Animal Health Economics
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Animal Health Economics
How much is prevention better than cure? Impact, control, surveillance. Behavior & decision-making in animal health.
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Fatal disease plaguing bats, putting agriculture at risk

Fatal disease plaguing bats, putting agriculture at risk | Animal Health Economics | Scoop.it

Bats provide the ecosystem services. White Nose Syndrome, a cold-loving fungus found in caves, spread across 32 states, killing more than 6 million bats.

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Farmers devise measures to prevent recurrence of foot and mouth disease - The New Times | Rwanda

Farmers devise measures to prevent recurrence of foot and mouth disease - The New Times | Rwanda | Animal Health Economics | Scoop.it

Farmers in Eastern Province have turned to protected farms or indoor grazing to avoid losing cattle in another foot and mouth disease outbreak. The move comes weeks after the Ministry of Agriculture and Animal Resources lifted quarantine on livestock which had been put in place following the outbreak of the deadly disease.

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A story of disease, genetics and production system... and a story of farmers' response to incentives, constraints and opportunities... A story of the role for policy...
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Big Chicken Goes Antibiotic-Free - Modern Farmer

Big Chicken Goes Antibiotic-Free - Modern Farmer | Animal Health Economics | Scoop.it

Giants in the poultry industry are moving away from the use of antibiotics in a big way. Perdue stopped using antibiotics last year and now Tyson, the largest poultry processor in the U.S., has stepped up plans to go antibiotic-free by this June. But what does that mean exactly?

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Bird Flu Nigeria - Fed Gvt To Compensate Poultry Farmers

Bird Flu Nigeria - Fed Gvt To Compensate Poultry Farmers | Animal Health Economics | Scoop.it

The Federal Government has assured poultry farmers of its readiness to compensate those affected by the 2015/2016 Avian Influenza (Bird Flu) outbreak across the country. Chief Audu Ogbeh, the Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development, gave the assurance in Abuja. He said that although the computed amount was quite huge.

"We have not compensated any farmer in the last one year because we have no money. The last compensation they were paid was a donation from the World Bank. I lost a lot of chickens too. If we have to pay for all the chickens, we may be talking of something in the neighbourhood of six or seven billion (naira) in many states, especially around Kano and Kaduna."

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Chile’s salmon industry job losses could top 5,000 on red tide outbreak

Chile’s salmon industry job losses could top 5,000 on red tide outbreak | Animal Health Economics | Scoop.it

Job reductions in Chile’s salmon sector could reach 5,000 as the effects of the outbreak algal bloom adds to mounting losses in the industry, according to Felipe Sandoval, head of producer association SalmonChile.

Nicolas Antoine-M.'s insight:
The many challenges of salmon industry in Chile: Red tide, infectious salmon anemia (ISA), salmonid rickettsial septicaemia (SRS) and antibiotic use... nice short news showing how salmon industry is subject to typical One Health challenges: environment, public health and economic interests of producers and pharmaceutical firms...
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USDA - Economics of Antibiotic Use in U.S. Livestock Production - Report available

USDA - Economics of Antibiotic Use in U.S. Livestock Production - Report available | Animal Health Economics | Scoop.it

There is mounting concern that use of antibiotics in livestock will contribute to antimicrobial-resistant pathogens, with repercussions for human and animal health. This report explores how limiting antibiotic use for livestock productivity-enhancement purposes may affect farmer practices and profits, as well as market prices and volumes.

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Animal diseases on the rise due to climate change, warns industry

Animal diseases on the rise due to climate change, warns industry | Animal Health Economics | Scoop.it

Global warming has led to a rise of new and reemerging diseases, which have seriously affected animals, the European animal health industry has warned.

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Antibiotics in livestock: a textbook case in economics

Antibiotics in livestock: a textbook case in economics | Animal Health Economics | Scoop.it

The Food and Drug Administration has released its latest annual report on use of antibiotics in raising livestock. From the point of view of a teacher, the problem affords great examples of important concepts in economics.

Nicolas Antoine-M.'s insight:

Here is a nice paper, an educational case study of the use of antibiotics in livestock illustrating economic concepts as external costs, perfect information, market regulation, collective action, fallacy of composition or scale neutrality...

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Livestock law near approval, Cambodia

Livestock law near approval, Cambodia | Animal Health Economics | Scoop.it

SA draft law on animal health and production is expected to be approved by the December 2015 Asean Economic Community (AEC) deadline, government officials say. Soun Sothoeun, deputy director of animal health and production at the Ministry of Agriculture, said on Friday that the new law had already been drawn up and is in the Council of Ministers.

