International Network for Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
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International Network for Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
International Network for Natural Sciences (INNSPUB) is a wing of Shamokal Publications, Bangladesh. INNSPUB is dedicated to publish scholarly research journals and books in English. We believe in sharing of new scientific knowledge in the field of natural sciences, biology, medicine and agriculture all over the world. All our publications are available online that concurrently belong to many societies, universities and research institutes.
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Potential of mangrove rehabilitation using different silvicultural treatments at Southeastern Coast of Egypt - International network for natural sciences - research journal

Potential of mangrove rehabilitation using different silvicultural treatments at Southeastern Coast of Egypt - International network for natural sciences - research journal | International Network for Natural Sciences (INNSPUB) | Scoop.it
Mangrove ecosystem has important ecological and socio-economic values in Egypt as it represents the primary natural forest on a country dominated by deserts. Large attentions have been paid for restoration and rehabilitation of mangrove communities in the last few decades. This study was carried out at the southeastern coast part of Egypt to provide baseline information of salinity tolerant and early growth of Rhizophora mucronata in addition; different silviculture treatments for mangrove regeneration were tested. Primary survey and results of this study indicated that the highest mangrove tree height of 2.97 m was noted at medium tides, while the lowest tree height of 2.5 m was recorded at the high tides. Overall, Rhizophora mucronata trees were growing better under low to medium tides comparing with high tides. The high level of salinity (80 % of sea water) had negativity affected growth of Rhizophora mucronata seedlings. Moreover, the highest values of blade length, blade width, leaf size, plant height, and number of nodes were achieved either with using 20 % or 40 % of sea water. Using wild seedling nursery transplanting technique was more suitable for establishment of mangrove seedlings and achieved the highest survival rate of 61 %. Wild seedling direct transplanting led to high mortality rate of 68 %. There was a significant difference among the propagation methods used in this study in dry shoot weight, dry root weight, total dry weight, number of leaves, and the survival rate; however, plant height was not affected by the silviculture treatments.
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This articles published in the journal "Journal of Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences - JBES" http://www.innspub.net/journal/journal-of-biodiversity-and-environmental-sciences-jbes/
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Efficacy of aqueous extracts of Aloe zebrina Baker, Capsicum annum L. and Melia azedarach L. against Aphis gossypii Glover (Homoptera: Aphididae) - International network for natural sciences - rese...

Efficacy of aqueous extracts of Aloe zebrina Baker, Capsicum annum L. and Melia azedarach L. against Aphis gossypii Glover (Homoptera: Aphididae) - International network for natural sciences - rese... | International Network for Natural Sciences (INNSPUB) | Scoop.it
Low cotton yields in Zimbabwe are mainly caused by infestation by high numbers of insect pests, diseases, poor agronomic practices and poor season quality. Aphids cause considerable yield loss in cotton. Control methods implemented for aphids include cultural approaches, chemical and biological control and use of biopesticides. Synthetic pesticides used by farmers have problems of environmental contamination, toxicity to non-target organisms, resistance by pests and toxicity to humans among others. Plant extracts (PEs) are suitable alternatives to synthetic pesticides. Three aqueous PEs at 10 and 20%v/v application rates, distilled water (no spray) and acetamiprid were evaluated against aphids. The 3×2 factorial + 2 experiments were laid out in an RCBD in the field and CRD for laboratory experiments. Leaves of Aloe zebrina and Melia azedarach and Capsicum annum fruits were dried and ground into powder. Water extracts were prepared and used at 10 and 20%v/v and compared with synthetic insecticide and distilled water in the laboratory. In field evaluations distilled water was replaced by unsprayed plots. All three PEs had insecticidal properties against aphids. During laboratory experiments C. annum 20%v/v killed 64.75% aphids and C. annum 10%v/v killed 63.85% aphids and they were significantly (p=0.007) different from other treatments after correcting for mortality. An average of 80.3% and 72.2% aphids were controlled by C. annum 20%v/v and A. zebrina 20%v/v during field trial, these were significant (p<0.001). A. zebrina extracts had both repellence and contact toxicity against aphids. All the PEs are suitable alternatives to aphicides for aphid management.
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This articles published in the journal "International Journal of Agronomy and Agricultural Research - IJAAR" http://www.innspub.net/journal/international-journal-of-agronomy-and-agricultural-research-ijaar/
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Population Structure and Threats to Sustainable Management of Woody Plant Species in a Semi-Arid Agro-Ecosystem in Nigeria - JBES

