Aquatic Animal Welfare & Veterinary Medicine
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Aquatic Animal Welfare & Veterinary Medicine
Animal Welfare Issues Important to Aquatic Veterinarians
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Humane harvesting of fish and crustaceans

https://t.co/8zRuOXQKHh

Guidance from the New South Wales (Australia) Department of Industry on humane ways to harvest finfish and crustaceans. 

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Vacuum pumping to move fish improves survival, quality & welfare considerations

Vacuum pumping to move fish improves survival, quality & welfare considerations | Aquatic Animal Welfare & Veterinary Medicine | Scoop.it

Experiments carried out by Nofima in collaboration with Nergård Havfiske AS show that pumping from the trawl’s cod-end is gentler for the fish than lifting the complete catch onto the deck. 

Trials onboard the trawler J. Bergvoll in May have shown that pumping is considerably more gentle than pulling up onto the ramp and survival rates of 80-100 per cent, depending on species, can be achieved.

Fish caught by trawling should be kept alive in tanks for 5-6 hours, long enough for blood to be removed from the white muscles.

“This is the first time vacuum pumping has been used to get the fish onboard from the cod-end on a trawler. Pumping ensures that the fish are in contact with water all the time, and they are not subject to gravity. Using this method means that the quality, and thus also the price, of trawl-caught fish are at least as good as those of line-caught fish,” says Kjell Midling from Nofima and head of the Norwegian Centre of Excellence for Capture-based Aquaculture.

The opportunities offered by new technology in the trawler industry are being studied in a project financed by the Norwegian Seafood Research Fund (FHF). Several shipowners are considering installing pumping facilities when refurbishing old boats or building new ones.

Nofima is taking the collaboration further with ... (see source for full story)

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New study speculates that fish memory, cognition, social systems, individual fish recognition is similar to humans

The study, Fish Intelligence, Sentience and Ethics, published last week in the journal Animal Cognition, shows that in many ways fish have cognitive capacity that is similar to that of vertebrates, and feel pain in ways similar to many mammals.


Australian researcher Culum Brown analyzed studies about fish behavior and their sensory abilities and compared them to various vertebrate species ... ... .


Read the actual publication (http://tinyurl.com/ns2dyrk) to draw you own conclusions.

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FAWC-UK: Farmed fish should be 'stunned before slaughter, like cattle'

The UK's Farm Animal Welfare Committee said people working with Britain's 100 million farmed fish must 'take responsibility for the ending of individual lives', and in particular:

Fish farm workers should 'take responsibility for ending individual lives'Farm Animal Welfare Committee says some fish 'have experience of pain'Report: Society should provide farmed animals with 'a life worth living'

For the FAWC Press Release and the full " Opinion on the welfare of farmed fish at the time of killing." report, go to http://www.defra.gov.uk/fawc/

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How do you kill a snake (or fish) humanely?

How do you kill a snake (or fish) humanely? | Aquatic Animal Welfare & Veterinary Medicine | Scoop.it

'We find a few suggestions online: you can put it in the freezer; or you can put it in the fridge first, then the freezer; the old-school option is decapitation' ... ... .

 

But read more at 

www.theguardian.com/lifeandstyle/2014/may/17/tim-dowling-how-to-humanely-kill-ill-snake,

and 

www.theguardian.com/lifeandstyle/2014/may/24/tim-dowling-humane-killing-snake-mr-rogers. ;

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National Aquarium's dolphin question at center of animal welfare debate

BALTIMORE - The big question facing Baltimore's National Aquarium - whether to keep Atlantic bottlenose dolphins in the amphitheater pool or release them to an ocean-side sanctuary - is the latest twist in the decadeslong evolution of American zoos and aquatic attractions from circuslike menageries to portals into the natural environment.

 

Much of the change is driven by emerging scientific evidence that shows the advanced intellect of marine mammals compared to species such as sharks and puffins. That has led officials at the 33-year-old Inner Harbor anchor to rethink the dolphin display as they seek to emphasize conservation.

 

The debate resonates among scientists, activists and some members of the public who see ... ... .