Nicolas Antoine-M.'s insight:

Facing the combined challenge of trade liberalization and transboundary animal diseases,  national and regional regulations are of utmost importance. Here is an illustration of this kind of concerns in Cambodia in relation with the opening of trade in the ASEAN economic community. Protecting the national livestock is crucial, indeed, but, as highlighted in this example, the effect of regulations on own breeders and producers have to be considered cautiously.

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Separate poultry market sought to curb zoonotic diseases in Chitral

Separate poultry market sought to curb zoonotic diseases in Chitral | Animal Health Economics | Scoop.it

CHITRAL (Pakistan): The district zoonotic control committee has urged the local administration to establish a separate poultry market in the city and shift the existing shops there to curb outbreak of zoonotic diseases.

Nicolas Antoine-M.'s insight:

Here is a short practical illustration of the kind of restructuration that markets are undergoing in developing countries in response to zoonotic threat.

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Ban on Livestock from Ebola-hit
 countries

Ban on Livestock from Ebola-hit
 countries | Animal Health Economics | Scoop.it
Bahrain announces ban on import of livestock and meat from Sierra Leone, Liberia, Guinea and Nigeria; UAE yet to take a decision
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Acaricide resistance hurting livestock industry in Uganda

Acaricide resistance hurting livestock industry in Uganda | Animal Health Economics | Scoop.it
Immediate efforts should be done to address the Acaricide resistance that is threatening the livestock industry, state minister for Agriculture in charge of Livestock, Bright Rwamirama has said.
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Heat stress losses costly to livestock sector

Heat stress losses costly to livestock sector | Animal Health Economics | Scoop.it

Estimates of losses to owners of livestock from heat range up to $1.5 billion per year with dairy cattle, $1 billion for the pork sector, and $350 million with beef cattle, according to Iowa State University animal scientist Lance Baumgard, who was one of the presenters on a recent webinar titled "Beyond Heat Stress," which was sponsored by Dairy Herd Management magazine.

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Janis Stearns's curator insight, October 28, 2015 8:37 PM

Wind/sun screens applied to existing overhead structures can dramatically improve temperatures.

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Frontiers | The Value Chain Approach in One Health: Conceptual Framing and Focus on Present Applications and Challenges | Veterinary Science

Frontiers | The Value Chain Approach in One Health: Conceptual Framing and Focus on Present Applications and Challenges | Veterinary Science | Animal Health Economics | Scoop.it

The value chain (VC) is a major operational concept for socio-economic analysis at meso level. Widely mobilized in development practice, it is still undergoing conceptual and practical refining, e.g. to take account of environmental and social sustainability. Briefly, VC refers to a system of value creation through the full set of actors, links, technical and commercial activities and flows involved in the provision of a good or service on a market. In the last decade, this concept has been promoted in the management of animal health. In particular, the emergence of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) has triggered an interdisciplinary dynamic including VC analysis as a central tool. These efforts promoted participatory investigation methods in the analysis of health systems. Using qualitative and quantitative data, these methods acknowledge the usefulness of actors’ involvement and knowledge, hence facilitating the transdisciplinarity needed for effective action. They fit into adaptive and action-oriented strategies, fostering stakeholders’ participation. Recent research on HPAI surveillance in South-East Asia merged VC and participatory approaches to develop innovative tools for analyzing constraints to information flow. On-going interventions for HPAI prevention and control as well as the prevention of other emerging zoonotic risks in Africa are presently building on this VC framework to develop strategies for its application at national and regional scales.

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Bird flu could hit European poultry exports

Bird flu could hit European poultry exports | Animal Health Economics | Scoop.it

Bird flu could lead to a 105,000-tonne fall in the amount of chicken meat exported from the European Union this year. It would be an 8.9%  decline in volumes, the biggest fall in 16 years. Thailand and Brazil could see big export wins.

