Bolivia Molly Gantt
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Lake Titicaca

Lake Titicaca | Bolivia Molly Gantt | Scoop.it

Lake Titicaca is a lake that runs through andes and borders Peru and Bolivia. By the volume of water it is the biggest in South American. Bolivians beieve that the apus or gods of the mountain had put them there. After the god left he found that the people of the island got lazy so he turned some of the men into stone others into alpacas. This is why they treat alpacas and llamas with so much respect.

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Bolivian Clothing. Bolivia Clothes, Dress, Hats. Bolivia Culture Customs Lifesty

Bolivian Clothing. Bolivia Clothes, Dress, Hats. Bolivia Culture Customs Lifesty | Bolivia Molly Gantt | Scoop.it

Bolivians like americans have many different clothing and styles that differ by the regoion and people. It hard to talk about tylical clothing because there are so many styles and native tribes in Bolivia. For a woman in La Paz i would wear something that is colorful yet simple. During the winter both men and women used a cape which was made out of alpaca fiber among the lower classes and vicuña fiber among the aristocratic classes.

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Important People

Important People | Bolivia Molly Gantt | Scoop.it

Simon Bolivar was one of South America's greatest generals. His parents died when he was a child. He was called El Liberator (The Liberator) and the "George Washington of South America." He joined a group of partroits seized Caracas and proclaimed independence from Spain during 1810. He took leadership of a patroit army in 1813 and took back over Caracas. 

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Important People

Important People | Bolivia Molly Gantt | Scoop.it

Victor Paz Estenssoro was born in 1907 in Tarija. He has been the only political leader who has been in the office of president 4 separate times. He founded things like the Movimiento Nacionalista Revolucionario and constitutional reforms which made education and voting a universal right. He was the head of the Movimiento Nacionalista Revolucionario party. He also held positions i  the government which are equivlant to our house of representatives, and as a member of the cabinet of other presidents.

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Bolivian Road of Death

i chose this video as one of my extra topics because i think it is imortant to realize how lucky we are to have such good roads and things. You can hear a lady in the video crying and you know that has to be someone who was close to the driver maybe or somebody still in the bus. Car crashes happen everywhere but we dont have accidents like this i hope. there is something in the road that has maybe fallen from the mountain. i am happy that we have barricades or fenses to block things like that from the road and also for gaurd rails.

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Timeline

in 1825 Bolivia declared its independence from Peru. This was liborated by Simon Bolivar, for whom the Bolivian nation was later named after. in 2001 on Jun 7, Former president Victor Paz Estensorro, founder of the National Revolutionary Movement, died at the age of 93. In 1907 Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid went to Bolivia where they were gunned down by Bolivian soldiers after robbing a mine. 1932 to 1935 The Chaco War was going on with Paraguay. 

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Typical Crop

Typical Crop | Bolivia Molly Gantt | Scoop.it

Soybeans are a cash crop in Bolivia. By the late 1980s, soybeans represented the country's most important oilseed crop. Coffee is another cash crop. Bolivia comsumes 25% of its coffee crop locally in 1988.Timber is also a big part of there products. 

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Religion

The Roman Catholic church has a dominant presence in religion in Bolivia.

While a vast majority of Bolivians are Catholic Christians, a much smaller portion of the population participates actively. In the decades following the Second Vatican Council (1962–65), the Church tried to make religion a more active force in social life.

A 2008 survey for Americas Barometer, with 3,003 respondents and an error (+/- 1,8% )[1] returned these results:

The Roman Catholic Church is the main religion in Bolivia. Out of 3,003 people that responded to this survey, 81.6 percent of people go to the Roman Catholic church. 10.3 percent of people go to the Pentecostal Church. 3.3 precent of people dont believe in anything. Only 2.6 precent of people are protestant which is what is big around Alexander county.

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Literacy rate

Literacy rate | Bolivia Molly Gantt | Scoop.it

90.7% of people ages 15 and above who can, with understanding, read and write a short, simple statement on their everyday life in 2008.In 1976 only 63.2% of people could read and write. That is a 26.5% increse over 32 year span of time. 99.1% of people between 15 and 24 in 2008 can read and write. Only 83.6% of people between 15 and 24 could read in write in 1976.

