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What is LinkedIn? | LinkedIn--Formal cmc

What is LinkedIn? | LinkedIn--Formal cmc | Cassandra's Portfolio | Scoop.it

    Formal conversations are the types of language or computer-mediated communication found on LinkedIn or other business related social sites. LinkedIn is more of a professional site as opposed to the Twitter and Facebook sites. There is a different audience found in the LinkedIn site. Because of the more professional audience who chooses to use LinkedIn, the type of language being used will have to be formal.
    Although it is hard to chart what language is formal or informal, there are ways to figure out which is which. Formal language depends on when the writing was scheduled, whether it is one-way or interactive, a preset agenda, mandatory, authority organized, content-focus, formal language being used, and whether it is a high cost. According to Hrastinski, “the most important factor influencing formality and informality was the task and how the medium was used.” I believe that LinkedIn is a great example of using the formal computer-mediated communication. LinkedIn falls in the categories that I listed above and I really cannot fathom anyone talking freely on a site like that. We first created LinkedIn accounts during class, and it was a way for us to see the type of prestigious people in our community. It is also a great way to network and look for job openings.

    Formal language is also being used in the classrooms of the universities, because I don’t think any professor would tolerate a student using informal language unless it was a creative writing or poetry class.

 

Resources: Hrastinski, S. (2006). The relationship between using an informal synchronous medium and participation in online group work: An explorative study. Interactive Learning Environments, 14(2), 137-152.

 

Hrastinski, S. (2007). IM support for informal synchronous e-collaboration. In N. Kock (Ed.), Encyclopedia of e-collaboration (pp. 349-354). Hershey, PA: Idea Group.

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Social Network / FACEBOOK, TWITTER, LINKEDIN

Social Network / FACEBOOK, TWITTER, LINKEDIN | Cassandra's Portfolio | Scoop.it

    It is a popular perception that computer-mediated language is less correct, complex and coherent than standard written language. “The majority are deliberate choices made by users to economize on typing effort, mimic spoken language features, or express themselves creatively.” (Herring) It almost seems as if when I’m typing on the computer my friends, I don’t really pay attention to the way I use language and grammar. The type of language being used on these different social networks is less formal then it would be in a classroom. Since Facebook and Twitter are informal sites, the type of language being used here is not being monitored or graded so people don’t really care about the way they express themselves.

    I feel like these types of social networks were created to help the users feel more comfortable using them. No one wants to feel like their every word is being corrected or studied. Twitter and Facebook are places where people are free to write whatever they want in any way they want to. There is no such thing as spelling or grammatical errors while using the social networks. This language is accepted for the use in the Facebook and Twitter settings. Even in this class, we were able to have discussions on Facebook, and it was evident that everyone was speaking freely. It has appeared to be this way for while and it really shows no signs of slowing down the process.

    According to Herring, “Actually, although computer-mediated language often contains non-standard features, 9 only a relatively small percentage of such features appears to be errors caused by inattention or lack of knowledge of the standard language forms. People intentionally choose to use this type language and it is not because they do not know how to speak or type properly. For example, when r we going to the movies… mayb sat.or sun, wateva day wrks best 4u. That is the type of language being used on Twitter and Facebook in conversations.

 

Resources: Herring, Susan C.

1998a "Le style du courrier électronique: Variabilité et changement." Terminogramme, 84-85, 9-16.1998b "Ideologies of language on the Internet: The case of 'free speech'." Paper presented at the 6th International Pragmatics Conference, Reims, France, July 21.1998c "Virtual gender performances." Paper presented at Texas A&M University, September 25.

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Managing Impressions Online: Self-Presentation Processes in the Online Dating Environment

Managing Impressions Online: Self-Presentation Processes in the Online Dating Environment | Cassandra's Portfolio | Scoop.it

    When trying to create one ’s self identity on the internet there are different ways of going about this method. Three different concepts that come to mind would be the actual self, ideal self, and the ought-to-self. The actual self would pertain to the type of person you really are or the type you do not have to make any changes to. The ideal self is the person you are trying to become. The ought-to-to self would pertain to the person you ought to be.

    “Klohnen and Mendelsohn (1998) determined that individuals' descriptions of their "ideal self" influenced perceptions of their romantic partners in the direction of their ideal self-conceptions. Bargh et al. (2002) found that in comparison to face-to-face interactions, Internet interactions allowed individuals to better express aspects of their true selves—aspects of themselves that they wanted to express but felt unable to.” (Ellison, Gibbs, Heino) The internet plays a huge role in indentifying the roles people take while interacting online. Many people hide who they are through the computer screen so that is why it is important to distinguish the difference between the ideal self, real self, and ought-to self.