Population Structure and Threats to Sustainable Management of Woody Plant Species in a Semi-Arid Agro-Ecosystem in Nigeria - JBES | International Network for Natural Sciences (INNSPUB) | Scoop.it
This study was conducted to assess population structure and threat to the sustainable management of woody species in the various ago-ecosystems in Dutsin-Ma Local Government Area (LGA) Katsina State, Nigeria. Purposive and stratified random sampling techniques were used to collect data from 21 randomly demarcated 100m × 100m sample plots. All woody plant species found in the sample plots with stem diameter >2 cm at 20cm above ground, were recorded. Population structure was summarized by diameter classes. For the identification of threats, field and questionnaire surveys were used. A total of 50 questionnaires were distributed at ten questionnaires per ward in five out of the 11 wards in the LGA. The highest numbers (350) of small diameter trees (0.1-1.0cm) were recorded in the agrosilvopastoral system. This was followed by silvopastoral and agrisilviculture systems with 89 and 85, respectively. However, the highest number of large diameter woody tree species was recorded in the silvopastoral system followed by agrosilvopastoral and agrisilviculture systems. The regular reverse J-shaped and fairly regular reverse J-shaped size class distribution observed for agrosilvopastoral and silvopastoral respectively, suggest a recuperating population. Over exploitation, debarking, de-branching, root- digging, leaf harvesting, seed harvesting, poor regeneration, slow rate of growth, wind effect and bush burning were the major threats to sustainable management of woody plant species in the study area. The implications of our findings for sustainable management of woody plant species in the study area are discussed and recommendations made.
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Evaluation of rice genotypes for resistance to the stalk-eyed fly (Diopsis longicornis) in rice in Uganda - International network for natural sciences - research journal

Evaluation of rice genotypes for resistance to the stalk-eyed fly (Diopsis longicornis) in rice in Uganda - International network for natural sciences - research journal | International Network for Natural Sciences (INNSPUB) | Scoop.it
Globally, rice production is limited by abiotic and biotic factors. Of the insect pests attacking rice, the stalk-eyed fly is the most abundant. Major rice growing districts in Uganda are affected, and varieties grown by farmers are susceptible. The objective of this study was to identify sources of resistance to stalk-eyed flies among improved rice genotypes in Uganda. Fifty genotypes from the Africa Rice Centre, IRRI, South Korea and the National Crops Resources Research Institute (NaCRRI) in Uganda were screened under cage and field conditions at NaCRRI. Trials were laid out in an alpha lattice design, with 3 replications, for both experiments. Natural infestation (D. longicornis or D. apicalis) was used in the field while cage trials utilized artificial infestation with D. longicornis. Data on deadhearts were collected from seedling to tillering stages, at 7, 14, 21 and 28 days. Analyses of variance were performed using restricted maximum likelihood. Infestation levels for 31 (62%) rice genotypes were the same under both field and cage conditions, 4 (8%) genotypes showed higher susceptibility in the cage than in the field and 15 (30%) were more resistant in the cage than in the field. Genotypes NERICA 4, TXD306, NM7-22-11-B-P-1-1 and K85 were identified as the most resistant varieties. F3 genotypes (GSR IR1- 5-S14-S2-Y1 x K85, Gigante x NERICA4, NERICA4 x Gigante, NERICA1x NERICA4, NERICA4 x NERICA6, and NERICA4 x SUPA) were also found resistant. These genotypes were recommended for release and further advancement, respectively.
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Species Diversity and Above-ground Carbon Stock Assessments in Selected Mangrove Forests of Malapatan and Glan, Sarangani Province, Philippines - JBES

Mangrove ecosystems are known for being the rainforest of the sea. Philippines is bestowed with this naturally rich mangrove ecosystem with diverse floral and …
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Comparative Diversity and Composition of Small Non-volant Mammals in Areas found on SOCCSKSARGEN Region, Philippines - JBES

Comparative Diversity and Composition of Small Non-volant Mammals in Areas found on SOCCSKSARGEN Region, Philippines - JBES | International Network for Natural Sciences (INNSPUB) | Scoop.it
Eight species belonging to Muridae and Viverridae family were documented and collected in the three sampling sites: Polomolok, South Cotabato; Upper Biangan, Malungon, Sarangani Province and; K’laja, Conel, General Santos City. Philippines contain unique small non-volant fauna, which can be seen in greater Mindanao, the second largest island of the country, that has not yet been studied that much and still lacks information predominantly on areas like South Cotabato, Sarangani and General Santos City. This study was conducted to determine the different species found in three sampling sites on agricultural landscapes in selected areas of SOCCSKSARGEN. Sampling was done on October – December of 2015 using baited Sherman trap cages that were set through the three sampling sites. Species Rattus everetti was the dominant and most abundant group along the three sites. Species diversity is low as well as endemism; furthermore, there is observed much significant difference in species evenness and species richness. However, the study provides vital information about the current diversity of small non-volant mammals residing on certain parts of SOCCSKSARGEN region.
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A Rapid marine biodiversity assessment of the coral reefs in morales Beach, Benoni, Glan, Sarangani Province, Philippine