 

See more at: http://www.salina.com/news/K4189-BC-DOLPHINS-CAPTIVITY_BZ-xtop-1650words--05-26-1754-clone#sthash.EUzbqx0a.dpuf

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Humane fish slaughter - processing wild-caught fish alive

Most commercially-caught wild fish, that are alive when landed, die either from being left to suffocate in air, or by a combination of suffocation and evisceration. Removing fish from water is highly stressful to them and, in most cases, violent escape attempts are made. Evisceration i.e. disembowelment or gutting, is done without prior stunning. Evisceration methods vary with species. Gibbing is a form used on herring in which the gills, long gut and stomach are removed from a fish by inserting a knife at the gills. The term vivisection, meaning literally dissecting a live animal, would not be inappropriate.

 

The time taken to die will depend on the species, treatment, and also on the temperature. In a Dutch study, the time taken for fish to become insensible was measured for fish subjected to gutting and to asphyxiation without gutting. This was done for several species of fish (herring, cod, whiting, sole, dab and plaice). It was found that a considerable time elapsed before the fish became insensible as follows ... ... .

 

See the source (http://fishcount.org.uk/fish-welfare-in-commercial-fishing/humane-slaughter ; for the full story.

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Virtual Fish Could Reduce Animal Testing

UK - The effectiveness of 'virtual fish' in establishing the toxicity and concentration of man-made chemicals is to be investigated by biological scientists at Plymouth University in collaboration with multinational pharmaceutical company, AstraZeneca.

 

The University has previously perfected the technique of coaxing cells from the liver of rainbow trout and then manipulating them to form a three-dimensional spheroid. This ball of cells behaves much more like normal animal tissue than cells grown in traditional ways in the lab and so can give researchers a more accurate picture of how an animal's body would respond to a chemical in the environment.

Now, using a grant approximately £600,000 - from the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC), the Natural Environmental Research Council (NERC) and AstraZeneca - they plan to further develop the technique with cells from the gills and gut of fish in a move which has the potential to reduce the number of live animals required for scientific research.

PhD student Matthew Baron developed the model as part of a ... ... . 


See the full story at www.thefishsite.com/fishnews/23249/virtual-fish-could-reduce-testing-on-animals. ;

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Free Webinar TODAY!: "Issues Facing Fish & Aquatic Animal Welfare".

Free Webinar TODAY!: "Issues Facing Fish & Aquatic Animal Welfare". | Aquatic Animal Welfare & Veterinary Medicine | Scoop.it
Even if you cannot attend in-person, you will need to register to receive information about how to access the recording of this webinar. Free Webinar: "Issues Facing Fish & Aquatic Animal Welfa...
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Zoos and Aquaria take the lead on animal welfare

David Scarfe PhD, DVM, MRSSAf, CertAqV 's insight:

A remarkable Australia-wide welfare strategy for those who keep animals for exhibition purposes is nearing completion, but already there have been some unexpected benefits for the industry.


Zoos and aquaria enrich the community, providing recreational activities for families, friends and tourists while meeting key objectives in education, conservation and research which are all underpinned by positive animal welfare practices.

 

The Zoo and Aquarium Association is part of a team of people developing new standards and guidelines for exhibition animals using the overarching principles of the Australian Animal Welfare Strategy (AAWS).

 

Standards will cover responsibilities for zoo, aquarium and museum operators (that have live exhibits) including staff, security and enclosures, dietary and water requirements, reproduction processes, transportation, capture and release, identification and record keeping, and euthanasia.

 

The partnership between the not-for-profit Association and the AAWS has seen several projects launched and completed in the past 12 months, including: ,.. .. see the source for full information.

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India - Animal Welfare Act missing in party manifestos

India  Animal rights activists have lamented that the manifestos of all major parties have skipped the pending Animal Welfare Act, which would have helped protect all animals and also give harsher punishments to offenders.

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Implementing Animal Welfare (IACUC) Requirements for Fish & Wildlife - Part 1

Part 1 of 2 Animal Welfare Training powerpoint presentations, delivered by Kimberlee Beckmen DVM, PhD in September 2012, on the Alaska Division of Wildlife Conservation approach to implementing  Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC) requirements for fish and other wildlife to meet the animal welfare regulations. 

 

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FAO Report - Fish consumption reaches all-time high

FAO Report - Fish consumption reaches all-time high | Aquatic Animal Welfare & Veterinary Medicine | Scoop.it
FAO report reviews latest data and trends - fisheries and aquaculture support the livelihoods of an estimated 540 million people.

