ASHaitiRevolution
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ASHaitiRevolution
research list for revolutionary diary project. My role is government official
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World History: The Modern Era - Username

Charles-Victor Leclerc was Napoleon I's brother in law

Leclerc was ordered by Napoleon to command an expedition to St. Domingue

L'Ouverture, officially submissive, secretly ordered his subordinates to prepare for a resumption of hostilities. Leclerc had him arrested on June 10, then shipped him to France, where he died of neglect at the Fort de Joux in April 1803. Initial military operations developed well, with victories at Ravine à Couleuvres in February and at Crête à Pierrot in March 1802.

Leclerc's task nevertheless proved difficult. Black rebels continued fighting despite L'Ouverture's arrest, and most black generals loyal to France defected in October 1802. Morale among Leclerc's troops was low, and provisions inadequate; St. Domingue produced little except tropical goods, France was very distant, and whatever food and supplies French authorities sent from across the Atlantic were often spoiled and defective.

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World History: The Modern Era - Username

Napoleon Bonapart (Napoleon I) - ruler of France from 1799-1815

he enjoys wide recognition as a statesman who greatly strengthened the machinery of the French state and exported the principles of 1789 to many parts of Europe which they had not reached before: in most of the French Empire, feudalism was abolished, the estates of the Catholic Church expropriated and sold off, the Jews emancipated, unified codes of law based on the French model established, and some form of constitutionalism introduced

reintroduced slavery in teh French colonies

each and every case designed either to strengthen his political and military base in France

 

 

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World History: The Modern Era - Username

revolution went from 1794-1804

expectations raised by French Revolution

Saint Domingue liberated themselves from French rule

was France's most prosperous sugar colony

The egalitarian ideology of the French Revolution inspired many people in Saint-Domingue to rethink their positions

In 1791, the French National Assembly passed a law that entitled all men born of free parents to be considered full citizens in the colonies.

july and august, war broke out between free blacks and the whites in Port-au-Prince

 

 

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World History: The Modern Era - Username

Napoleon I started out in the revolutionary army

1793-directed the artillery at the siege of Toulon

1795-he was called on by the government to disperse a royalist uprising in Paris

1796-was given command of a French army then fighting in Italy

married the beautiful Josephine de Beauharnais, and two days later

1801-The Austrians made a separate peace with France

France was finally at peace after 10 years of continuous warfare

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World History: The Modern Era - Username

slaves began to revolt against masters

the white government needed the free black militias and extended full citizenship to all free men of color in April 1792

1793, war broke out with france against Spain and Britain

Spanish officials offered assistance to the te ex-slave armies

As the French revolutionary government worked to gain the allegiance of the population by abolishing slavery in 1794, white planters appealed to Britain for help.

Toussaint L'Ouverture led the revolution after 1794

manipulated the french government and managed the tension between different social groups

L'Ouverture was betrayed during the French invasion of 1802 sent by the government of Napoleon Bonaparte

led to colonial war led by Jean-Jacques Dessalines 

the french lost and in 1803, the french had to abandon the country

1804- Haiti was proclaimed their own independent country

 

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it used to be a french colony called Saint-Domingue

slaves freed themselves and put and abolished slavery

slaves revolted against masters 

colonial war started

1804: proclaimed Haidi

 

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