A Rapid marine biodiversity assessment of the coral reefs in morales Beach, Benoni, Glan, Sarangani Province, Philippine | International Network for Natural Sciences (INNSPUB) | Scoop.it
Morales beach is one of the beaches located in the coastal town of Glan, Sarangani Province and noted for its quite enormous coral reef which is continuously degrading. This study was conducted to assess the health status of coral reef ecosystem and to evaluate the physico-chemical parameters of the area. Point Intercept Transect (PIT) method was used to monitor live coral condition and the supporting fauna at a coral reef ecosystem. Physico-chemical parameters were obtained in situ using a thermometer, refractometer, and a pH meter. The result of the study showed a very low percentage cover of hard corals, no cover percentage of soft corals and high cover percentage of other biota or substrate. The reef areas exhibited poor coral cover with an average of 15 percent live hard corals having family Acropora as the most dominant species (Shannon diversity index of 1.653). Water samples obtained were within the DENR (1990) standards suitable for the optimum growth of coral reefs. The health status of the coral reefs in Morales beach showed a partially disturbed reef due to human intervention. It is greatly recommended to constantly monitor the coral conditions in order to effectively manage and protect the increasing number of Marine Protected Areas (MPA).
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Taxonomic study of the family Scoliidae (Hymenoptera; Aculeata) in Iraq

Taxonomic study of the family Scoliidae (Hymenoptera; Aculeata) in Iraq | International Network for Natural Sciences (INNSPUB) | Scoop.it
In this study, 117 specimens of the hairy wasps (Hymenoptera: Scoliidae), collected from different region of Iraq are investigated. Five species belonging to three genera were determined; this species are: Campsomeriella thoracica (Fabricius), Megascolia maculata (Drury), Scolia flaviceps Eversmann, S. turkestanica Betrem, S. hirta (Schrank) and S. schrenkii (Eversmann). The last two species have been recorded for the first time in Iraq. Identification keys to genera, species and figured of male genitalia are illustrated. Get the full articles at: https://goo.gl/uQpAIJ
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Effect of commercial growing media on emergence, growth and development of tomato seedlings

Effect of commercial growing media on emergence, growth and development of tomato seedlings | International Network for Natural Sciences (INNSPUB) | Scoop.it
Commercial growth media were evaluated for their effect on tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum L.) seedling emergence, growth and development in 80% net shade house at Botswana University of Agriculture and Natural Resources from March-April 2015. Three locally available commercial growth media (germination mix, cocopeat and hygromix) were used. A completely randomized design (CRD) with four repetitions was used. Tomato seeds were sown on 200 cells styrofoam seedling trays to evaluate seedling emergence. Thereafter, the following growth and development parameter were measured; leaf number and area, plant height, fresh and dry masses. Data was subjected to analysis of variance (ANOVA). Results revealed no significant differences (p>0.05) in seedling emergence among the three growing media for the entire study period. However, hygromix gave superior absolute numbers compared to other two growth media. Hygromix also gave significantly (p<0.01) larger leaves and taller seedlings than germination mix and cocopeat whereas, no significant difference was observed on shoot fresh and dry masses. Growing media had no significant influence on seedling emergence rate although hygromix sown seeds still emerged relatively faster than the other media. Growers must pay attention to details when selecting the medium to use. Therefore, hygromix and to some extent germination mix are recommended as the most desirable growing media for raising tomato seedlings.
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This research work have been done by Thembinkosi Mathowa*, Nthebe Tshegofatso, Witness Mojeremane, Christinah Matsuane, Gabatshele M. Legwaila, Otsoseng Oagile from the Department of Crop Science and Production, Botswana University of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Gaborone, Botswana
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Growth parameters of oil palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.) tree seedlings in response to fertilizer types

Growth parameters of oil palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.) tree seedlings in response to fertilizer types | International Network for Natural Sciences (INNSPUB) | Scoop.it
African oil palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.) is a perennial crop whose by-products are used for food, non-food and medicine worldwide. Cameroon has over 42% of its total land surface suitable for oil palm cultivation however, production remains low due to poor management options. This research investigates the effect of fertilizer types on growth parameters of oil palm seedlings. The experiment was carried out in the South West region of Cameroon using five different treatments: T1 (bunch waste), T2 (poultry droppings), T3 (urea), T4 (bunch waste + poultry droppings + urea) and finally T5 (control) with three replications on hybrid seedlings of Tenera. Growth parameters recorded were; survival, plant heights, leaf lengths, leaf width and stem girth after twelve weeks of planting. Result showed that T2 and T3 had no significant difference between each other for heights, second leaf length (SLL) and second leaf width (SLW) with T3 being the highest in all the above parameters. T2 was significantly higher than T3 for the stem girth (SG). From these results, inorganic fertilizer (urea) best support the proper growth and development of oil palm seedlings, but can equally be substituted by organic fertilizer (poultry droppings) which showed a significantly bigger stem girth than urea after twelve weeks.
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This research work done by Tchatchoua Dorothy Tchapda, Ngoe Ngoe Oscar from Department of Agriculture, Animal Husbandry and Derived Products, University of Maroua, Cameroon
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Investigation of heavy metals content (Cd , Ni and Pb) in the muscle tissue of two commercial fishes of the Qeshm Island (Persian Gulf )