31 January 2011, Rome - The contribution of fish to global diets has reached a record of about 17 kg per person on average, supplying over three billion people with at least 15 percent of their average animal protein intake. This increase is due mainly to the ever-growing production of aquaculture which is set to overtake capture fisheries as a source of food fish, according to the State of the World's Fisheries and Aquaculture, released today. The report also stressed that the status of global fish stocks has not improved.

Overall, fisheries and aquaculture support the livelihoods of an estimated 540 million people, or eight percent of the world population. People have never eaten as much fish and more people than ever are employed in or depend on the sector.

Fish products continue to be the most-traded of food commodities, worth a record $102 billion in 2008, up nine percent from 2007.

The overall percentage of overexploited, depleted or recovering fish stocks in the world's oceans has not dropped and is estimated to be slightly higher than in 2006. About 32 percent of world fish stocks are estimated to be overexploited, depleted or recovering and need to be urgently rebuilt, the report says.

On the other end of the scale, 15 percent of the stock groups monitored by FAO were estimated to be underexploited (three percent) or moderately exploited (12 percent) and therefore able to produce more than their current catches.

"That there has been no improvement in the status of stocks is a matter of great concern," said senior FAO fisheries expert Richard Grainger, one of the report's editors. "The percentage of overexploitation needs to go down although at least we seem to be reaching a plateau."

Tighter control

The report examines the growing legal efforts to enforce tighter controls on the fisheries sector, for example, through trade measures and against illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing. 

The trade measures ... (see the source for the full information).

 

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Forget the Pseudoscience — All Fish Feel Pain (Op-Ed)

Forget the Pseudoscience — All Fish Feel Pain (Op-Ed) | Aquatic Animal Welfare & Veterinary Medicine | Scoop.it
When a shark is caught for sport, it often dies from its injuries — why are sharks not protected the way other animals are?
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World Animal Protection (formerly WSPA) - How Improving Welfare Can Improve Profits

CHINA - Animal welfare has moved up the agenda for livestock production and companies are now embracing the concept and wanting to understand new solutions to improving conditions for animals bred for food.

 

The meat and livestock sectors are now starting to view welfare as a way of managing risk and farm animal welfare is being viewed in the wider aspect pf sustainability. The sector is now starting to build welfare programmes into the economic profile of production according to Lesley Lambert, chief policy advisor for World Animal Protection (formerly WSPA).


Speaking at the recent World Meat Congress in Beijing, Ms Lambert said that the meat and livestock sector was starting to look at animal welfare in production from an evidence led and physical aspect.

“The approach is fundamentally practical,” she said. She said that companies are now coming to organisations such as WPA to formulate a policy on animal welfare in their production systems.


See the full story at  www.thefishsite.com/fishnews/23513/how-improving-welfare-can-improve-profits#sthash.FYTLoQMW.dpuf

 

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Fish intelligence, sentience and ethics

Fish intelligence, sentience and ethics | Aquatic Animal Welfare & Veterinary Medicine | Scoop.it
Abstract

Fish are one of the most highly utilised vertebrate taxa by humans; they are harvested from wild stocks as part of global fishing industries, grown under intensive aquaculture conditions, are the most common pet and are widely used for scientific research. But fish are seldom afforded the same level of compassion or welfare as warm-blooded vertebrates. Part of the problem is the large gap between people’s perception of fish intelligence and the scientific reality. This is an important issue because public perception guides government policy. The perception of an animal’s intelligence often drives our decision whether or not to include them in our moral circle. From a welfare perspective, most researchers would suggest that if an animal is sentient, then it can most likely suffer and should therefore be offered some form of formal protection. There has been a debate about fish welfare for decades which centres on the question of whether they are sentient or conscious. The implications for affording the same level of protection to fish as other vertebrates are great, not least because of fishing-related industries. Here, I review the current state of knowledge of fish cognition starting with their sensory perception and moving on to cognition. The review reveals that fish perception and cognitive abilities often match or exceed other vertebrates. A review of the evidence for pain perception strongly suggests that fish experience pain in a manner similar to the rest of the vertebrates. Although scientists cannot provide a definitive answer on the level of consciousness for any non-human vertebrate, the extensive evidence of fish behavioural and cognitive sophistication and pain perception suggests that best practice would be to lend fish the same level of protection as any other vertebrate.

 

See the source (http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10071-014-0761-0) for the full article.

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Is it now ethical to eat farmed fish?

