Animal Disease Emergency Preparedness
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Previously Infected Pigs Spread PED Longer Than Previously Thought

Previously Infected Pigs Spread PED Longer Than Previously Thought | Animal Disease Emergency Preparedness | Scoop.it
Previously Infected Pigs Spread PED Longer Than Previously Thought, Farmscape pork industry news reports. Pork news, pig news, pork producers, manitoba pork, sask pork. Pig, swine
Julie Smith's insight:
Really important to understand the length of the period of viral shedding for biosecurity planning and modeling purposes.
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Tour gives closer look at FMD - Agriculture - General - News - Farm Weekly

BIOSECURITY was the focus of a recent tour to Nepal for a trio of WA women who were given the opportunity to examine the impacts of foot and mouth disease (FMD) on the local farming communities.
Julie Smith's insight:
Australia exports about 80% of its livestock and livestock products. No wonder it takes foot and mouth disease (FMD) seriously. A disease that cuts off export markets the moment it is discovered is a threat with severe consequences. I wonder what the Australian livestock sector thinks about having a vaccine available - or possibly using it routinely to ensure supply chain logistics are in place to assure fast response in the event of an outbreak.
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Animal health needs to be in next farm bill - Brownfield Ag News

Animal health needs to be in next farm bill - Brownfield Ag News | Animal Disease Emergency Preparedness | Scoop.it
A veterinarian says the highly pathogenic avian influenza outbreak in 2015 has created a greater need for animal health to be included in the next farm bill. “State animal health officials across this country are in support of trying to put some initiatives in the farm bill that would range from indemnification to making sure …
Julie Smith's insight:
My high school social studies teacher instilled in her students that "life is not fair". However, when it comes to the impact of government policies, farmers would like to experience a sense of fairness. Appropriate nudges put the incentives in the right place to support the best possible outcome. Sounds like Michigan is trying to get this right. I'll be following the Michigan initiative and related aspects of the Farm Bill closely.
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Manure: Maximizing the value of its nitrogen

Manure: Maximizing the value of its nitrogen | Animal Disease Emergency Preparedness | Scoop.it
In order to protect the health of your animals, the productivity of the facility and your family’s financial investment, it is important to identify and control traffic on the dairy.
Julie Smith's insight:
This piece is actually titled: Dairy Biosecurity: Do you know who is on your dairy? Great summary points of how to control and monitor all visitors to a dairy. This is important for security and biosecurity reasons.
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CFIA Truck Washing Requirements Expected to Add $1 Million to Truck Washing Costs While Compromising Biosecurity

CFIA Truck Washing Requirements Expected to Add $1 Million to Truck Washing Costs While Compromising Biosecurity | Animal Disease Emergency Preparedness | Scoop.it
CFIA Truck Washing Requirements Expected to Add $1 Million to Truck Washing Costs While Compromising Biosecurity, Farmscape pork industry news reports. Pork news, pig news, pork producers, manitoba pork, sask pork. Pig, swine
Julie Smith's insight:
Cleaning and disinfection without re-contamination is important for successful disease control.
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FMD vaccine stockpiles inadequate

FMD vaccine stockpiles inadequate | Animal Disease Emergency Preparedness | Scoop.it
A robust FMD vaccine stockpile could require an investment of up to $150 million per year for five years.
Julie Smith's insight:

The cost of protection against this dread disease is small relative to the size of the livestock industry. A 2 cent per head fee would more than cover the needed investment based on the number of commercial (inspected) cattle and swine slaughtered per year.

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David Black Award Winner Calls for Science Based Approach to Biosecurity

Julie Smith's insight:

Andrew Knowles, recognized for his work in developing an electronic movement record system for pig producers,  pointed out the need to base biosecurity programs against exotic diseases on science, not myth, misperception, or faulty logic.

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Company biosecurity includes truck washes - AgriNews

Company biosecurity includes truck washes - AgriNews | Animal Disease Emergency Preparedness | Scoop.it
AgriNews covers topics that affect local farm families and their businesses in Illinois and Indiana. Some of those topics include: crop and livestock management, agribusiness and new products, market information and national and state political issues.
Julie Smith's insight:

Really interesting to look at PRRS outbreak data since the discovery of PEDv in the US. A dampening in PRRS incidence may be associated with greater attention to biosecurity to prevent PEDv. Truck washes like this company uses can reduce contamination through the transport pathway. All pathways for disease transmission need attention to successfully stop the spread.

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Securing the beef supply | Cattle Network

Securing the beef supply | Cattle Network | Animal Disease Emergency Preparedness | Scoop.it
Julie Smith's insight:

Dr. Bickett-Weddle and the Center for Food Security and Public Health and their collaborators are about to engage the beef industry in a huge effort to advance animal disease emergency preparedness.

