Genetic resources of Chironji (Buchanania lanzan Spreng.) | Chronji |

Buchanania lanzan Spreng. (Chironji) is a socio-economically important underutilized fruit and life support species of tribal populations of north, west and central India. A survey and germplasm collection programme undertaken in the Indian states of Rajasthan, Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh observed that B. lanzan is found as natural wild in the forest, marginal lands and occasionally in farmer’s fields. A total of 72 diverse accessions of this important tree species were collected from the diversity–rich areas of India having wide range of variation in agro-morphological traits among the accessions. This species has high socio-economic value providing livelihood to tribal population of these areas and has high potential as commercial horticulture species. Fresh ripen fruits and extracted seed kernels have several nutritional and medicinal properties. Seed kernel and extracted kernel oil is used for the preparation of several Indian dishes. Traditional indigenous knowledge revealed immense importance of almost all parts of plant like roots, leaves, fruits, seeds and gum for various medicinal applications like cure for blood disorder, fever, ulcers, burning sensation of body, diarrhoea, dysentery, asthma, snakebite, etc. Due to direct harvesting of economically important parts of tree from natural habitat, genetic resources of B. lanzan

Via Dorian Q Fuller