    Earlier in the semester we were doing an assignment that involved us talking about each of our identities. We had to say which identity would link to the social network we used and why. For example, I chose Facebook as my real self because it’s the site where people could see who I really am. In my pictures, it shows that I have a lot of pictures with basketball clothes. So it shows everyone that I play basketball, which is definitely my real or true self. I chose Twitter as my ideal self or the person who I am like most of the time. However, it is not as personal as my Facebook page. Lastly, is my LinkedIn account, which I chose as my ought-to-self because it is more a conservative site where people are more mature and it is a site where I can make connections for my future.

 

 

Resources: Gibbs, J. L., Ellison, N. B., & Heino, R. D. (2006). Self-presentation in online personals: The role of anticipated future interaction, self-disclosure, and perceived success in Internet dating. Communication Research, 33 (2), 1–26.

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www.twitter.com

www.twitter.com | Cassandra's Portfolio | Scoop.it

    There are different modes of communication being used online and offline. Common modes of communiation we would normally use while being online would be examples of instant messaging, emails, and social networking sites (Facebook, Twitter)." With the growing popularity of IM, it may provide students with an alternative means of communication, allowing them to maintain meaningful interactions despite the distance separating them from pre-university social ties." (Anabel Quan-Haase) This is very true because these types of modes will alway be present for anyone to use them and at anytime. You do not necessarily have to be a student to instant message a friend or to email a friend.

    These modes are available to everyone who knows how use it. According to Anabel Quan-Haase, "while online modes were used widely for local communication, it was evident that they also filled communication gaps with those faraway." Emails or  video-chat can be used to help people stay in touch with friends who have moved away. Or it is a good way for college students to keep in touch with their families back home. The modes of communication that we used during class would be direct mail on Blackboard, or a discussion area. We also used Facebook and Twitter as ways of communicating online and in  the classroom. LinkedIn was another method used to help people communicate with each other.

 

 

Resources: Quan-Haase, Anabel.Assistant Professor of Information and Media Studiesand Sociology at the University of Western Ontario. investigates how communication and information technologies transform organizations, communities and educational settings. Faculty of Information and Media Studies/Department of Sociology, The University of Western Ontario, North Campus Building, London, ON N6A 5B7, Canada. [email: aquan@uwo.ca]

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Blackboard-Informal cmc

Blackboard-Informal cmc | Cassandra's Portfolio | Scoop.it

    Informal conversations, “take place at the time, with the participants, and about the topics at hand” argue that informal interaction generally is “impromptu, brief, context-rich and dyadic” and “support joint problem solving, coordination, social bonding, and social learning all of which are essential for complex collaboration” (Hrastinksi)

    Different kinds of groups are available such as emails and instant messages, where people can choose to talk in an informal way. These types of programs allow people to make a decision between writing formally or informally if they want to. This is the same type of effect Facebook and Twitter networks have. Informal language can basically mean language that is not scripted or thought about. This is more like conversational language between people on the social network sites. According to Hrastinski, “IM (instant messaging) seems particularly useful in supporting informal communication since it provides awareness of who is online, which may have helped to bring students together. As when using chat, the cost of communication was quite low students needed only to write a line of text and then press enter.”   

    Informal computer-mediated communication is not the type of communication that one has to think about before writing. Like I mentioned before, it is people speaking freely and not worrying about how their words are being written. You see this type of communication all the time on social networks, as well as, emails, IM, blogs etc. Any place where a user is in charge of what is being said, I believe that informal communication and language is taking place. In this class alone, we were able to speak freely in the discussion board area on Blackboard. As a class, we were able to talk to each other about negative communication and ways in which we could help prevent it. Informal communication is accepted among college students.

 

Resources:

Hrastinski, Stefan, Computer and Systems Science, Department of Information Science, Uppsala University, Box 513, 751 20 Uppsala, Sweden, stefan.hrastinski@dis.uu.se

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https://blackboard.albany.edu/webapps/portal/frameset.jsp?tab_tab_group_id=_1_1

https://blackboard.albany.edu/webapps/portal/frameset.jsp?tab_tab_group_id=_1_1 | Cassandra's Portfolio | Scoop.it

   Starting college is something exciting for new students. The idea of community building is something that is very effective, especially in the college atmosphere. I say this because, many transfer, international, and freshman students have a difficult time adjusting to the new life. College is a great experience for everyone to have a chance of being a part of. However, these students who are new to the institution may feel a little left out because they hardly know what is going on around campus. That is why it is very important to make these students to feel more comfortable being on the campus. According to Boyd and Ellison, "  Some sites cater to diverse audiences, while others attract people based on common language or shared racial, sexual, religious, or nationalitybased identities."

