APES4 Desalination
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APES4 Desalination
How desalination is used as a water management system.
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Poseidon’s Delay: Coastal Commission waits 2 years for desal answers

Poseidon’s Delay: Coastal Commission waits 2 years for desal answers | APES4 Desalination | Scoop.it

"The remarks were part of a letter to Poseidon Resources Inc., the multi-national corporate water corporation that will oversee construction of the plant that would suck in 100 million gallons of ocean water every day and convert it into 50 million gallons of drinking water. Poseidon plans to co-locate with the AES power generating plant on Newland Avenue and Pacific Coast Highway to take cost-saving advantage of the plant’s “once-through cooling” system to gather the ocean water it needs for conversion." This is making some people in the area angry. Every organism that is in the 100 million gallons of ocean water dies during the desalination process. This is causing a serious decline in marine life on the coast of Southern California.

 

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Turning Saltwater From Earth and Sea Into Drinking Water

Turning Saltwater From Earth and Sea Into Drinking Water | APES4 Desalination | Scoop.it

"Planners are looking to convert water from saline aquifers beneath the state’s surface, as well as seawater from the Gulf of Mexico." This is actually weird in the state of Texas. They are used to drilling for oil, not salty aquifers deep beneath the earth's surface. This plant will be operational in 2016.

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Desalination: Drink a cup of seawater? - US Geological Survey

Desalination: Drink a cup of seawater? - US Geological Survey | APES4 Desalination | Scoop.it

"The scarcity of fresh water resources and the need for additional water supplies is already critical in many arid regions of the world and will be increasingly important in the future. It is very likely that the water issue will be considered, like fossil energy resources, to be one of the determining factors of world stability. Many arid areas simply do not have fresh water resources in the form of surface water such as rivers, lakes, etc. and have only limited underground water resources that are becoming more brackish as abstraction of water from the aquifers continues. The world-wide availability of renewable energies and the availability of mature technologies in this field make it possible to consider the coupling of desalination plants with renewable energy production processes in order to ensure the production of water in a sustainable and environmentally friendly scheme for the regions concerned. Solar desalination is used by nature to produce rain which is the main source of fresh water on earth. All available man-made distillation systems are a duplication on a small scale of this natural process." Recently, people have begun to turn to desalination to get their water. It is now cheaper and faster for some people, such as remote islands and other places. The cost of fossil fuels to get water to the people is higher than just desalinizing close to home.

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Koch Membrane Systems - Seawater Desalination Solutions

Koch Membrane Systems - Seawater Desalination Solutions | APES4 Desalination | Scoop.it
Energy efficient treatment solutions for seawater desalination through ultrafiltration and reverse osmosis.
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Brine vs. Desalinized Water

Brine vs. Desalinized Water | APES4 Desalination | Scoop.it

This picture is a great visual example of how desalination turns saltwater into potable water for human and plant use.

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Converting sea water to Navy jet fuel

Converting sea water to Navy jet fuel | APES4 Desalination | Scoop.it

Navy scientists and researchers say they are close to a breakthrough toward turning seawater into jet fuel. The U.S. Naval Research Laboratory is working to extract the carbon dioxide and produce hydrogen gas from the seawater. The U.S. Naval Research Laboratory is working to extract the carbon dioxide  and produce hydrogen gas from the seawater. The key is then converting the  carbon dioxide and hydrogen into hydrocarbons that can then be used to develop  JP-5 fuel stock.

JP-5 is what fuels Navy jet fighters and results in multiple fuel transfers  to aircraft carriers to maintain their onboard fuel stock. Producing that fuel  from the abundant sea water would save the Navy from executing those sometimes  risky transfers. 

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Desalination Graph

Desalination Graph | APES4 Desalination | Scoop.it

This graph shows how the cost of operation for a desalination plant has gone down over the years. This is a good sign that in the near future desalination will be a common water management system.

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