Bolivia, Courtney Bebber
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4.) Lake Titicaca

4.) Lake Titicaca | Bolivia, Courtney Bebber | Scoop.it

Lake Titicaca is deservedly awash with gushing clichés. This incongruous splash of sapphire amid the stark plains of the Altiplano is one of the most beautiful sights in the region. Although it is often wrongly described as the highest navigable lake in the world, it nevertheless sits at a dizzying 3820m. It is more than 230km long and 97km wide, making it South America’s second-largest body of freshwater after Venezuela’s Lake Maracaibo. The lake straddles both Peru and Bolivia, and is a remnant of the ancient inland sea known as Lago Ballivián, which covered much of the Altiplano before geological faults and evaporation brought about a drop in the water level.

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2.) Bolivian Mountains - About Bolivian Mountains

2.) Bolivian Mountains - About Bolivian Mountains | Bolivia, Courtney Bebber | Scoop.it

Bolivia is a country of endless cultural and natural attractions. From the cool, crisp air of the altiplano to the hot, humid atmosphere of the Amazon basin, there exist climates to represent all four seasons simultaneously throughout the entire year. Tiny, deserted villages, bustling metropolises, ancient indigenous communities, the list goes on and on. Above all though, Bolivia is home to one of the most varied mountain ranges in the world - the Cordillera Real - with trekking, climbing and ice climbing to appeal to all levels of interest and expertise.

Bolivian Mountains specializes in high altitude, mountaineering, climbing and trekking expeditions in the Cordillera Real de los Andes - the mountain range surrounding La Paz, Bolivia. Our services are second to none, we boast a team of some of the finest, most knowledgeable, most experienced guides in the country

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La Paz Weather Forecast and Conditions

La Paz Weather Forecast and Conditions | Bolivia, Courtney Bebber | Scoop.it

The weather this week in La Paz, Bolivia is in the 60 everyday. Also this week everyday there is a chance of rain and wind. It says they have about 6 hours of sunshine everyday and 13 hours of daylight. In November its hardly ever humidity discomfort. They usually get about 10 days with some rainfall.

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Important/Famous People

Important/Famous People | Bolivia, Courtney Bebber | Scoop.it

Ismael Móntes, who was president of Bolivia from 1904 to 1909 and from 1913 to 1917, is identified in Bolivian history as the "great president.” Simón Patiño, the richest of the "big three" tin barons, began his career as a loan collector and acquired his first mine by chance. He later became one of the world's wealthiest men.  The highly original poet and philosopher Franz Tamayo although belonging to the landed aristocracy, was a champion of the downtrodden Amerindian. Tamayo was elected president in 1935, but an army revolt prevented him from taking power.

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Timeline: Bolivia

Timeline: Bolivia | Bolivia, Courtney Bebber | Scoop.it

The Spanish conquered Bolivia, which became a part of the Viceroyalty of Peru in 1538.Bolivia lost the rubber-richprovince of Acre to Brazil in 1903.Boliviain 1932-35 lost territory to Paraguay after it is defeated in the Chaco War. The US and European countries resume aid following the introduction of austerity measures in 1983. In December of 2001 farmers reject a government offer of $900 each year in exchange for the eradication of the coca crop used to produce cocaine.

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Crop/Agriculture

Crop/Agriculture | Bolivia, Courtney Bebber | Scoop.it

Land uses include 33 percent agricultural, of which 5 percent is arable, 93 percent pastures, and a negligible percentage is irrigated.Boliviahas the second largest population of South American camelids, after Peru, and a large number of sheep and cattle. Despite a growing production of beef and milk the country is a net importer of both commodities, although for beef and veal by 2003 there were more exports and for milk products the gap was closing. Potatoes, the basic staple of highland Indians since pre-Inca times, remained the most important food crop in the late 1980s. Corn was the second major food crop, and its importance was growing.

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Religions - Bolivia

Roman Catholicism is the dominant religion which the constitution recognizes it as the official religion. In 2001 about 78% of the population was Roman Catholic. Between 16%-19% of the population is Protestant. In La Pazthere is a small Jewish community and in Santa Cruz there is a Muslim community. Common traditional beliefs focus on Pachamama, who is a mother earth figure, a god of luck, harvest, and abundance.

