Chinese American history
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Websites related to the history of Chinese in North America
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Of Race and Reconciliation: Tacoma and the Chinese

KBTC presents and hour long program called, Of Race and Reconciliation. It chronicles the Chinese experience in America around the year 1885. That was th
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In the last quarter of the 19th century, Chinese immigrant laborers were subjected to extreme racism and violence in many parts of the American west, and one of the most egregious places was in Tacoma, Washington.  In 1885, a few years after the passage of the Chinese Exclusion Law in 1882, the citizens of Tacoma gave the Chinese a month to leave the town. One night a mob forced all remaining Chinese to leave Tacoma by  train to Portland. The areas where the Chinese had lived were burned to the ground.  This approach served as a model for other cities to follow, and it was referred to as the  "Tacoma Method."

Several cities that had expelled Chinese during this period have created events and monuments to promote 'reconciliation' between these communities and the Chinese.
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Toronto’s early Chinese restaurants attracted both gourmets and goons | Toronto Star

Toronto’s early Chinese restaurants attracted both gourmets and goons  | Toronto Star | Chinese American history | Scoop.it
The Chinese cafés that once flourished on Elizabeth St. drew a white clientele, but were also a magnet for police harassment and racist attacks. An excerpt from The Ward: The Life and Loss of Toronto’s First Immigrant Neighbourhood.
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Chinese restaurants were not initially popular or accepted among non-Chinese,  In Toronto, as in other cities with Chinatowns, anti-Chinese sentiments were directed toward Chinese restaurants for decades.

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Discrimination against Chinese Americans and Asians

Discrimination against Chinese Americans and Asians | Chinese American history | Scoop.it
Anti-Chinese USA: a long history of US policies and race laws sanctioning discrimination and the systematic persecution of ethnic Chinese and Asian immigrants.
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A review of major developments involving racial prejudice toward Chinese in the U. S.

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Anti-Chinese USA - racism and discrimination from the onset

Anti-Chinese USA - racism and discrimination from the onset | Chinese American history | Scoop.it
Anti-Chinese USA: timeline and history of race laws sanctioning the systematic persecution of and discrimination against ethnic Chinese and Asian minorities
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Following a brief introduction highlighting current discriminatory practices against Chinese, Zak Keith, a British writer and musician of Chinese descent,  provides a detailed timeline of the history of prejudicial practices against Chinese in the United States.
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Revisiting history: Mob attacks Chinese residents in Martinez : Martinez News-Gazette

Revisiting history: Mob attacks Chinese residents in Martinez : Martinez News-Gazette | Chinese American history | Scoop.it
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An account of an attack on Chinese immigrants in Martinez, California in 1882 (the same year that the Chinese Exclusion Act was passed).  

Local historian Anthony Oertel discovered and transcribed the following article from the April 29, 1882, edition of the Contra Costa Gazette (now the Martinez News-Gazette) detailing an attack of Chinese residents ..  

Go to www.frederickbee.com for more information on this incident and the work of Frederick Bee on behalf of the Chinese.

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Yellowface! - The History of Racist Asian Stereotypes

Yellowface! - The History of Racist Asian Stereotypes | Chinese American history | Scoop.it
A brief History of Yellowface - Racist Asian Stereotypes
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Excellent resource on the history of racist Asian imagery.  Subtopics include:

Legal Discrimination and Violence Against Asian Immigrants

As a trickle turned into a flood, (between 1850 and 1930, about one million Asians from China, Japan, Korea, the Philippines, and India came to the United States) a backlash soon developed.

Yellowface on Stage

"Yellowface" portrayals date to at least 1767 in the United States, when Arthur Murphy's theatrical work The Orphan of China was presented in Philadelphia. 

Yellowface in Film and TV

Whites in Yellowface have a long history on screen, beginning with Mary Pickford’s Cio-Cio San in Madame Butterfly (1915). 

Yellowface Whitewashing

A phenomenon wherein white actors are cast to portray what were originally non-white characters is called "whitewashing." Instead of using yellow face makeup, the film makers change the race or origin of the characters.

Yellowface in Europe

The most blatant contemporary example of Yellowface in Western European media is a character created by Dutch TV and later adopted by Danish TV called Ushi; a caricature of a Japanese woman, but played by white women. 

Yellowface Caricatures in Politics

In 1997, The National Review magazine published an illustrated cover of then President Bill Clinton, Hillary Clinton and Vice President Al Gore, in stereotypical Oriental garb and featuring caricatured features, buck teeth and slanted eyes.

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shelby's curator insight, April 16, 2015 2:26 PM

MODULE 4

 

 

Yellow peril is a stereotype made against Asian Americans that started in the 1890s in California. They were viewed at a threat and the movement began with a goal to make California racially pure. Asians were first welcomed was cheap labor by after the gold rush brought thousands of Asians, they were being to be seen as a threat.