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Area

Area | Bolivia Molly Gantt | Scoop.it

The surface is 1,098,581km^2. Bolivia's borders on the north and east are with the Federative Republic of Brazil, on the east and southeast with the Republic of Paraguay. On the south with the Argentine Republic. On the southwest with the Republic of Chile and on the west with the Republic of Peru. The total perimeter of the boundaries is 6.834 kilometers.

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Flag of Country.

Flag of Country. | Bolivia Molly Gantt | Scoop.it

The current Flag was adopted in 1851. Red and green were part of the orginal flag of 1825. Red is said to recsll the bravery for the heros. Green indicates fertility. The centered band of yellow symbolizes the country's mineral resources. The coat of arms within that band is topped by a condor.

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Country name and capital

Country name and capital | Bolivia Molly Gantt | Scoop.it

Bolivia officially known as the Plurinational State of Bolivia. Bolivia has its constitutionally recognized capital in Sucre. La Paz is the seat of government is. This is a landlocked country in central South America. It is bordered by Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina, Chile, and Peru.

 

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Bolivia Customs and Culture

Bolivia Customs and Culture | Bolivia Molly Gantt | Scoop.it

Many of Bolivians are very supersitious. They will usually try to use a ole remedy or medicane man before they go to a modern doctor. Families are very close usually grandparents, parents, children, and often aunts and uncles will live in the same home. When greeting a woman you will kiss her on her right cheek( when greeting both male and female). when you are greeting a man and you are a man you will shake hands. 

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Weather during this time of the year in the capital

Weather during this time of the year in the capital | Bolivia Molly Gantt | Scoop.it

In La Paz it is hotter then it is here but we are in the same season. The highest is 68 degrees this week. The lowest is 39 degrees this week. The humitity for tonight is 72% which is really high. There is a chance of rain everyday.

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Important people

Andrés de Santa Cruz y Calahumana (December 5, 1792, Huarina, Bolivia – September 25, 1865, Beauvoir, France) was President of Peru (1827) and Bolivia (1829-1839). He also served as Supreme Protector of the short-lived Peru-Bolivian Confederation (1836-1839), a political entity created mainly by his personal endeavors.

Santa Cruz was born on December 5, 1792 in the village of Huarina, close to La Paz, which at that time had been recently transferred from the Viceroyalty of Peru to the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata. His father was José Santa Cruz y Villavicencio, a Spaniard, and his mother Juana Basilia Calahumana, an Indian and cacique of the town of Huarina. In later years, Andrés de Santa Cruz would claim that through his mother, he descended directly from Inca rulers.[1] He began his studies in his hometown at the San Francisco Convent, and continued them at the San Antonio Abad Seminary in the city of Cuzco. In 1809 he left the seminary and returned to La Paz.

After Santa Cruz's return home, his father enrolled him as an alférez in the Dragones de Apolobamba Regiment of the Spanish Army. As such, he participated in the battles of Guaqui (July 20, 1811), Vilcapugio (October 1, 1813) and Ayohuma (November 14, 1813). The latter resulted in the defeat of the Argentine Independentist forces attempting to liberate the Upper Peru (modern day Bolivia) from Spanish rule. Santa Cruz also took part in the Spanish colonial campaigns to suppress the insurrection of Mateo Pumacahua (1814-1815), further demonstrating his loyalty to the Spanish Crown. His luck ran out at the Battle of La Tablada (April 15, 1817), where he was captured and taken as prisoner of war to Buenos Aires. He managed to escape, first to Rio de Janeiro and then to Lima. As a reward, he was named Commander of Chorrillos.

Andrés de Santa Cruz was a president in two counrties not at the same tme. He was president in Peru and Bolivia. He has a leader to many coutries and tried to help all.Santa Cruz was named an ambassador of Peru to Chile, but he was recalled to bolivia because bolivia had interal conflict and very near bankrupty. He helped resolve promblems like reforming the bureaucracy, reforming public finances, issuing new currency, issuing a new Constitution, issuing a new Civil Code based on the Napoleonic Code and establishing Cobija as a free port. 

