OHS Risks and Hazards in different Workplace Environments!
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Quest 3 - SmartCap Fatigue Monitoring System

Quest 3 - SmartCap Fatigue Monitoring System | OHS Risks and Hazards in different Workplace Environments! | Scoop.it
The SmartCap is a fatigue measurement and management tool for vehicle drivers or operators of heavy equipment.
Neryssa Cooper - OHS and Accident Forensics's insight:

This safety device is currently being used on mine sites by drivers and heavy vehicle operators. This cap has advanced brainwave technology that monitors and measures the level of fatigue that the wearer is currently experiencing. As this technology measures the brainwaves in real time, the device could drastically reduce the likelihood of a serious injury or accident occurring. Even though this technology is used for operators of both light and heavy vehicles in mining, it could be used by workers in other industries to ensure alertness levels are adequate for working safely. Having this technology could prevent an underground miner from working in high risk environments when they are not fit for work, preventing potential injuries and damage to people and equipment.

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Quest 3 - The Ohio Mine Safety Training Center

In Cadiz, Ohio, miners can use The Ohio Mine Safety Center facility for fundamental life-saving training.
Neryssa Cooper - OHS and Accident Forensics's insight:

This resource is one that provides the company with other options with their training. This is a hands on training center where the workers can actually simulate emergencies in the mine and practice how to handle them. This would be an excellent addition to any mining company. It allows the workers to repetitively have exposure to dealing with safety within the environment and be able to handle any situation effectively, possibly preventing an accident occurring.  This kind of training would be beneficial for any industry to provide people with the chance to experience what an emergency or unsafe situation is like in reality. It allows people time to process, react and handle emergency situations, so that if they were to occur in, the people have the knowledge, experience and confidence to act to rectify or reduce the impact of the emergency.

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Quest 3 - Queensland Legislation

Quest 3 - Queensland Legislation | OHS Risks and Hazards in different Workplace Environments! | Scoop.it
Neryssa Cooper - OHS and Accident Forensics's insight:

This legislation is specific for mines and quarries in the state of Queensland. The legislation in other states and territories of the country are different in many ways, but the goal of the legislation in the same, safety for all workers. It provides the minimum safety standards for all aspects of mining, which lead to site specific processes and procedures to be established. All workers on mine sites use and abide by the legislation on a daily basis by following their site procedures. Some areas that are covered in the legislation include: protection and control for electrical equipment, hazardous substances, explosives and blasting, personal protective equipment (PPE), risk management, emergency management and the fitness for work (drug and alcohol policies, hydration). Knowledge of this legislation allows for informed decisions to be made regarding safety of all workers on a mine site.

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Quest 2: OHS Underground

Quest 2: OHS Underground | OHS Risks and Hazards in different Workplace Environments! | Scoop.it

Meet Jessica, She has been a mine geologist with a mine in Central Queensland for 5 years. With her job, she has 3 environments in which she works. Underground in the mine, and above ground cataloging core that has been drilled and office-based work. Underground there are a large number of OHS issues and are of a high level, and potentially deadly.

Neryssa Cooper - OHS and Accident Forensics's insight:

SLIPS, TRIPS AND FALLS:

Underground slips can be caused by uneven ground, rocks, puddles and mud. There is a number of items, for example, hoses that are required to be used when underground, these could cause the workers to trip, they could also trip over rocks that are lying on the ground. Whilst underground, there are a number of times that a geologist is required to get in and out of vehicles (as there is not a lot of room in the mine) the worker could fall getting in or out of the vehicle. 

 

GRAVITY:

Gravity is anything falling, or someone falling from a height. Hazards in a mine relating to gravity have a high risk of causing serious injury. These include:

-       Rocks falling from the backs of the stopes (open void)

-       people falling from heights

-       falling out of the vehicle

-       dropping rocks or other objects of their feet. 

