In Washington, the Food and Drug Administration in 1960 approved Depo Provera for use as a contraceptive that would prevent pregnancy for three months after its injection. However, the FDA pointed out that the drug has a number of possible side effects, that include weight gain and menstrual irregularities. It can also make women fatigued, weak, dizzy, nervous and cause headaches and stomach pain.

The FDA comissioner David Kessler quoted saying "This drug presents another long-term effective option for women to prevent pregnancy." This drug, is already used as a contraceptive in 90 countries. Since the late 1960s, the drug's use as a contraceptive in the U.S. has been between approval and a ban, based mostly on animal studies that suggest a link to cancers of the cervix, liver and breast. Recent studies have said that the link may not be as strong as it was once believed. Depo Provera is injected into either the arm muscle every three months, and it is said to be more than 99% effective in preventing pregnancy. The FDA also said that recent studies have found that long-term use may result in osteoporosis.The agency warned that doctors must make sure a patient is not already pregnant before giving her the drug and that it should not be used by women who have liver disease, breast cancer, unexplained vaginal bleeding or blood clots.

 There's plenty of birth control methods out there: patches, pills, injections, etc. One of the names of brith control pills are Yasmin. Yasmin and similar drugs use a type of a female hormone which appears to reduce side effects that are found in older drugs, including bloating and mood swings. FDA is also doing research on clot risks associated with Johnson & Johnson's weekly Ortho Evra patch, which is marketed as an "option for busy women who are looking to simplify life." This drug is said to use a different version of the female hormone progestin than the pills under scrutiny. It is said that millions of women are using the products since they first came out, but recent medical studies have indicated that there is now a slightly higher risk for blood clots in the legs and lungs. First introduced in 2001, Yasmin was the first birth control pill to use a new form of progestin called drospirenone, which appeared to have fewer side effects. The new version of the drug, Yaz, was approved in 2006 with new claims on the label that it decreased acne and a severe type of mood disorder. Another type of birth control is the birth control patch called "Ortho Evra." The birth control patch is a thin, beige, plastic patch that sticks to the skin. It is used to prevent pregnancy. A new patch is placed on the skin once a week for three weeks in a row, then you have a patch-free week.What the birth control patch does is it releases hormones. Hormones are chemicals made in our bodies, and they control how different parts of our bodies work. The hormones keep the ovaries from releasing eggs. The hormones also thin the lining of the uterus. The birth control patch is said to be very effective. It works best when it is always placed to the skin on time. It keeps the correct amount of hormone in a woman's body. It is said that less than 1 out of 100 woman will get pregnant each year if they always use the Ortho Evra patch. About 9 out of 100 woman will get pregnant each year if they don't always use the Ortho Evra patch as directed. The patch may be less effective for woman that weigh over 198 pounds, but is still a good option for women of all sizes. Most women use this patch safely, but all medications have risks. Serious side effects of this patch are rare. You should not use the patch if you have high blood pressure, have blood clots, are pregnant, have migranes, have blood clotting disorders, have breast or liver cancer, have a serious liver disesase, have very bad diabetes, have had a heart attack, stroke, or angina, smoke and are 35 or older, smoke and have high blood pressure. The benefits of the Ortho Evra patch are that it fights against acne, bone thinning, menstrual cramps, breast growths (that are not cancer), ectopic pregnancy, cysts in the breasts or ovaries, irregular or heavy periods, anemia, or infection. Of course there are disadvantages with any type of medication and some of them include: neausea and vomiting, breast tenderness, and bleeding between periods. Ortho Evra may cause long-lasting side effects as well. A woman may have an irritation or a reaction when she puts the patch on her skin. After a woman stops using the patch, it may take a month or so for her menstrual periods to come back to normal before she even used the patch. Once in a while a woman may have irregular periods and this may go on for six months after she stopped taking the patch.

 Another type of birth control is the birth control pill. You take the pill by mouth to prevent pregnancy, and when it is taken correctly, it is up to 99.9% effective. It does not protect against sexually transmitted diseases. One of the pills is called Seasonale. Seasonale contains the same amount of hormones as in other birth control pills, but they are taken in a longer cycle to reduce the number of menstrual periods, from 13 to only 4 periods a year. Which means that women only menstruate once a season. These pills only contain one type of hormone: Progestin. It does not contain estrogen and can be prescribed to women who are breastfeeding or for women who experience nausea with estrogen. These "mini pills" work by thickening the cerviaal mucus so that she sperm can't reach the egg. The hormone in the pills also changes the lining of the uterus, so implantation of a fertilized egg is not likely to occur. One pill is taken every day. If Mini pills are used correctly, they are about 95% effective, a little less than regular birth control pills. The way these pills are packages is you will get a set of pills in a thin case. Pill packs contain 21 or 28 pills. The 21 day pills contains 21 active pills, and the 28 day pill contains 21 active pills and 7 inactive pills. The 7 inactive pills in the 28 day pack are added so that way you are reminded to start a new pills pack after 28 days. A pack of Seasonale contains 84 active pink tablets and seven inactive white tablets. The best way to begin with these pills it to ask your doctor when you should start taking the birth control. If you still have your period on the day you're told to start your pack, you can start the pill pack. You will get your period about 25 days after starting the pack. The best thing to do is to take the pills at the same time every day. Take the pill each day either before breakfast or at bedtime. Seasonale works just a similarly. You first begin taking it after the first sunday of your period. If your period starts on a sunday, start taking the birth control that day. Then take one of the active tablets, a day for 84 days. It is then followed by seven days of inactive pills. You will start each new pack on the same day of the week that you first started it. If you are o nthe 21 day pill pack, start the new pill pack seven days after you finished the old pack. If you are on the 28 day pill pack, begin the new pack after taking the last pill on the old pack. Start your new pill pack as scheduled whether you have your period or not. If you take the birth control the right way, the effects of them working ususally start the first month after taking them. To be even more safe, doctors recommend the use of another form of birth control, such as a condom and foam the first month. After the first month, you can take the pill for birth control. If you forget to take the pill, take it as soon as you remember. If you don't remember until the next day, then take two pills that day. If you forget to take them for two days, then take two the day you remember and then take two the next day. If you miss more than two pills, call your doctor. The side effects of the birth control pill are: nausea, weight gain, sore or swollen breasts, mood changes, lighter periods, small amount of blood or spotting between periods. The more serious ones are stomach pain, chest pain, severe headaches, blurred vision, swelling and or aching in the legs or thighs. Most women can take birth contro lbut. it is not recommended for women who are over 35 years of age and smoke. You should not take the birth control pill if you have blood clots in the legs, arms and lungs, heart or liver disease, cancer of the breast or uterus. If you take other drugs while on birth control, it can reduce the effectiveness of the birth control. Just remember to ask your doctor before taking any type of birth control (pills, injections, patches.)