Colombia Country
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Colombia Country
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Summary

Summary | Colombia Country | Scoop.it

Colombia is very different to America.  The religion in Colombia is Roman Cathlic.  The weather in Colombia is generally warm year round where as in America it varies.  We share some of the same holidays though.  It is a very diverse country with lots of interesting culture.  

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Important People

Important People | Colombia Country | Scoop.it

Shakira the singer and dancer is a very popular Colombian.  Sofia Vergara is also a very popular actress in America from Colombia.  George Lopez from the show "George Lopez" is also from Colombia.  The man who developed the world's first synthetic vaccine for malaria is from Colombia.  His name is Manuel Elkin Patarroyo.  

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Important Holidays

Important Holidays | Colombia Country | Scoop.it

Most Colombia holidays fall on a Monday.  Independence Day is on July 20th. Battle of Boyaca Day is on August 7th. Saint Joseph's Day is on March 19th or on the following Monday. 

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Colombia Food

Colombia Food | Colombia Country | Scoop.it

The food in Colombia is very diverse. Some people eat roasted ants or guinea pigs.  Other areas of Colombia wouldn't even touch those dishes.  The Colombian diet involves a lot of meat.  They have a lot of fresh fruit too. Many of the varieties of fruit you have probably never heard of before.

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Types of Government

Types of Government | Colombia Country | Scoop.it

Colombia is a republic.  It is a nice country. They are separted into 3 different branches. Executive, Judicial and Legislative branches.  Its legislature has a congress, its judiciary has a supreme court, and its executive branch has a president. Everything is elected by popular vote. 

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Currency and Exchange Rate

Currency and Exchange Rate | Colombia Country | Scoop.it

1 Colombian peso is equal to 0.0005 US dollars.  The Colombian Peso is the currency in Colombia.  The Colombian Peso is divided into 100 centavos.   For example, 10 US dollars would be equal to 18181.9835 Colombian Pesos.  Another example is: 50 US Dollars equals 90909.9174 Colombian Pesos. 

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Area

Area | Colombia Country | Scoop.it

The area size of Colombia is 440,800 sq miles (1,142,000 km⊃2;).  It is the 26th largest country in area.  It is the fourth largest country by area in South America.  Brazil, Argentina, and Peru are the countries ahead of it.  It has a population of over 46 million people.  

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Flag of Country

Flag of Country | Colombia Country | Scoop.it

The colors of the Colombian flag are yellow, blue, and red.  The yellow color represents all the gold that is found in the Colombian land.  Blue represents the seas on Colombia's shores.  Red represents the blood that was spilled on the battlegrounds by heroes who gained Colombia's freedom.  Francisco de Miranda is credited with creating the first version of the flag. 

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Country Name and Capital

Country Name and Capital | Colombia Country | Scoop.it

Colombia is actually officially called the "Republic of Columbia."  Colombia is in northwestern South America.  It is bordered by Panama, the Caribbean Sea, Venezuela, Brazil, Ecuador and Peru.  The capital of Colombia is Bogota.  The population of Bogota is 7,363,782.

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Weather

Weather | Colombia Country | Scoop.it

Colombia is close to the equator so that means its temperature varies little throughout the year. Colombia has two seasons: dry or verano (literally 'summer') and wet or invierno (winter). The best time to visit Colombia is in the dry season, between December and March or in July and August. The temperature falls about 6°C with every 1000m increase in altitude. If the average temperature at sea level is 30°C, it will be around 24°C at 1000m, 18°C at 2000m and 12°C at 3000m.

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Tourist Attractions

Tourist Attractions | Colombia Country | Scoop.it

Some attractions in Colombia include The Amazon and the capital, Bogota.  Bogata is a very popular attraction for tourists. It is the country's capital.  Colombia also has very many beaches. There are lots of museums and other entertainment there too.  It looks very nice.

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Crop and Agriculture

Agriculture in Colombia refers to all agricultural activities, essential to food, feed, and fiber production, including all techniques for raising and processing livestock within the Republic of Colombia. Plant cultivation and livestock production have continuously abandoned subsistence agricultural practices in favour of technological farming resulting in cash crops which contribute to the Economy of Colombia. The Colombian agricultural production has significant gaps in domestic and / or international human and animal sustenance needs.

The primary agricultural products of Colombia are coffee (fourth-largest producer of coffee in the world), cut flowers, bananas, rice, tobacco, corn, sugarcane, cocoa beans, oilseed, vegetables, fique, panela, forest products; and shrimp. In Colombia the agricultural politics and policies are determined by the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development.

The share of agriculture in Colombia's gross domestic product (GDP) has fallen consistently since 1945, as industry and services have expanded. However, Colombia's agricultural share of GDP decreased during the 1990s by less than in many of the world's countries at a similar level of development, even though the share of coffee in GDP diminished in a dramatic way. Agriculture has nevertheless remained an important source of employment, providing a fifth of Colombia's jobs in 2006.[1]

Coffee is the most important crop in Colombia. Colombia is the the worlds second largest producer of coffee. I think that is very neat. It actually produces 13-16% of the total worlds coffee. That is a lot of coffee. Sugar and bananas are also another important crop. Colombia supplies about one-sixth of the worlds banana export market. 

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Religion in Colombia

Religion in Colombia is an expression of the different cultural heritages in the Colombian culture including the Spanish colonisation, the Native Amerindian and the Afro-Colombian.

The Colombian Constitution of 1891 abolished the previous condition of the Roman Catholic Church as state church, and it includes two articles providing for freedom of worship:

Catholicism was the official religion of the country since the Spanish colonization until the 1991 constitutional reform (National Constituent Assembly), which granted equalitarian treatment from the government to all the religions. However, Catholicism is still the main religion in Colombia by number of adepts, with an estimated of 75% of the national population in nominal Catholicism, from which about 25% are practicing Catholics. According to the CIA Factbook, 90% of the population identifies themselves as Catholic; 10%, other.[1]

Roman Catholic is the main religion in Colombia. 81% of Colombians are Roman Catholic. 14% are Christian. And the other 5% is other religions. Colombias law says that there is not an official or state religion but adds that the State is "not atheist or agnostic, nor indifferent to Colombians' religious sentiment." I think it is very neat that they have freedom of religion there. 

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Literacy Rate

Literacy Rate | Colombia Country | Scoop.it

90.4% of all people in Colombia are literate. 90.1% of the men are literate. 90.7% of the women are literate. Ranked out of 194 countries it is the 86th.

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President or Leader

President or Leader | Colombia Country | Scoop.it

Juan Manuel Santos is the president of Colombia.  The first ever president of Colombia was Simon Bolivar (self-proclaimed).  The office of president was established by the Constitution of 1819.  The President of Colombia is the head of state, head of government and supreme administrative authority. The President of Colombia symbolizes the countries national unity.  

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Population and Racial Demographics

Population and Racial Demographics | Colombia Country | Scoop.it

Colombia is the third most populous country in Latin America.  Mexico and Brazil being first and second.  According to the 2005 census there are 46,219,699 Colombians in the world.  42,888,592 live in Colombia and 3,331,107 live elsewhere.  Like most countries, Colombia experience rapid population growth.  But there were four decades of civil war and urban violence along with high poverty rates pushed millions out of the country. 

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Map of Country

Map of Country | Colombia Country | Scoop.it

Colombia is made up of 401,044 square miles of land.  It has 38,691 square miles of water.  The total miles of the country is 439,735 square miles.  The coastline is 1993 miles.  There are thirty-two other "departments" and one capital.  

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