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AFIA releases biosecurity guidelines | World Grain

AFIA releases biosecurity guidelines | World Grain | Animal Disease Emergency Preparedness | Scoop.it
Grain, flour and feed industry news and commentary offering insight on business, new products, market and product trends, supplier innovations and more.
Julie Smith's insight:

I applaud the feed industry's efforts to prevent animal disease transmission. As we learned in the PEDv outbreak, disease can be spread by contaminated feed.

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First Minnesota turkey farm hit by HPAI restocks

Minnesota turkey farm identified March 4 with HPAI H5N2 becomes first operation to restock birds.
Julie Smith's insight:

Turkey farms in Minnesota have been hard hit by Avian Influenza this year. Questions remain unanswered regarding the spread of the disease. I found some interesting information on viral survival on this site: http://www.cidrap.umn.edu/infectious-disease-topics/avian-influenza-agricultural-and-wildlife-considerations#overview&1-3

 

It must be nerve-wracking to restock when other facilities are being depopulated.

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UVM-led team gets $7.4 million USDA grant to study animal disease biosecurity | Vermont Business Magazine

UVM-led team gets $7.4 million USDA grant to study animal disease biosecurity | Vermont Business Magazine | Animal Disease Emergency Preparedness | Scoop.it
Julie Smith's insight:

This approach shares similarities with health behavior change work. Add in economic decision-making and risk communication and we will learn a lot about influencing behavior. The game simulation platform will be useful both for understanding decision-making behavior and for teaching better decision-making.

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Farming News - No one size fits all on animal disease

Farming News - No one size fits all on animal disease | Animal Disease Emergency Preparedness | Scoop.it
Catherine McLaughlin is our chief adviser for animal health and welfare. She visited Riga, in Latvia, to see how EU member states can control animal disease.
Julie Smith's insight:

It is very true that one size (of biosecurity) does not fit all because the risk of disease entry is different for specific farms in the context of their community and country.

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PEDv outbreak in Manitoba a warning to livestock producers

PEDv outbreak in Manitoba a warning to livestock producers | Animal Disease Emergency Preparedness | Scoop.it
Since late April, PEDv has been found on 10 farms in three areas in southeastern Manitoba — and two of those areas suffered outbreaks just last year.

Julie Smith's insight:
Speakers at last year's US Animal Health Association meeting emphasized the fact that biosecurity must be inconvenient to be effective. The goal is to make it inconvenient for unwanted pests or pathogens to affect animals on your farm. This article reiterates that point and the consequences of not habitually following practices designed to keep disease-causing agents out of the barns. It is true that moving infected animals from one place to another is the easiest way to spread disease. Exposing animals to contaminated trailers is also a high risk. However, other means of transmission, such as contaminated feed, need to be considered, too. Let's hope the PEDv outbreak in Manitoba is quickly contained.
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Clemson teaching volunteers proper response to animal disease outbreaks

Clemson teaching volunteers proper response to animal disease outbreaks | Animal Disease Emergency Preparedness | Scoop.it
Proper response to livestock and poultry disease outbreaks is vital and the Animal Health Program team at Clemson University Livestock Poultry Health is helping prepare a specific group of responders in how to help handle these events before catastrophe occurs.
Julie Smith's insight:
Kudos to South Carolina state veterinarian and emergency preparedness veterinarian for conducting training with veterinary reserve corps. Correctly donning and doffing personal protective equipment sounds easy until you try it!
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South Korea to Vaccinate All Cattle Against Foot-and-Mouth Disease

South Korea to Vaccinate All Cattle Against Foot-and-Mouth Disease | Animal Disease Emergency Preparedness | Scoop.it
South Korea's agriculture ministry said on Tuesday it will carry out a nationwide vaccination for cattle against foot-and-mouth disease by Thursday in an attempt to prevent further spread of the virus.
Julie Smith's insight:
The US knows from recent (2014-15) experience that highly pathogenic avian influenza is bad. And we know from other countries' experience that foot-and-mouth disease is bad. South Korea knows how bad it is to battle both at once. At least South Korea is experienced with administering vaccine for FMD. The US is working on a plan to have access to adequate FMD vaccine if needed in an emergency.
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Prevention truly is a pound of cure when it comes to cattle diseases

Prevention truly is a pound of cure when it comes to cattle diseases | Animal Disease Emergency Preparedness | Scoop.it
Producers think that biosecurity requires a lot of change. 
“Most biosecurity efforts don’t actually cost very much money. They cost a change in thought and in management.”
Julie Smith's insight:
Frank Garry tells it like it is. It has been said that biosecurity is inconvenient. Guess what? It won't be effective unless it inconveniences disease-causing agents.
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Subcommittee examines FMD response ability

Subcommittee examines FMD response ability | Animal Disease Emergency Preparedness | Scoop.it
Computer scientists and statisticians at Colorado State University are turning disease outbreak planning exercises into a game. They’re creating powerful new software that can predict, simulate and analyze a major disease outbreak – all in the form of an intuitive, multiplayer game.
Julie Smith's insight:

Gamification is a great tool for teaching and training. I'm looking forward to learning more about this game to enhance preparedness for rare, but potentially devastating, animal disease outbreaks.