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Kenya - Trypanosomosis - Agency warns of livestock disease outbreak over drought

Kenya - Trypanosomosis - Agency warns of livestock disease outbreak over drought | Animal Health Economics | Scoop.it
Due to drought, Kenyan pastoralists are driving their livestock into forests in search of pasture thus exposing them to tsetse flies.  Trypanosomiasis is costing farmers huge losses, between Sh20 billion and Sh50 billion per year in livestock deaths. It would cost at least Sh13 billion to eradicate the disease in the next 10 years.
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Fighting the Democratic Republic of Congo's goat plague

Fighting the Democratic Republic of Congo's goat plague | Animal Health Economics | Scoop.it

Small ruminant farming in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) accounts for more than 72% of household incomes yet it’s under threat from a disease known as ‘goat plague’, or peste des petits ruminants. Reports show that the DRC has been infected with goat plague since 2008. Between 2010 - 2012, it caused the death of almost 120,000 small ruminants. The annual direct loss – the value of dead sheep and goats – is estimated at $5.3 million. As the goat plague is a trans-boundary disease, there's concern that it will spill over into neighbouring countries such as Rwanda and Burundi.

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Avian flu in West and Central Africa: stakeholders meet for increased vigilance

Avian flu in West and Central Africa: stakeholders meet for increased vigilance | Animal Health Economics | Scoop.it

Dakar – From 15 to 17 December, the FAO has convened a regional consultation with the stakeholders of the poultry sector from West and Central Africa on risk management for the prevention and control of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) along the poultry sector value chain.

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Europe reacted to livestock disease by banning pig swill. Here's why that's hogwash

Europe reacted to livestock disease by banning pig swill. Here's why that's hogwash | Animal Health Economics | Scoop.it
Food waste can be a perfectly safe food source if treated properly.
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From animal health management to ecological impact of production, by way of economic interest for farmers : an amusing and very didactic paper. 

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Livestock traders to sue gov't over water shortage in Kenya

Livestock traders to sue gov't over water shortage in Kenya | Animal Health Economics | Scoop.it

Garissa livestock traders to sue gov't over water shortage. Led by the chairman of the livestock marketing council Dubat Ali Amey, the traders said they have not received a drop of water at the market for the past three months. The chairman said that the county government rakes in over Sh500,000 every Wednesday (market day) from levies on traders and livestock. 

Ahmed Nurie Ali, a trader at the market and a Garissa resident, said they have visited all the relevant offices to complain about the erratic water supply at market but they don’t seem concerned. Ali said that the county clerks are quick to collect their levies but they have nothing to show for the money, lamenting that they are not receiving the services they need.

Nicolas Antoine-M.'s insight:

Public services collect taxes and have to ensure the supply of  public goods. Civil society and the first users of these public goods are there to claim when needed...

Animal health on markets is key for this crucial sector of the Horn of Africa and has to be enforced through public regulations and services. Here, the fact that the very simple need for water is not met questions this organisation. 

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Emerging zoonosis ups pressure on food industry

Emerging zoonosis ups pressure on food industry | Animal Health Economics | Scoop.it

Another major microbial threat, Clostridium difficile CD078, is set to put food businesses under more pressure, as scientists only just begin to ask questions about it, an expert has warned.

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Livestock producers must remain vigilant for liver fluke

Livestock producers must remain vigilant for liver fluke | Animal Health Economics | Scoop.it

Livestock producers must remain vigilant for signs of liver fluke infection in sheep and cattle this autumn. The warning from the NADIS Parasite Forecast, sponsored by Merial Animal Health, comes following the recent spell of wet and mild weather.

Nicolas Antoine-M.'s insight:

Here is a nice example of the kind of animal health surveillance that private actors may sponsor or implement. Interestingly this example is not an event-based surveillance but is a forecasting system, based on climatic data and also economic data. Indeed, even more interestingly, market prices are considered in this forecast as it influences the stocking pressure on pastures and therefore the larval challenge.

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South Africa Lifts Namibian Livestock Import Ban

South Africa Lifts Namibian Livestock Import Ban | Animal Health Economics | Scoop.it
After some three months in which exports of Namibian livestock to South Africa came to a grinding halt, local producers now have access to the lucrative market again with relaxed import requirements from South African authorities.
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Pakistan lifts ban on livestock import from BSE-infected countries

Pakistan lifts ban on livestock import from BSE-infected countries | Animal Health Economics | Scoop.it
KARACHI: The Ministry of Commerce has lifted its 13-year import ban on livestock from BSE (mad cow disease) infected countries, removing one of the major obstacles for the US dairy cattle trade ...
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Southeast Asia “Hotspot” for Emerging Infectious Diseases

Southeast Asia “Hotspot” for Emerging Infectious Diseases | Animal Health Economics | Scoop.it
With increased urbanization and air travel, Southeast Asia has become a “hotspot” for emerging infectious diseases, experts say.
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