Artificial Life and Intelligence
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The Turing test is a flawed benchmark (Wired UK)

The Turing test is a flawed benchmark (Wired UK) | Artificial Life and Intelligence | Scoop.it
Turing was wrong -- a machine should not demonstrate intelligence by emulating a human, argues IPsoft's Terry Walby...
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Gene-expression data to hit one million deposited data sets | KurzweilAI

Gene-expression data to hit one million deposited data sets | KurzweilAI | Artificial Life and Intelligence | Scoop.it
DNA microarrays allow researchers to analyze the expression of a huge number of genes simultaneously (credit: Guillaume Paumier/Wikimedia Commons) With...
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In a Big Network of Computers, Evidence of Machine Learning

In a Big Network of Computers, Evidence of Machine Learning | Artificial Life and Intelligence | Scoop.it
A neural network of computer processors, fed millions of YouTube videos, taught itself to recognize cats, a feat of significance for fields like speech recognition. (Google neural networks 16K computers onto the Web to self-recognize 'Cats'.

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Robotics And Chemical Stimulation Used To Allow ...

Robotics And Chemical Stimulation Used To Allow ... | Artificial Life and Intelligence | Scoop.it
Researchers working at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology have successfully made use of electrical and chemical stimulation techniques to excite neurons in the lower spinal cord of previously paralyzed rats, enabling ...

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Kinect imaging lets surgeons keep their focus

Kinect imaging lets surgeons keep their focus | Artificial Life and Intelligence | Scoop.it

New device lets surgeons consult medical images during an operation without having to scrub out

THE surgeon enters the operating theatre, covered in sterile blue scrubs. Machines beep and hiss. Nurses wait, tools at the ready: scalpel, forceps, bandage, Xbox... Xbox?

On Tuesday last week, a surgeon at Guy's and St Thomas' hospital in London began trials of a new device that uses an Xbox Kinect camera to sense body position. Just by waving his arms the surgeon can consult and sift through medical images, such as CT scans or real-time X-rays, while in the middle of an operation.


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Epidemic spreading in weighted networks: An edge-based mean-field solution

Weight distribution greatly impacts the epidemic spreading taking place on top of networks. This paper presents a study of a susceptible-infected-susceptible model on regular random networks with different kinds of weight distributions. Simulation results show that the more homogeneous weight distribution leads to higher epidemic prevalence, which, unfortunately, could not be captured by the traditional mean-field approximation. This paper gives an edge-based mean-field solution for general weight distribution, which can quantitatively reproduce the simulation results. This method could be applied to characterize the nonequilibrium steady states of dynamical processes on weighted networks.


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In Vitro Fertilization Genetic Algorithm | InTechOpen

In Vitro Fertilization Genetic Algorithm | InTechOpen | Artificial Life and Intelligence | Scoop.it
InTechOpen book chapter: In Vitro Fertilization Genetic Algorithm, Published on: 2011-04-26. Authors: Celso G.

 

This article presents an idea to improve a evolutionary algorithm (GA) by includding a module inspired from InVitro Fertilization.

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Fault Lines - Robot wars

What is the role of robots and drones in wars and how will they shape the future of the US military?


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BBC Horizon: The Hunt for AI ( Artificial Intelligence ) Documentary

Latest BBC Horizon documentary (04/04/12) Programs theme was about Man's quest to find Artificial Intelligence.


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Turing Test Prize Has Two Winners

Turing Test Prize Has Two Winners | Artificial Life and Intelligence | Scoop.it
The day we can’t tell the difference between a human and robot just got a little bit closer.
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First complete computer model of an organism

First complete computer model of an organism | Artificial Life and Intelligence | Scoop.it
Mycoplasma genitalium (credit: J.Craig Venter Institute) In a breakthrough effort for computational biology, Stanford University researchers have...

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33rd Square | AI Researcher To Build 'Super-Turing' Computer

33rd Square | AI Researcher To Build 'Super-Turing' Computer | Artificial Life and Intelligence | Scoop.it

University of Massachusetts Amherst computer scientist Hava Siegelmann has received funding to develop the first ever "Super-Turing" computer. Based on analog recurrent neural networks, Siegelmann says the device will usher in a level of intelligence not seen before in artificial computation.

 

Mathematician Alan Turing set out the basis for the digital computers we use today back in the 1930s. In 1948, he proposed a concept for a different type of computing machine that would use what he called "adaptive inference" in its computations. Turing predicted this kind of computation device would mimic life itself, but he died without developing the concept further.

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Google Changes Search, Moves Closer To Becoming Artificial Intelligence Engine

Google began rolling out a feature that gives searchers in the United States the potential to access more relevant and in-depth responses to answers without leaving the page. The concept is built on something the company calls "knowledge graph," which ties together words to create relationships.

 

There are a multitude of sources behind this data. The search results page displays a variety of content related to keyword queries, bringing up a list of facts, photos, and landmarks, as well as quick links to other popular uses for the search term. Think of a Web beneath the user interface layer of the Internet that ties together all information across the Web.


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AI uprising: humans will be outsourced, not obliterated

AI uprising: humans will be outsourced, not obliterated | Artificial Life and Intelligence | Scoop.it

Forget about The Terminator, the real problem with AI (artificial intelligence) is what to do when it meets your boss or even your friends.

 

This is not the pitch for some kind of sci-fi rom-com, but rather the genuine concern of Dr Stuart Armstrong, a research fellow at Oxford University's Future of Humanity Institute. His job is to think about future threats to the human race and how to confront them.

 

AI is in the top five threats to humanity that he lists quickly on the back of his napkin, set against the rather incongruous background of the student chit-chat that fills Oxford's cycling cafe, Zappi's (for the record, the other four are: pandemics, synthetic biology, nanotechnology and nuclear war).


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Nature inspires a new multifunctional glass surface

Nature inspires a new multifunctional glass surface | Artificial Life and Intelligence | Scoop.it
Inspired by nature, where textured surfaces ranging from lotus leaves to desert-beetle carapaces and moth eyes have developed in ways that often fulfill multiple purposes at once, a group of researchers from MIT developed a glass that is self-cleaning, virtually eliminates reflections, and resists fogging and glare. These features could lower the maintenance expenses for solar farms, and the researchers hope that it will be more widely used along with its lowered cost in future.

 

Instead treating solar panels with hydrophobic coatings, the new glass surface conceived by the MIT researchers does prevent reflective losses, giving the new system advantage over other water repelling and self-cleaning surfaces. The new glass owes its multifunctionalily to its surface nanotextures that produce an array of conical features. The surface pattern consists of an array of nanoscale cones that are five times as tall as their base width of 200 nm.


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Swiss scientists demonstrate mind controlled robot

Swiss scientists have demonstrated how a partially paralyzed person can control a robot using brain signals alone.

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"Scientists" Create Artificial Life in Laboratory - The First living thing ever created by human

"Scientists" Create Artificial Life in Laboratory - The First living thing ever created by human | Artificial Life and Intelligence | Scoop.it
Scientists in the US have succeeded in developing the first living cell to be controlled entirely by synthetic DNA.




The researchers constructed a bacterium's "genetic software" and transplanted it into a host cell.

Via Bronwen Evans
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