Camels, Bees & Co(ws)
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Camels, Bees & Co(ws)
farm animals biodiversity and management of domestic animal genetic resources (AnGR)
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Rescooped by Nicolas Antoine-M. from Actualités de l'élevage
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La génétique, un outil efficace pour prévenir les mammites

La génétique, un outil efficace pour prévenir les mammites | Camels, Bees & Co(ws) | Scoop.it
Malgré la faible héritabilité des caractères liés à la santé de la mamelle, en cas de problèmes, les vaches bien armées génétiquement résistent beaucoup mieux.

Via IDELE Institut de l'Elevage
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Open Season in Gene Editing of Animals

Open Season in Gene Editing of Animals | Camels, Bees & Co(ws) | Scoop.it
New techniques have made previously impossible goals fast and cheap enough for many to find worth pursuing.
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'Beenomics' researchers help beekeepers breed custom bees

'Beenomics' researchers help beekeepers breed custom bees | Camels, Bees & Co(ws) | Scoop.it
Canadian beekeepers are getting help in breeding the ultimate bee - with custom traits including the ability to survive a harsh Canadian winter.
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Salmon is first transgenic animal to win US approval for food

Salmon is first transgenic animal to win US approval for food | Camels, Bees & Co(ws) | Scoop.it
Long-awaited decision authorizes a genetically engineered animal to grace US dinner tables for the first time.
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Al Ain doctor sees potential in camels beyond their milk | The National

Al Ain doctor sees potential in camels beyond their milk | The National | Camels, Bees & Co(ws) | Scoop.it

Dr Abdul Raziq Kakar has launched Camel4Life, a group to promote the use of camels by the world’s poorer communities, and to give traditional producers an international voice.

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22nd June, it's the World Camel Day!

22nd June, it's the World Camel Day! | Camels, Bees & Co(ws) | Scoop.it

My Camel stories, by Dr Abdul Raziq Kakar, President of SAVES (Society of Animal, Veterinary and Environmental Scientists).

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Animal genetic resources and “Access and Benefit-Sharing”: not made for each other?

Animal genetic resources and “Access and Benefit-Sharing”: not made for each other? | Camels, Bees & Co(ws) | Scoop.it
During the eighth session of the Intergovernmental Technical Working Group on Animal Genetic Resources (ITWG-AnGR 8), the confusion of delegates about how to apply the concept of "Access and Benefit-Sharing" to animal genetic resources (AnGR) was palpable. Developed countries such…
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'2,000 Bull Project' targets cattle traits

'2,000 Bull Project' targets cattle traits | Camels, Bees & Co(ws) | Scoop.it

Breakthroughs in genetic research have made it possible to evaluate and routinely predict growth, calving ease, and other important, easily observable traits within beef cattle breeds. 

To help producers further improve their genetic evaluations, USMARC geneticist Mark Thallman and his colleagues started the “2,000 Bulls Project” in 2007.They collaborated with the largest U.S. cattle breed associations to collect genetic profiles of 2,000 bulls from 16 different breeds.

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Save pigs, Eat pigs.

Save pigs, Eat pigs. | Camels, Bees & Co(ws) | Scoop.it
Travis Hood is raising a rare species of pig called the Red Wattle. He's part of a small but growing movement across the country to hold on to biodiversity and save heritage breeds.
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Rooster problem boosting chicken prices

Rooster problem boosting chicken prices | Camels, Bees & Co(ws) | Scoop.it

It appears theres a problem in the hen house The worlds largest chicken breeder has discovered that a key breed of rooster has a genetic issue adding to problems constraining U S poultry production.

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Genetic erosion threatens resilience of Ethiopian Borana Cattle

Genetic erosion threatens resilience of Ethiopian Borana Cattle | Camels, Bees & Co(ws) | Scoop.it

The genetic makeup of the Ethiopian Borana cattle breed is under threat, a recent study has shown. 

Borana cattle are undoubtedly the most important indigenous breed in the lowlands of southern Ethiopia for beef and milk production. Among the local cattle populations, the Borana cattle are superior and one of the most suitable cattle breed for arid and semi-arid regions of Ethiopia. As a result of natural and artificial selection, the breed has developed greater ability to survive, grow and reproduce in conditions of high ambient temperature, poor feed quality, water shortage and disease including tick infestations.

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Scientists race to breed heat-resistant livestock

Scientists race to breed heat-resistant livestock | Camels, Bees & Co(ws) | Scoop.it
Heat-tolerant breeds of farm animals will be essential to feeding the world as climate change takes hold.
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Pigs for Keepers: Visiting Women Pig Farmers in Papua New-Guinea

Pigs for Keepers: Visiting Women Pig Farmers in Papua New-Guinea | Camels, Bees & Co(ws) | Scoop.it

Papua New Guinea (PNG) is famous for its multitude of pig cultures. When an invitation by Dr. Workneh Ayalev of its National Agricultural Research Institute (NARI) in Lae arrived  to catch a glimpse of them, this was a rare and cherished opportunity. Dr. Workneh who hails from Ethiopia shares my confidence in the value of indigenous breeds, in fact did a seminal study comparing the benefits of cross-bred versus indigenous goats to farmers in the Ethiopian highlands.

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Start-up milks a camel for all it's worth

Start-up milks a camel for all it's worth | Camels, Bees & Co(ws) | Scoop.it

One start-up is betting on a new super food to shake up the dairy aisle. "We're America's new dairy generation, and we sell camel milk," said Walid Abdul Wahab, the founder of Desert Farms, the first start-up producing its own line of camel milk in North America. 