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Tourist Attraction

With an area about the size of New Jersey, Bolivia's Salar de Uyuni salt flat is known as the flattest place on earth. It is also the largest at 10,582 square kilometers. This is a major breeding ground for a species of pink flomingo. It is also serves as the major transport route across the Bolivian Altiplano.

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Important Holiday

Corpus christi or Corpus Domini  is a very important holiday is it right behind easter and christmas. This is a religous festivial for catholics. This is a national holiday nobody works or goes to school. It is a very large mass service where they eat the bread and drink the wine that jesus have give for you. Corpus Christi is always celebrated three days after trinity sunday.

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Industries important to country

Industries important to country | Bolivia Molly Gantt | Scoop.it

Mineral processing (oil refining) and the and the preparation of agricultural products have dominated Bolivian industry. Now major investments in the processing of soybean have changed the market a bit. manufacturing of textiles,wood products, and soft drinks are some of the other investments. Textiles using alpaca,cotton, or synthetics are produced in modern factories. They are exported to the United States and Europe. 

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Typical food

Chicha morada or api is a sweet beverage made from purple corn, and spices. Chicha usually made by boiling the corn with cinnamon, clove, and sugar.The traditional preparation of the drink involves boiling the corn in water with cinnamon, sugar and clove. once it is cooled it is ready for you to drink. they usual drink this with their mid morning snack.

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Type of government

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The politics of Bolivia takes place in a framework of a presidential representative democratic republic, whereby the president is head of state, head of government and head of a pluriform multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the two chambers of parliament. Both the Judiciary and the electoral branch are independent of the executive and the legislature.

Bolivia's current constitution [1] is adopted via referendum in 2009, providing for a unitary secular state.

The politics of Bolivia are a democratic republic, whereby the president is head of state, head of government and head of a pluriform multi-party system. They have an executive, legislative, and judial branch like us but they also have a electoral branch that is seprate. Unlike ours which is combined with the legislative branch. They also have muli-party stystem which is different from us too. The president Evo Morales is the head of the movement for socialism in Bolivia. 

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Currency and exchange rate

The boliviano (sign: Bs.[1] or Bs;[2]ISO 4217 code: BOB) is the currency of Bolivia. It is divided into 100 cents or centavos in Spanish. Boliviano was also the name of the currency of Bolivia between 1864 and 1963.

The first boliviano was introduced in 1864. It was equivalent to eight soles or half a scudo in the former currency. Initially, it was subdivided into 100 centécimos but this was altered to centavos in 1870. The name bolivar was used for an amount of ten bolivianos.

The boliviano was initially pegged at a rate of 1 boliviano = 5 French francs. On December 31, 1908, the currency was put on a new gold standard, with 12½ bolivianos = 1 British pound. A series of devaluations relative to the pound followed:

The boliviano is the currency of Bolivia. It is divided into 100 cents or centavos in Spanish. Boliviano was also the name of the currency of Bolivia between 1864 and 1963. For one American dollar it is 6.90964 bolivianos. For one Boliviano it is .144725 cents in American money.

http://www.xe.com/ucc/convert.cgi

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Population and Racial demograpics

Population and Racial demograpics | Bolivia Molly Gantt | Scoop.it

People in Bolivia are very diverse. will a populaion of 10,088,108 (2011). There are 36 different idigenous native group. Aymara and Quechua (2 million), Chiquitano (180,000) and Guaraní (125,000) are the four largest of Bolivia's nearly 30 indigenous ethnic groups. The great majority of European descendants are of Spanish origin, although fairly large German, North American and Italian communities exist as well. There are also smaller Asian, Middle Eastern, Japanese, Chinese, Korean, Jewish, Mennonite, Swiss, Dutch and other minority groups.

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Map of Country

Map of Country | Bolivia Molly Gantt | Scoop.it

Boliva population is 10,027,644. There are nine territories in Bolivia. Beni, Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, La Paz, Oruro, Pando,  potosi, Santa Cruz, and Tarija are the territories. The territories are like states to us in the United States. Bolivia is the 83th largest country by population. It is the 28th by land size. http://www.ifitweremyhome.com/compare/US/BO

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