, while our bad moods may affect automatic, unconscious empathic processes, they seem to have less impact on cognitively controlled processes—such as imagining how another person might feel.
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Quynh Phan's curator insight, December 12, 2017 12:54 PM

We all do have the power to shift our bad mood to good mood and maintain the emotional balance. To control and uphold the mood, we can perform some ways such as spending time in nature which helps generate positive feelings, relieve stress, and experience in natural environment, practicing meditation that we can relax our mind to boost the positive feelings in a short duration, increase the capacity for mindfulness support attitudes that contribute to a satisfied life as well as improve sleep, reduce stress and chronic pain.

Casey Bearss's curator insight, December 20, 2017 6:31 PM
Bad Mood = Lack of Empathy Possibly by thinking about others you can have a positive mood. Some say that a way to enter the “flow state” is in service to others. Do something for someone else today and see how you feel.
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The most hated poet in Portland

"...According to Dr. Elias Aboujaoude, a Stanford University psychiatrist and author of Virtually You: The Dangerous Powers of the E-Personality, there’s “something thrilling about expressing yourself without any breaks on what you say.” If a friend showed you his poetry over coffee, for instance, you’d find a polite way to express your dislike, if you share your opinion at all. But online, we speak “without worrying about consequences to you or the person on the receiving end.” This can be fun, liberating, even “entertaining or smart in some situations.” But it can also become dangerous.

 The internet, Aboujaoude told me, changes the way we behave. The constraints that govern most of our daily interactions — culture, religion, a sense of propriety, tact — disappear. Beyond a screen that gives you anonymity, things escalate quickly: one tweet turns into hundreds and thousands of comments. “Impulsivity comes out so naturally in people’s online personalities,” Aboujaoude said.

 When something goes viral another element is added. “A lot of what we do online is look for people who agree with us,” Aboujaoude said. “It’s a way to build communities and to think that when we’re online, we’re still part of something bigger.” People can rally community around something they love or something they hate. When community builds around the latter, as it often does, the line between criticism and abuse begins to blur. “It’s very legitimate not to like someone’s poems because you find them misogynist,” Aboujaoude said. “The difficulty is how that gets expressed. You can write a very intelligent article pointing out his misogyny — but are people who are attacking him online doing that?”..."

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A New Theory Explains How Consciousness Evolved

A New Theory Explains How Consciousness Evolved | Counselling Update | Scoop.it
What is the adaptive value of consciousness? When did it evolve and what animals have it?

The Attention Schema Theory (AST), developed over the past five years, may be able to answer those questions. The theory suggests that consciousness arises as a solution to one of the most fundamental problems facing any nervous system: Too much information constantly flows in to be fully processed. The brain evolved increasingly sophisticated mechanisms for deeply processing a few select signals at the expense of others, and in the AST, consciousness is the ultimate result of that evolutionary sequence. If the theory is right—and that has yet to be determined—then consciousness evolved gradually over the past half billion years and is present in a range of vertebrate species.
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How Childhood Abuse Becomes Self-Abuse

How Childhood Abuse Becomes Self-Abuse | Counselling Update | Scoop.it

"...In our culture the caregiver is still highly protected, and the child—and the child’s sanity and dignity—is sacrificed in the process. “They did the best they could,” “They are your parents,” “They didn’t mean to,” “These were the times,” “They didn’t know any better,” “Honor thy mother and father,” “How dare you talk badly about your family!” “This person would never do that!” and so on, and so on.


 A small child is still developing, is dependent on their caregiver for survival, and simply can’t accept the reality that their caregiver may be a bad person or unable to love them. This, combined with the aforementioned invalidations and cultural grooming, creates and maintains certain beliefs, emotions, and behaviors. 


At some point the child consciously or unconsciously may think, “Why don’t you love me?” “Why didn’t you protect me?” “Why did you hurt me?” “Why do you disregard my emotions, thoughts, and preferences?” But these questions easily morph into certain beliefs. “I am unlovable.” “I am worthless.” “I don’t matter.” “Nobody cares about me.” “I deserve it.” “I am bad and inherently defective.” 


And eventually the child grows up…...."

