Costa Rica, Nick Zema
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Costa Rica, Nick Zema
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Weather during this time of year in the capital city

San José City lies in the Torrid Zone and is in a tropical rainforest. However its elevation gives it a mild climate. Under the Köppen climate classification it features a Tropical wet and dry climate that borders on a subtropical highland climate. The temperature ranges between 17 and 30 °C (63 and 86 °F). Relative humidity averages 68.2% (with extremes of 55% in March and 78% in October)[18] and the daily range tends to be between 60% and 90%, with the humidity typically dropping to the lower end of this range near mid-day and rising again during the night. It rains on an average of 170 days per year[18] but half the rainfall pours down on only 15[citation needed] of these days.

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Important people

Francisco Amighetti: Was a self-taught painter but influenced by Mexican, American, and European art, as well as Japanese prints. He portrayed bright and colorful every day situations of Costa Rican life in paintings with a touch of expressionism while referencing social problems.

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Timeline

1810 Overthrow of the king of Spain by Napoleon
1821 Central America gains independence from Spain
1823 Costa Rica joined the United Provinces of Central America ( El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua)
1838 Costa Rica became fully independent
1849 New constitution gives Costa Rican women and people of African descent the right to vote.

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Typical Crops

Corn and sugar crops are usually sufficient to meet domestic needs, but beans and rice must be imported from time to time. Agriculture accounted for about 9% of the GDP in 2001. The principal cash crops are coffee, bananas, cocoa, and sugar. Coffee and bananas together accounted for 31% of exports in 2001, with values of $163.4 million and $501.1 million, respectively.

 


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Religion

Christianity is the predominant religion, and Roman Catholicism is the official state religion according to the 1949 Constitution, which at the same time guarantees freedom of religion.
According to the most recent nationwide survey of religion, conducted in 2007 by the University of Costa Rica, 70.5% of Costa Ricans are Roman Catholics, 44.9% of the population are practicing Catholics, 13.8% are evangelical Protestants, 11.3% report they do not have a religion, and 4.3% belonged to another.

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Literacy rate

The Literacy rate; youth total (% of people ages 15-24) in Costa Rica was 98.16 in 2009, according to a World Bank report, published in 2010. Youth literacy rate is the percentage of people ages 15-24 who can, with understanding, read and write a short, simple statement on their everyday life.This page includes a historical data chart, news and forecasts for Literacy rate; youth total (% of people ages 15-24) in Costa Rica.

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President or leader

The President of Costa Rica is the head of state and government of Costa Rica. The President is currently elected in direct elections for a period of four years, which is not immediately renewable. Two Vice Presidents are elected in the same ticket with the President. The President appoints the Council of Ministers.

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Population and Racial Demographics

Population (2011): 4,576,562. Annual population growth rate (2011 est.): 1.308%. Ethnic groups: European and some mestizo 94%, African origin 3%, Chinese 1%, Amerindian 1%, other 1%.

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Map of Country

Costa Rica is located on the Central American Isthmus, surrounding the point 10° north of the equator and 84° west of the prime meridian. It borders both the Caribbean Sea (to the east) and the North Pacific Ocean (to the west), with a total of 1,228 km of coastline (212 km on the Caribbean coast and 1,016 km on the Pacific).

Costa Rica shares a border with Nicaragua to the north (309 km long border) and with Panama to the south (330 km long border). The area of Costa Rica is 51,100 km² of which 50,660 km² is land and 440 km² is water, making it slightly smaller than the U.S. state of West Virginia.

The nation's terrain is coastal plain separated by rugged mountains, the Cordillera Central and the Cordillera de Talamanca, which form the spine of the country and separate the Pacific and Caribbean watersheds. Costa Rica claims an exclusive economic zone of 200 nautical miles (370.4 km; 230.2 mi) and a territorial sea of 12 nautical miles (22.2 km; 13.8 mi).

The nation's terrain is coastal plain separated by rugged mountains, the Cordillera Central and the Cordillera de Talamanca, which form the spine of the country and separate the Pacific and Caribbean watersheds. The Tilaran Range is part of the Continental Divide east of Lake Arenal and the nearby active volcano Arenal, and running into the Cordillera Central range further east. It is located in the Abangares district of the province of Guanacaste.

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Tourist attractions

Tourist attractions | Costa Rica, Nick Zema | Scoop.it
Find out Costa Rica's top 10 destinations, Costa Rica has much to offer, especially if you are looking to enjoy nature at its very best.
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Important holidays

Semana Santa—Holy week is observed with religious processions and masses. The official holiday falls on the Thursday and Friday before Easter Sunday.  Public transportation does not run on these two days and is extremely crowded the whole week.  All alcohol sales are prohibited Thurs.- Sun. Many businesses extend the holiday to the entire week.

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Industries important to country

The economy of Costa Rica heavily depends on tourism, agriculture, and electronics exports. Poverty has been reduced over the past 15 years, and a social safety net put into place. The majority of the industries are in chemical fertilizers, textiles, coffee and cocoa processing, chemicals, plastics, electronics, and computer chips. 

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Typical Food

Typical Food | Costa Rica, Nick Zema | Scoop.it

The most common dish for breakfast is Gallo Pinto which consists of rice mixed with black beans, served with natilla (sour cream), eggs (scrambled) and fried plantain. Costa Ricans usually drink a cup of coffee or fresh fruit juice with it.

For lunch, Casados (beans, rice) are served with some sort of meat or fish and a salad, fried plantains, white cheese and corn tortilla. The difference between Gallo Pinto and Casado is that in Casados, rice and the bean are served side by side and not mixed.

There is no typical meal for dinner, but another typical main dish in Costa Rica is arroz con pollo (rice with chicken) which can be served with different vegetables from the area like camote, chayote and yuca. Seafood is also common thanks to the country’s proximity to both the Pacific and Caribbean.

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Type of Government

It is a democratic republic. They have been independence since September 15, 1821.Executive--president (head of government and chief of state) elected for one 4-year term, two vice presidents, Cabinet (22 ministers, two of whom are also vice presidents). Legislative--57-deputy unicameral Legislative Assembly elected at 4-year.

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Currency & Exchange Rate

Currency & Exchange Rate | Costa Rica, Nick Zema | Scoop.it

Costa Rico's currency is colones. The exchange rate stabilized for a while of approximately 135 colones to the dollar, and predictions were that the dollar would be worth 200 colones by early 1996.  As of may 2000 it is 305 and is devaluating at around 17 cents per day. A yearly devaluation of 20% is expected. 

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Area

Coasta Rico has 19,730 sq miles of land. It has a narrow Pacific coastal region. Cocos Island (10 sq mi; 26 sq km), about 300 mi (483 km) off the Pacific Coast, is under Costa Rican sovereignty. It is about the size of the states of Vermont and New Hampshire combined.

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Flag of Country

Flag of Country | Costa Rica, Nick Zema | Scoop.it

The official flag of the Republic of Costa Rica is based on a design created in 1848. The state/national flag, also used as the military ensign, includes the coat of arms of Costa Rica. The civil ensign, commonly used as an unofficial national flag, omits the coat of arms.
The flag was officially adopted on November 27, 1906, including a slight modification to the placement and design of the entrenched coat of arms. The flag was updated to reflect concurrent modifications to the national coat of arms in 1964 and 1998.

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Country name and capital

Costa Rica's capital is San José. San José is the nation's largest city. Located in the Central Valley, San José is the seat of national government, the focal point of political and economic activity, and the major transportation hub of this Central American nation. The population of San José Canton is 288,054[2], though the metropolitan area stretches beyond the canton limits and comprises a third of the country's population.

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