 

MANUAL HANDLING /PHYSICAL HAZARD:

There are a number of manual handling/physical tasks to perform underground. There is not always a large amount of room to complete these in. Some of the manual handling/ physical tasks that are performed underground include:

-       Lifting hoses from the rear of the vehicle and unwrapping and rewrapping them

-       connecting hoses together

-       lifting small rocks

-       turning on taps

-       climbing in and out of vehicles (including the rear of the truck)

 

MACHINERY AND EQUIPMENT:

The main machinery used underground is the drilling machine and vehicles. Risks of using vehicles underground include being hit or run over by the vehicle, and driving over the drilling electrical cord with the vehicle. 

 

HAZARDOUS CHEMICALS:

There are a number of hazardous chemicals found underground some with prolonged exposure can have deadly results. These include:

-       Firing fumes: these are high in Carbon Monoxide and are toxic. These are from the explosives and occur during charging (planting the explosive ready for detonation).

-       Silica dust: is residual dust from firing, and are also in production and operation areas. Effects from silica dust have been proven to cause cancer.

-       Diesel Fumes: The vehicles used underground run on diesel. In a confined space the fumes can be dangerous.

-       Dangerous/toxic gases: these gases can build up in old and unused areas. 

 

EXTREME TEMPERATURES/ DEHYDRATION:

There are two types of temperatures underground. Artificial and natural.

Artificial temperatures is the air from the surface being circulated, this air could be poor and affected by machinery exhaust and operations. The second one is natural air temperatures, this is the temperature from the rocks that surrounds the areas the workers are working in. These temperatures vary depending on the temperature on the surface. Mines are generally in isolated areas, this one being in north west Queensland, where the temperatures can reach 50°.  The temperatures can also cause workers to suffer from heat stress. 

 

NOISE:

When working underground in confined spaces, noise can become a hazard. These hazards include:

-       drilling into rock with metal drill bits

-       machinery operations

-       high pressure (compressed air) leaks

-       reversing beepers on light vehicles (trucks)

-       ventilation fans

 

PSYCHOSOCIAL:

Psychosocial factors include effects on workplace stress, bullying, and workplace fatigue. In this environment all of the above are hazards. The organizational structure of the safety and management could be considered another. Workplace fatigue could be of higher risk, due to the conditions of working underground. The diet of the workers needs to replenish chemicals and nutrients that they loose during their workday (example, electrolytes).

 

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Will Abbott's curator insight, May 22, 2014 8:14 AM

Quest 4 Mission 2

Looking through this sccop I thought that there were the obvious hazards to underground minning but the ones that surprised me in this context was bullying , but add the Geographical surroundings and things would seem very intimidating , being bullied  while you are in a confined space could become overwhealming to your mental state and irrational action may eventuiate.

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Quest 2: Nurse Amalia

Quest 2: Nurse Amalia | OHS Risks and Hazards in different Workplace Environments! | Scoop.it

This is Amalia, She has been a registered nurse at a Brisbane hospital for 2 years. Amalia’s job entails caring for patients, post-operatively measuring hourly input (through IV) and output (catheters/drains), drug calculations, monitoring vital signs (pulse, blood pressure, oxygen level, level of consciousness, bleeding), helping patients to move around the ward, to the bathroom and in shower, and assisting with meals. What intrigued Amalia to nursing is the chance that she can travel all over the Australia and overseas, as well as variety of departments within a hospital that nurses work in means that there is a lot of diversity in the tasks that she could perform.

Neryssa Cooper - OHS and Accident Forensics's insight:

The risks that can be found in a hospital environment are listed below. These were found on the basis of the department that Nurse Amalia works in and could slightly differ from each department. Risks and Hazards that can be found in a nursing environment include: 

 

INFECTIOUS DISEASE OR ILLNESS:

There are a large number of infectious diseases or illnesses that a nurse could contract while working. There are procedures in place to lower the risk of this occurring.

-   MRSA/ UKMRSA - Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus – Often referred to as golden staph infection. Staphylococcus Aureus is more difficult to kill because it has a resistance to some antibiotics including Methicilin.

-   ESBL – Extended Spectrum Beta Lactamase – bacteria that produces an enzyme (beta-lactamaze) that break down antibiotics such as penicillin and cephalosporins making infections harder to treat.

-   PAMP - Pathogen-associated molecular patterns – PAMPS innate an immune response, basically protecting the person from infection. This means when they come down with diseases they are immune to the antibiotics that they would be given to treat the disease. 