Investigation of heavy metals content (Cd , Ni and Pb) in the muscle tissue of two commercial fishes of the Qeshm Island (Persian Gulf ) | International Network for Natural Sciences (INNSPUB) | Scoop.it
This study has been done to determine the amount of the heavy metals like Cd, Ni, and Pb in the muscle tissue of Hoof benthic fish (Psettodes erumei) and urban pelagic fish (Lethrinus nebulosus) in Qeshm Island in the north of the Persian Gulf. On the whole, the heavy metal content of 30 tissue samples was randomly measured by atomic absorption spectrometer. The mean amount of Cd and Ni in benthic Hoof was significantly greater than that in the Urban pelagic fish while the concentration of pb in urban pelagic fish was higher than that in the Hoof tissue samples (P<0.05). Our results showed that the concentration of the three measured heavy metals in the fishes studied was less than the standard levels proposed by WHO and FAQ
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The mean amount of Cd and Ni in benthic Hoof was significantly greater than that in the Urban pelagic fish while the concentration of pb in urban pelagic fish was higher than that in the Hoof tissue samples (P<0.05). Our results showed that the concentration of the three measured heavy metals in the fishes studied was less than the standard levels proposed by WHO and FAQ
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Coffee parchment and NPK 15 15 15 effect on cultivation association of coffee (Coffea Arabica L.) and peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) southeast of Gabon

Coffee parchment and NPK 15 15 15 effect on cultivation association of coffee (Coffea Arabica L.) and peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) southeast of Gabon | International Network for Natural Sciences (INNSPUB) | Scoop.it
The production of coke through monocropping is a major concern for Gabonese farmers. A test was conducted with a random Fisher block design with four replications. The treatments consisted of coffee hust, NPK 15-15-15 and a combination of coffee husk and NPK applied to monocrop and crop association. Dosages made by micro-plot were: 240 g, 320 g and 400 g for the husk; 5.6 g of NPK; treatment combinations were to combine the NPK at different levels of parchment. The results show that fertilization increased coffee growth and induces production of higher peanut in the case of the witness. The difference compared to the control for parameters: stem diameter, stem height, leaf area, leaves and buds number measured on coffee plants and yield of groundnuts are respectively: 0.158 cm, 1.91 cm; 30.8 cm2; 12.53; 1.57 and 190 kg/ha. The yield of groundnut monoculture is higher by about 69% compared to the intercropping system that affects 45% average growth of the coffee plant. Most important in this model is the yield, it appears that the combination of coffee-peanut crop was not beneficial to the soil tested. The coffee husk compost, applied alone or in combination especially parchment-NPK, could be considered as fertilizer to improve the growth of the coffee and peanut production, monoculture under the conditions of the southeastern Gabon.
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Biodiversity indices of Noctuid Moths in various conifer forests of Himachal Pradesh

Biodiversity indices of Noctuid Moths in various conifer forests of Himachal Pradesh | International Network for Natural Sciences (INNSPUB) | Scoop.it
Lepidoptera is probably one of the most suitable groups for most quantitative comparisons especially their abundance and species richness. Moths were found to be a potentially useful indicator of biodiversity. The main objective of the study was to assess biodiversity health of conifer forests by using moths as indicator species. Quantitative estimates of species diversity, evenness and richness in different locations were made. Noctuid moths were collected from different parts of Himachal Pradesh during 2012-2014. A total number of 1348 noctuid moth specimens were collected by using light traps. During the study, a total of 103 species were collected from five different conifer forest spread over 10 localities of Himachal Pradesh. Regarding different forests it was found that maximum species diversity was found in year 2014 (3.22), followed by 2013 (2.97) and finally 2012 (2.80); maximum species evenness was found in the year 2014 (2.12), followed by year 2012 (2.08) and finally 2013 (1.99); maximum species richness was found in year 2014 (16.25), followed by 2013 (15.37) and finally 2012 (13.9). Regarding different localities, it was found that year 2014 showed maximum values with Species diversity: 2.65; Species evenness: 2.11; Species richness: 10.24 followed by year 2013 with Species diversity: 2.54; Species evenness: 2.08; Species richness: 8.72 and then 2012 with Species diversity: 2.03; Species evenness: 1.69; Species richness: 8.26. The rich abundance in Chirpine forest was due to diversified fruit crop ecosystem. In this experimental finding conclude that species found in Chirpine forest predict immediate protective measures to conserve forest ecosystem. More articles of this issue: http://www.innspub.net/2016/02/?post_type=jbes
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This articles originally published by the "Journal of Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences (JBES)" An Open Access Scholarly Research Journal. For more details @ http://www.innspub.net/journal/journal-of-biodiversity-and-environmental-sciences-jbes/
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Line × tester analysis for yield contributing morphological traits in Triticum aestivum under drought conditions - International network for natural sciences - research journal