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When You Meditate, You Might Also Be Regulating Your Genes

When You Meditate, You Might Also Be Regulating Your Genes | Counselling Update | Scoop.it

"This past summer, a meta-analysis in Frontiers of Immunology looked at changes in gene expression induced by meditation and related practices. The authors, from Coventry University’s Brain, Belief and Behaviour Lab and Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, examined 18 different gene-expression studies. These included MBI techniques spanning mindfulness, yoga, Tai Chi, Qigong, relaxation response, and breath regulation. The verdict was clear: Yes, meditation practice is indeed capable of reversing the effects of chronic stress, down to the level of our genes."

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I Suffer From Childhood Emotional Neglect. Here’s What That Means.

I Suffer From Childhood Emotional Neglect. Here’s What That Means. | Counselling Update | Scoop.it
The tricky thing about CEN is that it’s not an active type of neglect. You can’t see it the way you can a child’s bruised cheek or hear their grumbly belly. As a child, you don’t know it’s happening. As an adult, you might not be able to remember specific instances because it was simply a condition of your environment. Childhood emotional neglect is an invisible force that often goes unnoticed until symptoms appear many years later.
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Empathy Can Be Hazardous to Your Health, Finds Study

Empathy Can Be Hazardous to Your Health, Finds Study | Counselling Update | Scoop.it
Researchers looked to evoke different types of empathy by asking questions in three variations. One group was asked how the person must be feeling, while another had to answer how they would feel in the shoes of the other person, having the same experiences. A control group was instructed to stay detached and as objective as possible. 

The scientists discovered that the act of helping evoked a physiological change in the participants that differed between the groups. The group that had to imagine themselves in the suffering person’s place showed a fight-or-flight response as if they were threatened. The group that had to imagine a sufferer’s feelings, responded as if they were faced with a manageable challenge. 
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I'm Finally Ready to Be Angry About the Childhood Emotional Abuse I Experienced

I'm Finally Ready to Be Angry About the Childhood Emotional Abuse I Experienced | Counselling Update | Scoop.it

"I don’t suspect I’ll stay angry forever, but it’s time for me to be honest. It’s time for me to really feel, to let my anger bleed out of me instead of repressing it and letting it fester any longer. I’m angry. I’m not OK with what happened to me. But I will heal from this."

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ava smith's curator insight, September 30, 2017 10:46 PM
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3 Ways to Regulate Your Emotions

3 Ways to Regulate Your Emotions | Counselling Update | Scoop.it

"...“Emotional acceptance is a stance of perceiving that one is emotional, but deciding not to do anything about it, i.e., not to alter the emotion. Somewhat paradoxically, emotional acceptance is related to decreased negative emotions, as well as resilience. Thus, the absence of emotion regulation can sometimes have the best emotion regulatory function. For example, people who accept their negative emotions when they are stressed out, experience less negative emotions than people who don't accept their emotions. It’s one of the core processes of mindfulness, which involves a number of different psychological processes. One of them is aware of your emotional and psychological states, and the other one is non-reactance or acceptance, which could also be thought of as the absence of emotion regulation. That might seem contradictory at first glance, but perhaps it’s the combination of both that you really want: a stance of emotional acceptance - acknowledging your emotions and not being threatened by them - and the knowledge that you can, if you want to, cognitively transform them..."

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10 Things You Need to Know About Codependency

10 Things You Need to Know About Codependency | Counselling Update | Scoop.it

"Codependency is often misunderstood. It’s not just a label to slap on the spouse of every alcoholic. It encompasses a wide-range of behavior and thought patterns that cause people distress to varying degrees."