 

Patients are isolated for the above illnesses. Nurses must wear gowns and gloves when entering room and perform hand hygiene. 

 

When dealing with patients with diahorea and vomiting the nurses are required to wear gowns, masks and gloves. 

 

MANUAL HANDLING/ PHYSICAL HAZARD:

Nurses are required to move patients that are unable to move themselves. They are required to use a hoist to move them, this could be into a standing position from a bed, or from a wheelchair into a bed. They are also required to move patients from one bed to another by sliding the patient on the bed sheet. Nurses are also required to assist patients when using wheelchairs, wheelie walkers/rollator (walking frame with wheels) walking sticks, and hopper. 

 

SLIPS, TRIPS AND FALLS,

In a hospital there are a number of risks related to slips, trips and falls. These include:

-       Spillages on the floor – if these are not cleaned up, there is a high risk of a staff member, visitor or patient slipping.

-       Bathroom floors – When patients are finished in the shower, the floor has to be wiped up with towels to prevent slips and falls.

-       Equipment left in the wrong place – Medical trollies being left where someone could fall over them (generally doesn’t occur)

-       Falls risk assessment is performed on each patient every day. (Score depends on history of fall, age, mobility and cognitive status). 

 

ELECTRICITY:

The main electrical hazards in this department in the hospital include:

-       There are chords that travel from the IV poles next to the bed to the powerpoint on the wall.  (sometimes post-operatively there is a lot of clutter around the bed if there are a lot of pumps).

-       Chords run from the end of the bed (air mattress) along the ground to the wall

-       Powerpoints

-       Pumps

 

HAZARDOUS CHEMICALS:

In this department in the hospital there are a few hazardous chemicals that the nurses come in contact with, these include:

-       IV Antibiotics – Gloves are worn with mixing up the patients IV’s

-       Chemotherapy Drugs – There are specially designed gloves that must be worn with dealing with chemotherapy drugs.

-       Cytotoxic spill kit – if urine or body fluids are spilled, there is a special kit that is used to clean up and disinfect/decontaminate the area.

-       To a lesser degree – general cleaning and disinfecting detergents that are used to clean and disinfect the wards surfaces.

 

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Quest 2: Meet Christine

Quest 2: Meet Christine | OHS Risks and Hazards in different Workplace Environments! | Scoop.it

Meet Christine, a mum of two and a full time worker in account processing at a bank in Brisbane city. Christine has worked for this company for over 15 years in a number of different roles both in branches and at regional office. She spends a large amount of time sitting at a desk. Working on computers. Her work day can include up to 11 hours of work.

Neryssa Cooper - OHS and Accident Forensics's insight:

There are a number of hazards that could affect Christine on a daily basis. Including, but are not limited to: 

 

PHYSICAL RISKS:

There are risks in an office environment that could result in musculoskeletal disorders. As office workers spend a large amount of time each day working at their desks, the layout of the desk needs to be correct in order of prevent unnecessary reaching or contorting of the waist to reach items on their desk. The position of the computer and chair will also have an impact on the risk of injury of the neck and back from sitting in an unnatural position. 

 

SLIPS, TRIPS, FALLS:

This environment is mainly carpet, so the risk of slipping would only occur in the kitchen area if substances were spilt on the floor. Trips and falls could occur if items were left in an area where people were walking. 

 

PSYCHOSOCIAL:

Psychosocial is anything from bullying to workplace fatigue. In this case, Christine comes home fatigued due to the length of the days she works. Workplace fatigue can occur due to shortage of staff, where the staff that are working are required to do more then their required job to get all tasks completed. 