Line × tester analysis for yield contributing morphological traits in Triticum aestivum under drought conditions - International network for natural sciences - research journal | International Network for Natural Sciences (INNSPUB) | Scoop.it
The present study was carried out for the development of the water stress wheat cultivars with higher grain yield by studying the genetic basis of crucial morphological traits. Nine wheat genotypes were grouped into six lines and three testers and these parents were crossed line x tester fashion. Eighteen crosses including nine parents were planted in the field in randomized complete block design with three replications. Three drought tolerant varieties Chakwal-50, Chakwal-86 and Kohistan-97 were also sown to compare the results in water stress environment. Highest negative GCA effects were observed in WN-36 for plant height (-6.17) and flag leaf area (-1.53), while for peduncle length it was noted in 8126 lines (-1.15). Highest positive GCA effects were observed in WN-32 for a number of grains per spike (5.21), grain yield per plant (2.08) and for spikelet per spike (0.33), while for 8126 and WN-10 the number of tillers per plant (0.67) and spike length (0.25) was found, respectively. The crosses 9451 × WN-25, WN-36 × 8126, WN-10 × 8126 showed highest negative SCA effects for plant height (-8.06), flag leaf area (-2.89), and peduncle length (-2.05), respectively. Moreover, the cross combinations of WN-36 × WN-25, WN-32 × WN-25 and AARI-7 × 9526 showed positive SCA effects for number of tillers per plant (1.52), spike length (0.72) and number of spikelet per spike (0.84) respectively, while the interaction of WN-35 × 8126 crosses showed highest positive SCA effects for number of grains/spike (5.69) and grain yield/plant (2.75). The parental material used in this study and cross combinations obtained from these parents may be exploited in future breeding endeavors.
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Resistance of Kenyan wheat germplasm to Fusarium head blight and deoxynivalenol contamination - International network for natural sciences - research journal

Resistance of Kenyan wheat germplasm to Fusarium head blight and deoxynivalenol contamination - International network for natural sciences - research journal | International Network for Natural Sciences (INNSPUB) | Scoop.it
Fusarium head blight (FHB) of wheat causes quantitative and qualitative reduction in yield. Cultivar resistance is the most effective method of managing the disease. This study evaluated the resistance of wheat germplasm currently available in Kenya to Fusarium head blight and deoxynivalenol (DON) contamination. Nine wheat varieties and four CIMMYT lines were evaluated for susceptibility to FHB under two diverse agro-ecologies in Nakuru and Narok Counties, Kenya during the 2013 cropping season and in the greenhouse. The varieties and lines were inoculated at mid-anthesis with mixed inocula of three isolates of F. graminearum. Incidence and severity of FHB were assessed weekly and data on severity used to calculate the area under disease progress curve (AUDPC). After harvest, incidence of F. graminearum in the grain was determined and DON contamination determined by direct competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Incidence and severity of FHB differed significantly (p ≤ 0.05) among the varieties and lines with variety Kwale showing the least disease while line 10155 had the highest FHB levels. The AUDPC ranged from 69.8 to 120.1 for the least and most susceptible varieties, respectively. All the wheat lines and varieties accumulated DON ranging from 442 to 748 ng/g (Mean = 572 ng/g). There was a positive correlation between FHB severity, AUDPC, re-isolation frequency of F. graminearum and DON accumulation. The assessed wheat varieties and lines could be grouped into two categories: moderately tolerant and susceptible. Wheat varieties and lines available in Kenya are susceptible to FHB and DON contamination implying need for considering other strategies for managing FHB.
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Species Diversity and Above-ground Carbon Stock Assessments in Selected Mangrove Forests of Malapatan and Glan, Sarangani Province, Philippines - International network for natural sciences - resear...

