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Chronic Kidney Disease Stages | National Kidney Center

The 5 stages of kidney disease with symptoms, from the National Kidney Center.
Mackenzie Jantz's insight:

Kidney disease is broken into 5 stages in which they progessingly worse. The two most common causes of this are high blood pressure and diabetes. Kidney disease is a disease in which the nephrons in your kidneys do not function properly and do not totally clean your blood. Most people who have reduced renal function have some form of kidney disease.

 

In stages 1-2, physical signs are pretty well invisible. A urinalysis or blood test will reveal abnormalities though. In stages 3-4 fatigue and tiredness, backpain, swelling in hands or feet, change in appetite and urine, and high blood pressure are all common symptoms of a lowered glomerular filtration rate (GFR). These symptoms indicate that the blood cleaning efficiency is now less than 30%. In the fifth and final stage most patients have: anemia, are easily bruised, headache, lowered mental awareness, itchy skin and eyes, diarrhea, skin colour changes, decreased sexual interest, and changes in menstural cycle.

 

The three biggest ways to prevent it are knowing if you are at risk, and learning about chronic kidney disease; keep your blood pressure under control and do that by maintaining a healthy diet; closely monitor you blood sugar level if you are a diabetic.

 

CKD affects 26 million americans. If it is caught early, you can prevent it from progressing to the point of death. This is very difficult though because the early signs are most often overlooked. You willl have serious health complications if your renal function is less than 25%.

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Cystic Fibrosis Canada - About Cystic Fibrosis

Cystic Fibrosis Canada - About Cystic Fibrosis | Brooks Composite Mackenzie | Scoop.it
Cystic Fibrosis Canada
Mackenzie Jantz's insight:

Cystic Fibrosis is a disease of not only the respiratory system, but it also effects the digestive system. A deformative gene causes a build up of mucus on the inside of the lungs that becomes too thick to expel trapped pathogens.This in turn causes individuals who have cystic fibrosis to get lung, nasal and sinus infections very often.

 

Signs and symptoms include frequent coughing that may contain blood. Many times a person with CF will get sinusitis, pneumonia, and bronchitis. The danger with these illnesses is they can cause excess longterm damage to lungs. The effects of the digestive system include a blockage of enzymes causing a person to not be able to break down and absorb nutrients which may cause pain and discomfort, diarhea, or constipation.

 

Cystic Fibrosis can not be prevented because it is a gene mutaion, not an actual bacteria or virus. There is no cure for it either, however treatments involving inhalers, enzyme pills, and Chest Physical Therapy (CPT). Inhalalers that contain anti-inflammatory medicine, or mucus thinning medications try to open up your airways to aid regular breathing. CPT is when an individual puonds on their chest and back to shake most of the mucus loose and cough it up. excercising also helps dislodge it, but they have to be careful because sweat from a person who has CF contains high amounts salt and they mustmake sure they don't lose too much whie working out.

 

CF is an inherited disease that affects secretory glands, including mucus and sweat glands.

 It mostly affects lungs, pancreas, liver, intestines, sinuses and the reproductive system.

Men with CF are sterile, or infertile.

Caused by a mutation on Chromosome 7.

Lung efficiency starts to decline at young chilhood.

The mucus can block tubes and ducts in the pancreas, trapping digestive enzymes and keeping them from breaking down food. 

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