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ava smith's curator insight, September 19, 2017 11:29 PM
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ava smith's curator insight, September 22, 2017 12:13 AM
Free Assignment Help, an online tutoring company, provides students with a wide range of online assignment help services for students studying in classes K-12, and College or university. The Expert team of professional online assignment help tutors at Free Assignment Help .COM provides a wide range of help with assignments through services such as college assignment help, university assignment help, homework assignment help, email assignment help and online assignment help. Our expert team consists of passionate and professional assignment help tutors, having masters and PhD degrees from the best universities of the world, from different countries like Australia, United Kingdom, United States, Canada, USE and many more who give the best quality and plagiarism free answers of the assignment help questions submitted by students, on sharp deadline. Free Assignment Help .COM tutors are available 24x7 to provide assignment help in diverse fields - Math, Chemistry, Physics, Writing, Thesis, Essay, Accounting, Finance, Data Analysis, Case Studies, Term Papers, and Projects etc. We also provide assistance to the problems in programming languages such as C/C++, Java, Python, Mat lab, .Net, Engineering assignment help and Finance assignment help. The expert team of certified online tutors in diverse fields at Free Assignment Help .COM available around the clock 24x7 to provide live help to students with their assignment and questions. We have also excelled in providing E-education with latest web technology. The Students can communicate with our online assignment tutors using voice, video and an interactive white board. We help students in solving their problems, assignments, tests and in study plans. You will feel like you are learning from a highly skilled online tutor in person just like in classroom teaching. You can see what the tutor is writing, and at the same time you can ask the questions which arise in your mind. You only need a PC with Internet connection or a Laptop with Wi-Fi Internet access. We provide live online tutoring which can be accessed at anytime and anywhere according to student’s convenience. We have tutors in every subject such as Math, Chemistry, Biology, Physics and English whatever be the school level. Our college and university level tutors provide engineering online tutoring in areas such as Computer Science, Electrical and Electronics engineering, Mechanical engineering and Chemical engineering. • www.onlineassignmenthelp.com.auwww.cheapassignmenthelp.co.ukwww.freeassignmenthelp.comwww.cheapassignmenthelp.com.au
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Gut Feelings: Using the mind to treat the body in IBS

Gut Feelings: Using the mind to treat the body in IBS | Counselling Update | Scoop.it
"The results of a new study strengthens the role of emotional suppression in the pathogenesis of Irritable Bowel Syndrome, a common functional gut disorder. It is time to make psychological therapy central to treatment. [...] In around 80% of cases IBS is co-morbid with anxiety, depression and somatisation (the phenomenon in which psychological distress is expressed in physical symptoms), and the greater the degree of psychological distress the more severe the IBS symptoms."
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ava smith's curator insight, September 19, 2017 11:30 PM
Free Assignment Help, an online tutoring company, provides students with a wide range of online assignment help services for students studying in classes K-12, and College or university. The Expert team of professional online assignment help tutors at Free Assignment Help .COM provides a wide range of help with assignments through services such as college assignment help, university assignment help, homework assignment help, email assignment help and online assignment help. Our expert team consists of passionate and professional assignment help tutors, having masters and PhD degrees from the best universities of the world, from different countries like Australia, United Kingdom, United States, Canada, USE and many more who give the best quality and plagiarism free answers of the assignment help questions submitted by students, on sharp deadline. Free Assignment Help .COM tutors are available 24x7 to provide assignment help in diverse fields - Math, Chemistry, Physics, Writing, Thesis, Essay, Accounting, Finance, Data Analysis, Case Studies, Term Papers, and Projects etc. We also provide assistance to the problems in programming languages such as C/C++, Java, Python, Mat lab, .Net, Engineering assignment help and Finance assignment help. The expert team of certified online tutors in diverse fields at Free Assignment Help .COM available around the clock 24x7 to provide live help to students with their assignment and questions. We have also excelled in providing E-education with latest web technology. The Students can communicate with our online assignment tutors using voice, video and an interactive white board. We help students in solving their problems, assignments, tests and in study plans. You will feel like you are learning from a highly skilled online tutor in person just like in classroom teaching. You can see what the tutor is writing, and at the same time you can ask the questions which arise in your mind. You only need a PC with Internet connection or a Laptop with Wi-Fi Internet access. We provide live online tutoring which can be accessed at anytime and anywhere according to student’s convenience. We have tutors in every subject such as Math, Chemistry, Biology, Physics and English whatever be the school level. Our college and university level tutors provide engineering online tutoring in areas such as Computer Science, Electrical and Electronics engineering, Mechanical engineering and Chemical engineering. • www.onlineassignmenthelp.com.auwww.cheapassignmenthelp.co.ukwww.freeassignmenthelp.comwww.cheapassignmenthelp.com.au