Species Diversity and Above-ground Carbon Stock Assessments in Selected Mangrove Forests of Malapatan and Glan, Sarangani Province, Philippines - International network for natural sciences - resear... | International Network for Natural Sciences (INNSPUB) | Scoop.it
Mangrove ecosystems are known for being the rainforest of the sea. Philippines is bestowed with this naturally rich mangrove ecosystem with diverse floral and faunal species. Despite this natural abundance, mangrove ecosystems are subjected to natural and human induced degradations specifically conversion to fish shrimp ponds that resulted in diminution aside from its effect on terrestrial and oceanic carbon cycling and could also affect its important role in terms of terrestrial and oceanic carbon cycling. This study is conducted to determine the mangrove diversity, distribution and the above-ground biomass and C-stocks in Glan and Malapatan, Sarangani Province. Purposive sampling is implemented in establishing the plots on both sites. Results show eight (8) mangrove species belonging to four (4) families are observed in both areas. Data also reveal that the mangrove ecosystem in Glan Padidu, Glan is undisturbed. Rhizophora apiculata and Sonneratia alba are found to be dominant on the two sites. Because of the large tree girths and high density of species observed on the studied areas, both forests have the potential to sequester and store large amount of atmospheric carbon. Thus, this study quantifies mangrove tree biomass in view of carbon trading as significant in lessening the effects of global warming.
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Genetic diversity of character agronomy population single seed descent - International network for natural sciences - research journal

Genetic diversity of character agronomy population single seed descent - International network for natural sciences - research journal | International Network for Natural Sciences (INNSPUB) | Scoop.it
Selection of the population F3 and F4 by method single seed descent was to obtain information about the genetic diversity character agronomy and yield components. The experiment was conducted at experimental field of the Agency for Biotechnology and Genetic Resource, Bogor start October 2012 to May 2013. The genetic material were F3 and F4 population derived from single seed descent. The result showed that mean of the population F4 higher than the population F3 to all characters. Components variability of phenotype, environment and genetic population F4 higher of the population F3 for almost all the characters except number of branches and 100 seed weight characters. The heritability estimates for population F3 and F4 were classified as moderate to high. The heritability estimates for population F3 only 100 seeds weight character were classified as moderate, while the heritability estimates for population F4 character of number of vacuum pods, seeds weight per plant, 100 seeds weight and sink size were classified as moderate. The genetic diversity coefficient for population F3 and F4 character of number of branches, number of vacuum pods, seeds weight per plant, and 100 seed weight were classified as narrow, while the genetic diversity coefficient for character of plant height, number of book, total number of pods, number of pithy pods and sink size were classified as broad.
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Study of the diet of the common cuttlefish Sepia officinalis of the exclusive economic zone (EEZ) of Côte d'Ivoire - International network for natural sciences - research journal

Study of the diet of the common cuttlefish Sepia officinalis of the exclusive economic zone (EEZ) of Côte d'Ivoire - International network for natural sciences - research journal | International Network for Natural Sciences (INNSPUB) | Scoop.it
The diet of the common cuttlefish Sepia officinalis was studied from samples collected in the coastal waters of Côte d’Ivoire, for 12 months. According to the qualitative analysis of the stomach contents of all these animals, fish and crustaceans represented respectively, 50.23% and 38.65% of the examined stomachs are the most regularly consumed prey. The monthly evolution of the vacuity coefficient shows that this index varies according to the sexual cycle. Juveniles feed primarily on crustaceans. The stomachs bowl of the adults contains fish but also crustaceans and cephalopods whose frequencies are relatively significant, which would let think that Sepia officinalis changes trophic behavior in connection with the evolution of its physiological state and that at the adult state, the animal acquires performances which enable him to apprehend the preys with fast movements in fact the fish.
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Potentialisation of the biocontrol efficacy of arbuscular mycorrhizas fungi against cocoa black pod rot causing Phytophthora megakarya with natural flavonoid - IJAAR

