Digital #MediaArt(s) Numérique(s)
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Media Arts Watch Lab - www.arts-numeriques.info - laboratoire de veille Arts Numériques - twitter @arts_numeriques - @processing_org - @DigitalArt_be - by @jacquesurbanska @_Transcultures
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New Artificial Synapse Bridges the Gap to Brain-Like Computers by Shelly Fan

New Artificial Synapse Bridges the Gap to Brain-Like Computers by Shelly Fan | Digital #MediaArt(s) Numérique(s) | Scoop.it

From AlphaGo’s historic victory against world champion Lee Sedol to DeepStack’s sweeping win against professional poker players, artificial intelligence is clearly on a roll.

 

Part of the momentum comes from breakthroughs in artificial neural networks, which loosely mimic the multi-layer structure of the human brain. But that’s where the similarity ends. While the brain can hum along on energy only enough to power a light bulb, AlphaGo’s neural network runs on a whopping 1,920 CPUs and 280 GPUs, with a total power consumption of roughly one million watts—50,000 times more than its biological counterpart.

 

Extrapolate those numbers, and it’s easy to see that artificial neural networks have a serious problem—even if scientists design powerfully intelligent machines, they may demand too much energy to be practical for everyday use.

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celle - the world’s first neural synthesizer by Guy Benary 

cellF is the world’s first neural synthesizer. It is a real “wet-alogue” Synthesizer. cellF’s “brain” is made of a biological neural network that grows in a Petri dish and controls in real time an array of analogue modular synthesizers that were custom made to work in synergy with the neural network. It is a completely autonomous, wet and analogue instrument.

In 2012, Guy Ben-Ary received a fellowship to develop a biological self-portrait, and decided to portray one of his juvenile dreams: to become a rock star. 

Guy Ben-Ary had a biopsy taken from his arm, then he cultivated his skin cells in vitro in the labs of SymbioticA at UWA, and using Induced Pluripotent Stem cell technology, he transformed his skin cells into stem cells. When these stem cells began to differentiate they were pushed down the neuronal lineage until they became neural stem cells, which were then fully differentiated into neural networks over a Multi-Electrode Array (MEA) dish to become - “Ben-Ary’s external brain”.

The MEA dishes that host Ben-Ary’s neural networks consist of a grid of 8×8 electrodes. These electrodes can record the electric signals (action potentials) that the neurons produce and at the same time send stimulations to the neurons – essentially a read-and-write interface to the “brain”.

 

http://guybenary.com

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Why #Neuroscience Needs #Hackers By Daniel Goodwin

Why #Neuroscience Needs #Hackers By Daniel Goodwin | Digital #MediaArt(s) Numérique(s) | Scoop.it

Brain researchers are overwhelmed with data. Hackers can help...


There was a time when neuroscientists could only dream of having such a problem. Now the fantasy has come true, and they are struggling to solve it. Brilliant new exploratory devices are overwhelming the field with an avalanche of raw data about the nervous system's inner workings. The trouble is that even starting to make sense of this bonanza of information has become a superhuman challenge.


Just about every branch of science is facing a similar disruption. As laboratory-bench research migrates into the digital realm, programming is becoming an indispensable part of the process. At the same time, previously dependable sources of financial support are drying up...

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Artist Jeff Koons to Join Columbia’s Neuroscience Institute as First Artist-in-Residence

Artist Jeff Koons to Join Columbia’s Neuroscience Institute as First Artist-in-Residence | Digital #MediaArt(s) Numérique(s) | Scoop.it
Columbia’s Mortimer B. Zuckerman Mind Brain Behavior Institute recognizes the exciting potential of building bridges between art and science.

 

Art and science have more in common than you might think. Both value people who are willing to think creatively and experiment with new approaches as they explore how the human mind perceives reality. Though artists and scientists may sometimes speak different languages, there is much they can learn from each other.

 

Columbia’s Mortimer B. Zuckerman Mind Brain Behavior Institute recognizes the exciting potential of building bridges between these disciplines. In this spirit, Eric Kandel, MD, and the Zuckerman Institute have invited artist Jeff Koons to be the Institute’s first artist-in-residence.

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Kernel’s Quest to Enhance Human Intelligence – by Bryan Johnson

Kernel’s Quest to Enhance Human Intelligence – by Bryan Johnson | Digital #MediaArt(s) Numérique(s) | Scoop.it

Today I’m announcing a $100M commitment to Kernel in an effort to enhance human intelligence and reimagine our future. Unlocking our brain is the most significant and consequential opportunity in history — and it’s time sensitive.

 

We’re starting to identify the mechanisms underlying neural code and make them programmable. Our biology and genetics have become increasingly programmable; our neural code is next in line. Programming our neural code will enable us to author ourselves and our existence in ways that were previously unimaginable

 

I started Kernel in 2016 (read more at the Washington Post) to build the world’s first neural prosthetic for human intelligence enhancement. The investment I’m making in Kernel today will expedite the development of this prosthetic and similarly transformative neurotechnologies. Why now?

...

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Bodyware : Neuroself, par Thierry Marcou

Bodyware : Neuroself, par Thierry Marcou | Digital #MediaArt(s) Numérique(s) | Scoop.it

La question de la compréhension de notre fonctionnement cognitif, psychique, psychologique est indissociable de celle de notre fonctionnement corporel, individuel comme social. Dans le cadre des travaux du groupe de travail Bodyware de la Fondation internet nouvelle génération, la question de l’intelligence de nos systèmes techniques pose nécessairement des questions à la nôtre. Quels nouveaux enjeux se font jour quand notre environnement technologique se “cognitise” ? Comment nous réapproprier ce qui nous en distingue ?


Après la question du corps au travail, de de l’augmentation ordinaire, des l’évolution des apparences, et de l’innovation dans le domaine de la santé, intéressons-nous à notre caractère distinctif : notre intelligence. Dernière piste de notre groupe de travail....

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