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Could self-disseminating vaccines cut animal disease spread?

Julie Smith's insight:

What if you didn't have to go to the doctor for a shot to be protected by a vaccine? A novel counter-measure targeted at preventing the spread of high consequence emerging diseases takes advantage of viruses that naturally replicate and spread among animals (or humans) to bring vaccine protection with them. Perhaps the same strategy could be used against other highly contagious diseases of animals (not just those with potential human health consequences).

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Odd jobs: working at the Biosecurity Research Institute

Odd jobs: working at the Biosecurity Research Institute | Animal Disease Emergency Preparedness | Scoop.it
K-State's Biosecurity Research Institute is host to research and training from specialists in biosafety.
Julie Smith's insight:

Take an inside look at a place where people go to work every day with killer disease-causing agents. Laboratories with biosafety standards like this do research that can protect humans and animals from deadly diseases found around the world.

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Bird flu cases show lack of government communication

Bird flu cases show lack of government communication | Animal Disease Emergency Preparedness | Scoop.it
On our farm, we raise approximately 155,000 turkeys annually. We are one of more than 40 farmers operations that supply turkeys to West Liberty Foods, a grower-owned cooperative. … I
Julie Smith's insight:

This farmer makes a very good point about the need to clearly define responsibilities. If farmers are expecting something that the government does not have the authority or statutory responsibility to deliver, those expectations need to be corrected. And if the government expects farmers to take certain actions, and those are not practical, not feasible, or impossible for whatever reason, the government needs to take that into consideration.

 

It is concerning that poultry farmers were dissatisfied with the biosecurity practices of contractors hired by the USDA. The farmer does not specify whether these were depopulation teams or cleaning and disinfection teams or some other contractors. Obviously it is important for everyone involved in containing and controlling a highly contagious disease to practice strict biosecurity.

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Biosecurity - protecting the herd - Milkproduction.com

Biosecurity - protecting the herd - Milkproduction.com | Animal Disease Emergency Preparedness | Scoop.it
Disease outbreaks on dairy farms can be devastating to both animal welfare and farm profitability, with losses in terms of reduced output, increased replacement costs, veterinary costs and labor requirements. Dairy farmers are becoming more aware of ho...
Julie Smith's insight:

Getting people to take actions to protect themselves, never mind their animals, can be difficult. I guess that's why we have seat belt and bike helmet laws.

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Officials say bird flu outbreak likely under control within months...

Officials say bird flu outbreak likely under control within months... | Animal Disease Emergency Preparedness | Scoop.it
PARIS – An epidemic of bird flu that has devastated U.S. poultry flocks this year is likely to be under control within a few months as the United States steps up measures to contain the virus and the summer weather weakens it, senior officials said on Tuesday.

See more bird flu coverage here

...
Julie Smith's insight:

As of June 10, over 47,000,000 birds in the United States have been depopulated in efforts to control the virus. Most of these have been turkeys or chickens.

Producers are bracing for the possibility of re-introduction of the virus, potential to additional areas of the United States, with the fall migration of wild fowl.

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U of Vermont team gets grant to study animal biosecurity

U of Vermont team gets grant to study animal biosecurity | Animal Disease Emergency Preparedness | Scoop.it
The team leader says changing the behaviors of producers, veterinarians and others in the livestock supply chain is just as important as introducing new biosecurity products such as vaccines.
Julie Smith's insight:

Getting producers to adopt a new vaccine or properly utilize vaccine  also falls under behavior change to support animal health.

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Biosecurity key to fighting animal disease

Biosecurity key to fighting animal disease | Animal Disease Emergency Preparedness | Scoop.it
In comparison to last year, this winter was fairly quiet for pork producers with the Porcine Epidemic Diarrhea virus.  Dr. Liz Wagstrom, chief veterinarian for the National Pork Producers Council says they have been testing around 800 samples from farms every week.  “Anywhere between 35 and 100 are positive,” she says.  “Most of those appear... Read more »
Julie Smith's insight:

Dr. Wagstrom makes the case for continued attention to biosecurity - particularly early recognition of emerging disease problems and implementation of practices to prevent disease from spreading.

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