Potentialisation of the biocontrol efficacy of arbuscular mycorrhizas fungi against cocoa black pod rot causing Phytophthora megakarya with natural flavonoid - IJAAR | International Network for Natural Sciences (INNSPUB) | Scoop.it
Cocoa (Theobroma cacao L.) black pod rot, caused by oomycetes Chromista Phytophthora megakarya is the major constraint to cocoa production in Cameroon, causing substantial yield losses (up to 100%). As mean to alter the yield shortage, priority is given to chemical fungicides, though Arbuscular Mycorrhizals Fungi (AMF) have been pointed out to offer a friendly alternative. Moreover, exudation of flavonoids in the mycorrhizosphere could modulate the symbiotic efficiency of these symbionts. Thus, the single and associative effects of two AMF strains (Gigaspora margarita and Glomus intraradices) and a natural flavonoid (3,5,7,3’,4’,5’-hexahydroxy flavanone) were evaluated for their ability to induce tolerance in two cocoa (T. cacao) clones (SNK 10 and ICS 84) against P. megakarya under greenhouse conditions. Also, as biochemical resistance marquers, qualitative (TLC) and quantitative changes in total phenol and flavonoid were assessed Twenty Weeks After Sowing (WAS). The results indicated that, by adding the flavonoid, the AMF significantly improved the growth, total phenol and flavonoid contents as well as the susceptibility of both clones towards P. megakarya. The TLC revealed an enhanced biosynthesis of flavones and anthocyanidins in fresh leaves from the ICS 84 clone which was found to be the least sensitive to P. megakarya. Our results reveal that the dual application of AMF and flavonoid significantly suppresses the black pod disease on cocoa (T. cacao) seedlings, thereby supporting their used to improve the tolerance of cocoa plant against P. megakarya.
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Diversity and Special Assessment of Soft Bottom Intertidal Mollusks in Sea Grass Beds of Benoni, Glan, Sarangani Province, Philippines

Diversity and Special Assessment of Soft Bottom Intertidal Mollusks in Sea Grass Beds of Benoni, Glan, Sarangani Province, Philippines | International Network for Natural Sciences (INNSPUB) | Scoop.it
Gastropods are very diverse species of oragnisms found in the intertidal section of the coasts. They belong to a group of animals called mollusks (soft-bodied
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Effectiveness of organic substances in the control of powdery mildew (Sphaerotheca fuligenia) of butternut (Cucurbita moschata PEPO)

Effectiveness of organic substances in the control of powdery mildew (Sphaerotheca fuligenia) of butternut (Cucurbita moschata PEPO) | International Network for Natural Sciences (INNSPUB) | Scoop.it
Powdery mildew (Sphaerotheca fuligenia) is an economically important disease of cucurbits requiring sustainable means of management. A field experiment was set up to evaluate the effectiveness of cattle milk, sodium bicarbonate, dilute acetic acid and garlic in controlling powdery mildew in butternut (Cucurbita moschata pepo). The trial was laid out as a randomized complete block design with 3 replicates and 6 treatments. The treatments were applied at the following concentrations; 1. Cattle milk at 100ml/liter of water, 2. Dilute acetic acid at 6ml/litre of water, 3. Bicarbonate of soda at 10g/litre of water, 4. Garlic at 20g/litre of water, 5. Tubuconazole in the form of folicur at 0.5ml per liter of water and 6. Control which was not sprayed. A significant difference (P<0.01) was recorded at 60days after planting with respect to disease incidence and milk had the lowest incidence of 12.9% and the highest incidence of 37.3% was recorded in the control treatment. Milk and sodium bicarbonate managed to suppress both disease incidence and severity. This study confirms the fungicidal properties of milk and sodium bicarbonate, garlic, and dilute acetic, suggesting their use as fungicides for disease control for sustainable powdery mildew management.
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This research work have been done by Munyaradzi Shamuyarira, Lovejoy Tembo, Sommerset Mhungu from Faculty of Agriculture, Women’s University in Africa, Harare, Zimbabwe and Faculty of Agriculture, Zimbabwe Open University, Harare, Zimbabwe
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Mode of inheritance of promiscuous nodulation and combining abilities in soybean genotypes

Mode of inheritance of promiscuous nodulation and combining abilities in soybean genotypes | International Network for Natural Sciences (INNSPUB) | Scoop.it
Knowledge of the mode of inheritance of a trait can be a powerful decision-making tool in a breeding program, as it helps predicting selection gain, defining breeding strategy and choosing parental lines. This study aimed at estimating genetic parameters to infer the mode of inheritance of promiscuous nodulation in soybean. Half diallel crosses were made among nine parental lines. F2 progenies were field evaluated together with parents for nodulation characteristics and grain yield in response to Bradyrhizobium sp. strain USDA 3456. Data on nodule number (NN), percent of effective nodules (NE), fresh and dry weight of nodules (NFW and NDW), and grain yield were subjected to analysis of variance, and progenies’ means regression against parents’ was performed following Griffing’s Method2/Model 1. General and specific combining abilities, broad and narrow sense heritabilities, and Baker’s ratio were estimated. The study showed predominant GCA effect for all measured traits except NE. Broad and narrow sense heritabilities were high for grain yield and NDW, moderate for NN and NFW, and low for NE. Baker’s ratio was high for all measured traits except for NE. Overall, additive gene action was more important for all measured traits, except NE where non-additive gene action was more important. The high to moderate heritabilities for most traits showed that substantial gain can be achieved through selection.
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This research work done by Eric E. Agoyi, Khalid E. Mohammed, Thomas L. Odong, John B. Tumuhairwe, Godfree Chigeza, Phinehas Tukamuhabwa from The Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda and International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Avondale, Lusaka, Zambia
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Intercropping of maize and climbing bean: fodder yield, quality and nutrient composition of silages