     Earlier in the semester we had to do an activity where we would try and help these students find things to do so they weren’t bored. My group and I had to go on the UAlbany website and we looked under the student activity bar. Under this bar, we saw that there were different events going on at the time that these students could attend. There are also plenty of groups and events that students can join, especially for international students. Concerts and sports events are always going on and this is something students can take part in. There are also more activities that take place inside the dorms. Social networking sites play a huge role in developing new friendships.

 

Resources: Boyd, d. (2006a). Friends, Friendsters, and MySpace Top 8: Writing community into being on social network sites. First Monday, 11 (12). Retrieved July 21, 2007 from http://www.firstmonday.org/issues/issue11_12/boyd/

 

Ellison, N., Steinfield, C., & Lampe, C. (2007). The benefits of Facebook ‘‘friends’’: Exploring the relationship between college students’ use of online social networks and social capital. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication , 12

(3), article 1. Retrieved July 30, 2007

from http://jcmc.indiana.edu/vol12/issue4/ellison.html

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storyful news site

storyful news site | Cassandra's Portfolio | Scoop.it

The amount of social networks that are being used today are endless. There was an estimate taken that said over half of American residents are Facebook users. Twitter and YouTube are very popular in their own rights. Since these social networking engines are highly effective in getting people to use them, some of the messages can be misconstrued. For example, the news or any upcoming events can be talked about first on these sites. However, people can hardly tell when the news is real or made up. Journalists and writers take part in the social sites and try to get their stories but it is very hard to whether what they are reading is true or false.

To help filter or curate this type of problem, journalists created Storyful. Storyful is, “social media news tool created by journalists that finds the most relevant, real and interesting video, tweets and posts coming from people in the middle of events around the world.” (Teresa Gorman) This is a way for journalists to write about the news and they will not have to worry about if it were true or not.

David Clinch (editorial director) also stated that Storyful, “verify and curate all of this into playlists on YouTube, on their website and for Storyful Pro, a paid service for news organizations.” (Gorman) This is a very relevant tool that was created because people are always surfing the net and trying to figure out what’s going on in our society. Since all of us use these social networks frequently, we should be given the truth when we log into these sites. Many protestors use the Twitter site and it shows how much it has grown just from them alone. By helping curate the problem of right/wrong news, no one should have to worry about reading a bunch of nonsense. Storyful is a reliable source and can’t be misconstrued by anyone who happens to use it.

 

 

Resources: Teresa Gorman

http://www.pbs.org/newshour/rundown/2011/04/social-media-curation-tool-separates-news-from-noise.html

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Welcome to Facebook - Log In, Sign Up or Learn More

Welcome to Facebook - Log In, Sign Up or Learn More | Cassandra's Portfolio | Scoop.it

    Facebook is a social networking site that allows users to communicate with their friends and family. As mentioned in the reading of Boyd-Ellison, "social networking sites have attracted millions of users, many of whom have integrated

these sites into their daily practices". It has become a popular way of communicating online and many people enjoy using social networking sites. For example, as a class, we were able to use Facebook, Twitter, and Linkedin, as ways of communicating online with our assigned groups. If people were not present in class, we would still be able to communicate through the use of these social networks that are mae available online.

    Among college students, Facebook and Twitter are frequently used engines.It is this way because most social networks provide a mechanism for users to leave messages on their Friends' profile pages. (Boyd-Ellison) This feature involves leaving ‘‘comments,’’ and this is a great way of providing feedback and interaction.

    "On many of the large SNSs, participants are not necessarily ‘‘networking’’ or looking to meet new people; instead, they are primarily communicating with people who are already a part of their extended social network." (Boyd-Ellison) This very true in most cases, because the users usually know something about the people on their friends' list. However, there are ways to communicate or start new friendships through these types of social networking sites.

 

 

Resources: Boyd, d. (2004). Friendster and publicly articulated social networks.

Proceedings of ACM Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems

(pp. 1279–1282). New York: ACM Press.

 

Ellison, N., Steinfield, C., & Lampe, C. (2007). The benefits of Facebook ‘‘friends’’: Exploring the relationship between college students’ use of online social networks and social capital. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 12

(3), article 1. Retrieved July 30, 2007 from http://jcmc.indiana.edu/vol12/issue4/ellison.html

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