Is it now ethical to eat farmed fish? | Aquatic Animal Welfare & Veterinary Medicine | Scoop.it
The idea of eating caged fish bothers me, but I wonder if it is better for global sustainability. Lucy Siegle tackles the topic
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Swallowing goldfish - unnecessary animal suffering?

With reference to the Herald article 'footballer swallowed goldfish as a neknominate' on May 15 2014, he was quite rightly prosecuted for causing unnecessary suffering to the fish. I guess we have...

 

See the source (http://www.plymouthherald.co.uk/Use-marine-animal-unnecessary-suffering/story-21123955-detail/story.htmlfor the full story.) 

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One opinion of 3 groups of fish considered cruel to keep in an aquarium

One opinion of 3 groups of fish considered cruel to keep in an aquarium | Aquatic Animal Welfare & Veterinary Medicine | Scoop.it
Some fish on the market demonstrate a lack of ethics and irresponsible breeding practices that fish-keepers should avoid.

 

When we walk into a fish store we expect to find a selection of beautiful, healthy fish for our aquarium.  Unfortunately, some of those fish endure cruel processes or practices that we aren’t informed of.  Not only do they cause the fish to suffer, they also shorten its lifespan and leave it more vulnerable to disease.

 

See the source (http://tinyurl.com/mwcuj8n for opinions about: 

Dyed, Painted or Tattooed Fish

Jumbo or Monster Fish

‘Balloon’ Fish

It’s Not Judgement Day

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Islam & Animal Welfare - Dr. Uthman Lateef - YouTube

Uthman Lateef discusses a lesser-known social right, which was bestowed by Islam upon Animals over 1400 years ago. He details some of the principles, many of...
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Finnish Food Safety Authority (EVIRA) fish health linkage for monitoring fish welfare

Fish research performed by the Finnish Food Safety Authority (Evira) focuses on the analysis of laboratory samples and the study of fish diseases. Evira is responsible for the monitoring of fish welfare and the provision of hygiene guidelines to operators in the industry. Evira organises the annual Fish Health Day in cooperation with the Finnish Fish Farmers' Association. This year's event will be held in Helsinki on 25 March 2014.

 

One of the day's traditional topics is the fish disease survey, which summarises topical issues regarding the fish disease situation in Finland. Other topics include ... ... 

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WVA Global Webinar on Animal Welfare - April 29, 2014

WVA Global Webinar on Animal Welfare - April 29, 2014 | Aquatic Animal Welfare & Veterinary Medicine | Scoop.it

In celebration of World Veterinary Day, on April 29, 2014, the WVA and EC will hold a Global Webinar on Animal Welfare.

To register click here

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An opinion - fish welfare

An opinion - fish welfare | Aquatic Animal Welfare & Veterinary Medicine | Scoop.it
Contrary to popular belief, fish are sentient creatures that definitely feel...

 

One of my favourite sayings is that “lies travel round the world even before the truth has a chance to get its boots on.” One of these untruths that has taken root is that fish have no memory and consequently, no brain or the ability to feel pain; which makes it easier for people to eat them. Nothing could be further from the truth.

 

Memory matters

Fish show that they can ...

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A Universal Declaration on Animal Sentience - but for fish, other vertebrates & invertebrates?

A Universal Declaration on Animal Sentience - but for fish, other vertebrates & invertebrates? | Aquatic Animal Welfare & Veterinary Medicine | Scoop.it

"Evidence of animal sentience is everywhere, it's a matter of why sentience evolved, not if it evolved

A strong and rapidly growing database on animal sentience supports the acceptance of the fact that other animals are sentient beings. We know that individuals of a wide variety of species experience emotions ranging from joy and happiness to deep sadness, grief, and PTSD, along with empathy, jealousy and resentment. There is no reason to embellish them because science is showing how fascinating they are (for example, mice, rats, and chickens display empathy) and countless other "surprises" are rapidly emerging."

 

But lower vertebrates & invertebrates? 

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Implementing Animal Welfare (IACUC) Requirements for Fish & Wildlife - Part 2

Part 2 of 2 Animal Welfare Training powerpoint presentations, delivered by Kimberlee Beckmen DVM, PhD in September 2012, on the Alaska Division of Wildlife Conservation approach to implementing Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC) requirements for fish and other wildlife to meet the animal welfare regulations. 

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