Intercropping of maize and climbing bean: fodder yield, quality and nutrient composition of silages | International Network for Natural Sciences (INNSPUB) | Scoop.it
A study was conducted to examine fodder yield and silage quality of maize (Zea mays L.) and climbing bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) intercropping with different planting structure. Maize was cultivated alone and intercropped with climbing bean as follows;1 row maize to 1 row climbing bean (1M1K), 1 row maize to 2 rows climbing bean (1M2K) and 2 rows maize to 1 row climbing bean (2M1K). The experiment was laid out in randomized complete block design with four treatments and three replications. The crops were harvested when the maize reached at milk stage and climbing bean at R7 stage. The results indicated significant increase in fresh biomass and dry matter production of maize fodder alone as compared to maize intercropped with climbing bean fodder. However, no difference (p>0.05) was observed in ether extract (EE), and ash (%) of nutrient composition of fodder among the four treatments After 45 days of ensiling period, silage samples were analysed for pH, organic acids (lactic, acetic, and butyric), ammonia-N(NH3-N), dry matter (DM), crude protein (CP), ether extract (EE), neutral detergent fibre (NDF), acid detergent fibre (ADF), water soluble carbohydrate (WSC), calcium (Ca), sodium (Na) and potassium (K). All intercropped silages had higher CP values (1M1K, 12.0%; 1M2K, 12.3%; 2M1K, 11.1%) than the monocrop maize (SM, 8.9%) silage. Higher organic acids and ammonia-N (p<0.05) were produced in the 1M2K silages as compared to others silages. The study showed that among all intercropped silages the 1M2K (1 row maize to 2 rows climbing bean) was preferable according to nutrient composition than other intercropped silages.
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This research articles from College of Agronomy, Northwest A & F University, Yangling Shaanxi, P.R China & College of Animal Science and Technology, Northwest A & F University, Yangling Shaanxi, P.R. China
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Checklist of the opisthobranchs (Heterobranchia: Gastropoda) along the Iranian Coasts of the Gulf of Oman

Checklist of the opisthobranchs (Heterobranchia: Gastropoda) along the Iranian Coasts of the Gulf of Oman | International Network for Natural Sciences (INNSPUB) | Scoop.it

By Gilan Attaran and International Network For Natural Sciences INNSPUB in Environmental Science and Environmental Studies.


This is the first paper describing the heterobranch fauna of the coasts of Iran. A total of 25 species belonging to 14 families is recorded from the Iranian coasts of the Gulf of Oman. Except for Chromodoris annulata, the remainder are all new records for the area. The families Chromodorididae and Aplysiidae have the highest diversity in the Gulf of Oman at present. A preliminary checklist of heterobranchs occurring in Iran is provided, based on current and literature records. Get the full articles at: http://www.innspub.net/volume-6-number-3-march-2015-jbes/

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Population dynamics of ground dwelling spider genera among mustard crop

Population dynamics of ground dwelling spider genera among mustard crop | International Network for Natural Sciences (INNSPUB) | Scoop.it
The present study was designed to record the distribution of ground dwelling spider genera among mustard crop at Okara district. Sampling was made from Brassica compestris crop through pitfall traps. Equal number of traps were placed in three rows e.g. along the boundary, middle of the field and centre of the field. Each trap was filled with mixture solution of alcohol and glycerin (70:30%) along with few drops of kerosene oil. After 5 days interval sample traps was collected and spider specimens were washed with distilled water and permanently stored in labeled glass vials, and brought into the Pest Control Laboratory, Department of Zoology, Wildlife and Fisheries, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad. Thereafter, each spider specimen was identified according to the taxonomic material and internet source. Identified data was analyzed statistically to quantify their spatial distribution. Maximum spatial distribution of spider population was documented in middle transect than boundary and centre of the mustard crop. It was also observed that temperature, humidity and prey availability were the major factors that effecting the spider population. Population variations were recorded during the months of February, March and April in 2015, due to rise of temperature, decrease of humidity and availability of prey. Conclusively, spiders have some correlation with suitable local conditions or habitat. More over, spiders are cost effective, functionally significant and play important role in regulating decomposer population.More articles of this issue: http://www.innspub.net/2016/02/page/2/?post_type=jbes
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This articles originally published by the "Journal of Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences (JBES)" An Open Access Scholarly Research Journal. For more details @ http://www.innspub.net/journal/journal-of-biodiversity-and-environmental-sciences-jbes/
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