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Scientists to Breed Genetically Modified Bees: Here's Why

Scientists to Breed Genetically Modified Bees: Here's Why | Camels, Bees & Co(ws) | Scoop.it
A bee genome project at the University of British Columbia will allow scientists to breed made-for-Canada-honeybee that can resist pests and disease. This is to greatly accelerate selective breeding and ensure continuing benefits for the agricultural sector and food security.
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Cows in China - Genetically engineered to resist tuberculosis

Cows in China - Genetically engineered to resist tuberculosis | Camels, Bees & Co(ws) | Scoop.it
Researchers in China produce a herd of genetically engineered cows that are better able to ward off bovine TB.
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Prehistoric farmers were first beekeepers - BBC News

Prehistoric farmers were first beekeepers - BBC News | Camels, Bees & Co(ws) | Scoop.it
Humans have been exploiting honeybees for almost 9,000 years, according to archaeological evidence.
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Pastoralists in Samburu turn to improved livestock breeds

Pastoralists in Samburu turn to improved livestock breeds | Camels, Bees & Co(ws) | Scoop.it

To cope with the disastrous effects of climate change, pastoralists in Samburu have turned to farming and keeping improved breeds of cattle.

The initiative is spearheaded by the Samburu Pastoralists Livelihood Improvement project which is supported by the government, the European Union and World Vision through the National Drought Management Authority.

Nicolas Antoine-M.'s insight:

Such succesfull programs are needed, bringing a comprehensive view of agricultural development that integrates crop and livestock, home-consumption, direct marketing and integration in a value chain, "indigenous" and "improved" breeds... However, a localized success should not let us forget the benefits of pastoralism, from the ecological, economic and cultural points of view, and the need to invest in truly pastoral livelihoods. The sustainable use of these fragile ecosystems in a context of demographic growth entails the need to develop mixed strategies, partly based on sedentarization and improved mobility. Different animal genetic resources respond to these different strategical components. Let us keep in mind that improving breeds on some criteria, typically productive ones, means that we are loosing other abilities of the breed, typically adaptative ones. 

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Swaziland - Study commissioned to ascertain market size, potential for indigenous chickens

Swaziland - Study commissioned to ascertain market size, potential for indigenous chickens | Camels, Bees & Co(ws) | Scoop.it

There is a lack of organised market for indigenous chickens. However, the ministry together with its collaborating partners have embarked on studies to determine the market size and potential for indigenous chickens,” he said during the distribution of indigenous chicken seed stock meeting. 

Nicolas Antoine-M.'s insight:

among the wide range of benefits of investing in indigenous chickens, this article underlines an interesting aspect, i.e. "(the programme) offered the small-scale chicken producers an escape route from the congested and highly competitive broiler business in Swaziland."

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Focus on Desi cows to up milk yield, India

Focus on Desi cows to up milk yield, India | Camels, Bees & Co(ws) | Scoop.it
People generally wake up to the challenge of climate change when they face extreme weather events, but temperature rise can affect us in other ways. Impact of global warming on India’s milk production is one such area which has, of late, caught attention of policy-makers and experts.
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Lack of genetic diversity threat to livestock

Lack of genetic diversity threat to livestock | Camels, Bees & Co(ws) | Scoop.it

It's a wake-up call, flagging commercial agriculture's tendency to put all its eggs in one genetic basket. It's an issue as old as the Irish potato famine, which was caused by an overreliance on a narrow range of varieties, all of which were susceptible to blight.

Ken Richards, retired research manager for genetic resources with Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, said in a recent email there are many examples of the effects of genetic diversity loss affecting production in modern agriculture. "One only needs to look at the amount of inbreeding depression occurring in the five major dairy breeds in production in Canada at the present time," he said.

Nicolas Antoine-M.'s insight:

"Another challenge is maintaining financial support. Two years ago, the University of Alberta turned to charitable donations to preserve its flock of heritage poultry breeds. Threatened by budget cuts, the university's Poultry Research Centre appealed for public support under an innovative "adopt-a-heritage-chicken" program. Individual donors -- which now number 400 -- pay $150 a year in exchange for receiving 24 dozen eggs over a 10-month period."

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Mission to develop pure breed Sahiwal cattle begins

Mission to develop pure breed Sahiwal cattle begins | Camels, Bees & Co(ws) | Scoop.it
In 2012, Mr. Ram had brought two Sahiwal cows from Haryana to Tarakaturu on the Vijayawada-Machilipatnam national highway. Despite the Sahiwal cow is a dairy farmer’s friend by yielding eight litres of milk per day, the humble conservator of the cow never runs for the yield.
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Camel is official Rajasthan's state animal!

Camel is official Rajasthan's state animal! | Camels, Bees & Co(ws) | Scoop.it

Camel breeders are happy that the camel will receive protection, but are worried about the planned ban on moving camels across state borders.

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Wanted: a breed of chicken that can survive crippling heatwaves

Wanted: a breed of chicken that can survive crippling heatwaves | Camels, Bees & Co(ws) | Scoop.it
US scientists fear climate change could have devastating effects on poultry farmers as temperatures reach scorching levels
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Crossbreeding programme for 3.3 million goats and sheep in Abu Dhabi farms

Crossbreeding programme for 3.3 million goats and sheep in Abu Dhabi farms | Camels, Bees & Co(ws) | Scoop.it

Two breeds of sheep and one breed of goat from Australia that would be compatible with the local population will be introduced in the local farms for breeding

Nicolas Antoine-M.'s insight:

Crossbreeding programs need to be framed in a way that is compatible with the preservation (or purebred improvement) of the indigenous breeds.

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