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Literacy rate

Literacy rate | Bolivia, Courtney Bebber | Scoop.it

Literacy rate in Bolivia was reported at 86.83 in 2008. Adult literacy rate is the percentage of people ages 15 and above who can, with understanding, read and write a short, simple statement on their everyday life. Bolivia is one of the poorest and least developed countries in Latin America despite them being rich in natural resources. Bolivia remains heavily on foreign assistance to finance development projects. Debt payments have been a significant hurdle for Bolivia’s economic development.

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President or Leader

President or Leader | Bolivia, Courtney Bebber | Scoop.it

Juan Evo Morales Ayma  was born October 26, 1959, popularly known as Evo  is a Bolivian.  politician and activist, serving as President Of Bolivia, a position that he has held since 2006. Evo represents the part of Movement for Socialism which is referred to as the “Movement Toward Socialism”.  Evo was the first Indian president in Bolivia. When he was a young boy he herded llamas and after high school he served in the Bolivian military. In 1997 Morales won a seat in the House of Deputies which is the lower house of the legislature of Bolivia

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Population and Racial Demographics

Population and Racial Demographics | Bolivia, Courtney Bebber | Scoop.it

The population of Bolivia is 10,290,003. The languages they use are

Spanish 60.7%, Quechua 21.2%, Aymara 14.6%, foreign languages 2.4%, other 1.2%. Religion is Roman Catholic 95%, and Protestant 5%. The ethnic groups are Quechua 30%, mestizo 30%, Aymara 25%, white 15%. The major city population is, LA PAZ 1.642 million; Santa Cruz 1.584 million; and  Sucre 281,000.

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Map of Country

Map of Country | Bolivia, Courtney Bebber | Scoop.it

The ancient history of Bolivia is first and foremost woven into the great Andean empires of the Aymara civilizationIn.This land has vast quantities of untapped gas, gold, oil and silver deposits, as well as a large palette of colorful attractions for all travelers to see. Typical of a new, upstart country, political instability, countercoups and rewritten constitutions were commonplace, as number of  leaders tried to reform the country. Bolivia people are culturally, racially and socially diverse, a clear reflection of the over 36 native indigenous groups. Bolivia is one of three countries in Latin America whose largest population segment is comprised of Amerindians - the other two being Guatemala and Peru.

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3.) Bolivian Dances - Danzas Bolivianas

3.) Bolivian Dances - Danzas Bolivianas | Bolivia, Courtney Bebber | Scoop.it

LOS MACHETEROS
The Macheteros dance probably is the most famous dance of the Beni region within and outside Bolivia. Its origins date from the colonial period. Although it represents the resurrection of Christ and his Ascension to Heaven the interpretation of the biblic history is strictly indigenous.
Each dancer carries a wooden sword (tumoré ti yucuqui) in his right hand and is dressed with a long white shirt with fringes. On the head they carry a big headdress called progi and made of the feathers of the amazone parabas bird. On the headdress they fix the leather of an amazonic predator. The feet are covered with the seed of paichachíes, which also serve as percussion instruments

 

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1.) Additional topic

1.) Additional topic | Bolivia, Courtney Bebber | Scoop.it

Bolivian clothing, dress and hat styles differ by region. There are so many cultures and ethnic groups in Bolivia, it’s impossible to speak of “typical Boliviaclothes”. There are at least thirty different typical Bolivian dress styles among the native Bolivian indigenous cultures.Clothing in Chuquisaca and Potosí are different than the rest of Bolivia. Typical Bolivian clothing in Chuquisaca is similar to what is used in Potosí , with variations only in the patterns with which the clothing is adorned, the weaving style, and the hat with is similar to a three-cornered hat with many colorful embroidered adornments, predominantly in red and ochre colors, with ribbons hanging from them. Typical clothing in Potosí does still somewhat hail back to what the Incan Empire imposed in this area, as women use a long woolen tunic and their skirts are not wide or bell-shaped.

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Tourist Attractions

Salar de Uyuni is the world's largest salt flat at 10,582 square kilometers. It is located in the Potosí andOrurodepartments in southwestBolivia, near the crest of theAndes, and is at an elevation of 3,656 meters above mean sea level. The Salar was formed as a result of transformations between several prehistoric lakes. It is covered by a few meters of salt crust, which has an extraordinary flatness with the average altitude variations within one meter over the entire area of the Salar. It contains 50 to 70% of the world's lithium reserves, which is in the process of being extracted.

