Advanced Materials
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New solar power material converts 90 percent of captured light into heat

New solar power material converts 90 percent of captured light into heat | Advanced Materials | Scoop.it

"A multidisciplinary engineering team at the University of California, San Diego developed a new nanoparticle-based material for concentrating solar power plants designed to absorb and convert to heat more than 90 percent of the sunlight it captures. The new material can also withstand temperatures greater than 700 degrees Celsius ..."

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Learning from origami to design new materials

Learning from origami to design new materials | Advanced Materials | Scoop.it

A challenge increasingly important to physicists and materials scientists in recent years has been how to design controllable new materials that exhibit desired physical properties rather than relying on those properties to emerge naturally [...] using origami-based folding methods for "tuning" the fundamental physical properties of any type of thin sheet, which may eventually lead to development of molecular-scale machines that could snap into place and perform mechanical tasks.
More information: "Using origami design principles to fold reprogrammable mechanical metamaterials," by J.L. Silverberg et al. Science, 2014. www.sciencemag.org/lookup/doi/… 1126/science.1252876

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Researcher Develop Wood Cellulose Material That's Stronger Than Steel

Researcher Develop Wood Cellulose Material That's Stronger Than Steel | Advanced Materials | Scoop.it

Researchers at KTH have developed a way to make biodegradable cellulose fibres that are stronger than steel or aluminium when weight is taken into account.

The technique draws on the cellulose fibres that make up a tree. Each single fibre is composed of as many as 40 million smaller fibres, or “fibrils”.

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Steel's inner strength

Steel's inner strength | Advanced Materials | Scoop.it

A long-term collaboration between the University and industry has resulted in a super-strong form of steel, which is now being manufactured in the UK for use as stronger and cheaper armour for front-line military vehicles.

 "The ability of perforated super bainite steel to resist projectiles is at least twice that of conventional monolithic rolled homogeneous armour"

 

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Electrons hurtle into the interior of a new class of quantum materials

Electrons hurtle into the interior of a new class of quantum materials | Advanced Materials | Scoop.it
As smartphones get smarter and computers compute faster, researchers actively search for ways to speed up the processing of information. Now, scientists at Princeton Univ. have made a step forward in developing a new class of materials that could be used in future technologies.
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IBM Discovers New Materials to ‘Transform Manufacturing’

IBM Discovers New Materials to ‘Transform Manufacturing’ | Advanced Materials | Scoop.it

IBM scientists have discovered a class of polymer materials that can potentially transform manufacturing and fabrication in the fields of transportation, aerospace and microelectronics.

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Advance brings “hyperbolic metamaterials” closer to reality

Advance brings “hyperbolic metamaterials” closer to reality | Advanced Materials | Scoop.it

Researchers have taken a step toward practical applications for "hyperbolic metamaterials," ultra-thin crystalline films that could bring optical advances including powerful microscopes, quantum computers and high-performance solar cells.

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3D Printing continuous carbon fiber composites?

3D Printing continuous carbon fiber composites? | Advanced Materials | Scoop.it

Additive manufacturing startup MarkForged aims to make it happen and is already marketing systems.

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Planes, trains and automobiles: faster, stronger, lighter

Planes, trains and automobiles: faster, stronger, lighter | Advanced Materials | Scoop.it
New technique advances carbon-fiber composites.
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Global demand for aerospace composites to reach $4.2 billion in 2018

Global demand for aerospace composites to reach $4.2 billion in 2018 | Advanced Materials | Scoop.it

Aerospace composites pave the way for general manufacturing

 

Demand for composite materials in the global aerospace industry achieved double-digit growth in 2012, driven by the continued ramp up of new and existing large commercial aircraft production and increased build rates across the military, civil helicopters, and certain business jet aircraft, according to custom & syndicated research firm Composite Insights.


Via Murry Shohat
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Murry Shohat's curator insight, April 4, 2013 10:47 AM

General manufacturing is being boostrapped by composite R&D in the aerospace industry. 

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Researchers develop method for growing single species of single-walled carbon nanotubes

Researchers develop method for growing single species of single-walled carbon nanotubes | Advanced Materials | Scoop.it

"A team of researchers with members from Switzerland and Germany has developed a method for producing a specific single-walled carbon nanotube type with a predefined structure. They describe the procedure in their paper published in the journal Nature."

More information: Controlled synthesis of single-chirality carbon nanotubes, Nature 512, 61–64 (07 August 2014) DOI: 10.1038/nature13607

 

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New material structures bend like microscopic hair

New material structures bend like microscopic hair | Advanced Materials | Scoop.it

MIT engineers have fabricated a new elastic material coated with microscopic, hairlike structures that tilt in response to a magnetic field. Depending on the field’s orientation, the microhairs can tilt to form a path through which fluid can flow; the material can even direct water upward, against gravity.

Researchers say structures may be used in windows to wick away moisture.

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Breakthrough for information technology using Heusler materials

Breakthrough for information technology using Heusler materials | Advanced Materials | Scoop.it
It is the breakthrough that physicists and chemists around the world have long anticipated and it will play a pivotal role in information technology in coming years. Researchers at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) have managed, for the first time, to directly observe the 100 percent spin polarization ...
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Materials scientists turn to collagen

Materials scientists turn to collagen | Advanced Materials | Scoop.it

Miniature scaffolds made from collagen – the 'glue' that holds our bodies together – are being used to heal damaged joints, and could be used to develop new cancer therapies or help repair the heart after a heart attack.

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New Chemical Blend Helps Plastic Heal Itself

New Chemical Blend Helps Plastic Heal Itself | Advanced Materials | Scoop.it
Advance mimics human wound repair, could lead to airplanes that fix themselves midflight
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Are Composite Megacolumns the Future of Skyscrapers?

Are Composite Megacolumns the Future of Skyscrapers? | Advanced Materials | Scoop.it

With tall buildings growing ever higher, it is becoming increasingly critical to optimize structural systems for skyscrapers.The rise of composite megacolumns could be the most effective answer

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New material for flat semiconductors

New material for flat semiconductors | Advanced Materials | Scoop.it
Researchers find a two-dimensional, self-assembling material that might produce solar cells or transistors.
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New multifunctional composites, for UAV too - MIT News Office

New multifunctional composites, for UAV too - MIT News Office | Advanced Materials | Scoop.it

Carbon nanotube deicing technologies developed at MIT could be in flight tests as early as next year. Carbon nanotubes can contribute their mechanical strength and electrical properties across a wide range of areas from aerospace to medicine, and the necstlab of MIT Associate Professor of Aeronautics and Astronautics Brian L. Wardle is making an impact...


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