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Quest 3 - Occupational Health & Safety Consulting and Training

Quest 3 - Occupational Health & Safety Consulting and Training | OHS Risks and Hazards in different Workplace Environments! | Scoop.it
ohsa - SERVICES Occupational Health & Safety Consulting and Training OHSA is a RTO (Registered Training Organisation). We are accredited to conduct a variety of OH&S training. Our people are proven leaders in workplace OH&S issues. We are often sought to act as independent experts for
Neryssa Cooper - OHS and Accident Forensics's insight:

This resource would assist with any further training for miners. There are thousands of different qualifications that can be studied. They have over 40 hazard specific courses including, noise, hazardous substances, manual handling, office related hazards, working at heights and mining operations. As there are a number of different hazards that could result in an injury and accident in a mine, these courses could assist in preventing an accident and promoting the safety while working. When a new worker starts they are required to undertake a number of courses including some of the ones mentioned above. Jessica stated during the interview for quest 2, that they are not allowed underground until they have completed all necessary OHS courses, and refresher courses are completed every year. For further qualifications and training, there are a few OHS degrees that can be completed through this company.

 

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Quest 3 - Department of Mines and Petroleum

Quest 3 - Department of Mines and Petroleum | OHS Risks and Hazards in different Workplace Environments! | Scoop.it
Home Page of the Department of Mines and Petroleum - http://www.dmp.wa.gov.au - The Department of Mines and Petroleum is Western Australia's lead economic development agency, advancing responsible and sustainable development of the State's resources.
Neryssa Cooper - OHS and Accident Forensics's insight:

This is a specific mining resource providing information on safety in the industry. There is a number of interesting handbooks and training packages. 

 

It provides a training package on how the company can ensure and teach their employees the correct manual handling techniques to reduce the risk of suffering from a muscular skeletal disorder. Jessica’s job entails lifting heavy hoses and bags in and out of light vehicles, and this training could assist in ensuring she is using the correct posture and lifting techniques when completing these tasks. 

 

The Industry safety handbook, provides ways to achieve the highest possible level of occupational health and safety practice. It also provides companies with health and safety posters to display in the organization to ensure workers are always reminded of health and safety when working. These posters range from entering and working in a confined space to protecting workers hearing. The entering and working in confined spaces provides information for what could be on the risk assessment, and a checklist to ensure it is safe to enter the space. 

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Quest 3 - PASS - Positive Attitude Safety System

Quest 3 - PASS - Positive Attitude Safety System | OHS Risks and Hazards in different Workplace Environments! | Scoop.it
Neryssa Cooper - OHS and Accident Forensics's insight:

This resource can help Jessica, and other workers in various industries, to have an active, positive and productive approach to safety.  The aim of the PASS system is to give workers the confidence to report all safe and unsafe activities that occurred during their shift without being judged if the person had an unsafe day. This allows the identification of existing, and on occasion, developing hazards to be identified and addressed. The system recognises safety improvements with positive reinforcement and unsafe situations with proactive actions to rectify situations or learn from mistakes. Each shift has a score that is agreed upon by the crew and the result is then communicated up the management chain.

 

This resource goal is to improve safety by installing in all employees the attitude of; “I am going to make it safer for myself, my fellow workmates, and we leave it safer for my cross shift!” 

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Quest 2: Meet Warrick

Quest 2: Meet Warrick | OHS Risks and Hazards in different Workplace Environments! | Scoop.it

Warrick has been a police officer with an Australian’s State police service since 1991 when he joined with the educational practice from a cadetship to tertiary qualifications. He joined the police force because everyday is different. The job entails different environments including being on the road, in houses, on roofs, buildings. The main tasks that is undertaken include: - Traffic accidents/incidents - Deceased persons - Break and enters - Noise disturbances - Shopping centers

Neryssa Cooper - OHS and Accident Forensics's insight:

As there are many different environments that Warrick works in there are also many hazards/ risks while working that could occur. 

 

GRAVITY:

During his duties there are times where climbing fences, walking on roofs and climbing ladders are necessary. There is also times when having to jump from platforms onto the ground below (eg. train platforms to the train lines below).

 

 

SLIPS, TRIPS AND FALLS:

Slips trips and falls could involve any substance or material, and could result in bruises, laserations, fractures and dislocations.

-       Risks at traffic incidents – oil spills, battery acid and ripped torn sharp metal,

-       Risks during break and enter – unknown hazards around the house that could cause slips, trips or falls (unfamiliar environment), old fences, carpet or tiles and broken glass. 

