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Primary #3 Sacco and Vanzetti, 1921 | The Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History

Primary #3 Sacco and Vanzetti, 1921 | The Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History | chicoyia Yellow Journalism | Scoop.it

On May 31, 1921, Nicola Sacco, a 32-year-old shoemaker, and Bartolomeo Vanzetti, a 29-year-old fish peddler, went on trial for murder in Boston. More than a year earlier, on April 15, 1920, a paymaster and a payroll guard were shot to death during a payroll heist in Braintree, Massachusetts, near Boston. Three weeks later, Sacco and Vanzetti were charged with the crime.

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Primary document #1 Shelley Neal

TESTIMONY OF PROSECTUTION WITNESS SHELLEY A. NEAL

Mr. Shelley A. Neal, Sworn.

Q. [By Mr. Williams.] What is your name?
A. Shelley A. Neal.
Q. Where do you live, Mr. Neal?
A. Braintree.
Q. What is your occupation?
A. Agent, American Railway Express Company, and tax collector of the town of Braintree.
Q. Were you agent for the American Railway Express Company on April 15th of last year?
A. Yes.
Q. How long at that time had you occupied that position?
A. 14 years.

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Crucible of Empire - PBS Online

Crucible of Empire - PBS Online | chicoyia Yellow Journalism | Scoop.it

On March 28, 1898, the United States Naval Court of Inquiry found that the Maine was destroyed by a submerged mine. Although blame was never formally placed on the Spanish, implication was clear. Recent research suggests that the explosion may have been an accident, involving a spontaneous combustion fire in the coal bunker. Some conspiracy theorists have even suggested that sensational journalist William Randolph Hearst may have set the explosion in order to precipitate a war. While historians will never know exactly what happened the night the Maine went down, it is clear that the incident was a significant force that propelled the United States into the Spanish-American War.

Bi

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Social Media: The Next Frontier for Yellow Journalism

Social Media: The Next Frontier for Yellow Journalism | chicoyia Yellow Journalism | Scoop.it

In 1897, Fredric Remington was sent to Cuba to cover the Spanish-American war. His boss, William Randolph Hearst, planned to use the war to increase circulation and grow his newspaper empire. After assessing the situation, Remington reportedly requested to return home by cabling “there will be no war.” Hearst responded, “You furnish the pictures and I’ll furnish the war.” The sensationalized stories that followed have been recognized as the peak of yellow journalism.

That was before social media. Hearst, who had no fear of stretching the truth to its breaking point, would likely shake his head in amazement if he could see what happens in the social channel these days. Sensationalizing stories to increase circulation has been replaced with controversy-stoking fires designed to increase page views and clicks. Truth in commentary is optional.

Yellow journalism, the practice of presenting biased opinion as fact in a sensationalized manner, affects more than website traffic and print circulation. It can be used to affect brand image by manipulating social platforms, search engines, and traditional news outlets. If the company doesn’t respond or responds poorly, the results can be long lasting and lethal.

When Celeb Boutique tweeted “#Aurora is trending, clearly about our Kim K inspired #Aurora dress ” with a link to the sales page, it set off a firestorm of tweets and blog posts about the company’s insensitivity. It wasn’t long before the activity gained wider exposure with journalists for traditional news outlets covering the social media faux pas.

Tweets normally have a short life span. They disappear in a few days usually taking the drama with them. Celeb Boutique wasn’t the first business to post a misguided tweet but the company is paying a higher price than its predecessors. Kenneth Cole had a similar experience during the revolution in Cairo. After an apology and a few days of drama, things returned to business as usual. The drama for Celeb Boutique disappeared a few days later but everyone who uses Google to find the company is exposed to the negative publicity. A search for Celeb Boutique delivers three positive links on the first page – the company’s website, Twitter page, and Facebook page. There are seven links to negative posts about the misguided tweet.

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chicoyia harris | Scoop.it

chicoyia harris | Scoop.it | chicoyia Yellow Journalism | Scoop.it

By extension, the term yellow journalism is used today as a pejorative to decry any journalism that treats news in an unprofessional or unethical fashion

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website on historical topic #1 Yellow journalism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

website on historical topic #1 Yellow journalism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia | chicoyia Yellow Journalism | Scoop.it

Wikipedia on yellow Journalism

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Primary document #2 COMPLETE TESTIMONY OF JAMES F. BOSTOCK, WITNESS FOR THE PROSECUTION Thursday, June 9, 1921.

Q. [By Mr. Williams.] What is your name?
A. James F. Bostock.
Q. Where do you live?
A. Brockton.
Q. Where in Brockton?
A. 25 Columbia Street.
Q. What is your business or occupation?
A. Machine business.

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Sacco and Vanzetti - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Ferdinando Nicola Sacco (April 22, 1891 – August 23, 1927) and Bartolomeo Vanzetti (June 11, 1888 – August 23, 1927) were suspected anarchists who were convicted of murdering two men during a 1920 armed robbery of a shoe factory in South Braintree, Massachusetts, United States. After a controversial trial and a series of appeals, the two Italian immigrants were executed on August 23, 1927.[1]

There is a highly politicized dispute over their guilt or innocence, as well as whether or not the trials were fair.[2][3] The dispute focuses on contradictory evidence. As a result, historians have not reached a consensus.

Sacco was a shoe-maker born in Torremaggiore, Foggia province, Puglia region, Italy, who emigrated to the United States at the age of seventeen.[4] Vanzetti was a fishmonger born in Villafalletto, Cuneo province, Piemonte region, Italy, who arrived in the United States at age twenty. Both men left Italy for the U.S. in 1908,[5] although they did not meet until a 1917 strike.[6]

Only Vanzetti was tried for the attempted robbery and attempted murder in Bridgewater, which occurred on Christmas Eve, December 24, 1919. Others arrested supported their alibis with documentation, like Sacco's time-card which suggests he was on the clock when he committed the abortive Bridgewater robbery.[26] In 1927, advocates for Sacco and Vanzetti charged that this case was brought first because evidence against Vanzetti in the Braintree robbery was weak and a conviction for the Bridgewater crimes would help convict him for the Braintree crimes. The prosecution countered that the timing was driven by the schedules of different courts that handled the cases

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Yellow Journalism is Alive and Well

Yellow Journalism is Alive and Well | chicoyia Yellow Journalism | Scoop.it

Yellow Journalism has been used in every period of history since the term was coined. Every time there is a major event in our history the press has always lent its own personal bent to the story. In many instances the press has published outrageous headlines with little or no sources cited for the story line. It is a technique that works with the average reader, especially today. Our time is getting more and more challenged. When we look for something, we zero in on the headline and if it shocks or tantalizes us we read the story. Not all examples of yellow journalism are bad. Some newspapers or digital media stick to the facts and investigate their sources. By John Careccia

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Selling the Kid: The Role of Yellow Journalism

Selling the Kid: The Role of Yellow Journalism | chicoyia Yellow Journalism | Scoop.it


THE ROLE OF YELLOW JOURNALISM

The Yellow Kid's rise as a commercial presence would not have happened without his namesake: yellow journalism. Media historian Frank Luther Mott listed some defining characteristics of yellow journalism: prominent headlines that "screamed excitement, often about comparatively unimportant news"; a lavish use of pictures, many of them without significance"; faked interviews and stories; a Sunday supplement and color comics; and a "more or less ostentatious sympathy with the 'underdog,' with campaigns against abuses suffered by the common people.

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Yellow journalism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Yellow journalism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia | chicoyia Yellow Journalism | Scoop.it

Techniques may include exaggerations of news events, scandal-mongering, or sensationalism.

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