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Important/Famos Person

 Erwin Sánchez a soccer player and trainer born in Santa Cruz de la Sierra in 1969. Like many of the country’s outstanding soccer players, he trained at the Tahuichi Academy. He played for two national teams before moving to Portugal where he played until he retired, and where he won various national championships with his teams. He was also a member of the 1994 national team and is currently the coach of the Bolivian national team. He owes his nickname “Platini” to the similarities between his very strong kicking style, and that of French player Michel Platini.

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Bolivia Holidays and Festivals

In Bolivia,Oruro,Santa Cruz, Tarija andLa Pazhold carnivals but the carnival in Oruro, is the most famous. It takes place for the eight days preceding Ash Wednesday. This Carnival always begins with the devil dance. In Bolivia, known as Sea Day an annual event which recalls the loss of Littoral department because of the Pacific War in favor of Chilein the nineteenth century.Bolivia celebrated Día Internacional del Trabajo for the first time on May 1, 1936. Day of the Worker, or May Day, had already been established in Europe, and would shortly sweep across the Latin American countries.

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Industries important to Bolivia

Boliviais the world's fourth largest tin producer, ranks 11th in global production of silver, and also mines gold, copper and lead, among other minerals. The leading companies in the mining sector are Sumitomo from Japan and Jindal Steel fromIndia.San Cristobal is the largest silver mine in Bolivia and the third largest in the world.Bolivia also has South America's second largest proven natural gas reserve, totaling approximately 24 trillion cubic feet. Most of Bolivia’s natural gas is exported to Brazil and Argentina.

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Typical food

Most of the traditional dishes of Bolivia are not characterized by being spicy, although a few of them are the exception of the rule, for example, can be made with hot chilies as a main ingredient. Among the spicy dishes you could find in Bolivia there is: Fricase, Fritanga, Aji de Lengua, Saisi, and Picante de pollo. Some of the usually non-spicy traditional dishes ofBoliviaare: majao, chairo paceño, salteñas, changa de pollo, and empanadas. After enjoying one of these dishes you might also want to try a traditional dessert such as a helado de canela (cinnamon ice cream), leche asada (baked milk), or cocadas (coconut candies). Also you may want to try a Bolivian drink. The most typical drink you may find is the Chicha  It’s a strong beverage made of fermented corn or cereals.

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Type of Government

Bolivia has a Republic Government. Their Independence Day is August 6th which is different than ours. Bolivia gained their Independence from spain in 1825. The New Constitution states that Bolivia as a "Social Unitarain State". They also have 3 branches, the Executive, Judicial, and Legislative branch.

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Currency & Exchange Rate

Currency & Exchange Rate | Bolivia, Courtney Bebber | Scoop.it

The symbol for BOB can be written Bs. The symbol for USD can be written $. The Bolivian Boliviano is divided into 100 centavos. 3 of the BOB equals .43 American Dollars. For the convert I just kind of put like big numbers for American dollars and it comes out a HUGE number of BOB. For example 100000000 American dollars are 690755532.14 BOB.

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Area

The Landlocked Bolivia is equal to the size of California and Texas put together. The land area is 418,683 sq miles and 5,479 square miles is water. It shares borders with Brazil in the northeast and east;Paraguay is in the east and southeast;Argentina in the south;Chile in the west; and Peru is in the west and northwest. Boliviais divided into 3 different areas, 1.) the high mountains 2.) the intermediate valleys 3.) the eastern plains of the Amazon and Plate river system. Lake Titicaca, at an altitude of 12,507 ft. is the highest navigable body of water in the world.

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Flag of Bolivia

The flag of Bolivia was officially adopted on November 30, 1851. Red and green were the colors of the original flag in 1825. Yellow is a symbol of generosity, red is hardness, bravery, strenght, & valour, and green hope, joy, and love and in many cultures have a sacred significance. The emblem on the Bolivian flag pictures the Bolivian coat of arms which depicts a crest surrounded by Bolivian flags, muskets, olive branches, and has an Andean condor on top.  

The crossed muskets symbolize the struggle for independence, the olive branches symbolize peace, the eagle symbolizes liberty.

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Country name and capital

Country name and capital | Bolivia, Courtney Bebber | Scoop.it

Bolivia was a part of the Viceroyalty of Alto Peru which included Peru, Bolivia, and parts of Chile. La Paz and Sucre are the Capitals of Bolivia. Sucre was known as Bolivia's capitital city. Today Sucre remains as the one and only capital of Bolivia, per the Bolivian Constitution. However, La Paz is sometimes is called the administrative (or de facto) capital.

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