 

MANUAL HANDLING/ PHYSICAL TASKS:

There are a number of physical tasks involved in his day to day duties, these might not occur every day or may occur a number of times in a day. Most of the manual handling tasks occurs when dealing with offenders (stopping and restraining, handcuffing, wrestling to the car, lifting intoxicated offenders into the car).

 

PHYSICAL TASKS ALSO INCLUDE:

-       jumping over residential fences

-       jumping over industrial fences

-       climbing onto roofs

-       chasing offenders

 

Some of the office related manual handing tasks include:

-       Lifting boxes in and out of cars

-       lifting work bags, 

 

MACHINERY AND EQUIPMENT:

Machinery and equipment is a dangerous hazard in regards to traffic accidents. Often there are sections of the road that are cordoned off for the investigation to be conducted, however there are sometimes cars travelling up to 60km/h less then 3 meters away from where police officers are working. There is a high risk of a worker getting hit/run over by a car if they are not situational aware. There is also a chance of being hit by a vehicle while chasing to apprehend an offender. 

 

HAZARDOUS CHEMICALS :

As the environment that a police officer works in changes every situation they are called to, the chemicals that they could be exposed to change as well. The below list are a number of chemicals that could be found in these environments:

-       fingerprint powder

-       fire extinguisher powder/dust

-       petrol and car fumes

-       burnt out cars (unknown chemicals) and car fumes

-       battery acid

-       acrid/toxic smoke

-       unknown chemicals in industrial fires eg, paint factories

 

EXTREME TEMPERATURES:

There are both extreme heat (hot summer days – 45°c) and extreme cold (cold winter night – 2°c) temperatures to work in during patrols and training. 

 

NOISE:

There are a number of noises that are not a high risk, however prolonged exposure could cause permanent hearing damage. These include:

-       Police, ambulance and fire engine sirens

-       house or factory alarms

-       ear piece connected to radio. 

 

PSYCHOSOCIAL:

Psychosocial hazards are anything from workplace bullying, violence and stress to work related fatigue. In this case the psychological effect of tramatic events and accident scenes that come up in his duties these include:

 

-       Workplace bullying, stress

-       psychological trauma – dealing with child abuse, deceases persons, traumatic car accident scenes.

 

INFECTIOUS DISEASES:

There are a number of ways in the different environments that a worker in this line of work could contract an infectious disease. Some of these are more likely to happen than others. These include, but are not limited to:

-       Animal bites (eg dog)

-       plant (thorn) scratches

-       ripped torn sharp metal (lacerations/cuts)

-       stabbings (apprehending an offender)

-       body fluid contact (spitting while apprehending an offender)

contact with people with diseases/illnesses

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Quest 2: Hazards in Schools

Quest 2: Hazards in Schools | OHS Risks and Hazards in different Workplace Environments! | Scoop.it

This is Tahlia, She has worked at a Private College for 2 and a half years. Her duties include serving food, supervising children, setting up play equipment, cleaning and organising art activities that the children can do and presenting them around the room. As there are a number of different types of tasks that are involved in her daily work, there are also a number of OHS issues.

Neryssa Cooper - OHS and Accident Forensics's insight:

OHS issues in this workplace include: 

 

PHYSICAL/ MANUAL HANDLING TASKS:

The equipment is not generally heavy, however the positions in which you carry out the tasks when lifting or moving objects can cause an injury. There are times where the staff are required to move objects and climb up onto step ladders to hang artwork on the walls or from the ceiling. 

 

SLIPS, TRIPS, FALLS:

These can occur inside, outside and in the kitchen. Obstacles that could contribute to slips, trips or falls happening include sports equipment on the ground outside, furniture being moved and indoor play equipment lying around on the floor, and substances being spilt on the kitchen floor (water, dishwashing detergent). 

 

HAZARDOUS CHEMICALS:

Chemicals are used to clean the floor when accidents happen, to sterilise the chairs and table the children eat at and where food is being served. These are mild chemicals however there is still a risk of causing harm to the skin of children or stuff.

 

SUN EXPOSURE/DEHYDRATION:

This is mainly a hazard during the school holidays when the staff and children are exposed to the sun for long periods of time for activities and sports games.

 

 

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